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City of Auburn, Maine - "Living in Auburn"
City of Auburn, Maine - "Living in Auburn"
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
Auburn, Maine Drone Flight 4K
Auburn, Maine Drone Flight 4K
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: rdrivas
Explore Maine - Auburn & Lewiston Maine
Explore Maine - Auburn & Lewiston Maine's Great Falls
Published: 2014/03/21
Channel: Great Falls TV
Dead Mall in Auburn Maine
Dead Mall in Auburn Maine
Published: 2017/03/14
Channel: April Mae
Black Lives Matter Rally - Auburn, Maine
Black Lives Matter Rally - Auburn, Maine
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: Sun Journal
Ventana - Pledge Your Allegiance [Live Holloween Preparty Auburn. ME 10-23-17]
Ventana - Pledge Your Allegiance [Live Holloween Preparty Auburn. ME 10-23-17]
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Chris Jacobs
LOST VALLEY SKI AREA in AUBURN, MAINE.
LOST VALLEY SKI AREA in AUBURN, MAINE.
Published: 2017/01/09
Channel: steve yenco
Pictures of Lewiston/Auburn Maine
Pictures of Lewiston/Auburn Maine
Published: 2010/09/26
Channel: HICKSLADY1
Growing up in Auburn, Maine
Growing up in Auburn, Maine
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: holleydonna
"Those Were The Best Days of My Life" - Auburn Maine Hot Air Festival 8-20-17 Last Night Liftoff
"Those Were The Best Days of My Life" - Auburn Maine Hot Air Festival 8-20-17 Last Night Liftoff
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Michael and Carol Blackburn
Ventana - No Lives Matter - 10/23/2017 - Sapphire Night Club - Auburn, Maine
Ventana - No Lives Matter - 10/23/2017 - Sapphire Night Club - Auburn, Maine
Published: 2017/10/26
Channel: Kyle Kotarski
Rollodrome in Auburn, Me
Rollodrome in Auburn, Me
Published: 2016/02/01
Channel: Chad Dall
Lufthansa L1649 Lockheed Starliner Project Auburn Maine
Lufthansa L1649 Lockheed Starliner Project Auburn Maine
Published: 2009/10/19
Channel: LockheedStarliner
City of Auburn Maine Official Public Hearing on L/A Merger
City of Auburn Maine Official Public Hearing on L/A Merger
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
Why the birds swarmed Auburn, Maine scaring woman and children
Why the birds swarmed Auburn, Maine scaring woman and children
Published: 2009/01/09
Channel: Johnny B
City of Auburn Maine Police - Swearing-In & Badge Pinning Ceremony
City of Auburn Maine Police - Swearing-In & Badge Pinning Ceremony
Published: 2016/10/21
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
RUPO Rolls through Auburn, Maine @ School Street
RUPO Rolls through Auburn, Maine @ School Street
Published: 2011/09/18
Channel: dcarpine28
Auburn Maine, Full House Response!!!!!!!
Auburn Maine, Full House Response!!!!!!!
Published: 2014/10/18
Channel: kirky316
People of walmart auburn , Maine Part #2
People of walmart auburn , Maine Part #2
Published: 2012/01/08
Channel: Frank Morgan
Auburn Maine Dumb ass.
Auburn Maine Dumb ass.
Published: 2012/08/11
Channel: MrCopBuster
City of Auburn, Maine - "Business Development in Auburn"
City of Auburn, Maine - "Business Development in Auburn"
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
City of Auburn, Maine - "Welcome to Auburn" featuring Mayor Jonathan P. LaBonte
City of Auburn, Maine - "Welcome to Auburn" featuring Mayor Jonathan P. LaBonte
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
People of wal mart Auburn Maine Part #1
People of wal mart Auburn Maine Part #1
Published: 2012/01/08
Channel: Frank Morgan
Auburn Maine Barker Mill Treasure
Auburn Maine Barker Mill Treasure
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Slash Dayton
Snow Day in Auburn, Maine
Snow Day in Auburn, Maine
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: JNM Media
House for sale Auburn, Maine
House for sale Auburn, Maine
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Katrina Mancine
441 Lake Shore Drive - Auburn, Maine (MLS)
441 Lake Shore Drive - Auburn, Maine (MLS)
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: Mainely Aerials Photography LLC
Muscle Milk 100 - Lost Valley Ski Resort - Auburn, Maine
Muscle Milk 100 - Lost Valley Ski Resort - Auburn, Maine
