Audi Sport GmbH|
(a private subsidiary of
|Body and chassis|
|Class||Sports car (S)|
|Related||Audi S and RS models|
The Audi R8 is a mid-engine, 2-seater sports car, which uses Audi's trademark quattro permanent all-wheel drive system. It was introduced by the German car manufacturer Audi AG in 2006.
The car is exclusively designed, developed, and manufactured by Audi AG's private subsidiary company manufacturing high performance automotive parts, Audi Sport GmbH (formerly quattro GmbH), and is based on the Lamborghini Gallardo and presently the Lamborghini Huracán platform. The fundamental construction of the R8 is based on the Audi Space Frame, and uses an aluminium monocoque which is built using space frame principles. The car is built by Audi Sport GmbH in a newly renovated factory at Audi's 'aluminium site' at Neckarsulm in Germany.
The Audi R8, based on the Audi Le Mans quattro concept car (designed by Frank Lamberty and Julian Hoenig) first appeared at the 2003 International Geneva Motor Show and the 2003 Frankfurt International Motor Show. The R8 development program began in 2004 with Lamberty's design being approved and frozen for production. In 2005, Audi announced that the name of the successful Audi R8 race car would be used for a new road car in 2007. Production body prototypes began field testing in January 2006. The R8 road car was officially launched at the Paris Auto Show on 30 September 2006. There was some confusion with the name, which the car shares with the 24 Hours of Le Mans winning R8 Le Mans Prototype (LMP). 6-time 24 Hours of Le Mans winner Jacky Ickx described the R8 as "the best handling road car today".
The Audi R8 was first conceived as the Audi LeMans Quattro concept car which was presented to the public at the 2003 Frankfurt Motor Show, followed by the 2003 Geneva Motor Show. The car featured many unique features such as a Jet Blue exterior colour, the front curve of the front wings borrowed from an Audi TT along with Audi Nuvolari quattro GT, 20-inch wheels, a twin-turbocharged V10 FSI engine with a rated power output of 610 PS (449 kW; 602 hp) and 750 N⋅m (553.17 lb⋅ft), a single-frame radiator grille, aluminium sports suspension with magnetic ride shock absorbers and dark interior colours. The body of the car made of aluminium and carbon fibre in order to keep the weight low. Another unique feature of the car were its full LED headlamps.
To produce the R8 at Audi Sport GmbH, seventy workers fit 5,000 different parts by hand. The factory at Neckarsulm, redeveloped at a cost of €28 million, usually produces between eight and fifteen cars a day, up to a maximum daily output of 29 cars. Ninety-five lasers inspect the entire car in five seconds to ensure that over 220 measurements are within 0.1 millimetres of the programmed plans.
In Asia, the R8 is available in Bahrain, Kuwait, Pakistan, India, Israel, Japan, Taiwan, South Korea, Philippines, Thailand, Hong Kong and Vietnam, and has been available in China, United Arab Emirates, Singapore, Malaysia and Indonesia since 2008.
European statistics include sales from the following countries: Austria, Belgium, Cyprus, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Great Britain, Greece, Hungary, Iceland, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Romania, Slovakia, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland.
|Year||2007||2008||2009||2010||2011||2012||2013||2014||2015||2016||November 2017||2007–November 2017 (total)|
|Units||34 ||155 ||152 ||137 ||147 ||116 ||111 ||116 ||89 ||158 ||225 ||1,436|
|First Generation (Type 42)|
June 2006–August 2015|
(approx. 28,600 built)
Walter de Silva|
Frank Lamberty (2004)
|Body and chassis|
Audi RSQ (Concept)|
Audi Le Mans quattro (Concept)
Audi R8 TDI Le Mans (Concept)
4.2 L FSI V8, 2×DOHC|
Odd firing 5.2 L FSI V10, 2×DOHC
|Wheelbase||2,650 mm (104.3 in)|
V8 Coupé: 4,431 mm (174.4 in),|
V10 Coupé: 4,435 mm (174.6 in),
V10 Spyder: 4,434 mm (174.6 in)
V8 Coupé & V10 Spyder: 1,904 mm (75.0 in),|
V10 Coupé: 1,930 mm (76.0 in)
V8 Coupé: 1,249 mm (49.2 in),|
V10 Coupé: 1,252 mm (49.3 in),
V10 Spyder: 1,244 mm (49.0 in)
V8 Coupé: 1,560–1,565 kg (3,439–3,450 lb),|
V10 Coupé: 1,620–1,625 kg (3,571–3,583 lb),
V10 Spyder: 1,720–1,725 kg (3,792–3,803 lb)
The Audi R8 was initially equipped with a 4.2 litre V8 engine. Specifically, it is an all-aluminium alloy 32-valve (four valves per cylinder) petrol engine, utilising Fuel Stratified Injection (FSI), and has a displacement of 4,163 cubic centimetres (254.0 cu in). It develops a motive power output of 420 metric horsepower (309 kW; 414 bhp) (Directive 80/1269/EEC), and generates 430 newton metres (317 lbf⋅ft) of torque, on 98 RON 'Super Unleaded' petrol. It is basically the same engine used in the Audi B7 RS4, but is modified to use a dry sump lubrication system. It uses two chain-driven double overhead camshafts (DOHC) per cylinder bank, and utilises variable valve timing for both inlet and exhaust camshafts. The 4 wheel drive system is biased towards the rear; it sends 30% of its power to the front wheels and 70% to the rear.
Audi AG unveiled the Audi R8 V10 on December 8, 2008. It uses a 5.2 litre FSI engine, based on the unit in the Lamborghini Gallardo LP560-4 (which in turn was based on the 5.2 FSI V10 as used in the Audi C6 S6 and Audi D3 S8), but is re-tuned to produce a power output of 532 PS (391 kW; 525 bhp), and generate 530 N⋅m (391 lbf⋅ft) of torque. Compared to the V8 variant, the R8 V10's performance numbers are enhanced. Audi states the new 0 to 62 mph (0 to 100 km/h) time as only 3.9 seconds, 60 to 124 mph (97 to 200 km/h) in 8.1 seconds, and a top speed of 196 mph (316 km/h). Other changes to the V10 version of the R8 include some aesthetic differences: such as all-LED headlights (a world-first), interior enhancements such as Bang & Olufsen 465 watt sound system, a more aggressive body styling, larger rear brakes and different wheels.
