Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
AUREOLA seno Pap Test
AUREOLA seno Pap Test
Published: 2013/02/14
Channel: VideooNewss
młodszy joe - aureola
młodszy joe - aureola
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Δ$ΔP $vvΔG
03. Kuba Knap - Aureola prod. Funk Monster - i po Bejłoczu
03. Kuba Knap - Aureola prod. Funk Monster - i po Bejłoczu
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: alkopoligamiacom
Aureola - piosenka Promyczków Dobra
Aureola - piosenka Promyczków Dobra
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Zbigniew Szostak
Aureola  (Teledysk)
Aureola (Teledysk)
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Promyczek NS
Aureola
Aureola
Published: 2010/05/26
Channel: klemep229
Porque es mas oscura la aureola de los senos de la mujer? aquí lo sabras
Porque es mas oscura la aureola de los senos de la mujer? aquí lo sabras
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Curiosiando
Halo Aureola gigante en el SOL y arco iris  asombroso en el cielo  22/08/14
Halo Aureola gigante en el SOL y arco iris asombroso en el cielo 22/08/14
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: Guadalupe Swanson
Aureola De Angelitos
Aureola De Angelitos
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Lore Q
Reconstrucao de Aureola & Bico - Resultado
Reconstrucao de Aureola & Bico - Resultado
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: Aline Forde
Como hacer aureolas de Angeles - Cuponeaconcla
Como hacer aureolas de Angeles - Cuponeaconcla
Published: 2015/12/12
Channel: cuponeacon claudia
Halo Braid, Trenza aureola
Halo Braid, Trenza aureola
Published: 2013/04/01
Channel: Avanti Morocha
PIGMENTACAO DE AUREOLA εïз ALINE FORDE
PIGMENTACAO DE AUREOLA εïз ALINE FORDE
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Aline Forde
aureola virgen
aureola virgen
Published: 2009/09/10
Channel: joyerosunidos
Promyczki Dobra - Aureola
Promyczki Dobra - Aureola
Published: 2017/08/14
Channel: Łukasz Pałac
¿Por qué se representa a los santos con aureola?
¿Por qué se representa a los santos con aureola?
Published: 2013/11/28
Channel: El Sargento
Aureola bł.  Edmund Bojanowski
Aureola bł. Edmund Bojanowski
Published: 2015/02/05
Channel: Służebniczki Dębickie
Sutra - Aureola (Pirámide Recording Session)
Sutra - Aureola (Pirámide Recording Session)
Published: 2016/11/30
Channel: Sutra
Segueteado de corona y aureola de latón - ArteLlamazares - Orfebreria
Segueteado de corona y aureola de latón - ArteLlamazares - Orfebreria
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: Arte Llamazares
TRIQUETRA - AUREOLA
TRIQUETRA - AUREOLA
Published: 2011/08/29
Channel: K15Projekt
Amateur Surgeon 4 - Level 83 Aureola
Amateur Surgeon 4 - Level 83 Aureola
Published: 2016/12/18
Channel: 薯条 Fries TV
Św Stanisław - Trailer z filmu Aureola
Św Stanisław - Trailer z filmu Aureola
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Promyczek NS
Amateur Surgeon - Fila 3 - Aureola
Amateur Surgeon - Fila 3 - Aureola
Published: 2011/05/13
Channel: Lotus Inquisitor
Michał Zapała - Aureola
Michał Zapała - Aureola
Published: 2012/01/04
Channel: Michał Zapała
AUREOLA PARA TU PERSONAJE / DRAGON BALL XENOVERSE 2
AUREOLA PARA TU PERSONAJE / DRAGON BALL XENOVERSE 2
Published: 2017/08/27
Channel: Kaisen Z
Św Kinga - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Św Kinga - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2015/09/11
Channel: Promyczek NS
Sanktuarium z Aureolą - prezentacja
Sanktuarium z Aureolą - prezentacja
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: Karolina TV
Definición de aureola
Definición de aureola
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: Dixio