Published: 2012/03/22
Channel: PraxisProStudios
Lake Auburn, Maine
Lake Auburn, Maine
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: Bubo the Drone
Auburn Maine Central Units The Collection
Auburn Maine Central Units The Collection
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: kirky316
UFO in auburn Maine
UFO in auburn Maine
Published: 2014/12/07
Channel: delisle596
Summer Street Fire in Auburn, Maine
Summer Street Fire in Auburn, Maine
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: Sun Journal
City of Auburn, Maine - "Education in Auburn" featuring Superintendent Katy Grondin
City of Auburn, Maine - "Education in Auburn" featuring Superintendent Katy Grondin
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
Zumba "Waka Waka " Auburn, Maine
Zumba "Waka Waka " Auburn, Maine
Published: 2010/06/28
Channel: zumbalove1
Apartments in Lewiston and Auburn Maine.mpg
Apartments in Lewiston and Auburn Maine.mpg
Published: 2011/01/30
Channel: GreatFallsDevGroup
auburn Maine fire Aug 12 2017
auburn Maine fire Aug 12 2017
Published: 2017/08/12
Channel: Brian Moreau
Heidi
Heidi's Brooklyn Deli Auburn Maine
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Menus In LA
Auburn, Maine by the mall
Auburn, Maine by the mall
Published: 2017/10/29
Channel: Bubo the Drone
CHRISTMAS SPECTACLAR 2016 East Auburn Baptist Church -  Auburn, Maine
CHRISTMAS SPECTACLAR 2016 East Auburn Baptist Church - Auburn, Maine
Published: 2016/12/04
Channel: steve yenco
(HD) BNSF Power Leads Pan Am train WAPO through Auburn, Maine
(HD) BNSF Power Leads Pan Am train WAPO through Auburn, Maine
Published: 2013/09/11
Channel: dcarpine28
Brush fire ignites Kohl
Brush fire ignites Kohl's sign in Auburn, Maine (VIDEO 1)
Published: 2015/11/17
Channel: Sun Journal
Cow on the loose in Auburn, Maine
Cow on the loose in Auburn, Maine
Published: 2017/11/01
Channel: Sun Journal
Christmas lights show in auburn Maine 2016
Christmas lights show in auburn Maine 2016
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Corrie Bergeron
Holbrook Rd. Auburn Maine
Holbrook Rd. Auburn Maine
Published: 2011/07/10
Channel: nadsx
Taylor Pond- Auburn ,ME - Maine Waterfront Living.org
Taylor Pond- Auburn ,ME - Maine Waterfront Living.org
Published: 2015/09/17
Channel: Androvise Realty
Urban Homesteading in Auburn Maine
Urban Homesteading in Auburn Maine
Published: 2011/07/03
Channel: themainelife
Fast Charging my LEAF at Lee NISSAN in Auburn Maine while enjoying the Great Falls Balloon Festival
Fast Charging my LEAF at Lee NISSAN in Auburn Maine while enjoying the Great Falls Balloon Festival
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: bmhsonic
(HD) MEC #514 Leads RUPO Through Auburn, Maine - 5/19/12
(HD) MEC #514 Leads RUPO Through Auburn, Maine - 5/19/12
Published: 2012/05/21
Channel: dcarpine28
2017 City of Auburn Maine City Council & School Committee Candidate Forum
2017 City of Auburn Maine City Council & School Committee Candidate Forum
Published: 2017/10/31
Channel: City of Auburn, Maine
Waterfall in Auburn Maine
Waterfall in Auburn Maine
Published: 2007/05/31
Channel: n9khr
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Auburn, Maine
City
Auburn (and Lewiston), Maine.jpg
Official seal of Auburn, Maine
Seal
Motto(s): Vestigia Nulla Retrorsum  (Latin)
"No Steps Backward"
Location of Auburn, Maine
Location of Auburn, Maine
Coordinates: 44°5′N 70°14′W / 44.083°N 70.233°W / 44.083; -70.233Coordinates: 44°5′N 70°14′W / 44.083°N 70.233°W / 44.083; -70.233
Country United States
State Maine
County Androscoggin
Incorporated (town) February 24, 1842
Incorporated (city) February 12, 1868
Neighborhoods Auburn Plains
Danville
East Auburn
Littlefield Corner
Marston Corner
New Auburn
North Auburn
Stevens Mill
West Auburn
Government
 • Mayor Jason J. Levesque
Area[1]
 • Total 65.74 sq mi (170.27 km2)
 • Land 59.33 sq mi (153.66 km2)
 • Water 6.41 sq mi (16.60 km2)
Elevation 190 ft (58 m)
Population (2010)[2]
 • Total 23,055
 • Estimate (2016)[3] 22,948
 • Density 350/sq mi (140/km2)
Time zone Eastern (UTC-5)
 • Summer (DST) Eastern (UTC-4)
ZIP codes 04210-04212
Area code(s) 207
FIPS code 23-02060
GNIS feature ID 0561347
Website www.auburnmaine.org