Although it was rumoured by the automotive press since the announcement of the production R8 in 2006, it was only in August 2008 that spy shots of a convertible R8 "Spider" from filming scenes of the movie Iron Man 2 were published online. The photos showed a clearly visible "soft-top" roof and the absence of the distinctive "sideblade" found on the V10 FSI coupé. The vehicle was formally unveiled at the 2009 Frankfurt Motor Show. Compared with the coupé model, the convertible had extra chassis support, a pair of roll-over safety bars, as well as minor changes such as the location of the fuel filler cap. It was powered by the uneven firing 5.2 FSI V10 engine.
The German model's launch began in first quarter of 2010, with sales started in the coming days.
The UK model was sold for £111,955 OTR (manual) and £117,155 OTR (R tronic).
On April 11, 2011 Autocar reported that Audi has made the 4.2 FSI V8 engine available on the R8 Spyder, alongside the 5.2L V10 engine initially fitted. The 434 PS (319 kW; 428 bhp) (up 14 bhp on coupé), 430 N⋅m (317 lbf⋅ft) unit now completes the R8 Spyder range alongside the V10 spyder offered. It has a 0-62 mph (0–100 km/h) time of 4.8 seconds and will go on to reach a top speed of 186 mph (300 km/h). Like the V10 model, the V8 Spyder features an aluminium spaceframe with carbon composite construction and an automatic retractable folding cloth roof.
The R8 V12 TDI (later renamed the R8 TDI Le Mans) is a concept car based on the R8 V8 Coupé with a 5,934 cc (5.934 L; 362.1 cu in) twin-turbocharged V12 Diesel engine rated at 500 PS (368 kW; 493 hp) and 1,000 N⋅m (738 lb⋅ft)@1750-3000rpm with Euro 6 emissions standard compliance via oxidizing catalyst and Diesel particulate filter, matt Grace Silver and brilliant red metallic body colours, 6-speed manual transmission with small-diameter double-plate clutch, quattro permanent all-wheel drive and a starting ratio of 40:60.
The car also had many unique body features such as rhombus-pattern cover on the air inlets and outlets, continuous aluminum lip spoiler, glass roof with two large transparent sections, glazed engine compartment behind the seats, NACA duct in the middle of the roof for cooling of the bigger V12 engine, optional carbon fibre lining of the engine compartment, LED headlights with color temperature of 6,000 kelvin, 365 mm (14.37 in) three-spoke flat bottom diecast magnesium core sport steering wheel upholstered in Valcona leather, aluminum application on the center console, 24-piston (total) brake calipers (red six-piston monobloc aluminum front calipers, fixed rear calipers) and ventilated carbon fibre reinforced silicon carbide ceramic brake discs.
The development of the R8 TDI was cancelled, Audi cited the reason that the cost of re-engineering of the petrol R8 to accommodate the massive twin-turbocharged diesel engine is simply too great, and that it would be unable to recoup its investment through sales alone.
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For 2009, Audi announced the production of an R8 LMS racing car, designed for the GT3 rules in the FIA GT3 European Championship and various national racing series. Known within Audi Sport as the 'R16', the R8 LMS features a 500 PS (368 kW; 493 bhp) V10 engine. Because the GT3 regulations prohibit the use of four-wheel drive, Audi had to drop its 'trademark' quattro four-wheel drive system, and the R8 LMS is only available with the typical rear-wheel drive setup. The torque is transmitted via a newly developed six-speed sequential sports gearbox. The car was manufactured by Audi Sport, quattro GmbH, and Audi Hungaria Motor Kft. (Györ).
The first test races in various European racing series was scheduled for the 2009 season. Delivery to the customers was planned from the autumn of this coming year. The R8 LMS GT3 was reported to cost $350,000USD. European model was sold for €262,000 (VAT included).
The Audi e-tron is a version of the R8 Coupé with a slightly smaller body utilising four electric motors rated at 317 PS (233 kW; 313 bhp) and 450 N⋅m (332 lbf⋅ft) of torque. However the proposed torque rating is the torque measured at the wheels, not at the output shaft — as is the industry standard, the true torque rating is around 678 N⋅m (500 lbf⋅ft). Other features include a 42.4 kWh liquid cooled lithium-ion battery pack, a need-based energy management system, LED technology used for all lighting units, independent cooling system for each axle; doors, covers, sidewalls and roof in carbon fibre-reinforced plastic; 3-mode flush gear selector (forward, reverse and neutral), instrument cluster with fold-out central display with integrated Audi MMI functions, climate control unit located to the right above the steering wheel, racing-inspired lightweight bucket seats, snow white and cognac interior colours, heat pump, climate control system; triangular double wishbones at the front axle and trapezoidal wishbones made of forged aluminum components at the rear axle, direct rack-and-pinion steering with speed-sensitive electromechanical steering boost, 235/35R19 front and 295/30R19 rear tires with a new blade design and the prototype version of an information processing system (car-to-x communication).
Claimed performance figures for the R8 e-tron is a 0–62 mph (0–100 km/h) acceleration time of 4.8 seconds and a limited top speed of 124 mph (200 km/h). The car has a limited all-electric range of 154 mi (248 km). A full charge at 230 volts takes six to eight hours, while a 400-volt quick charger would knock the charge time down to about two and a half hours. Braking is accomplished and energy is recaptured through the electric motors’ regenerative function, unless the car detects more aggressive deceleration is required, at that point a conventional electromechanical system featuring carbon-ceramic discs starts functioning to assist. The battery pack and its necessary inverter and power accoutrements weigh about 1,040 lb (472 kg), or nearly a third of the E-Tron’s approximately 3,500 lb (1,588 kg) curb weight achieved by the excessive use of carbon fibre, magnesium and aluminium. The car has a weight distribution of 42% at the front and 58% at the rear.
Audi originally announced the first e-tron model to be built by quattro GmbH at Neckarsulm, with a small production run beginning in late 2012. Keeping that announcement in place, Audi unveiled the R8 e-tron prototype at the 2011 Frankfurt Motor Show.
Features included two permanent magnet synchronous motors at the rear axle rated 381 PS (280 kW; 376 hp) and 820 N⋅m (604.80 lb⋅ft) (total), torque vectoring, electric single-wheel anti-slip regulation, Multimaterial Space Frame chassis with increased use of carbon-fiber-reinforced polymer over R8 GT, springs made from Fibre-reinforced plastic, wheel hubs made of forged titanium, anti-roll bar boasts made in hybrid aluminum and carbon fiber, 19-inch wheels with friction-optimized 225-35 series tires, 48.6 kWh lithium-ion battery beneath the passenger cabin as structural element, Crescendo Red Metallic body colour, fine chrome horizontal struts on the grille, e-tron-specific LED headlamp design, diffuser at the rear, 7-inch Multi Media Interface display, 6.7-inch AMOLED (Active Matrix Organic Light Emitting Diode) optic rear-view mirror system, leather and Alcantara upholstery, e-sound artificial engine noise emitting from a speaker system mounted in the underbody that is audible outside the car at speeds under 60 km/h (37 mph).
