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A bodo village, Assam
A bodo village, Assam
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: indiavideodotorg
People in Assam celebrate Rongali Bihu festival with great enthusiasm.
People in Assam celebrate Rongali Bihu festival with great enthusiasm.
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Roving Report
When Assamese people do paragliding For the FIRST TIME
When Assamese people do paragliding For the FIRST TIME
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Entertainment Malignant
Pronunciation Lesson for Assamese People about "sha", "cha"
Pronunciation Lesson for Assamese People about "sha", "cha"
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Nabajyoti Lahkar
Assamese people also love bodo song
Assamese people also love bodo song
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: video box
In Assam, a sea of people return home
In Assam, a sea of people return home
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: NDTV
Things North-Easterns Are Tired Of Hearing #BeingIndian
Things North-Easterns Are Tired Of Hearing #BeingIndian
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: BeingIndian
AAM KOTA KOTARI | new assamese song | assamese people have to watch this |
AAM KOTA KOTARI | new assamese song | assamese people have to watch this |
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: My VLOGS
Sarbananda Sonowal Thanks People of Assam for Elections 2016
Sarbananda Sonowal Thanks People of Assam for Elections 2016
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: TIMES NOW
Assamese Village Life অসমীয়া গাও | Assam | India
Assamese Village Life অসমীয়া গাও | Assam | India
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: GirlClicksAssam
assamese guy speaking Hindi..total messed up
assamese guy speaking Hindi..total messed up
Published: 2012/07/23
Channel: Nitish Dolakasharia
Assamese people living Myanmar(3)
Assamese people living Myanmar(3)
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Binti Engtipi
ASSAM - THE SILENT GENOCIDE
ASSAM - THE SILENT GENOCIDE
Published: 2015/04/09
Channel: Prabajan Virodhi
assamese people ....plz watch it..
assamese people ....plz watch it..
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: life is a sweet song
Over 1 Crore People in Assam are Illegal Bangladeshi
Over 1 Crore People in Assam are Illegal Bangladeshi's
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: GreatLakesGurgoan
Assamese people drinking
Assamese people drinking
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: Rahul Dex
Every Assamese people must see it.
Every Assamese people must see it.
Published: 2016/12/01
Channel: KULDIP DAS
Pratidin Time impact: Assam origin people in Bangladesh village start learning Assamese
Pratidin Time impact: Assam origin people in Bangladesh village start learning Assamese
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Pratidin Time
This is how Assamese people perform Bihu dance
This is how Assamese people perform Bihu dance
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Very Basic Way of Wearing an Assamese Attire
Very Basic Way of Wearing an Assamese Attire
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Moi Aako
Assamese people👌Last time best drag atack
Assamese people👌Last time best drag atack
Published: 2017/01/22
Channel: Gyandeep Nath
dy365 reporter anupam chakrabort
dy365 reporter anupam chakrabort's prgram with the assamese people of barak valley
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: SUSHANT BARUAH
Zubeen hindi song controversy,Assamese people must watch this video...
Zubeen hindi song controversy,Assamese people must watch this video...
Published: 2017/04/16
Channel: Raj Talkies in ASSAMESE
Assamese people living Myanmar(2)
Assamese people living Myanmar(2)
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Binti Engtipi
ASSAMESE PEOPLE DANCE ON BHUJPURI SONG ON PICNIC PARTY
ASSAMESE PEOPLE DANCE ON BHUJPURI SONG ON PICNIC PARTY
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Firoz Ahmed
HIMANTA BISWA SARMA- Hindu bangladeshi will save Assamese people
HIMANTA BISWA SARMA- Hindu bangladeshi will save Assamese people
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: মুক্ত কন্ঠ