Vegeta se burla de la aureola de Freezer / Dragon Ball Super
Vegeta se burla de la aureola de Freezer / Dragon Ball Super
Published: 2017/10/04
Channel: EL TIO GINYU
KEP 19ZERO - AUREOLA. (LYRICS)
KEP 19ZERO - AUREOLA. (LYRICS)
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: Boadilla Zona
Error De La Aureola De Goku - Canal 5 México
Error De La Aureola De Goku - Canal 5 México
Published: 2015/07/24
Channel: DBZ Censuras -Daniel Eduardo-
Św Faustyna - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Św Faustyna - Trailer z filmu Aureola od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Promyczek NS
DJ Rauly A. - Aureola de Moscas Alice Cooper 1971
DJ Rauly A. - Aureola de Moscas Alice Cooper 1971
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Rauly Alos
How to install the new Aureola Skeleton conky if you do not have Aureola yet?
How to install the new Aureola Skeleton conky if you do not have Aureola yet?
Published: 2016/11/08
Channel: Erik Dubois
26 how to install aureola conky on your linux system
26 how to install aureola conky on your linux system
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: Erik Dubois
1. Aureola Tutorial : How to install the aureola conky collection
1. Aureola Tutorial : How to install the aureola conky collection
Published: 2016/10/14
Channel: Erik Dubois
VUELO EN PARAPENTE DURANTE AUREOLA BOREAL EN NORUEGA VIDEO IMPRESIONANTE
VUELO EN PARAPENTE DURANTE AUREOLA BOREAL EN NORUEGA VIDEO IMPRESIONANTE
Published: 2016/01/29
Channel: TV1
Sailing Before The Wind - Aureola [2012](New EP "Judgement" OUT NOW)
Sailing Before The Wind - Aureola [2012](New EP "Judgement" OUT NOW)
Published: 2012/10/29
Channel: SailingBeforeThewind
Zetha Vocal-Demonios con aureola
Zetha Vocal-Demonios con aureola
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Neo Vision
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola
Aureola - od Stanisława do Karola
Published: 2014/04/23
Channel: Promyczek NS
Chór "Słoneczko" - Aureola
Chór "Słoneczko" - Aureola
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: MsJaneczka
Forest Elves - Stella (Aureola)【Original Song】
Forest Elves - Stella (Aureola)【Original Song】
Published: 2013/12/19
Channel: Forest Elves
Gloria - Aureola [live  at Click Festival 2017]
Gloria - Aureola [live at Click Festival 2017]
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: aureola
How to install the latest version of Aureola Conky Collection
How to install the latest version of Aureola Conky Collection
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Erik Dubois
Gohan & Pan 💕 Halo ( Aureola )
Gohan & Pan 💕 Halo ( Aureola )
Published: 2016/08/08
Channel: Videl ビーデル
Depeche Mode Strangelove - tribute F/C Aureola Bydgoszcz Polska
Depeche Mode Strangelove - tribute F/C Aureola Bydgoszcz Polska
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: Roland Depeches
Let
Let's Play Amateur Surgeon! Part 6- Aureola, Bleed, and Horrace (Dwayne)
Published: 2013/12/27
Channel: FireFly
【Sailing Before The Wind】‐Aureola(Guitar Cover) HD
【Sailing Before The Wind】‐Aureola(Guitar Cover) HD
Published: 2015/09/26
Channel: Shori Kanayama
linux mint 18 xfce 20 how to install the aureola conky
linux mint 18 xfce 20 how to install the aureola conky's
Published: 2016/10/29
Channel: Erik Dubois
AUREOLA DE SOL - SALTA, ARGENTINA 18/02/2016
AUREOLA DE SOL - SALTA, ARGENTINA 18/02/2016
Published: 2016/02/18
Channel: Nacho Skyler Nv
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Images of Mary, mother of Jesus, are often surrounded by an aureole, as in this image of Our Lady of Guadalupe.
Christ and His Resurrection, fresco in Chora Church, Istanbul.