The prototype is based on the standard R8 and follows closely the original concept, with a shape reminiscent of existing V8 and V10 petrol-powered versions. Audi claimed the production version of the R8 e-tron was capable of a 0–100 km/h (62 mph) time of around 4.8 seconds, making it only 0.2 seconds slower than the R8 V8. Top speed was to be limited to 124 mph (200 km/h) to protect the charge of the battery making the performance figures true to the concept. It was planned to be put into production in early 2012. Along with the R8 e-tron, Audi also considered a small-scale production of a smaller and lighter zero-emission sports car based on the second e-tron concept displayed at the 2010 Detroit Motor Show.
In 2010 Audi began a development program with the objective to manufacture the R8 e-tron in limited numbers. On June 26, 2012, one of the earliest R8 e-tron prototypes set a new electric car lap record at the Nürburgring racetrack with a time of 8:09.099.
In May, 2013, after developing 10 prototypes for research and development purposes, Audi decided to put the production of the electric car on hold due to its limited all-electric range as battery technology did not advance as fast as Audi had expected, making the R8 e-tron unviable for series production.
In March, 2014, Audi revised its decision and announced it will build the R8 e-tron upon customer request. The company explained that their latest development work resulted in an increased range from 215 km (134 mi) to approximately 450 km (280 mi). The limited production R8 e-tron was based on the second generation R8 platform shared with the Lamborghini Huracán.
The production version of the Audi R8 e-tron was revealed at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show The limited production electric sports car was available only in Europe in 2015 at a price of €1,000,000 (US$1.1 million). Fewer than 100 units were sold at the end-of-production.
The R8 e-tron was fitted with two electric motors mounted on the rear wheels delivering 456 hp (462 PS; 340 kW) and 919 N⋅m (678 lb⋅ft) of torque. The battery pack consisted of a 92kWh T-shaped liquid cooled Lithium-ion battery. The e-tron could accelerate from 0–60 miles per hour (0–97 km/h) in 3.9 seconds and could attain a top speed of 155 miles per hour (249 km/h). The e-tron's electric range was 450 km (280 mi) as promised by Audi. The curb weight of the car amounted to 1,780 kg (3,924 lb).
Changes to the 2009 R8 LMS include the improvement of the engine cooling system capacity, suspension revisions, race-optimised electronics and exhaust systems, and a 6-speed transmission that can be inspected through an opening in the housing without the need to dismantle the entire assembly. Previous vehicles could be upgraded via an update kit.
Introduced at the 2010 Wörthersee Tour, the Audi R8 GT is a high-performance version of the R8 Coupé 5.2 L (5,204 cc) FSI Quattro with a limited production of 333 cars worldwide (35 UK, 90 USA). Changes from the R8 5.2 FSI quattro include reduction in the curb weight by 100 kg (220 lb) to 1,525 kg (3,362 lb) and increased engine power to 560 PS (552 bhp; 412 kW) @ 8000 rpm (367 PS (270 kW; 362 bhp) per ton) and 540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft) @ 6500 rpm of torque. Because of these changes the R8 GT has an increased top speed of 199 mph (320 km/h) and accelerates from 0–100 km/h (62 mph) in 3.6 seconds, 0.3 faster than the R8 V10. The car also features some visual changes including red brake caliper, a fixed rear wing, front bumper mounted winglets and GT badging in place of the V10 badging.
The car was released as for the 2012 model year at a price tag of US$239,000 (excluding US$1,250 destination charge, taxes, title, options and dealer charges).
The "NF" (i.e. "Nachfolger" or simply "follower") prototype is a lighter weight version of the R8 with extended use of the lightweight carbon fibre-reinforced polymer.
The vehicle identified as R8 NF was featured online describing the proliferation of carbon-fibre in vehicles such as the R8 and highlighted the carbon-fibre engine cover on the R8 Spyder, the roof of the R8-based E-Tron and the various pieces found on the limited-run R8 GT, amongst others. Denoted at the 2014 mark was the NF, or more specifically, the passenger section. The prototype was reported to be up 20% (325 kg (717 lb)) lighter than an aluminum-bodied R8.
R8 V10 plus (available only as a coupé) includes:
Other options for all R8 variants include a high-beam assistant, a stowage package, various travel case sets, a cell phone preparation, with belt microphone and voice control, and the parking system plus with reversing camera.
UK models went on sale as 2013 model year vehicles. The sales began in August 2012, with deliveries began in early 2013.
US models went on sale in 2013-04-11 as 2014 model year vehicles. Early models include R8 V8 (Coupé/Spyder), R8 V10 (Coupé/Spyder), R8 V10 plus (Coupé).
Japan models went on sale in August 2013. Early models include R8 V8 (Coupé), R8 V10 (Coupé/Spyder).
|R8 V8 4.2 FSI quattro||2012-||2012-|
|R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||2012-|
|R8 V10 plus 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||na|
|R8 V8 4.2 FSI quattro||2012-||4,163 cc (254 cu in) V8||430 PS (316 kW; 424 hp)@7900, 430 N⋅m (317.15 lb⋅ft)@4500-6000|
|R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||5,204 cc (318 cu in) Odd firing V10||525 PS (386 kW; 518 hp)@8000, 530 N⋅m (390.91 lb⋅ft)@6500|
|R8 V10 Plus 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||5,204 cc (318 cu in) Odd firing V10||550 PS (405 kW; 542 hp)@8000, 540 N⋅m (398.28 lb⋅ft)@6500|
|R8 LMX||2014-||5,204 cc (318 cu in) Odd firing V10||570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp)@?, 540 N⋅m (398.28 lb⋅ft)@?|
|R8 V8 4.2 FSI quattro||2012-||6-speed manual, 7-speed S Tronic|
|R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||6-speed manual, 7-speed S Tronic|
|R8 V10 plus 5.2 FSI quattro||2012-||6-speed manual, 7-speed S Tronic|
|R8 LMX||2014-||7-speed S Tronic|
German models only include S Tronic transmission for V10 engine models.
US model of R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro Spyder includes only 6-speed manual transmission.
