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1
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
::2009/12/28::
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2
Alert for  Assamese and WORLD people.
Alert for Assamese and WORLD people.
::2014/05/28::
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3
Assamese people washing their clothes
Assamese people washing their clothes
::2013/04/08::
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4
assamese comedy bhagabanor biloi
assamese comedy bhagabanor biloi
::2013/11/02::
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5
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
::2012/04/17::
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6
Vodafone Different people asking for diff hairstyle Assamese AD
Vodafone Different people asking for diff hairstyle Assamese AD
::2014/05/18::
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7
Words of Life ASSAMESE (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life ASSAMESE (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
::2009/03/20::
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8
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
::2012/04/17::
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9
Good News Assamese (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
Good News Assamese (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
::2014/10/04::
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10
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
::2013/04/17::
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11
Zubeen Assamese songs/Pamne moi ghurai/Assamese modern songs/
Zubeen Assamese songs/Pamne moi ghurai/Assamese modern songs/
::2012/07/03::
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12
assamese people when in fun.AVI
assamese people when in fun.AVI
::2011/06/04::
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13
Assamese funny people singing Tere Naina
Assamese funny people singing Tere Naina
::2014/01/19::
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14
Assamese people against NHPC BIG DAM
Assamese people against NHPC BIG DAM
::2011/12/17::
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15
The Assamese
The Assamese
::2014/05/03::
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16
zubeen Assamese song/aahe ba nahe/Assamese modern songs
zubeen Assamese song/aahe ba nahe/Assamese modern songs
::2012/07/03::
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17
Assamese Song/Gaan
Assamese Song/Gaan
::2007/04/02::
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18
River Fish Assamese Cuisine Style - Roti Rasta Aur India
River Fish Assamese Cuisine Style - Roti Rasta Aur India
::2013/07/31::
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19
Biya Naam- The unique Assamese wedding folk song
Biya Naam- The unique Assamese wedding folk song
::2013/12/17::
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20
Assamese poem ...."Duh-somoyor Kabita"
Assamese poem ...."Duh-somoyor Kabita"
::2012/07/27::
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21
Assamese recipe: Momi
Assamese recipe: Momi's Kitchen:Tiyohor(cucumber) khar part 1.wmv
::2010/07/11::
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22
Narendra Modi can resolve Assam problems - ULFA
Narendra Modi can resolve Assam problems - ULFA's Arabinda Rajkhowa
::2014/11/11::
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23
Bihu dance by Assamese dance group during BSF Mela
Bihu dance by Assamese dance group during BSF Mela
::2013/12/05::
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24
TV9 - Amid attack rumours, Assamese flee Bangalore
TV9 - Amid attack rumours, Assamese flee Bangalore
::2012/09/11::
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25
Bihu Assamese Dance
Bihu Assamese Dance
::2013/09/03::
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26
As the
As the 'Juron' commences: Assamese pre-wedding rituals
::2013/12/17::
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27
Tamul Pan: Assamese Comedy
Tamul Pan: Assamese Comedy
::2011/10/17::
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28
Assamese Bihu by AAMI in 2012 India Day in Detroit MI, USA
Assamese Bihu by AAMI in 2012 India Day in Detroit MI, USA
::2012/08/19::
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29
