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1
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
SHAME ON ASSAM..."BANGLADESHI TERROR ON LOCAL ASSAMESE PEOPLE"
::2009/12/28::
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2
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
assamese people performing bihu in delhi ( upload by ABHIJIT HAZARIKA)
::2012/04/17::
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3
Assamese people washing their clothes
Assamese people washing their clothes
::2013/04/08::
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4
Alert for  Assamese and WORLD people.
Alert for Assamese and WORLD people.
::2014/05/28::
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5
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
bihu celebrated by assamese people in Dubai 2012
::2012/04/17::
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6
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
Mukoli bihu performed by all MN Assamese people
::2013/04/17::
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7
Vodafone Different people asking for diff hairstyle Assamese AD
Vodafone Different people asking for diff hairstyle Assamese AD
::2014/05/18::
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8
Words of Life ASSAMESE (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
Words of Life ASSAMESE (অসমীয়া) People/Language Movie Trailer
::2009/03/20::
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9
assamese people when in fun.AVI
assamese people when in fun.AVI
::2011/06/04::
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10
Assamese people against NHPC BIG DAM
Assamese people against NHPC BIG DAM
::2011/12/17::
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11
Zubeen Assamese songs/Pamne moi ghurai/Assamese modern songs/
Zubeen Assamese songs/Pamne moi ghurai/Assamese modern songs/
::2012/07/03::
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12
The Assamese
The Assamese
::2014/05/03::
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13
Assamese funny people singing Tere Naina
Assamese funny people singing Tere Naina
::2014/01/19::
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14
assamese comedy bhagabanor biloi
assamese comedy bhagabanor biloi
::2013/11/02::
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15
zubeen Assamese song/aahe ba nahe/Assamese modern songs
zubeen Assamese song/aahe ba nahe/Assamese modern songs
::2012/07/03::
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16
TV9 - Amid attack rumours, Assamese flee Bangalore
TV9 - Amid attack rumours, Assamese flee Bangalore
::2012/09/11::
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17
Assamese recipe: Momi
Assamese recipe: Momi's Kitchen:Tiyohor(cucumber) khar part 1.wmv
::2010/07/11::
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18
Rahul Gandhi interacts with Assam people in English, no one understands
Rahul Gandhi interacts with Assam people in English, no one understands
::2014/02/25::
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19
Bihu Assamese Dance
Bihu Assamese Dance
::2013/09/03::
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20
Biya Naam- The unique Assamese wedding folk song
Biya Naam- The unique Assamese wedding folk song
::2013/12/17::
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21
Bihu dance by Assamese dance group during BSF Mela
Bihu dance by Assamese dance group during BSF Mela
::2013/12/05::
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22
1957 Assam India
1957 Assam India
::2012/11/29::
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23
The bride after the
The bride after the 'Juron' ceremony: Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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24
Showering the bride with gifts: Assamese
Showering the bride with gifts: Assamese 'Juron' in a wedding
::2013/12/17::
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25
'Pani Tola' ceremony: traditional Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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26
Jaa Jaa Jaa ; Akashdeep Gogoi ( An Assamese Soft Rock Song )
Jaa Jaa Jaa ; Akashdeep Gogoi ( An Assamese Soft Rock Song )
::2014/05/04::
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27
Assamese Mekhela clad women: During Pani Tola ceremony
Assamese Mekhela clad women: During Pani Tola ceremony
::2013/12/17::
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28
Pomp and splendor: The big fat Assamese wedding
Pomp and splendor: The big fat Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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29
As the
As the 'Juron' commences: Assamese pre-wedding rituals
::2013/12/17::
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30
Assamese poem ...."Duh-somoyor Kabita"
Assamese poem ...."Duh-somoyor Kabita"
::2012/07/27::
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31
River Fish Assamese Cuisine Style - Roti Rasta Aur India
River Fish Assamese Cuisine Style - Roti Rasta Aur India
::2013/07/31::
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32
'Ulta Juron' : The return gifting ritual of the Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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33
Mekhela and the pomp: The grandiose Assamese wedding
Mekhela and the pomp: The grandiose Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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34
Right in the kitchen of the
Right in the kitchen of the 'Biya Ghor': Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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35
Assamese Song/Gaan
Assamese Song/Gaan
::2007/04/02::
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36
Glory of the Mekhela: Assam Silk at the Assamese wedding
Glory of the Mekhela: Assam Silk at the Assamese wedding
::2013/12/17::
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37
"Strike" The assamese way!
"Strike" The assamese way!
::2013/07/17::
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38
XOMOY JEN THOMOKI ROI - Zubeen Garg Assamese song
XOMOY JEN THOMOKI ROI - Zubeen Garg Assamese song
::2014/05/04::
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39
Assamese Gaan/song
Assamese Gaan/song
::2007/04/02::
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40
How to Write Assamese Consonants
How to Write Assamese Consonants
::2014/07/28::
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41
Tarun Gogoi Assam CM Speaking English - What is he saying ?
Tarun Gogoi Assam CM Speaking English - What is he saying ?
::2012/07/17::
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42
Tamul Pan: Assamese Comedy
Tamul Pan: Assamese Comedy
::2011/10/17::
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43
Deepor Beel -  (Assamese: দীপৰ বিল)
Deepor Beel - (Assamese: দীপৰ বিল)
::2013/07/02::
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44
When the fairy lent him an imaginary horse: Assam wedding scenario
When the fairy lent him an imaginary horse: Assam wedding scenario
::2013/12/17::
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45
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
::2006/12/16::
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46
Bakor Putek - Jhilmil Beel Oi - SuperHit Assamese Song
Bakor Putek - Jhilmil Beel Oi - SuperHit Assamese Song
::2013/11/10::
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47
Shruti Haasan and Joi Barua: Tamil meets Assamese
Shruti Haasan and Joi Barua: Tamil meets Assamese
::2014/03/12::
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48
Mausumi & Dikshu  Tumar Babe Moram Lage (Assamese)
Mausumi & Dikshu Tumar Babe Moram Lage (Assamese)
::2014/03/30::
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49
Assamese song back2music - Axomi Aai Tuloi Morom Kiman?
Assamese song back2music - Axomi Aai Tuloi Morom Kiman?
::2013/03/09::
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50
Assamese Full Movie Hamder Suhimoni 2013 by Gajen Panging
Assamese Full Movie Hamder Suhimoni 2013 by Gajen Panging
::2013/08/31::
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Not to be confused with People of Assam.
Assamese
Swami Machindranath Mitmita Mandir.gif
Abani Chakravarty.JPG
Dr. Bhupen Hazarika, Assam, India.jpg
Bhupen Hazarika
Laksminath Bezbaruah.jpg
Lakshminath Bezbaruah
Total population
16 to 20 million
Regions with significant populations
 India 16,000,000
 Bhutan 50,000
 Bangladesh 20,000
Languages
Assamese Bengali letter A (red).png Assamese/Asamiya (and it's dialect variants Kamrupi and Goalpariya)
Religion
Om.svg Hinduism (Both Traditional and Ek Saran Naam Dharma)
Allah-green.svg Islam
Related ethnic groups
Other Indo-Aryan peoples, Indo-Mongoloid peoples (Ahoms, Bodo, Dimasa, Karbi, Mishing, Sutiya etc.)

