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03. Kuba Knap - Aureola prod. Funk Monster - i po Bejłoczu
03. Kuba Knap - Aureola prod. Funk Monster - i po Bejłoczu
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: alkopoligamiacom
AUREOLA seno Pap Test
AUREOLA seno Pap Test
Published: 2013/02/14
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młodszy joe - aureola
młodszy joe - aureola
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Δ$ΔP $vvΔG
Aureola - piosenka Promyczków Dobra
Aureola - piosenka Promyczków Dobra
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Zbigniew Szostak
Aureola De Angelitos
Aureola De Angelitos
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Lore Q
Aureola bł.  Edmund Bojanowski
Aureola bł. Edmund Bojanowski
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Służebniczki Dębickie
Halo Aureola gigante en el SOL y arco iris  asombroso en el cielo  22/08/14
Halo Aureola gigante en el SOL y arco iris asombroso en el cielo 22/08/14
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Guadalupe Swanson
Aureola
Aureola
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: klemep229
¿Por qué se representa a los santos con aureola?
¿Por qué se representa a los santos con aureola?
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: El Sargento
Como hacer aureolas de Angeles - Cuponeaconcla
Como hacer aureolas de Angeles - Cuponeaconcla
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: cuponeacon claudia
Reconstrucao de Aureola & Bico - Resultado
Reconstrucao de Aureola & Bico - Resultado
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: Aline Forde
Fire Emblem 7: Archsage Athos Animation /w Forblaze & Aureola
Fire Emblem 7: Archsage Athos Animation /w Forblaze & Aureola
Published: 2016/07/09
Channel: XP_ Renegade
DIBUJO DE LA AUREOLA DE MAMA PARA PACIENTES CON MASTECTOMIA
DIBUJO DE LA AUREOLA DE MAMA PARA PACIENTES CON MASTECTOMIA
Published: 2016/10/31
Channel: canal33tvelsalvador
Aureola  (Teledysk)
Aureola (Teledysk)
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Promyczek NS
Porque es mas oscura la aureola de los senos de la mujer? aquí lo sabras
Porque es mas oscura la aureola de los senos de la mujer? aquí lo sabras
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Curiosiando
KEP 19ZERO - AUREOLA. (LYRICS)
KEP 19ZERO - AUREOLA. (LYRICS)
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Boadilla Zona
LA AUREOLA ALREDEDOR DEL SOL HOY EN BOGOTA....
LA AUREOLA ALREDEDOR DEL SOL HOY EN BOGOTA....
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: LUIS VICENTE LARA NAVIA
Definición de aureola
Definición de aureola
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: Dixio
Sanktuarium z Aureolą - prezentacja
Sanktuarium z Aureolą - prezentacja
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Karolina TV
Efecto del sol con aureola al mediodia en Santa Fe
Efecto del sol con aureola al mediodia en Santa Fe
Published: 2016/12/16
Channel: ADOLFO ORIOLI Todo Noticias
Halo Braid, Trenza aureola
Halo Braid, Trenza aureola
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: Avanti Morocha
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola - Zestaw Komunijny
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola - Zestaw Komunijny
Published: 2016/04/19
Channel: Promyczek NS
Św Faustyna - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Św Faustyna - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Promyczek NS
AUREOLA DE SOL - SALTA, ARGENTINA 18/02/2016
AUREOLA DE SOL - SALTA, ARGENTINA 18/02/2016
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Nacho Skyler Nv
Gohan & Pan 💕 Halo ( Aureola )
Gohan & Pan 💕 Halo ( Aureola )
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Videl ビーデル
Św Kinga - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Św Kinga - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Promyczek NS
Aureola - Trailer
Aureola - Trailer
Published: 2014/04/18
Channel: Promyczek NS
PIGMENTACAO DE AUREOLA εïз ALINE FORDE
PIGMENTACAO DE AUREOLA εïз ALINE FORDE
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Aline Forde
26 how to install aureola conky on your linux system
26 how to install aureola conky on your linux system
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Erik Dubois
Error De La Aureola De Goku - Canal 5 México
Error De La Aureola De Goku - Canal 5 México
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: DBZ Censuras -Daniel Eduardo-
Św Stanisław - Trailer z filmu Aureola
Św Stanisław - Trailer z filmu Aureola
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Promyczek NS
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Promyczek NS
How to install the new Aureola Skeleton conky if you do not have Aureola yet?
How to install the new Aureola Skeleton conky if you do not have Aureola yet?
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Erik Dubois
Bolillos: Como hacer la araña con aureola
Bolillos: Como hacer la araña con aureola
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: Lamacaterine
Amateur Surgeon 4 - Level 83 Aureola
Amateur Surgeon 4 - Level 83 Aureola
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: 薯条 Fries TV
DJ Rauly A. - Aureola de Moscas Alice Cooper 1971
DJ Rauly A. - Aureola de Moscas Alice Cooper 1971
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Rauly Alos
Zwiastun Aureola- odc. bonusowy św. Rodzina
Zwiastun Aureola- odc. bonusowy św. Rodzina
Published: 2016/11/17
Channel: Promyczek NS
TRIQUETRA - AUREOLA
TRIQUETRA - AUREOLA
Published: 2011/08/29
Channel: K15Projekt
św. Jadwiga Andegaweńska- Aureola cz.1 trailer
św. Jadwiga Andegaweńska- Aureola cz.1 trailer
Published: 2016/06/07
Channel: Promyczek NS
RZYMSKA AUREOLA - zwiastun pl, wkrótce w kinach
RZYMSKA AUREOLA - zwiastun pl, wkrótce w kinach
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: AuroraFilmsPl
Chór "Słoneczko" - Aureola
Chór "Słoneczko" - Aureola
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: MsJaneczka
Aureola solar 21 de mayo 2015
Aureola solar 21 de mayo 2015
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: jerry hillsong
Vegeta le dice a Freezer que se ve bien con su aureola
Vegeta le dice a Freezer que se ve bien con su aureola
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: Kevin Eduardo
Conky Aureola Overview of version 1.8
Conky Aureola Overview of version 1.8
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Erik Dubois
VUELO EN PARAPENTE DURANTE AUREOLA BOREAL EN NORUEGA VIDEO IMPRESIONANTE
VUELO EN PARAPENTE DURANTE AUREOLA BOREAL EN NORUEGA VIDEO IMPRESIONANTE
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: TV1
Michał Zapała - Aureola
Michał Zapała - Aureola
Published: 2012/01/04
Channel: Michał Zapała
Strange - Aureola
Strange - Aureola
Published: 2014/01/06
Channel: Ivo Čuden
Nueva Imagen Oficial Revelada Dragon ball Super , Fusion de Zamasu con Aureola?¿
Nueva Imagen Oficial Revelada Dragon ball Super , Fusion de Zamasu con Aureola?¿
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: RAY 113 !!
Sutra - Aureola (Pirámide Recording Session)
Sutra - Aureola (Pirámide Recording Session)
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Sutra
Forest Elves - Stella (Aureola)【Original Song】
Forest Elves - Stella (Aureola)【Original Song】
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: Forest Elves
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Images of Mary, mother of Jesus, are often surrounded by an aureole, as in this image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Christ and His Resurrection, fresco in Chora Church, Istanbul.

