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Congress accuse RSS of trying to divide Assamese people in the name of religion through NRC
Congress accuse RSS of trying to divide Assamese people in the name of religion through NRC
Published: 2017/10/18
Channel: Pratidin Time
People in Assam celebrate Rongali Bihu festival with great enthusiasm.
People in Assam celebrate Rongali Bihu festival with great enthusiasm.
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Roving Report
Assamese people apologizes to Australian team at the Airport.
Assamese people apologizes to Australian team at the Airport.
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: Smart 18
NRIs including Assamese people celebrate Diwali in London
NRIs including Assamese people celebrate Diwali in London
Published: 2017/10/17
Channel: Pratidin Time
Assamese community in Bangladesh seeks CM Sarbananda Sonowal
Assamese community in Bangladesh seeks CM Sarbananda Sonowal's help
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Pratidin Time
A bodo village, Assam
A bodo village, Assam
Published: 2012/03/24
Channel: indiavideodotorg
Is this an attack on the Assamese people?
Is this an attack on the Assamese people?
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Pratidin Time
actual enemy of assamese people / latest video 2017
actual enemy of assamese people / latest video 2017
Published: 2017/10/16
Channel: Randeep Kalita's Spicy Videos
Things North-Easterns Are Tired Of Hearing #BeingIndian
Things North-Easterns Are Tired Of Hearing #BeingIndian
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: BeingIndian
TRIBUTE TO ZUBEEN GARG # An assamese poem dedicated to All Assamese people
TRIBUTE TO ZUBEEN GARG # An assamese poem dedicated to All Assamese people
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Raj Talkies in ASSAMESE
Jatin Bora says Assamese people is very emotional
Jatin Bora says Assamese people is very emotional
Published: 2017/09/23
Channel: Assam All You
Assamese people living Myanmar(3)
Assamese people living Myanmar(3)
Published: 2016/11/25
Channel: Binti Engtipi
All True Assamese people will agree with this Guy- Nagaon Incident - Part 2
All True Assamese people will agree with this Guy- Nagaon Incident - Part 2
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Assam News
Pronunciation Lesson for Assamese People about "sha", "cha"
Pronunciation Lesson for Assamese People about "sha", "cha"
Published: 2016/12/17
Channel: Nabajyoti Lahkar
Sorry Australia from the people of Assam || OLaCrazy || Assamese  comedy video
Sorry Australia from the people of Assam || OLaCrazy || Assamese comedy video
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: OLaCrazy
Chinese community in Assam want minority status from state
Chinese community in Assam want minority status from state
Published: 2016/03/30
Channel: NDTV
SORRY AUSTRALIA | FROM THE PEOPLE OF ASSAM😢😢
SORRY AUSTRALIA | FROM THE PEOPLE OF ASSAM😢😢
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: The Veg Chicken
Types of funniest Drunk People || MODAHI ||Assamese people when they are drunk |
Types of funniest Drunk People || MODAHI ||Assamese people when they are drunk |
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: NutsMedia
Assamese people don
Assamese people don't miss this video
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: pure chutiya
In Assam, a sea of people return home
In Assam, a sea of people return home
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: NDTV
Sarbananda Sonowal Thanks People of Assam for Elections 2016
Sarbananda Sonowal Thanks People of Assam for Elections 2016
Published: 2016/05/19
Channel: TIMES NOW
Assamese people see this video ....get a fire up in your mind
Assamese people see this video ....get a fire up in your mind
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: Samudra Laskar
Why People Fighting For "Rohingyas" Not Fighting For "Assamese"? | The Debate With Arnab Goswami
Why People Fighting For "Rohingyas" Not Fighting For "Assamese"? | The Debate With Arnab Goswami
Published: 2017/09/18
Channel: Republic World
Over 1 Crore People in Assam are Illegal Bangladeshi
Over 1 Crore People in Assam are Illegal Bangladeshi's
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: GreatLakesGurgoan
Very Basic Way of Wearing an Assamese Attire
Very Basic Way of Wearing an Assamese Attire
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: THEK STUDIO
NEVER PLAY THIS GAME...DEtails is in Assamese for all assamese people
NEVER PLAY THIS GAME...DEtails is in Assamese for all assamese people