'Pani Tola' ceremony: traditional Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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30
Assamese Bihu Dance
Assamese Bihu Dance
::2014/10/19::
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31
Assamese Mekhela clad women: During Pani Tola ceremony
Assamese Mekhela clad women: During Pani Tola ceremony
::2013/12/17::
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32
The bride after the
The bride after the 'Juron' ceremony: Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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33
Pomp and splendor: The big fat Assamese wedding
Pomp and splendor: The big fat Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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34
Showering the bride with gifts: Assamese
Showering the bride with gifts: Assamese 'Juron' in a wedding
::2013/12/17::
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35
Deepor Beel -  (Assamese: দীপৰ বিল)
Deepor Beel - (Assamese: দীপৰ বিল)
::2013/07/02::
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36
1957 Assam India
1957 Assam India
::2012/11/29::
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37
XOMOY JEN THOMOKI ROI - Zubeen Garg Assamese song
XOMOY JEN THOMOKI ROI - Zubeen Garg Assamese song
::2014/05/04::
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38
Aloo Pitika Recipe | Classic Assamese Food
Aloo Pitika Recipe | Classic Assamese Food
::2014/08/13::
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39
Glory of the Mekhela: Assam Silk at the Assamese wedding
Glory of the Mekhela: Assam Silk at the Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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40
RAMDHENU ASSAMESE FULL MOVIE PART 1
RAMDHENU ASSAMESE FULL MOVIE PART 1
::2014/03/07::
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41
'Ulta Juron' : The return gifting ritual of the Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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42
Fresh firing by police in Golaghat district in Assam
Fresh firing by police in Golaghat district in Assam
::2014/08/20::
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43
Assamese Gaan/song
Assamese Gaan/song
::2007/04/02::
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44
Right in the kitchen of the
Right in the kitchen of the 'Biya Ghor': Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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45
Aami Asomiya nohou dukhiya -  Bhupen Hazarika (Assamese Song)
Aami Asomiya nohou dukhiya - Bhupen Hazarika (Assamese Song)
::2010/09/17::
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46
Mekhela and the pomp: The grandiose Assamese wedding
Mekhela and the pomp: The grandiose Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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47
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
::2006/12/16::
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48
RAMDHENU ASSAMESE FULL MOVIE PART 2
RAMDHENU ASSAMESE FULL MOVIE PART 2
::2014/03/08::
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49
Shruti Haasan and Joi Barua: Tamil meets Assamese
Shruti Haasan and Joi Barua: Tamil meets Assamese
::2014/03/12::
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50
Traditional folk dance of Assam
Traditional folk dance of Assam
::2013/12/05::
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Assamese
অসমীয়া
AssamBarnstar.png
Sankaradeva.jpg
Lachit Barphukan's maidam2.JPG
Hemchandra Barua.gif
Laksminath Bezbaruah.jpg
Jnanadabhiram Barua.JPG
Kamalakanta Bhattacharya.jpg
Chandradhar Barua.jpg
Jyoti prasad.png
PhaniSarma.jpg
Dr fakhruddin ali ahmed.jpg
Hemchandra Goswami.jpg
অমূল্য বৰুৱা.jpg
Abani Chakravarty.JPG
Cropped image of Brajanath Sarmah.jpg
Gopinath Bordoloi.jpg
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Assam, India.jpg
Hiruda.jpg
Pratimapandey.jpg
Total population
16 to 20 million
Regions with significant populations
 India 16,000,000
 Bhutan 50,000
 Bangladesh 20,000
Languages
Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png Assamese/Asamiya (and it's dialect variants Kamrupi and Goalpariya)
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism - (Both Traditional and Panentheistic) Allah-green.svg Islam Khanda1.svg Sikhism
Related ethnic groups
Indo-Aryan peoples (Assamese Brahmins), Kalitas, Indo-Mongoloid peoples (Ahoms, Bodo, Dimasa, Karbi, Mishing, Sutiya etc.)

