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How Presidents Govern: Crash Course Government and Politics #14
How Presidents Govern: Crash Course Government and Politics #14
Published: 2015/05/01
Channel: CrashCourse
Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: Terry R.
Executive office of the President
Executive office of the President
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: Kristoffer Barikmo
Presidential Power: Crash Course Government and Politics #11
Presidential Power: Crash Course Government and Politics #11
Published: 2015/04/11
Channel: CrashCourse
The Executive Office of The Presidency
The Executive Office of The Presidency
Published: 2012/12/02
Channel: Jacq112ab
White House - Executive Office of the President of the United States - USA - United States
White House - Executive Office of the President of the United States - USA - United States
Published: 2014/06/09
Channel: TheChinda11
Executive Office of the President of the United States
Executive Office of the President of the United States
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: Audiopedia
Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: 2305 Govt Channel
The Executive Office of the President
The Executive Office of the President
Published: 2013/02/23
Channel: Michelle Wang
25 Things The President Of The United States CAN Actually Do
25 Things The President Of The United States CAN Actually Do
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: list25
Executive office of the President
Executive office of the President
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: Paul Pottanat
AP Gov Review: Cabinets and Executive Office - Unit 4 - Executive Branch - Part 4
AP Gov Review: Cabinets and Executive Office - Unit 4 - Executive Branch - Part 4
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Kelsey Falkowski
Washington DC - Executive Office Building at the White House
Washington DC - Executive Office Building at the White House
Published: 2008/10/20
Channel: UND68
The Growing Power of the Presidency
The Growing Power of the Presidency
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: ReasonTV
Executive Branch
Executive Branch
Published: 2013/05/21
Channel: Citizen Genius
THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT ANNOUNCES A WEEKLY PRESS CONFERENCE
THE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT ANNOUNCES A WEEKLY PRESS CONFERENCE
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: From Gambia
Old Executive Office Building
Old Executive Office Building
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: ssmanku1945
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
EXECUTIVE OFFICE OF THE PRESIDENT
Published: 2017/06/14
Channel: Keith Mordasky
Gov Review Video #30: The Executive Office
Gov Review Video #30: The Executive Office
Published: 2017/03/03
Channel: Adam Norris
Executive Office of the President
Executive Office of the President's Dr. Alissa Johnson on federal cybersecurity
Published: 2013/07/03
Channel: FedScoop
Executive Office Tour
Executive Office Tour
Published: 2015/11/26
Channel: Valentino Visanchi
Executive Office
Executive Office
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: schnikelfritz576
Gambia:
Gambia: 'Weekly Press Briefing' Announced By The Office Of The President
Published: 2017/06/23
Channel: FSL YaramBamba
The Executive Office
The Executive Office
Published: 2016/08/16
Channel: developer pgs
Trump Cabinet and Executive Office update
Trump Cabinet and Executive Office update
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: Alternative Political Analysis
Eric Jon Phelps - Moses, Elijah, and Executive Office of the President (B) - 01/06/16
Eric Jon Phelps - Moses, Elijah, and Executive Office of the President (B) - 01/06/16
Published: 2016/10/19
Channel: SecondReformation
Enemies of the State The Executive Office #1 Special Edition
Enemies of the State The Executive Office #1 Special Edition
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: adel serlin
Impeach! Give Honor to the Office of The President
Impeach! Give Honor to the Office of The President
Published: 2013/05/09
Channel: The Sons of Liberty
America
America's Greatness: Eisenhower Executive Office Building
Published: 2016/03/28
Channel: Alexandre Muns
The Executive Office
The Executive Office
Published: 2016/10/20
Channel: Last Man Films
President Trump Signs Executive Orders on the Establishment of the Office of Trade 4/29/17
President Trump Signs Executive Orders on the Establishment of the Office of Trade 4/29/17
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Based Patriot
Inside the White House: The Cabinet
Inside the White House: The Cabinet
Published: 2009/12/12
Channel: The Obama White House
Executive Office and Bureaucracy Honors 2015 2016
Executive Office and Bureaucracy Honors 2015 2016
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: Katie Schumacher
Inside The Executive Office: Compelling Stories
Inside The Executive Office: Compelling Stories
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: James Berkeley
Enemies of the State  The Executive Office #1 Special Edition
Enemies of the State The Executive Office #1 Special Edition
Published: 2017/06/05
Channel: andi mulyana
PAC queries officials from Office of the President on appointment of presidential advisers
PAC queries officials from Office of the President on appointment of presidential advisers
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: NTVUganda
Dick Cheney on Watergate and the Office of the President
Dick Cheney on Watergate and the Office of the President
Published: 2012/06/14
Channel: RichardNixonLibrary
White House Press Secretary Defiles The Office of The President
White House Press Secretary Defiles The Office of The President
Published: 2009/02/21
Channel: kdenninger
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Published: 2008/12/07
Channel: Qi Stephanie Zhang
President greets workers at Executive Office building
President greets workers at Executive Office building
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: AP Archive
1  Stop Corruption   Office of the President
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Published: 2016/07/06
Channel: Inter Press Services
Ivanka Trump explains her role at the White House | Assistant to the President
Ivanka Trump explains her role at the White House | Assistant to the President
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: LD Record
Durbin: Trump
Durbin: Trump's Twitter usage 'destroying' credibility of office of the President
Published: 2017/03/08
Channel: World News
George W.  Bush  Transition with Employees of the Executive Office of the President, 11.6.2008
George W. Bush Transition with Employees of the Executive Office of the President, 11.6.2008
Published: 2015/01/07
Channel: Speeches
Reykjavik@Executive Office of the President in ICELAND 2009
Reykjavik@Executive Office of the President in ICELAND 2009
Published: 2010/03/23
Channel: Sherpa420
Suvorovskiy district, the state executive office of Odessa. Gosispolnitelya Voitenko.
Suvorovskiy district, the state executive office of Odessa. Gosispolnitelya Voitenko.
Published: 2016/08/30
Channel: Лада Нов сам
The President
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Published: 2010/01/18
Channel: dmce77
Watch: Trump signs executive orders on first day as President
Watch: Trump signs executive orders on first day as President
Published: 2017/01/21
Channel: CBS News
FNN: President Trump Signs Executive Orders In The Oval Office
FNN: President Trump Signs Executive Orders In The Oval Office
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: FOX 10 Phoenix
Jason Furman, Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers, Executive Office of the President
Jason Furman, Chairman, Council of Economic Advisers, Executive Office of the President
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: Levy Economics Institute
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Executive Office of the President
Seal of the Executive Office of the President of the United States 2014.svg
Seal of the Executive Office of the President
Flag of the Executive Office of the President of the United States.svg
Flag of the Executive Office of the President
Agency overview
Formed July 1, 1939; 77 years ago (1939-07-01)
Headquarters White House
Employees About 4,000
Agency executive
Parent agency United States federal government
Website Executive Office of the President