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Raj Talkies in ASSAMESE
The Future of the Assamese People   Homen Borgohain with Mayur Bora on Newslive Kothabarta Part I
The Future of the Assamese People Homen Borgohain with Mayur Bora on Newslive Kothabarta Part I
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Mayur Bora
DEFINITION OF INDIGENOUS  PEOPLE OF ASSAM & ASSAMESE.
DEFINITION OF INDIGENOUS PEOPLE OF ASSAM & ASSAMESE.
Published: 2015/09/15
Channel: Mahiranga Mati
This is how Assamese people perform Bihu dance
This is how Assamese people perform Bihu dance
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: WildFilmsIndia
Pratidin Time impact: Assam origin people in Bangladesh village start learning Assamese
Pratidin Time impact: Assam origin people in Bangladesh village start learning Assamese
Published: 2016/04/20
Channel: Pratidin Time
PM Modi Speaks Assamese | I Sold Assam Tea When I Was A Tea Seller | Mango News
PM Modi Speaks Assamese | I Sold Assam Tea When I Was A Tea Seller | Mango News
Published: 2016/03/27
Channel: Mango News
Amir khan talk about assam &gujarat flood/ /plz help assamese people/ amir khan/ assam flood 2017
Amir khan talk about assam &gujarat flood/ /plz help assamese people/ amir khan/ assam flood 2017
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: assamese bad brothers
very bad news for the assamese people / latest video 2017
very bad news for the assamese people / latest video 2017
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Randeep Kalita's Spicy Videos
The Future of the Assamese People   Homen Borgohain with Mayur Bora on Newslive Kothabarta Part II
The Future of the Assamese People Homen Borgohain with Mayur Bora on Newslive Kothabarta Part II
Published: 2017/09/15
Channel: Mayur Bora
Assamese people food stall in delhi
Assamese people food stall in delhi
Published: 2017/05/06
Channel: Gyan Diary
Assamese people also love bodo song
Assamese people also love bodo song
Published: 2017/04/14
Channel: Video Box
Village Fishing !! How Assamese  People Catching fish ..
Village Fishing !! How Assamese People Catching fish ..
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: biswar ajab khabor
A trip to Mumbai Assamese people
A trip to Mumbai Assamese people
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Biswajit Sarma
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
Published: 2009/12/28
Channel: lala
Assamese language; explaining  science ;All new part 1;for people of ASSAM  (Not in English)
Assamese language; explaining science ;All new part 1;for people of ASSAM (Not in English)
Published: 2017/07/13
Channel: White Matrix
ASSAMESE ACCENTS
ASSAMESE ACCENTS
Published: 2017/06/27
Channel: MBBS Mokkel Bharat Bhushan Saikia
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
Published: 2012/04/17
Channel: Abhijit Hazarika
Assamese People
Assamese People's funny Hindi
Published: 2017/10/15
Channel: NorthEastIndia YouTube
Prabindra Deka Agp MLA || Who is Assamese Indigenous People
Prabindra Deka Agp MLA || Who is Assamese Indigenous People
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Rising Assam
Assam , Indian peoples sorry to Australia cricket team | People
Assam , Indian peoples sorry to Australia cricket team | People's reaction on stone incidents
Published: 2017/10/11
Channel: NJ Rocks Assam
assamese guy speaking Hindi..total messed up
assamese guy speaking Hindi..total messed up
Published: 2012/07/23
Channel: Nitish Dolakasharia
Dhinchak Poojas Song Reaction By Assamese People |ASSAM WORLD||
Dhinchak Poojas Song Reaction By Assamese People |ASSAM WORLD||
Published: 2017/09/03
Channel: ASSAM WORLD
Why are All These Assamese or Indian People Supporting Australian Cricket Team ?
Why are All These Assamese or Indian People Supporting Australian Cricket Team ?
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: Entertainment and Useful Tricks
HIMANTA BISWA SARMA- Hindu bangladeshi will save Assamese people
HIMANTA BISWA SARMA- Hindu bangladeshi will save Assamese people
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: ILIAS RAHMAN SARKAR কন্ঠ
All True Assamese people will agree with this Guy- Nagaon Incident - Part 1
All True Assamese people will agree with this Guy- Nagaon Incident - Part 1
Published: 2017/08/30
Channel: Assam News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Assamese
Assamese traditional costumes.jpg
Assamese youth in traditional dress
Total population
c. 15 million[1]
Regions with significant populations
 India 13,168,484[2]
 Bhutan 54,268 (2011)[citation needed]
 Bangladesh 22,456 (2011)[citation needed]
Languages

Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png Assamese

(and dialects; KamrupiGoalpariya)
Religion

Majority: Om.svg Hinduism 75.52%

(Patch of the 45th Infantry Division (1924-1939).svg TraditionalVishnu.jpg Panentheistic)

Minority: Allah-green.svg Islam 21.34% • ChristianitySymbol.svg Christianity 2.14% • Khanda.svg Sikhism 1%[3]
Related ethnic groups
Bengalis,[4] Tai and Sino-Tibetan-speaking peoples[5]
Major constituent groups of Assamese / Asamiya people

The Assamese people are the indigenous people of the state of Assam. This subgroup is often associated with the Assamese language or any other tribal dialect of Assam. They are a physically diverse group formed after years of assimilation of Austroasiatic, Indo-Aryan, Tibeto-Burman and Tai races.[6] The total population of native Assamese speakers in Assam is nearly 13 million which makes up 48.8% of the Assam's population according to the Language census of 2001. Though there is a political dispute over the definition of Assamese people in Assam, in general; the people belonging to the state of Assam along with belonging to an indigenous community of Assam and speaking the Assamese language or any tribal dialect of Assam as his/her first language are referred as Assamese people.[7]

The indigenous Assamese people traditionally include ethnic groups like Ahoms, Assamese Brahmins (including Ganaks), Keots, Kalitas, Koch Rajbongshis, Sutiyas, Moran and Motok, and Assamese Muslims, Assamese Sikhs[8], Sonowal–Kacharis, Deoris, Thengal–Kacharis and Assamese Christians, Dimasas, Garos, Karbi/Mikirs, Mishing/Miris, Rabhas, Sarania–Kacharis, Tai Phakes (and other Tai groups), Tiwa (Lalung)s, Dom/Nadiyals among others, speaking Assamese or tribal dialects as the first language, are members of this group.

According to 2011 census, Out of 13,257,272 Assamese people, majority of 10,013,013 or 75.52% Assamese people were Hindus, largest minority of 2,830,072 or 21.34% Assamese people were Muslims, and very few 414,187 or 3.14% Assamese people were Christians and Sikhs by religion.

Historically, the definition of the "Assamese people" has remained in a state of flux and this has had strong political repercussions in Assam, especially in the colonial (1826–1947) and post–colonial (after 1947) periods.

The lack of a definition has put stumbling blocks in implementing clause 6[9] of the Assam Accord, an agreement signed by the activists of the Assam Movement and the Government of India in 1985.[10] Since a legal definition is important to provide "constitutional, legislative and cultural" safeguards to the Assamese people, the Government of Assam had formed a ministerial committee to finalize the definition in March 2007.[11][12] To address the clause 6 issue, AASU had announced a definition on April 10, 2000 which was based on residency with a temporal limit: All those whose names appeared in the 1951 National Register of Citizens and their progenies should be considered as Assamese.[13][14] Difficulty in definition is rooted in the heterogeneous nature of inhabitants of the Assam state.