Japan model of R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro Spyder includes only 7-speed S Tronic transmission.
Unveiled at the 2011 24 Hours of Le Mans, the R8 GT Spyder is the convertible version of the R8 GT that combines the improvements in the R8 GT with a convertible body. Limited to 333 units worldwide, the R8 GT Spyder combines the aggressiveness of the R8 GT with an open top driving experience. Aside from the roof, the only performance related change change is the change in weight which has increased to 1,640 kg (3,616 lb) (dry weight). The engine frame is made of ultra-light magnesium; the soft top cover and the large side panels at the rear are made of carbon fiber-reinforced polymer (CFRP). CFRP is also used for the modified front spoiler, the fixed rear spoiler and the new rear bumper; even the seats used are made of carbon fibre which result in a weight saving of 70 lb alone. Together, these components provide a weight saving of 85 kg (187 lb) over the standard V10 Spyder. Visual changes include add-on parts in contrasting titanium gray, a front splitter with a dual lip, flics at the sides of the front bumper, red GT badges, round exhaust tailpipes, an enlarged rear diffuser and tinted LED tail lights in a clear-glass design. A CFRP windshield frame is also available as an option.
The European model went on sale for a base price of €207,800.
US model went on sale as a 2012 Model Year vehicle, with delivery beginning in February 2012. Only 50 units were sold in the US.
The R8 Limited Edition is a limited production version of the R8 Coupé 4.2 FSI quattro for the UK market consisting of 100 units, commemorating the tenth victory for Audi in 24 Hours of Le Mans. It included a titanium body colour option (no-cost optional metallic and pearl effect paint options, Titanium Metallic at cost), titanium finish 19-inch '5-arm double-spoke Y design' alloy wheels (from R8 GT Coupe), red brake callipers, satellite navigation, the Audi Music Interface (AMI), an interior light package, a premium Bang and Olufsen sound system, mobile phone preparation via a Bluetooth interface with integrated seat-belt microphones, Audi magnetic ride adaptive suspension system, Black Fine Nappa Leather-upholstered seats and headrests with crimson red accents and red contrast stitching, red stitching on leather-covered multi-function steering wheel and instrument cowl, crimson red leather upholstery on monoposto, knee pads and passenger door handle in red leather, floor mats have a red surround and feature the R8 logo in silver, stainless steel pedals and illuminated door sills with bright aluminium inserts carrying the R8 logo, optional Carbon Package (carbon sigma sideblades, door mirrors, monoposto, inlays and door sill trims, illuminated engine bay), bespoke R8 Driving Experience at Silverstone Circuit.
The vehicle was available to order from July 2011, with UK deliveries began in October.
It is an electric version of the R8 Coupé designed by AUDI AG and Audi Electronics Venture, with Robert Bosch GmbH, Bosch Engineering GmbH and 3 institutes at the RWTH Aachen University (Institute of Automotive Engineering (ika), Institute for Power Electronics and Electrical Drives (ISEA), Institute of Electrical Machines (IEM)). It includes two separate blocks of 200-macrocell battery with total 38 kWh charge, front axle synchronous motor and rear axle asynchronous motors rated 204 PS (150 kW; 201 hp) and 550 N⋅m (405.66 lb⋅ft), a DC/DC converter, heat pump, user-programmable instrument cluster. The car's basic drive functions – Park, Reverse, Neutral and Drive – are performed by operating buttons on the center tunnel. All other operations are controlled via a tablet computer that can be removed from the center console.
As part of NASCAR's embracing of GT3 in their Grand American Road Racing Association Rolex Series races, GT3 cars were permitted to run with slight restrictions as the "national" GT3 in the United States. The R8 Grand-Am features an engine with its power reduced from 470 PS (346 kW; 464 bhp) to 450 PS (331 kW; 444 bhp) via an air restrictor and the engine electronics, a reduced fuel tank capacity of 83.3 litres, three-part rims for wheels and suspension, and deactivated anti-lock system and traction control (NASCAR/Grand-Am does not permit either traction control nor anti-lock brakes). Additional changes include loss of aerodynamic grip via smaller front splitter and rear diffuser, stiffer roll cages, an Earnhardt bar (anti-intrusion bars on the windscreen), and side window nets on both sides, both of which are required in the Rolex Series. As is the rule, NASCAR specified Continental tyres are used. Compared to the Audi R8 LMS ultra, the R8 Grand AM has lower down force.
This model made its debut at the 50th Daytona 24 Hours in January 2012.
The R8 V10 is a limited edition of the R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro for the Chinese market with a limited production of 30 units. It included Nordic gold body colour, front and rear air intakes/outlets and lightweight tailpipes are in matt black, front and rear slats and rear bumper (partially) in matt titanium grey; front spoiler, flics, sideblades, exterior mirrors, a fixed rear wing, an enlarged rear diffuser in carbon matt; radiator grille in matt black; radiator grille surround and bars in matt titanium grey, 19" wheels in 5 twin-spoke "Y" design in titanium look, an aluminum gear knob with limited edition number from 1 up to 30 without number 4, 14 and 24; sports bucket seats in black Alcantara with contrasting stitching and piping in trim colour, headlining in Alcantara with contrasting stitching, knee pad in shark skin black with contrast stitching, centre console inlays and door trim inserts in body colour, monoposto and door pulls use inlays in carbon matt, doors and centre console are in body colour, instrument cluster with black dials and R8 emblem, door sill trims with aluminium insert and R8 logo, R tronic transmission.
The vehicle was unveiled at the 2011 Guangzhou Auto Show.
Unveiled at the 2013 Geneva Motor Show, the R8 LMS ultra is a modified version of the Audi R8 LMS with CFRP (carbon fiber reinforced plastic) doors with high-energy absorbing new crash foams, new PS1 safety seat developed by Audi, updated transmission providing additional reserves on long-distance runs, increased engine power to 570 PS (419 kW; 562 bhp) (depending on restrictor regulations) with higher torque at lower engine speeds, a larger engine oil cooler and transmission fluid cooler, relocated steering hydraulics oil cooler to the vehicle's midsection, enlarged air vents, improved air flow to radiator and interior, front 18-inch wheels with Michelin 30-65/18 tires, optimized brake cooling at the front wheels, uniball joints transverse control arm mounts, weight-reduced compression and rebound-adjustable gas dampers from Bilstein, wider front hood with louvers, new wider rear wing with larger end plates, new front plate with optimized diffusion under the front end. Previous vehicles could be upgraded via an update kit.