Auburn is a city in and the county seat of Androscoggin County, Maine, United States.[4] The population was 23,055 at the 2010 census. Auburn and Lewiston (directly across the Androscoggin River from each other) are known locally as the Twin Cities or Lewiston–Auburn (L–A).

History[edit]

The area was originally part of the Pejepscot Purchase, land bought in 1714 by a association of people from Boston and Portsmouth following the Treaty of Portsmouth, which brought peace between the Abenaki Indians and the settlers of present day Maine. In 1736, however, the Massachusetts General Court granted a large section of the land to veterans of the 1690 Battle of Quebec. Conflicting claims led to prolonged litigation; consequently, settlement was delayed until after the French and Indian Wars.[5]

Auburn was first settled in 1786 as part of Bakerstown, renamed Poland when it was incorporated by the Massachusetts General Court in 1795. It was then part of Minot, formed from parts of Poland and incorporated in 1802. Auburn would itself be formed from parts of Minot and incorporated on February 24, 1842. The name was apparently inspired by "Auburn", a village (real or fictitious) featured in the 1770 poem "The Deserted Village" by Oliver Goldsmith.[6] Originally part of Cumberland County, the town became county seat of Androscoggin County at its creation in 1854. By annexing land from towns around it, including part of Poland in 1852, Minot in 1873, and all of Danville (first called Pejepscot) in 1867, Auburn grew geographically into one of Maine's largest municipalities. Incorporated a city on February 12, 1868,[7] Auburn in 1917 would be the first city in the state to adopt a council-manager form of government.[5]

Farms supplied grain and produce, but with construction of the bridge across the river to Lewiston in 1823, and especially after arrival of the Atlantic and St. Lawrence Railroad from Portland in January 1848, the community developed into a mill town. Mills were built to operate by water power from falls on the Androscoggin River and Little Androscoggin River. In 1835, the factory system of shoe manufacture originated at Auburn. Other firms manufactured cotton and woolen textiles, carriages, iron goods, bricks and furniture. The population in 1860 was only about 4,000 but by 1890 it was about 12,000, when its shoe factories attracted many French Canadian immigrants, many of whom arrived by train from Quebec.[8] Steady population growth continued to about 1960 when the population was about 24,500.[9]

In Auburn, shoe manufacturing became the dominant industry by the late 19th century. The City Seal, depicting a spindle with different types of shoes at each outside point, was designed when Auburn was positioning itself as the shoe manufacturing center of Maine in the mid-19th century. In 1917 one factory in Auburn was producing 75 percent of the world's supply of white canvas shoes; however, after World War II the shoe industry began to decline, and between 1957 and 1961 the largest manufacturers closed their factories.[9]

The area became noted in 1985 due to the plane crash that took the life of Samantha Smith.

Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike[edit]

In 1937, one of the largest labor disputes in Maine history occurred in Lewiston and Auburn. The Lewiston-Auburn Shoe Strike lasted from March to June and at its peak involved 4,000 to 5,000 workers on strike. After workers attempted to march across the Androscoggin River from Lewiston to Auburn, Governor Lewis Barrows sent in the Maine Army National Guard. Some labor leaders, CIO Secretary Powers Hapgood, were imprisoned for months after a Maine Supreme Judicial Court judge issued an injunction seeking to end the strike.

Geography[edit]

Auburn is located at 44°5′N 70°14′W / 44.083°N 70.233°W / 44.083; -70.233 (44.089, −70.241).[10] According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 65.74 square miles (170.27 km2), of which 59.33 square miles (153.66 km2) is land and 6.41 square miles (16.60 km2) is water.[1] Auburn is drained by the Little Androscoggin River and Androscoggin River.

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1850 2,840
1860 4,022 41.6%
1870 6,169 53.4%
1880 9,555 54.9%
1890 11,250 17.7%
1900 12,951 15.1%
1910 15,064 16.3%
1920 16,985 12.8%
1930 18,571 9.3%
1940 19,817 6.7%
1950 23,134 16.7%
1960 24,449 5.7%
1970 24,151 −1.2%
1980 23,128 −4.2%
1990 24,039 3.9%
2000 23,203 −3.5%
2010 23,055 −0.6%
Est. 2016 22,948 [3] −0.5%
sources:[11][12]

Auburn is one of two principal cities of and included in the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine metropolitan New England city and town area and the Lewiston-Auburn, Maine Metropolitan Statistical Area (which is part of the Portland-Lewiston-South Portland, Maine combined statistical area).

2010 census[edit]

As of the census[2] of 2010, there were 23,055 people, 9,974 households, and 5,818 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.6 inhabitants per square mile (150.0/km2). There were 11,016 housing units at an average density of 185.7 per square mile (71.7/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 93.7% White, 2.5% African American, 0.4% Native American, 0.9% Asian, 0.3% from other races, and 2.1% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.5% of the population.

There were 9,974 households of which 29.1% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 39.9% were married couples living together, 13.0% had a female householder with no husband present, 5.4% had a male householder with no wife present, and 41.7% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 12.8% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.26 and the average family size was 2.84.

The median age in the city was 39.9 years. 22.1% of residents were under the age of 18; 8.6% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 26.1% were from 25 to 44; 27.9% were from 45 to 64; and 15.2% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 48.3% male and 51.7% female.

2000 census[edit]

As of the census[13] of 2000, there were 23,203 people, 9,764 households, and 5,907 families residing in the city. The population density was 388.1 people per square mile (149.9/km²). There were 10,608 housing units at an average density of 177.4 per square mile (68.5/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 97.04% White, 0.59% African American, 0.30% Native American, 0.59% Asian, 0.05% Pacific Islander, 0.10% from other races, and 1.32% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.73% of the population.

There were 9,764 households out of which 29.4% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 44.9% were married couples living together, 11.6% had a female householder with no husband present, and 39.5% were non-families. 32.0% of all households were made up of individuals and 13.2% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.28 and the average family size was 2.88.

In the city, the population was spread out with 23.2% under the age of 18, 8.1% from 18 to 24, 29.3% from 25 to 44, 22.2% from 45 to 64, and 17.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 38 years. For every 100 females there were 90.5 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 86.9 males.

The median income for a six households in the city was $35,652, and the median income for a family was $44,012. Males had a median income of $32,088 versus $22,349 for females. The per capita income for the city was $19,942. About 9.0% of families and 12.0% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.6% of those under age 18 and 11.8% of those age 65 or over.

Voter registration

Voter Registration and Party Enrollment as of November 2012[14]
Party Total Voters Percentage
Unenrolled 6,169 39.89%
Democratic 5,014 32.42%
Republican 3,596 23.25%
Green Independent 684 4.42%
Total 15,463 100%

Government[edit]

Auburn is in the Maine's 2nd US Congressional District, Maine Senate District 15, and Maine House of Representatives Districts 68, 69, and 70.