The Assamese people are a subgroup of people of Assam. This subgroup is often associated with the Assamese language.[1] Historically, the definition of the "Assamese people" has remained in flux and this has had strong political repercussions in Assam, especially in the colonial (1826-1947) and post-colonial (after 1947) periods.

The lack of a definition has put stumbling blocks in implementing clause 6[2] of the Assam Accord, an agreement signed by the activists of the Assam Movement and the Government of India in 1985.[3] Since a legal definition is important to provide "constitutional, legislative and cultural" safeguards to the Assamese people, the Government of Assam had formed a ministerial committee to finalize the definition in March 2007.[4][5] To address the clause 6 issue AASU had announced a definition on April 10, 2000 which was based on residency with a temporal limit: "All those whose names appeared in the 1951 National Register of Citizens and their progenies should be considered as Assamese".[6][7] Difficulty in definition is rooted in the heterogeneous nature of inhabitants of the Assam state.

History[edit]

The first usage of the English word "Assamese" is noted in colonial times; based on same principle as Sinhalese, Nepalese and Canarese, derived from the Anglicised word "Assam"[8][9] with the suffix -ese, meaning "of Assam".[10] In contrary, Western Assam in pre-colonial times was known as "Kamrup" instead of Asama,[11][12][13] and considered as politically, socially and culturally separate unit from rest of the state.[14]