The vehicle was sold for €329,900.00 plus VAT, with delivery began in March 2012.
They are limited versions of the 2012 R8 Coupé 4.2 FSI quattro (20 units) and 2012 R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro (30 units) for the US market.
2012 Exclusive Selection Edition R8 V8 includes Daytona Gray matte body colour, carbon fiber exterior splitter and diffuser, 19-inch titanium five-arm double spoke wheels, black grille surround, black exhaust finishers, R8 GT tail lamps, red brake calipers, exclusive leather package with Crimson Red elements and contrast stitching, exclusive leather Navigation surround, a thicker contoured leather multifunctional steering wheel, Carbon Fiber elements, Bang & Olufsen Sound System and Navigation with the Audi Music Interface.
2012 Exclusive Selection Edition R8 V10 includes Ibis white exterior and Brilliant Black features (sideblade, exterior mirrors, rear license plate surround), R8 GT tail lamps, 19-inch bi-color e-tron wheels, Ibis interior upholstery with Alabaster White contrast stitching, Carbon Fiber monoposto driver's cockpit, exclusive leather Navigation surround and contoured steering wheel.
Both models include a six-speed manual or automatic R tronic transmission.
A limited edition (80 units) of the R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro was built for the Chinese market. It included a choice of two body colors (Malibu blue body with Suzuka grey rocker panel side blades, or Suzuka grey body with Malibu blue side blades), 19-inch high-gloss black wheel hubs in a five twin-spoke "Y" design, fixed spoiler in carbon matte, shark skin upholstery with colored stitching, handbrake and steering wheel wrapped in Alcantara, instrument shield in carbon matte, aluminum gear knob engraved with characters "R8 专享" and the serial numbers had any "4" removed (considered an unlucky number in China), seat heating function, and R tronic transmission.
Unveiled at the 2014 24 Hours of Le Mans, the R8 LMX is a limited (99 units) version of the Audi R8 V10 5.2 FSI quattro Coupé with LED and laser high beams module from Audi R18 e‑tron quattro with four 450 nanometer 5,500 Kelvin laser diode per module, increase engine power to 570 PS (419 kW; 562 hp) and 540 N⋅m (398.28 lb⋅ft), 7-speed S Tronic transmission, carbon‑fiber ceramic brake discs (380 mm (15.0 in) front), red anodized brake calipers, 19‑inch wheels with 235/35 R 19 front and 305/30 R 19 rear tires, exclusive Ara Blue body colour, a fixed rear spoiler, matt carbon fiber‑reinforced polymer front spoiler lip, side flics, engine compartment cover, exterior mirror housings, sideblades, rear wing and the diffuser; singleframe grille, front air inlet grilles, rear outlet grille finished in titanium gray; sport exhaust system with high-gloss black tailpipes, black interior with blue accents, folding bucket seats upholstered in Fine Nappa leather with Sepang Blue diamond pattern, backrest covers in Ara Blue, Sepang Blue stitching at parking brake lever, center tunnel console, steering wheel and the instrument cowl; black Alcantara headlining, black Fine Nappa leather door trim, center tunnel console, parking brake lever, inlays in the doors, arc around the cockpit in matte carbon; illuminated aluminum inlays integrated into the CFRP door sill trims, selector lever for the S Tronic and knee pads upholstered in Fine Nappa leather, floor mats with black piping and Sepang Blue stitching.
A police car was created based on the ABT R8 GTR, which is itself a modified version of the Audi R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro. It includes increased engine power to 620 PS (456 kW; 612 bhp) and 550 N⋅m (406 lb⋅ft), 19-inch wheels with Hankook 235/35 Z19 and HA 305/30 Z19 tires, ceramic brake pads, stainless steel sport exhaust system, ABT sports suspension, ABT damper, Carbon body kit from ABT, Recaro racing seats ABT, ABT sports steering wheel in carbon, Roll-over bar, stainless steel belt clip, 4-point harness system.
The vehicle was unveiled at the 2011 Essen Motor Show.
|Models||R8 Coupé 4.2 FSI quattro||R8 Spyder 4.2 FSI quattro||R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro||R8 Spyder 5.2 FSI quattro||R8 GT||R8 GT Spyder||R8 e-tron concept (2009)|
|Configuration, Displacement||4,163 cc (4.163 L; 254.0 cu in) V8 32 valve DOHC||5,204 cc (5.204 L; 317.6 cu in) Odd firing V10 40 valve DOHC||4×asynchronous Electric motors, 53 kWh (42.4 kWh usable) lithium-ion battery|
|Power @ rpm||420 PS (309 kW; 414 bhp)@7800
2007 - 2011
430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp)@7900
|420 PS (309 kW; 414 bhp)@7900
2010 - 2011
430 PS (316 kW; 424 bhp)@7900
|525 PS (386 kW; 518 bhp)@8000||525 PS (386 kW; 518 bhp)@8000||560 PS (412 kW; 552 bhp)@8000||560 PS (412 kW; 552 bhp)@8000||313 PS (230 kW; 309 bhp)@n/a|
|Torque @ rpm||430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft)@4500-6000||430 N⋅m (317 lb⋅ft)@4500-6000||530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft)@6500||530 N⋅m (391 lb⋅ft)@6500||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)@6500||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)@6500||4,500 N⋅m (3,319.03 lb⋅ft)@n/a (wheel)|
|0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) (seconds)||4.6||4.8||3.7
|0 to 200 km/h (120 mph) (seconds)||14.9||n/a||11.8||n/a||10.8||n/a||n/a|
|1⁄4 mile (0.40 km) (seconds)||12.5||n/a||11.5||n/a||11.5||?||n/a|
|Top speed||301 km/h (187.03 mph)2007 - 2011
(MY2012: 302 km/h (187.65 mph))
|299 km/h (185.79 mph)2010 - 2011
(MY2012: 300 km/h (186.41 mph)
|316 km/h (196.35 mph)||313 km/h (194.49 mph)||320 km/h (198.84 mph)||317 km/h (196.97 mph)||200 km/h (124.27 mph)|
|Dimensions & weight|
|Length, width, height||4,431×1,904×1,252 mm (174.4×75.0×49.3 in)||n/a||4,434×1,930×1,252 mm (174.6×76.0×49.3 in)||n/a||4,434×1,930×1,242 mm (174.6×76.0×48.9 in)||4,434×2,029×1,234 mm (174.6×79.9×48.6 in) (mirror-mirror, closed roof)||4,260×1,900×1,230 mm (168×75×48 in)|