The Assamese people are a subgroup of people of Assam. This subgroup is often associated with the Assamese language.[1] Historically, the definition of the "Assamese people" has remained in flux and this has had strong political repercussions in Assam, especially in the colonial (1826-1947) and post-colonial (after 1947) periods.

The lack of a definition has put stumbling blocks in implementing clause 6[2] of the Assam Accord, an agreement signed by the activists of the Assam Movement and the Government of India in 1985.[3] Since a legal definition is important to provide "constitutional, legislative and cultural" safeguards to the Assamese people, the Government of Assam had formed a ministerial committee to finalize the definition in March 2007.[4][5] To address the clause 6 issue AASU had announced a definition on April 10, 2000 which was based on residency with a temporal limit: "All those whose names appeared in the 1951 National Register of Citizens and their progenies should be considered as Assamese".[6][7] Difficulty in definition is rooted in the heterogeneous nature of inhabitants of the Assam state.

History[edit]

The first usage of the English word "Assamese" is noted in colonial times; based on same principle as Sinhalese, Nepalese and Canarese, derived from the Anglicised word "Assam"[8][9] with the suffix -ese, meaning "of Assam".[10] In contrary, Western Assam in pre-colonial times was known as "Kamrup" instead of Asama,[11][12][13] and considered as politically, socially and culturally separate unit from rest of the state.[14]

In the 16th-century, the Ahom kingdom came to be known as the "Kingdom of Acham" to the Mughals; and following them, the British.[15] In 1682 the eastern Kamrup was annexed by Ahom kingdom[16] and the expanded kingdom continued to be called "Kingdom of Assam"[17] till 1821 when the Ahom kingdom became part of the Burmese Empire.[18] Just as "Assam" was associated with the Ahom kingdom till the 19th century "Asamiya" was used for the subjects and soldiers of that kingdom who belonged to different ethnic and linguistic backgrounds and not solely to the Ahom community.[19][not in citation given]

After Assam became part of British India, the newly constituted province came to be known as Assam after its largest constituent, and the name "Assamese" came to be associated with the Assamese language, erstwhile known as Kamrupi.[20]

Different views[edit]

According to Yasmin Saikia, "the group that now identifies as Tai-Ahom were historically seen as Assamese people. However, the term ethnic Assamese is now associated by the Indian government at Delhi with the Assamese speaking Indo-Aryan group (comprising both Hindus and Muslims) of Assam. The latter group is the majority people of Assam, while the Tai-Ahom people were a dominant minority during the Ahom Rule".[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fragmented Memories author=Yasmin Saikia. 
  2. ^ Clause 6 of Assam Accord: "Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social and linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people."
  3. ^ Assam dithers over Accord, The Telegraph, July 15, 2004.
  4. ^ 1.40 lakh aliens deported since 1971, The Assam Tribune, March 27, 2007
  5. ^ Move to define Assamese people, The Assam Tribune, March 31, 2007
  6. ^ AASU joins 'Asomiya' debate, The Sentinel, Guwahati, April 1, 2007
  7. ^ AASU flays Barman, Prafulla Mahanta, The Assam Tribune, April 1, 2007.
  8. ^ Sarma, Satyendranath (1976), Assamese Literature, Page 43
  9. ^ Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam" p23 "The modern name Assam is an anglicised form of the Assamese name Asom"
  10. ^ http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/english/--ese
  11. ^ Sukalpa Bhattacharjee, C Joshua Thomas,2013,Society,Representation and Textuality:The Critical Interface It deals with the expansion of the Mughal Empire in Bengal, Kamrup and Assam.
  12. ^ Satish Chandra (2005), Medieval India:Fro Sultanate to the Mughals Part - II They had support of many Hindu Rajas of Jessore, Kamrup (Western Assam), Cachar, Tippera, etc.
  13. ^ Peter Jackson,2003,The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History,P. 141, "No body sought to emulate Mohammad b. Bakhtiar, who had returned a broken man from a disastrous campaign through the Upper Brahmaputra region, possibly into the region of Assam the Muslims called Kamrup or Kamrud
  14. ^ Goswami, Upendranath (1970), A Study on Kāmrūpī: A Dialect of Assamese, Page iii
  15. ^ Bowrey, Thomas (1663) A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, ed Temple, R. C., Hakluyt Society's Publications. In this account, Bowrey describes the death of Mir Jumla, who had occupied the capital of the Ahom kingdom in the 17th century thus: "They lost the best of Nabobs, the Kingdome of Acham, and, by consequence, many large privileges".
  16. ^ "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. The Manas then became the Ahom-Mughal boundary until the British occupation." (Richards 1995, p. 247)
  17. ^ "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) "A Geographical Sketch of Assam" in Asiatic Annual Register, reprinted (Sharma 1972, p. 341)
  18. ^ Baruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, P.225
  19. ^ "The Ahoms were never numerically dominant in the state they built and, at the time of 1872 and 1881 Censuses, they formed hardly one-tenth of the populations relevant to the erstwhile Ahom territory (i.e, by and large, the Brahmaputra Valley without the Goalpara district.)" (Guha 1983:9)
  20. ^ Sukumar Sen, Grammatical sketches_of Indian languages_with comparative_vocabulary and texts, P31
  21. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 
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