In the 16th-century, the Ahom kingdom came to be known as the "Kingdom of Acham" to the Mughals; and following them, the British.[15] In 1682 the eastern Kamrup was annexed by Ahom kingdom[16] and the expanded kingdom continued to be called "Kingdom of Assam"[17] till 1821 when the Ahom kingdom became part of the Burmese Empire.[18] Just as "Assam" was associated with the Ahom kingdom till the 19th century "Asamiya" was used for the subjects and soldiers of that kingdom who belonged to different ethnic and linguistic backgrounds and not solely to the Ahom community.[19][not in citation given]

After Assam became part of British India, the newly constituted province came to be known as Assam after its largest constituent, and the name "Assamese" came to be associated with the Assamese language, erstwhile known as Kamrupi.[20]

Different views[edit]

According to Yasmin Saikia, "the group that now identifies as Tai-Ahom were historically seen as Assamese people. However, the term ethnic Assamese is now associated by the Indian government at Delhi with the Assamese speaking Indo-Aryan group (comprising both Hindus and Muslims) of Assam. The latter group is the majority people of Assam, while the Tai-Ahom people were a dominant minority during the Ahom Rule".[21]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Fragmented Memories author=Yasmin Saikia. 
  2. ^ Clause 6 of Assam Accord: "Constitutional, legislative and administrative safeguards, as may be appropriate, shall be provided to protect, preserve and promote the cultural, social and linguistic identity and heritage of the Assamese people."
  3. ^ Assam dithers over Accord, The Telegraph, July 15, 2004.
  4. ^ 1.40 lakh aliens deported since 1971, The Assam Tribune, March 27, 2007
  5. ^ Move to define Assamese people, The Assam Tribune, March 31, 2007
  6. ^ AASU joins 'Asomiya' debate, The Sentinel, Guwahati, April 1, 2007
  7. ^ AASU flays Barman, Prafulla Mahanta, The Assam Tribune, April 1, 2007.
  8. ^ Sarma, Satyendranath (1976), Assamese Literature, Page 43
  9. ^ Das, Bhuban Mohan (1987) "The Peoples of Assam" p23 "The modern name Assam is an anglicised form of the Assamese name Asom"
  10. ^ http://oxforddictionaries.com/us/definition/english/--ese
  11. ^ Sukalpa Bhattacharjee, C Joshua Thomas,2013,Society,Representation and Textuality:The Critical Interface It deals with the expansion of the Mughal Empire in Bengal, Kamrup and Assam.
  12. ^ Satish Chandra (2005), Medieval India:Fro Sultanate to the Mughals Part - II They had support of many Hindu Rajas of Jessore, Kamrup (Western Assam), Cachar, Tippera, etc.
  13. ^ Peter Jackson,2003,The Delhi Sultanate: A Political and Military History,P. 141, "No body sought to emulate Mohammad b. Bakhtiar, who had returned a broken man from a disastrous campaign through the Upper Brahmaputra region, possibly into the region of Assam the Muslims called Kamrup or Kamrud
  14. ^ Goswami, Upendranath (1970), A Study on Kāmrūpī: A Dialect of Assamese, Page iii
  15. ^ Bowrey, Thomas (1663) A Geographical Account of Countries around Bay of Bengal, ed Temple, R. C., Hakluyt Society's Publications. In this account, Bowrey describes the death of Mir Jumla, who had occupied the capital of the Ahom kingdom in the 17th century thus: "They lost the best of Nabobs, the Kingdome of Acham, and, by consequence, many large privileges".
  16. ^ "In the Battle of Itakhuli in September 1682, the Ahom forces chased the defeated Mughals nearly one hundred kilometers back to the Manas river. The Manas then became the Ahom-Mughal boundary until the British occupation." (Richards 1995, p. 247)
  17. ^ "The Kingdom of Assam, where it is entered from Bengal, commences on the north of the Berhampooter, at the Khonder Chokey, nearly opposite to the picturesque estate of the late Mr Raush at Goalpara; and at the Nagrabaree Hill on the South", Wade, Dr John Peter, (1805) "A Geographical Sketch of Assam" in Asiatic Annual Register, reprinted (Sharma 1972, p. 341)
  18. ^ Baruah, S. L. (1993), Last Days of Ahom Monarchy, P.225
  19. ^ "The Ahoms were never numerically dominant in the state they built and, at the time of 1872 and 1881 Censuses, they formed hardly one-tenth of the populations relevant to the erstwhile Ahom territory (i.e, by and large, the Brahmaputra Valley without the Goalpara district.)" (Guha 1983:9)
  20. ^ Sukumar Sen, Grammatical sketches_of Indian languages_with comparative_vocabulary and texts, P31
  21. ^ Yasmin Saikia. Fragmented Memories. 
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