|Curb weight (R Tronic, manual -5 kg)||1,565 kg (3,450.23 lb)(MY2012: 1,640 kg (3,615.58 lb))||1,740 kg (3,836.04 lb)||1,625 kg (3,582.51 lb)(MY2012: 1,700 kg (3,747.86 lb))||1,800 kg (3,968.32 lb)||1,525 kg (3,362.05 lb)(MY2012: 1,600 kg (3,527.40 lb))||1,640 kg (3,615.58 lb)(MY2012: 1,715 kg (3,780.93 lb))||~1,600 kg (3,527.40 lb)|
|Models||R8 LMS (2011 GT3)||R8 LMS ultra (2012 GT3)||R8 GRAND-AM (2012)|
|Configuration, Displacement||5,200 cc (5.2 L; 320 cu in) V8 32v DOHC||5,200 cc (5.2 L; 320 cu in) Odd firing V10 40 valve DOHC||5,200 cc (5.2 L; 320 cu in) Odd firing V10 40 valve DOHC|
|Power @ rpm||496 PS (365 kW; 489 bhp) to 570 PS (419 kW; 562 bhp)@?||570 PS (419 kW; 562 bhp)@?||570 PS (419 kW; 562 bhp)@?|
|Torque @ rpm||500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@?||over 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@?||over 500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)@?|
|Dimensions & Weight|
|Length, Width, Height||4,475×1,994×1,195 mm (176.2×78.5×47.0 in) (closed roof)||4,670×1,994×1,195 mm (183.9×78.5×47.0 in)||4,470×1,994×1,195 mm (176.0×78.5×47.0 in)|
|Curb weight (R Tronic, manual -5 kg)||1,290 kg (2,843.96 lb)*||1,250 kg (2,755.78 lb) (minimum)||1,280 kg (2,821.92 lb) (minimum)|
|R8 Coupé 4.2 FSI quattro||6-speed manual, 7-speed R Tronic|
|R8 Spyder 4.2 FSI quattro||6-speed manual, 7-speed R Tronic|
|R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro||6-speed manual, 7-speed R Tronic|
|R8 Spyder 5.2 FSI quattro||6-speed manual, 7-speed R Tronic|
|R8 GT||6-speed R Tronic|
|R8 GT Spyder||6-speed R Tronic|
|R8 e-tron||3-speed spur gear ("straight-cut") transmission|
|R8 LMS (2011 GT3)||6-speed sequential|
|R8 LMS ultra (2012 GT3)||pneumatically actuated 6-speed sequential sports transmission with paddle shift|
|R8 GRAND-AM (2012)||pneumatically actuated 6-speed sequential sports transmission with paddle shift|
The transmission options are either a Lamborghini-sourced six-speed manual gearbox with metal gate for the shift lever, or an Audi-developed R Tronic gearbox—which is a semi-automatic, without a traditional clutch pedal with automatic gears shifting mode.
The R8 also features a distinctive curved bar of LED daytime running lamps (DRLs) mounted inside the xenon HID headlamp casings.
The R8, like most mid- or rear-engine designed sports cars, utilises wider wheels and tyres on its rear axle. For the 18-inch alloy wheels (on standard summer tyres), there is just one range of sizes—the fronts are sized at 8.5J×18H2 ET42, whilst the rears are two inches wider at 10.5Jx18H2 ET50. With the 19-inch wheels (standard fit in most markets), the theme continues—the fronts are all 8.5J×19H2 ET42, and the rears are 11.0Jx19H2 ET50. 19-inch wheels for the winter tyre package have a ½" narrower rear compared to the summer tyre wheel package. There is also a corresponding difference in tyre sizes—18's are 235/40 ZR18 95Y XL (eXtra Load) in front and 285/35 ZR18 101Y XL at the rear. For the 19-inch tyres, two different options are available—all fronts are 235/35 ZR19 91Y, and the rears are either 295/30 ZR19 100Y XL or 305/30 ZR19 102Y XL. Standard factory supplied tyre makes offered are either Continental SportContact3 or Pirelli P-Zero Rosso.
The first Audi R8 LMS (chassis number 101) was delivered to Audi Sport Italia in 2009.
In the 2009 24 Hours Nürburgring, and preceding VLN endurance races, Audi privateer teams had entered four cars, operated by the Abt Sportsline and Nürburging-based Phoenix race teams. Until the 19th hour, two of these R8 remained challengers for the lead, against two Manthey-operated Porsche GT3 in the same lap, before the leading #99 car suffered suspension problems. The #97 finished 2nd, and despite electrical and gearbox problems, the other two cars finished 23rd or better.
Australian Mark Eddy participated in the 2010 Australian GT Championship with the first R8 LMS in the Southern Hemisphere. In the 2010 24 Hours Nürburgring, the first four spots on the grid were occupied by Audi R8.
Audi's Le Mans 24 Hour team, Joest Racing ran a pair of R8 LMS GT3's in the 2011 Bathurst 12 Hour held at the Mount Panorama Circuit, Bathurst, New South Wales, Australia on 6 February 2011. The #7 R8 driven by an all-Australian crew of Mark Eddy, multiple Bathurst 1000 winner Craig Lowndes and Warren Luff qualified on pole alongside teammates Marc Basseng, Christopher Mies and Darryl O'Young in the #8 car. Bessing, Miles and O'Young won the race from Eddy, Lowndes & Luff by just 0.71 seconds with Lowndes setting the races fastest lap and a new class lap record of 2:09.0861 for the 6.213 km long circuit on lap 267 of the 292 ran in the 12-hour time frame. FIA GT3 and Australian GT Championship cars were included in the 12 Hour for the first time in 2011. The race had previously been the domain of Group 3E Series Production Cars. Phoenix Racing returned to the event in 2012 and won the event again with Christopher Mies, Darryl O'Young and Christer Joens.
Two Audi R8 LMS customer race cars purchased by Flying Lizard Motorsports entered the GT Daytona class of 2014 United SportsCar Championship. Testing took place in Sebring on 2013-11-16, with the first race for both Flying Lizard Audi R8 LMS cars taking place in 2014 Rolex 24 at Daytona.
In the 2012 24 Hours of Nürburgring (the 40th edition of the race), Audi secured its first-ever victory and a 1-2 finish in the 24-hour classic with a Phoenix team consisting of Marc Basseng, Christopher Haase, Frank Stippler and Markus Winkelhock taking the top spot of the podium and Christian Abt, Michael Ammermüller, Armin Hahne and Christian Mamerow of the Mamerow racing team (which used a Mercedes-Benz SLS AMG last year) taking second.