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: pallab mohan
Assamese Prank Gone TERRIBLY WRONG
Assamese Prank Gone TERRIBLY WRONG
Published: 2017/02/04
Channel: TakiaTube
Tilpitha Recipe - Assamese Bihu Delicacies- Traditional Bihu Recipes, Easy Bihu Recipe
Tilpitha Recipe - Assamese Bihu Delicacies- Traditional Bihu Recipes, Easy Bihu Recipe
Published: 2016/12/28
Channel: Barnali's Kitchen
MOST FUNNY ASSAMESE KIDS AMONG ASSAMESE VIDEOS FROM ASSAM
MOST FUNNY ASSAMESE KIDS AMONG ASSAMESE VIDEOS FROM ASSAM
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Abhi Abhi
Audrey
Audrey's kitchen Assamese fish sour curry
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Audrey Hatibarua
Talk show on defination of Assamese for special constitutional safeguard of Assamese people
Talk show on defination of Assamese for special constitutional safeguard of Assamese people
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: Bodo Sahitya Sabha DSIS
Assamese recipe: Momi
Assamese recipe: Momi's Kitchen:Tiyohor(cucumber) khar part 1.wmv
Published: 2010/07/11
Channel: tribeni das
Kaun Banega Mukhyamantri: People in Assam travel by bamboo bridge as roads are not constructed
Kaun Banega Mukhyamantri: People in Assam travel by bamboo bridge as roads are not constructed
Published: 2016/04/09
Channel: ABP NEWS
DEFINITION OF INDIGENOUS  PEOPLE OF ASSAM & ASSAMESE.
DEFINITION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF ASSAM & ASSAMESE.
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Mahiranga Mati
Assamese people washing their clothes
Assamese people washing their clothes
Published: 2013/04/08
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
ASSAMESE  FROM MYANMAR (BURMA) :::: FIRST ASSAM VISIT ::::: FUNCTION :::: PART-1
ASSAMESE FROM MYANMAR (BURMA) :::: FIRST ASSAM VISIT ::::: FUNCTION :::: PART-1
Published: 2016/01/02
Channel: rimitaYT
New hindi micry of assamese people.very funy the indian bouy.
New hindi micry of assamese people.very funy the indian bouy.
Published: 2017/03/31
Channel: Urmila Music Assam
Sachin Tendulkar phone,  video for assamese people only( SRT PHONE)
Sachin Tendulkar phone, video for assamese people only( SRT PHONE)
Published: 2017/05/04
Channel: Raj Talkies in ASSAMESE
Jio prime membership details for assamese people
Jio prime membership details for assamese people
Published: 2017/04/01
Channel: Raj Talkies in ASSAMESE
Assamese People Reaction ban 500 and 1000 in India
Assamese People Reaction ban 500 and 1000 in India
Published: 2016/11/12
Channel: RINKU 2
Assamese Rashifal by ASTRO BRAHMA | know about Wednesday born people | video 03#
Assamese Rashifal by ASTRO BRAHMA | know about Wednesday born people | video 03#
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: ASTRO BRAHMA
Assamese people food stall in delhi
Assamese people food stall in delhi
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Gyan Diary
Assamese people see this video ....get a fire up in your mind
Assamese people see this video ....get a fire up in your mind
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Qwerty User
Assamese people don
Assamese people don't miss this video
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: pure chutiya
FUNNY ASSAMESE CAT DANCE IN BIHU SONG!!!😂
FUNNY ASSAMESE CAT DANCE IN BIHU SONG!!!😂
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: NEELxTREME TUBER
Assamese Rashifal by ASTRO BRAHMA | know about Thursday born people | video 04#
Assamese Rashifal by ASTRO BRAHMA | know about Thursday born people | video 04#
Published: 2017/03/11
Channel: ASTRO BRAHMA
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
Published: 2013/04/18
Channel: Anju Deori
78 - India, Zemi Nagas, Assam, c. 1971 . Colour, silent
78 - India, Zemi Nagas, Assam, c. 1971 . Colour, silent
Published: 2013/05/27
Channel: ayabaya
He is awesome ☯ for Assamese people
He is awesome ☯ for Assamese people
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: Ra One
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Assamese
অসমীয়া জাতি
AssamBarnstar.png
Total population
13,257,272(2011 census)[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India 13,187,237 according to (2011 census)[2]
 Bhutan 54,268 (2011)[citation needed]
 Bangladesh 22,456 (2011)
Languages

Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png Assamese

(and dialects; KamrupiGoalpariya)
Religion

Majority: Om.svg Hinduism 75.52%

(Patch of the 45th Infantry Division (1924-1939).svg TraditionalVishnu.jpg Panentheistic)

Minority: Allah-green.svg Islam 21.34% • ChristianitySymbol.svg Christianity 2.14% • Khanda.svg Sikhism 1%[3]
Related ethnic groups
Bengalis,[4] Tai and Sino-Tibetan-speaking peoples[5]
Major constituent groups of Assamese / Asamiya people

The Assamese people are the native people of the Assam. This subgroup is often associated with the Assamese language.[6] The total population of native Assamese speakers in Assam is nearly 13 million which makes up 48.8% of the Assam's population according to the Language census of 2001. Though there is a political dispute over the definition of Assamese people in Assam, so the communities that speaks "Assamese" as first language are typically considered as Assamese socially and linguistically in the state. These Assamese speakers traditionally include Hindu groups like Ahoms, Assamese Brahmins, Moran and Motok, Kaibarta, Kalitas, Koch Rajbongshis, Sutiyas, Gorkhas and Assamese Muslims, Assamese Sikhs and Christians (mostly Tea tribes). According to 2011 census, Out of 13,257,272 Assamese people, majority of 10,013,013 or 75.52% Assamese people were Hindus, largest minority of 2,830,072 or 21.34% Assamese people were Muslims, and very few 414,187 or 3.14% Assamese people were Christians and Sikhs by religion. Besides this, a sizeable population of recognized tribal groups like Deori, Sonowal–Kachari, Thengal–Kachari speaking Assamese as the first language also contribute to the Assamese language speaking group. Historically, the definition of the "Assamese people" has remained in a state of flux and this has had strong political repercussions in Assam, especially in the colonial (1826–1947) and post–colonial (after 1947) periods.

The lack of a definition has put stumbling blocks in implementing clause 6[7] of the Assam Accord, an agreement signed by the activists of the Assam Movement and the Government of India in 1985.[8] Since a legal definition is important to provide "constitutional, legislative and cultural" safeguards to the Assamese people, the Government of Assam had formed a ministerial committee to finalize the definition in March 2007.[9][10] To address the clause 6 issue, AASU had announced a definition on April 10, 2000 which was based on residency with a temporal limit: All those whose names appeared in the 1951 National Register of Citizens and their progenies should be considered as Assamese.[11][12] Difficulty in definition is rooted in the heterogeneous nature of inhabitants of the Assam state.

History[edit]

The first usage of the English word "Assamese" is noted in colonial times; based on same principle as Sinhalese, Nepalese and Canarese, derived from the Anglicised word "Assam"[13][14] with the suffix -ese, meaning "of Assam."[15]

In contrast, Lower Assam (or the Western Assam region) in pre–colonial times was known as "Kamrup" (instead of Asama,[16][17][18] and considered a politically, socially and culturally separate unit from the rest of the state.[19]

In the 16th century, the Ahom kingdom was known as the "Kingdom of Acham" to the Mughals; and later, to the British.[20] In 1682, the eastern Kamrup was annexed by Ahom kingdom[21] and the expanded kingdom continued to be called as the "Kingdom of Assam"[22] till 1821 when the Ahom kingdom became part of the Burmese Empire.[23]

Assamese was originally the local language of the Assamese Brahmins who taught Hinduism in Assam.[24]

Just as "Assam" was associated with the Ahom kingdom till the 19th century, "Asamiya" was used for the subjects and soldiers of that kingdom who belonged to different ethnic and linguistic backgrounds and not solely to the Ahom community.[25][not in citation given]

After Assam became part of British India, the newly constituted province came to be known as Assam after its largest constituent, and the name Assamese / Asamiya came to be associated with the Assamese language erstwhile known as Kamrupi.[26]

Different views[edit]