An aureola or aureole (diminutive of Latin aurea, "golden") is the radiance of luminous cloud which, in paintings of sacred personages, surrounds the whole figure.

Aureole in Art[edit]

In the earliest periods of Christian art it was confined to the figures of the persons of the Christian Godhead,[citation needed] but it was afterwards extended to the Virgin Mary and to several of the saints.

The aureola, when enveloping the whole body, generally appears oval or elliptical in form, but occasionally depicted as circular, vesica piscis, or quatrefoil. When it appears merely as a luminous disk round the head, it is called specifically a halo or nimbus, while the combination of nimbus and aureole is called a glory. The strict distinction between nimbus and aureole is not commonly maintained, and the latter term is most frequently used to denote the radiance round the heads of saints, angels or Persons of the Trinity.

This is not to be confused with the specific motif in art of the Infant Jesus appearing to be a source of light in a Nativity scene. These depictions derive directly from the accounts given by Saint Bridget of Sweden of her visions, in which she describes seeing this.[1]

Development[edit]

The nimbus in Christian art first appeared in the 5th century, but practically the same motif was known from several centuries earlier, in pre-Christian Hellenistic art. It is found in some Persian representations of kings and gods, and appears on coins of the Kushan kings Kanishka, Huvishka and Vasudeva, as well as on most representations of the Buddha in Greco-Buddhist art from the 1st century AD. Its use has also been traced through the Egyptians to the ancient Greeks and Romans, representations of Trajan (arch of Constantine) and Antoninus Pius (reverse of a medal) being found with it. Roman emperors were sometimes depicted wearing a radiant crown, with pointed rays intended to represent the rays of the sun. According to Islamic tradition, the Prophet Mohammed may not be depicted representationally; however some religious artists have indicated his presence in historical scenes using an empty, flaming aureole as a placeholder.

In the circular form the nimbus constitutes a natural and even primitive use of the idea of a crown,[citation needed] modified by an equally simple idea of the emanation of light from the head of a superior being, or by the meteorological phenomenon of a halo. The probability is that all later associations with the symbol refer back to an early astrological origin (compare Mithras), the person so glorified being identified with the sun and represented in the sun's image; so the aureole is the Hvareno of Mazdaism.[2][3] From this early astrological use, the form of "glory" or "nimbus" has been adapted or inherited under new beliefs.