Phoenix Racing went on to win the 2012 24 Hours of Spa in an Audi R8 LMS Ultra in the hands of Andrea Piccini, Rene Rast and Frank Stippler. They were closely followed by fellow Audi Sport team, W Racing Team.The R8 LMS Ultra in GT3 spec is capable of pulling 1.8g in corners and can accelerate from 0-60 mph in 3.2s.
In the 2012 Rolex Sports Car Series Rolex 24 at Daytona race, Team APR Motorsport finished in 31st place with its drivers Ian Baas (USA)/Nelson Canache (YV)/Dion von Moltke (ZA)/Dr. Jim Norman (USA)/Emanuele Pirro (I). Oryx Racing came home in 32nd place with Humaid Al Masaood (UAE)/Saeed Al Mehairi (UAE)/Steven Kane (GB). Both teams drove the 480 PS (353 kW; 473 bhp) version of the car.
In 2013, Audi won the GT class of the Rolex 24 in a 1-2 finish with Alex Job Racing (drivers Filipe Albuquerque, Oliver Jarvis, Edoardo Mortara and Dion von Moltke) and APR Motorsport (drivers Ian Baas, Marc Basseng, Rene Rast and Frank Stippler).
Many publications were hailing it as the first car to truly be able to beat the Porsche 997—considered by many to be one of the best sports cars ever made, and a leader in its class. Initial comparison tests have proven quite positive in this respect; Evo Magazine listed it as a "supercar", compared the R8 to the Porsche 911 Carrera 4S, Aston Martin V8 Vantage, and BMW M6 and after praising the R8's "amazing stability, traction and grip, unparalleled steering accuracy and bite, (and) its uncannily flat and disturbance-free ride", claimed that as a result of "the sublime effortlessness of it all", the Audi is a better sports car. The article concluded that "Audi humbles Porsche. A new dawn starts today".
Other publications have also written similar reviews of the Audi beating the Porsche in comparison tests. In a half mile drag race conducted by Battle of the Supercars between the R8 and a 997 Carrera S, the Porsche won, crossing the line just a half metre before the R8. However, the R8 easily beat the Porsche around Top Gear's test track.
The television show Top Gear compared the Nissan GT-R to the R8 V8, and remarked that the R8 was "simultaneously less impressive and yet somehow more involving". On the R8 they wrote that "it rewards driver input", calling it "fantastic in a way that will appeal more to true car enthusiasts", but also remarked that it (the V8 model) was "much slower", and the GT-R was cheaper. On their test track, the car performed better than a Lamborghini Gallardo and an Aston Martin DB9.
Customers bought every unit available for 2008 within a week after the R8 premiered at the Bogota International Auto Show and Auto Expo of Medellin.
In 2.4.2013, the 100th Audi R8 GT3 race car, an Audi R8 LMS ultra, was delivered to Team MS RACING from Heilbronn-Biberach facility.
As part of the Audi R8 e-tron concept launch, a PlayStation 3 video game titled Vertical Run was produced. The goal of Vertical Run is to beat the competition in a multiplayer challenge by collecting enough electrical energy and avoiding driving errors in the e-tron, in order to reach the highest possible speed. The game is accessible through the PlayStation Home service in the new Audi Space within PlayStation Home.
After record consumer response in 2011, Audi brought back its #WantAnR8 Twitter campaign where fans can tweet for the opportunity to get behind the wheel of a 2012 Audi R8 for a day. The #WantAnR8 hashtag would appear during a new 30-second spot called "Once Upon a Time," featuring the R8 supercar. The spot debuted on March 21, 2013 on the Audi YouTube channel, followed by network TV on March 26. The new #WantAnR8 Twitter contest ran from March 20, 2012 through October 29, 2012. The contest was split up into four entry periods, and two winners being selected in each round, for eight winners in total. Winners had the option to drive the R8 on the track at the Audi Sportscar Experience in Sonoma, CA or have an R8 delivered to their home. The new 30-second spot called "Once Upon a Time" was created by Audi of America advertising agency Venables, Bell and Partners.
As part of the R8 facelift market launch in the UK, a new film for the R8 V10 plus had been produced. In addition, users of the free image-recognition app Blippar are able to view this video by simply pointing their phone at print and poster advertisements of the car, instantly bringing 2D photographs to life.
An Audi R8 e-tron prototype were used in Marvel's Iron Man 3 movie, with Tony Stark (Robert Downey Jr.) as driver. A red 2014 Audi R8 Spyder was used in the U.S. premiere of Iron Man 3 at El Capitan and TCL Chinese Theatres, with Robert Downey, Jr. as driver.
A 2014 Audi R8 V10 Plus Coupé was used in the Audi Health Check program in Canada (between 2013-07-15 and 2013-09-15), where some customers turning in out-of-warranty vehicles received as a shuttle an Audi R8 outfitted as a German EMS (Emergency Medical Services) vehicle.
An Audi R8 Spyder was used in London's Leicester Square with the world premiere of The Wolverine, with Hugh Jackman. In the film, the car is driven by Wolverine (Hugh Jackman), Jean Grey (Famke Janssen), Yukio (Rila Fukushima), Shingen (Hiroyuki Sanada) and Mariko (Tao Okamoto) in an Audi R8 Spyder and the red colour 2012 Audi R8 Coupe - similar to the one which was put on display on a specially erected plinth on the red carpet. An Audi R8 e-tron was used in the end of X-Men: Days of Future Past.
As part of the 2014 Audi R8 launch in the US, Audi Library iPad App was produced, allowing the user to configure a 2014 R8 V10 plus on the fully interactive digital brochure as well as access dynamic Audi content. In conjunction with the new Audi Library app, Audi also released a new video on the S tronic transmission. The video engages and excites sportscar enthusiasts by highlighting the incredibly fast shifting seven-speed S tronic double clutch transmission on the track.
As part of the 2014 Audi R8 launch in the US, the Audi #WantAnR8 contest returned between October 23, 2013 and November 20, 2013, where fans are challenged to prove their love for the R8 by taking their own virtual turn on the Sonoma Raceway to create a video featuring original Audi R8 footage and music from innovative recording artists from around the world.
As Volkswagen Group owns both Audi and Lamborghini (Automobili Lamborghini S.p.A.), some of the R8 is shared with the Lamborghini Gallardo, including some of the chassis and floorpan, door handle mechanisms, transmissions, and the revised V10 engine. The R8 is made distinct by its Germanic exterior styling, cabin, smaller V8 engine, magnetic dampers, and pricing.