Auburn is divided up into five wards. The city's governing body is a City Council, consisting of a mayor and 7 councilmembers (one from each of the five wards, and two elected at large). The mayor is elected at large.

Auburn's current Mayor is Jason J. Levesque. The last mayor was Jonathan LaBonte. He was the youngest mayor in the city's history.[15] John Jenkins is a former mayor and state senator from Auburn.[16]

Education[edit]

Public primary and secondary education is provided by the Auburn School Department, including Edward Little High School.

In addition, there are the following schools in the city:

Media[edit]

Newspapers[edit]

  • Lewiston Sun Journal prints a daily newspaper in four different editions statewide. The Sun Journal was the recipient of the 2008 New England Daily Newspaper of the Year and the 2009 Maine Press Association Newspaper of the Year.

Transportation[edit]

Roads[edit]

By air[edit]

Auburn is the home of the Auburn-Lewiston Municipal Airport, located off Hotel Road.

Rail[edit]

Two freight railroads pass through the city. Pan Am Railways(formerly Springfield Terminal Railway and Maine Central Railroad) is the primary rail connection for the city. Pan Am's main line from Rotterdam Junction, New York to Northern Maine Junction, Maine closely parallels US Route 202 through much of Auburn. The St. Lawrence and Atlantic Railroad's main line from Portland to Montreal also runs through the southwestern section of the city, passing near the Auburn/Lewiston Municipal Airport; at Lewiston Junction, a branch leased from the Lewiston and Auburn Railroad runs northwest through Auburn. The branch formerly crossed the Androscoggin River into Lewiston.

Sites of interest[edit]

Lake Auburn in 1911
  • Androscoggin Historical Society & Museum—artifacts of local history, Civil War memorabilia, farming tools and a bird collection
  • Auburn Fire Department Museum—a collection of antique fire equipment from the city
  • Festival Plaza, completed in 2002—public park and performance space along the Androscoggin River. Two public water sculptures designed by artist Ross Miller operate seasonally – the Falls Fountain, that references the Androscoggin River and Native American legends of being able to hide behind the falls; and the Shoe Fountain, a series of cast bronze shoes recalling the early shoe manufacturing history of the area. A map of the Androscoggin River is cast into the plaza with colored concrete.
  • Good Shepherd Food Bank distributes food to agencies across the state from its main warehouse in Auburn
  • Hamster Point—Majestic river side gardens
  • Knight House Museum (1796) – the oldest frame house downtown, with a pre-1835 handwork shoe shop

National Register of Historic Places[edit]

Notable people[edit]

Corner of Court and Main streets c. 1908

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on January 24, 2012. Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  2. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2012-11-23. 
  3. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Archived from the original on May 31, 2011. Retrieved 2011-06-07. 
  5. ^ a b Coolidge, Austin J.; John B. Mansfield (1859). A History and Description of New England. Boston, Massachusetts. pp. 36–38. 
  6. ^ Yates, Edgar A.P. (Jun 13, 1928). "Some Maine town names". The Lewiston Daily Sun. p. 4. Retrieved 17 October 2015. 
  7. ^ The Genealogist's Address Book, p. 188
  8. ^ "Historical Sketch of Auburn, Maine". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  9. ^ a b Auburn Historical Highlights Archived September 4, 2011, at the Wayback Machine.
  10. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  11. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on September 29, 2011. Retrieved December 8, 2011. , accessed December, 2007.
  12. ^ Auburn city, Maine – Population Finder – American FactFinder
  13. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on September 11, 2013. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  14. ^ "Registration and Party Enrollment Statistics as of November 6, 2012" (PDF). Maine Bureau of Corporations. Archived from the original (PDF) on October 29, 2013. 
  15. ^ "City of Auburn, Maine - City Council". Retrieved 8 March 2016. 
  16. ^ Jenkins explains Blaine House bid Lewiston Sun Journal, September 8, 2010

External links[edit]

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