Mandorla[edit]

Christ in Majesty shown within a mandorla shape in a medieval illuminated manuscript.

A mandorla is a vesica piscis shaped aureola which surrounds the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary in traditional Christian art.[4] It is commonly used to frame the figure of Christ in Majesty in early medieval and Romanesque art, as well as Byzantine art of the same periods. The term refers to the almond like shape: "mandorla" means almond nut in Italian. In icons of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the mandorla is used to depict sacred moments which transcend time and space, such as the Resurrection, Transfiguration, and the Dormition of the Theotokos. These mandorla will often be painted in several concentric patterns of color which grow darker as they come close to the center. This is in keeping with the church's use of Apophatic theology, as described by Dionysius the Areopagite and others. As holiness increases, there is no way to depict its brightness, except by darkness.

In a famous romanesque fresco of Christ in Glory at Sant Climent de Taüll, the inscription "Ego Sum Lux Mundi" ("I Am the Light of the World") is incorporated in the Mandorla design.[1]

The tympanum at Conques has Christ, with a gesture carved in romanesque sculpture, indicate the angels at his feet bearing candlesticks. Six surrounding stars, resembling blossoming flowers, indicate the known planets including the Moon. Here the symbolism implies Christ as the Sun. [2]

In one special case, at Cervon (Nièvre), Christ is seated surrounded by eight stars, resembling blossoming flowers. [3][permanent dead link] At Conques the flowers are six-petalled. At Cervon, where the almond motif is repeated in the rim of the mandorla, they are five-petalled, as are almond flowers -the first flowers to appear at the end of winter, even before the leaves of the almond tree. Here one is tempted to seek for reference in the symbolism of the nine branched Chanukkiyah candelabrum. In the 12th century a great school of Judaic thought radiated from Narbonne, coinciding with the origins of the Kabbalah.[5] Furthermore, at Cervon the eight star/flower only is six petalled: the Root of David, the Morningstar, mentioned at the close of Book of Revelation (22:16) [4] (In one of the oldest manuscripts of the complete Hebrew Bible, the Leningrad Codex, one finds the Star of David imbedded in an octagon.)

In the symbolism of Hildegarde von Bingen the mandorla refers to the Cosmos.[6]

Aureole (atmospheric phenomenon)[edit]

In meteorology, an aureole is the inner disk of a corona, an optical phenomenon produced by the diffraction of light from the Sun or the Moon (or, occasionally, other bright light sources)[7] by individual small water droplets and sometimes tiny ice crystals of a cloud or on a foggy glass surface.[8][9] The aureole is often (especially in case of the Moon) the only visible part of the corona and has the appearance of a bluish-white disk which fades to reddish-brown towards the edge.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ G Schiller, Iconography of Christian Art, Vol. I,1971 (English trans from German), Lund Humphries, London, pp. 76-78 & figs, ISBN 0-85331-270-2
  2. ^ Ramsden, E. H. (April 1941). "The Halo: A Further Enquiry into Its Origin". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd. 78 (45): , p. 131. JSTOR 868232. 
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 14th Edition, Vol. 15. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 620. 
  4. ^ Liungman, Carl G. (1991). Dictionary of Symbols. W.W. Norton. p. 287. ISBN 0-393-31236-4. 
  5. ^ Scholem, Gershom (1990). Origins of the Kabbalah. Princeton Paperback. ISBN 0-691-07314-7. 
  6. ^ Riedel, Ingrid (1994). Hildegard von Bingen, Prophetin der kosmischen Weisheit. Kreuz Verlag, Zürich. 
  7. ^ Cowley, Les (2012). "Jupiter corona from Iran". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 
  8. ^ Calvert, J. B., The Corona, University of Denver, 2 August 2003. Access date 11 Feb. 2107
  9. ^ Cowley, Les, Corona, Atmospheric Optics. Access date 11 Feb. 2107

Further reading[edit]

  • Timmers J.J.M. A Handbook of Romanesque Art New York London 1969 Icon Editions, Harper and Row
  • Gérard de Champéaux, Dom Sébastièn Sterckx o.s.b. Symboles, introduction à la nuit des temps 3, Paris 1966 ed. Zodiaque (printed: Cum Permissu Superiorum)
  • Adolphe Napoléon Didron, Christian iconography or, the history of Christian art in the Middle Ages London 1886 https://archive.org/stream/christianiconogr01didruoft
  • Brian Young The Villein's Bible; stories in romanesque carving London 1990 Barry & Jenkins
  • Roger Cook The Tree of Life: Image for the Cosmos New York 1974 Avon Books
  • Parry, Ken; David Melling (editors) (1999). The Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-23203-6. 

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