The Executive Office of the President of the United States (EOPOTUS or EOP) consists of the immediate staff of the incumbent President of the United States and multiple levels of support staff reporting to the President. The EOP is headed by the White House Chief of Staff, currently Reince Priebus. With the increase in technological and global advancement, the size of the White House staff has increased to include an array of policy experts to effectively address various fields of the modern day.

History[edit]

In 1939, during Franklin D. Roosevelt's second term in office, the foundations of the modern White House staff were created. Based on the recommendations of a presidentially commissioned panel of political science and public administration experts that was known as the Brownlow Committee, Roosevelt was able to get Congress to approve the Reorganization Act of 1939. The Act led to Reorganization Plan No. 1,[1] which created the EOP,[2] which reported directly to the president. The EOP encompassed two subunits at its outset: the White House Office (WHO) and the Bureau of the Budget, the predecessor to today's Office of Management and Budget, which had been created in 1921 and originally located in the Treasury Department. It absorbed most of the functions of the National Emergency Council.[3] Initially, the new staff system appeared more ambitious on paper than in practice; the increase in the size of the staff was quite modest at the start. But it laid the groundwork for the large and organizationally complex White House staff that would emerge during the presidencies of Roosevelt's successors.[4]

Roosevelt's efforts are also notable in contrast to those of his predecessors in office. During the nineteenth century, presidents had few staff resources. Thomas Jefferson had one messenger and one secretary at his disposal, both of whose salaries were paid by the president personally. It was not until 1857 that Congress appropriated money ($2,500) for the hiring of one clerk. By Ulysses S. Grant's presidency (1869–1877), the staff had grown to three. By 1900, the White House staff included one "secretary to the president" (then the title of the president's chief aide), two assistant secretaries, two executive clerks, a stenographer, and seven other office personnel. Under Warren G. Harding, the size of the staff expanded to thirty-one, although most were clerical positions. During Herbert Hoover's presidency, two additional secretaries to the president were added by Congress, one of whom Hoover designated as his Press Secretary. From 1933 to 1939, even as he greatly expanded the scope of the federal government's policies and powers in response to the Great Depression, Roosevelt muddled through: his "brains trust" of top advisers were often appointed to vacant positions in agencies and departments, whence they drew their salaries since the White House lacked statutory or budgetary authority to create new staff positions. Ballpark estimates indicate some 2,000 to 2,500 persons serve in EOP staff positions with policy-making responsibilities, with a budget of $300 to $400 million (George W. Bush's budget request for Fiscal Year 2005 was for $341 million in support of 1,850 personnel).[5]