According to Yasmin Saikia, "the group that now identifies as Tai–Ahom were historically seen as the Assamese people. However, the term ethnic Assamese is now associated by the Indian government at Delhi with the Assamese speaking Indo–Aryan group (comprising both Hindus and Muslims) of Assam. The latter group is the majority people of Assam, while the Tai-Ahom people were a dominant minority during the Ahom Rule.[27]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2016-06-09. Retrieved 2016-05-17. 
  2. ^ https://www.thehindu.com/todays-paper/tp-national/less-than-50-per-cent-assamese-speakers-in-assam/article1175679.ece Less than 50 per cent Assamese speakers in Assam, The Hindu, January 9, 2008.
  3. ^ http://timesofindia.indiatimes.com/india/Mission-roots-brings-Assamese-Sikhs-to-Punjab/articleshow/4262528.cms
  4. ^ Saha N. "Blood genetic markers in Bengali Muslims of Bangladesh". Hum Hered. 37: 86–93. PMID 2953666. doi:10.1159/000153682. 
  5. ^ http://www.nature.com/jhg/journal/v55/n5/full/jhg201021a.html
  6. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 
  7. ^ Clause 6 of Assam Accord: "Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social and linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people."
  8. ^ Assam dithers over Accord, The Telegraph, July 15, 2004.
  9. ^ 1.40 lakh aliens deported since 1971 Archived May 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Assam Tribune, March 27, 2007
  10. ^ Move to define Assamese people Archived May 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Assam Tribune, March 31, 2007
  11. ^ AASU joins 'Asomiya' debate, The Sentinel, Guwahati, April 1, 2007
  12. ^ AASU flays Barman, Prafulla Mahanta, The Assam Tribune, April 1, 2007
  13. ^ Sarma, Satyendranath (1976), Assamese Literature, Page 43
  14. ^ Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam" https://books.google.com/books?id=wcIOc0YaxGEC&pg=PA23#v=onepage&q&f=false p23 "The modern name Assam is an anglicised form of the Assamese name Asom"
  15. ^ http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/english/--ese
  16. ^ Sukalpa Bhattacharjee, C Joshua Thomas,2013,Society,Representation and Textuality:The Critical Interface It deals with the expansion of the Mughal Empire in Bengal, Kamrup and Assam.
  17. ^ Satish Chandra (2005), Medieval India:Fro Sultanate to the Mughals Part - II They had support of many Hindu Rajas of Jessore, Kamrup (Western Assam), Cachar, Tippera, etc.
  18. ^ Peter Jackson,2003,The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History,P. 141, "No body sought to emulate Mohammad b. Bakhtiar, who had returned a broken man from a disastrous campaign through the Upper Brahmaputra region, possibly into the region of Assam the Muslims called Kamrup or Kamrud
  19. ^ Goswami, Upendranath (1970),A Study on Kāmrūpī: A Dialect of Assamese, Page iii
  20. ^ Bowrey, Thomas (1663) A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, ed Temple, R. C., Hakluyt Society's Publications. In this account, Bowrey describes the death of Mir Jumla, who had occupied the capital of the Ahom kingdom in the 17th century thus: "They lost the best of Nabobs, the Kingdome of Acham, and, by consequence, many large privileges."
  21. ^ "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. The Manas then became the Ahom–Mughal boundary until the British occupation." (Richards 1995, p. 247)
  22. ^ "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) "A Geographical Sketch of Assam" in Asiatic Annual Register, reprinted (Sharma 1972, p. 341)
  23. ^ Baruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, P.225
  24. ^ http://www.seacom.de/taicul/AHOM31.pdf
  25. ^ "The Ahoms were never numerically dominant in the state they built and, at the time of 1872 and 1881 Censuses, they formed hardly one-tenth of the populations relevant to the erstwhile Ahom territory (i.e, by and large, the Brahmaputra Valley without the Goalpara district.)" (Guha 1983:9)
  26. ^ Sukumar Sen, Grammatical sketches_of Indian languages_with comparative_vocabulary and texts, P31
  27. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 

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