Safety features include Bosch ESP 8.0 Electronic Stability Programme, which includes anti-lock braking system (ABS), electronic brakeforce distribution (EBD), Anti-Slip Regulation (ASR) and Electronic Differential Lock (EDL), front dual-stage airbags, and 'sideguard' curtain airbags.
|Second generation (Type 4S)|
|Body and chassis|
|Layout||Longitudinal, mid-engine, quattro permanent all-wheel drive/rear wheel drive (R8 RWS)|
|Engine||5.2 L FSI V10|
|Transmission||7-speed S-tronic dual clutch|
|Length||4,426 mm (174.3 in)|
|Width||1,940 mm (76.4 in)|
|Height||1,240 mm (48.8 in)|
The second generation of the flagship R8 was introduced at the 2015 Geneva Motor Show, including the series production version of the Audi R8 etron battery electric vehicle with an all-electric range of over 280 miles (450 km). There are also 2 other versions, a V10 version with a 540 PS (397 kW; 533 bhp) V10 engine and more powerful V10 Plus with 610 PS (449 kW; 602 bhp) engine. The body is lighter and stiffer, thanks to substititution of several large aluminium parts in the shell by carbon-fibre. Extra electronics are in the chassis compared to the first generation to improve handling. The Audi TT’s ‘Virtual Cockpit’ was also made available. The V8 option as available for the previous generation model was dropped due to the V10 available in entry level trim as well. The all-wheel drive system and the 7-speed S-tronic transmission are standard with no manual transmission available. It shares the technical automobile platform with the Lamborghini Huracán.
Presented at the 2016 New York International Auto Show, the R8 Spyder is the convertible version of the new R8. From launch it was only available with the standard V10 engine, which produces 540 PS (397 kW; 533 bhp), although a V10 Plus Spyder with 610 PS (449 kW; 602 bhp) was added to the range in mid-2017.
|Models||R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro||R8 Spyder 5.2 FSI quattro||R8 Coupé 5.2 FSI quattro (V10 Plus)||R8 V10 RWS 2018||R8 LMS 2016|
|Configuration, Displacement||5204cc V10|
|Power @ rpm||540 PS (397 kW; 533 bhp)@8250||610 PS (449 kW; 602 bhp)@8250||540 PS (397 kW; 533 bhp)||585 PS (430 kW; 577 bhp)|
|Torque @ rpm||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)@6500||560 N⋅m (413 lb⋅ft)@6500||540 N⋅m (398 lb⋅ft)||500 N⋅m (369 lb⋅ft)|
|0 to 100 km/h (62 mph) (seconds)||3.5||3.6||3.2||3.7 (Coupé), 3.8 (Spyder)||3.0|
|Top speed||198 mph (319 km/h)||197 mph (317 km/h)||205 mph (330 km/h)||199 mph (320 km/h)||186 mph (299 km/h)|
|Curb weight||1,595 kg (3,516.37 lb)||1,720 kg (3,791.95 lb)||1,555 kg (3,428.19 lb)||1,590 kg (3,505.35 lb)||1,225 kg (2,700.66 lb)|
Unveiled at the 2017 International Motor Show Germany, the R8 RWS (Rear Wheel Series) is the rear wheel drive version of the Audi R8 limited to 999 units. It utilizes the same 540 PS (533 hp; 397 kW) V10 engine of the standard R8 coupe. Because of the deletion of the all-wheel drive system, weight is reduced by 50 kg (110 lb). Visually, the R8 RWS is signified by a matte-black grille, matte-black front and rear airflow openings, and a gloss-black upper side blade. A red vinyl trim stripe that stretches from the front left to the right rear is optional. Sport seats are standard, as are black 19-inch wheels wrapped in 35-series rubber. The R8 RWS can accelerate from 0–62 mph (0–100 km/h) in 3.7 seconds and has a claimed top-speed of 199 mph (320 km/h).
The Audi R8 LMS won the 2018 Bathurst 12 hour race.
The Audi R8 LMS is the racing version of the R8. Despite looking identical to a regular R8, the LMS shares very little with its road-going counterpart in terms of features and mechanics. A new race specification V10 engine develops a peak power output of 430 kW (577 hp; 585 PS). The removal of the standard all-wheel drive system and the intelligent mix of materials such as aluminum in the Audi Space Frame (ASF), a structural CFRP component and the steel roll cage alone make the chassis about 30 kilograms lighter - now weighing 252 kilograms. At the same time, the torsional stiffness of the stressed frame has increased by 39 percent. These weight saving measures result in a weight of just 1,225 kg (2,701 lb). Aside from that, the car packs many safety features such as a modified spaceframe structure at the front and a carbon fibre crash element at the rear protect the driver in a crash, the special PS1 racing seat from the Audi R18 e-Tron quattro which has been known to set the safety standards for LMP1 cars is used for additional safety and is connected directly to the chassis for increased stiffness. A quickly adjustable foot lever system and a height and length adjustable safety steering column allow versatile adjustment to various drivers. A rescue opening in the roof as used in DTM race touring cars is implemented in the R8 LMS GT3, a first for any GT3 car, after an accident, it allows the driver's helmet to be lifted in a way that avoids straining the spinal column. Although the combination of the materials in the R8 LMS is more complex, Audi has managed to integrate the manufacturing process for production and race cars even more closely than before. In a new manufacturing facility at the Bollinger Hofe industrial park in Heilbronn, quattro GmbH produces both variants in combination. Although the race car, for example, is fitted with aluminum cast joints and a steel roll cage the racing chassis of the R8 LMS remains integrated in the basic production process up to and including the stages of roof assembly and cathodic dip painting (CDP), which is a form of priming. Following these production steps, the race cars are completed in Heilbronn-Biberach. The new aerodynamic concept of the Audi R8 LMS for the first time includes a fully lined underfloor and a conceptually integrated rear diffuser. As a result, the dimensions of the rear wing can be reduced without a corresponding increase of aerodynamic drag. The wheel arches, which are open rearwards via a larger cross-section, contribute to improved airflow. The airflow rate and cooling area of the radiator at the front have increased by ten percent to handle maximum outside air temperatures. In order to improve the race drivers' ability to concentrate on their tasks, fresh air circulation in the cockpit has been improved. At a speed of 200 km/h, the airflow rate is 250 litres per second. Audi has achieved these improvements despite the significantly higher constraints imposed on aerodynamics design by the 2016 regulations.
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