Organization[edit]

Senior staff within the Executive Office of the President have the title Assistant to the President, second-level staff have the title Deputy Assistant to the President, and third-level staff have the title Special Assistant to the President.

The core White House staff appointments, and very few EOP officials generally, are required to be confirmed by the U.S. Senate, although there are a handful of exceptions (e.g., the Director of the Office of Management and Budget, the Chair and members of the Council of Economic Advisers, and the United States Trade Representative).

The information in the following table is current as of February 17, 2017. Only principal executives are listed; for subordinate officers, see individual office pages.

Agency Principal executive Incumbent
White House Office White House Chief of Staff Reince Priebus
National Security Council Assistant to the President for National Security Affairs H. R. McMaster
Council of Economic Advisers Chair of the Council of Economic Advisers Vacant
Council on Environmental Quality Managing Director of the Council on Environmental Quality Vacant
Executive Residence Staff and Operations White House Chief Usher Vacant
Office of Administration Director of the Office of Administration Vacant
Office of Management and Budget Director of the Office of Management and Budget Mick Mulvaney
Office of National Drug Control Policy Director of National Drug Control Policy Kemp Chester (Acting)
Office of Science and Technology Policy Director of the Office of Science and Technology Policy Vacant
Office of the United States Trade Representative United States Trade Representative Robert Lighthizer
Office of the Vice President of the United States Chief of Staff to The Vice President Josh Pitcock

White House Offices[edit]

Budget history[edit]

Year Budget
2017 $709 million[6]
2016 $692 million[7]
2015 $676 million[8]
2014 $624 million[9]
2013 $650 million[10]
2012 $640 million[11]
2011 $708 million[12]
2010 $772 million[13]
2009 $728 million[14]
2008 $682 million[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (April 25, 1939). "Message to Congress on the Reorganization Act". John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara: University of California. Retrieved May 6, 2011. 
  2. ^ Mosher, Frederick C. (1975). American Public Administration: Past, Present, Future (2nd ed.). Birmingham: University of Alabama Press. ISBN 0-8173-4829-8. 
  3. ^ Roosevelt, Franklin D. (May 9, 1939). "Message to Congress on Plan II to Implement the Reorganization Act". John T. Woolley and Gerhard Peters. The American Presidency Project. Santa Barbara: University of California. Retrieved May 6, 2011. The plan provides for the abolition of the National Emergency Council and the transfer to the Executive Office of the President of all its functions with the exception of the film and radio activities which go to the Office of Education. 
  4. ^ Relyea, Harold C. (March 17, 2008). "The Executive Office of the President: An Historical Overview" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved April 14, 2008. 
  5. ^ Burke, John P. "Administration of the White House". Miller Center of Public Affairs, University of Virginia. Archived from the original on November 17, 2010. Retrieved June 6, 2009. 
  6. ^ "FY 2017 Omnibus Summary – Financial Services and General Government Appropriations" (PDF). House Appropriations Committee. May 1, 2017. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  7. ^ "Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2016 Financial Services Bill". House Appropriations Committee. May 24, 2016. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  8. ^ "Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2015 Financial Services Bill". House Appropriations Committee. July 16, 2014. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2014 Financial Services Bill". House Appropriations Committee. July 17, 2013. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2013 Financial Services Bill". House Appropriations Committee. June 5, 2012. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  11. ^ "Appropriations Committee Releases Fiscal Year 2012 Financial Services Bill". House Appropriations Committee. June 15, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  12. ^ "Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2011 Appropriations". Congressional Research Service. July 11, 2011. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  13. ^ "Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2010 Appropriations" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. February 4, 2010. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  14. ^ "Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2009 Appropriations" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. May 12, 2009. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 
  15. ^ "Financial Services and General Government (FSGG): FY2008 Appropriations". Congressional Research Service. December 20, 2007. Retrieved May 1, 2017. 

External links[edit]

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