History[edit]

The first usage of the English word "Assamese" is noted in colonial times; based on same principle as Sinhalese, Nepalese and Canarese, derived from the Anglicised word "Assam"[15][16] with the suffix -ese, meaning "of Assam."[17]

In contrast, Lower Assam (or the Western Assam region) in pre–colonial times (before 1682) was known as "Kamatapur" which was ruled by the Koch dynasty (instead of Asama[18][19][20]) and considered a politically, socially and culturally separate unit from the rest of the state.[21]

In the 16th century, the Ahom kingdom was known as the "Kingdom of Acham" to the Mughals; and later, to the British.[22] In 1682, the eastern Kamrup was annexed by Ahom kingdom[23] and the expanded kingdom continued to be called as the "Kingdom of Assam"[24] till 1821 when the Ahom kingdom became part of the Burmese Empire.[25]


Just as "Assam" was associated with the Ahom kingdom till the 19th century, "Asamiya" was used for the subjects and soldiers of that kingdom who belonged to different ethnic and linguistic backgrounds and not solely to the Ahom community.[26][not in citation given]

After Assam became part of British India, the newly constituted province came to be known as Assam after its largest constituent, and the name Assamese / Asamiya came to be associated with the Assamese language erstwhile known as Kamrupi.[27]

Different views[edit]

According to Yasmin Saikia, "the group that now identifies as Tai–Ahom were historically seen as the Assamese people. However, the term ethnic Assamese is now associated by the Indian government at Delhi with the Assamese speaking Indo–Aryan and Tibeto-Burman groups (comprising both Hindus and Muslims) of Assam. The latter group is the majority people of Assam, while the Tai-Ahom people were a dominant minority during the Ahom Rule.[28]

Illegal immigration from Bangladesh[edit]

Illegal immigrants from Bangladesh has been a key issue in Assam. Most of the immigrants settle in Assam due to economic reasons and their population is estimated to be between 7-8 million.[citation needed] The issue of illegal influx has a 30-year-old history, starting with the anti-foreigner agitation that began in 1979 under the leadership of the All Assam Students’ Union (AASU). In 1985, after hundreds of people died in course of independent India’s biggest mass uprising, the AASU and other agitation groups signed an agreement with the Centre called the Assam Accord. It fixed 25 March 1971 as the cut-off date for detection and expulsion of illegal migrants, meaning anyone found entering India after this date were to be detected and sent back. In the three decades that followed, a few thousand illegal Bangladeshi migrants have been expelled by successive state governments, which included the Asom Gana Parishad (AGP), a party that was formed with the mandate of freeing Assam of illegal aliens. Many of these ‘expelled’ people are believed to have come back.[29][unreliable source?][30]

According to an Assam government white paper, between 1985 and 2012, 2,442 illegal immigrants from Bangladesh had been expelled from the state. The central home ministry said in 2004 that it estimated a total of five million illegal immigrants in Assam.[31]

Shri Indrajit Gupta, the then Home Minister of India stated in the Parliament on 6 May, 1997 that there were 10 million illegal migrants residing in India. Quoting Home Ministry/Intelligence Bureau source, the 10 August 1998 issue of India Today has given the breakdown of these illegal migrants by States - West Bengal 5.4 millions, Assam 4 millions, Tripura 8 millions, Bihar 0.5 million, Maharashtra 0.5 million, Rajasthan 0.5 million and Delhi 0.3 million making a total of 10.83 millions.[32]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Mikael Parkvall, "Världens 100 största språk 2007" (The World's 100 Largest Languages in 2007), in Nationalencyklopedin
  2. ^ "Census of India: Comparative speaker's strength of Scheduled Languages-1971, 1981, 1991 and 2001". Retrieved 13 December 2016. 
  3. ^ "Mission roots brings Assamese Sikhs to Punjab". The Times of India. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  4. ^ Saha N. "Blood genetic markers in Bengali Muslims of Bangladesh". Hum Hered. 37: 86–93. PMID 2953666. doi:10.1159/000153682. 
  5. ^ Kang, Longli; Li, Shilin; Gupta, Sameer; Zhang, Yingang; Liu, Kai; Zhao, Jianmin; Jin, Li; Li, Hui (2010). "Genetic structures of the Tibetans and the Deng people in the Himalayas viewed from autosomal STRs". Journal of Human Genetics. pp. 270–277. doi:10.1038/jhg.2010.21. Retrieved 2 September 2017. 
  6. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 
  7. ^ "Assamese People” definition rocks Assembly, The Hindu". Special Correspondent. 1 April 2015. Retrieved 15 September 2017. 
  8. ^ "Meet the Axomiya Sikhs". The Tribune. Chandigarh. 24 March 2013. 
  9. ^ Clause 6 of Assam Accord: "Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social and linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people."
  10. ^ Assam dithers over Accord, The Telegraph, July 15, 2004.
  11. ^ 1.40 lakh aliens deported since 1971 Archived May 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Assam Tribune, March 27, 2007
  12. ^ Move to define Assamese people Archived May 29, 2007, at the Wayback Machine., The Assam Tribune, March 31, 2007
  13. ^ AASU joins 'Asomiya' debate, The Sentinel, Guwahati, April 1, 2007
  14. ^ AASU flays Barman, Prafulla Mahanta, The Assam Tribune, April 1, 2007
  15. ^ Sarma, Satyendranath (1976), Assamese Literature, Page 43
  16. ^ Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam" p.23 "The modern name Assam is an anglicised form of the Assamese name Asom"
  17. ^ ese definition
  18. ^ Sukalpa Bhattacharjee, C Joshua Thomas,2013,Society,Representation and Textuality:The Critical Interface It deals with the expansion of the Mughal Empire in Bengal, Kamrup and Assam.
  19. ^ Satish Chandra (2005), Medieval India:Fro Sultanate to the Mughals Part - II They had support of many Hindu Rajas of Jessore, Kamrup (Western Assam), Cachar, Tippera, etc.
  20. ^ Peter Jackson,2003,The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History,P. 141, "No body sought to emulate Mohammad b. Bakhtiar, who had returned a broken man from a disastrous campaign through the Upper Brahmaputra region, possibly into the region of Assam the Muslims called Kamrup or Kamrud
  21. ^ Goswami, Upendranath (1970),A Study on Kāmrūpī: A Dialect of Assamese, Page iii
  22. ^ Bowrey, Thomas (1663) A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, ed Temple, R. C., Hakluyt Society's Publications. In this account, Bowrey describes the death of Mir Jumla, who had occupied the capital of the Ahom kingdom in the 17th century thus: "They lost the best of Nabobs, the Kingdome of Acham, and, by consequence, many large privileges."
  23. ^ "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. The Manas then became the Ahom–Mughal boundary until the British occupation." (Richards 1995, p. 247)
  24. ^ "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) "A Geographical Sketch of Assam" in Asiatic Annual Register, reprinted (Sharma 1972, p. 341)
  25. ^ Baruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, P.225
  26. ^ "The Ahoms were never numerically dominant in the state they built and, at the time of 1872 and 1881 Censuses, they formed hardly one-tenth of the populations relevant to the erstwhile Ahom territory (i.e, by and large, the Brahmaputra Valley without the Goalpara district.)" (Guha 1983:9)
  27. ^ Sukumar Sen, Grammatical sketches_of Indian languages_with comparative_vocabulary and texts, P31
  28. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 
  29. ^ "Politics of citizenship: Issue of illegal immigration comes under spotlight yet again in Assam". firstpost. Retrieved 2017-07-30. 
  30. ^ "Ticking time bomb in Assam: a final count of illegal immigrants". quartz. Retrieved 2017-07-30. 
  31. ^ "Ticking time bomb in Assam: a final count of illegal immigrants". quartz. Retrieved 2017-07-30. 
  32. ^ REPORT ON ILLEGAL MIGRATION INTO ASSAM. satp (Report). Retrieved 2017-07-30. 

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