An aureola or aureole (diminutive of Latin aurea, "golden") is the radiance of luminous cloud which, in paintings of sacred personages, surrounds the whole figure.

Aureole in Art[edit]

In the earliest periods of Christian art it was confined to the figures of the persons of the Christian Godhead,[citation needed] but it was afterwards extended to the Virgin Mary and to several of the saints.

The aureola, when enveloping the whole body, generally appears oval or elliptical in form, but occasionally depicted as circular, vesica piscis, or quatrefoil. When it appears merely as a luminous disk round the head, it is called specifically a halo or nimbus, while the combination of nimbus and aureole is called a glory. The strict distinction between nimbus and aureole is not commonly maintained, and the latter term is most frequently used to denote the radiance round the heads of saints, angels or Persons of the Trinity.

This is not to be confused with the specific motif in art of the Infant Jesus appearing to be a source of light in a Nativity scene. These depictions derive directly from the accounts given by Saint Bridget of Sweden of her visions, in which she describes seeing this.[1]

Development[edit]

The nimbus in Christian art first appeared in the 5th century, but practically the same motif was known from several centuries earlier, in pre-Christian Hellenistic art. It is found in some Persian representations of kings and gods, and appears on coins of the Kushan kings Kanishka, Huvishka and Vasudeva, as well as on most representations of the Buddha in Greco-Buddhist art from the 1st century AD. Its use has also been traced through the Egyptians to the ancient Greeks and Romans, representations of Trajan (arch of Constantine) and Antoninus Pius (reverse of a medal) being found with it. Roman emperors were sometimes depicted wearing a radiant crown, with pointed rays intended to represent the rays of the sun. According to Islamic tradition, the Prophet Mohammed may not be depicted representationally; however some religious artists have indicated his presence in historical scenes using an empty, flaming aureole as a placeholder.

In the circular form the nimbus constitutes a natural and even primitive use of the idea of a crown,[citation needed] modified by an equally simple idea of the emanation of light from the head of a superior being, or by the meteorological phenomenon of a halo. The probability is that all later associations with the symbol refer back to an early astrological origin (compare Mithras), the person so glorified being identified with the sun and represented in the sun's image; so the aureole is the Hvareno of Mazdaism.[2][3] From this early astrological use, the form of "glory" or "nimbus" has been adapted or inherited under new beliefs.

Mandorla[edit]

Christ in Majesty shown within a mandorla shape in a medieval illuminated manuscript.

A mandorla is a vesica piscis shaped aureola which surrounds the figures of Christ and the Virgin Mary in traditional Christian art.[4] It is commonly used to frame the figure of Christ in Majesty in early medieval and Romanesque art, as well as Byzantine art of the same periods. The term refers to the almond like shape: "mandorla" means almond nut in Italian. In icons of the Eastern Orthodox Church, the mandorla is used to depict sacred moments which transcend time and space, such as the Resurrection, Transfiguration, and the Dormition of the Theotokos. These mandorla will often be painted in several concentric patterns of color which grow darker as they come close to the center. This is in keeping with the church's use of Apophatic theology, as described by Dionysius the Areopagite and others. As holiness increases, there is no way to depict its brightness, except by darkness.

In a famous romanesque fresco of Christ in Glory at Sant Climent de Taüll, the inscription "Ego Sum Lux Mundi" ("I Am the Light of the World") is incorporated in the Mandorla design.[1]

The tympanum at Conques has Christ, with a gesture carved in romanesque sculpture, indicate the angels at his feet bearing candlesticks. Six surrounding stars, resembling blossoming flowers, indicate the known planets including the Moon. Here the symbolism implies Christ as the Sun. [2]

In one special case, at Cervon (Nièvre), Christ is seated surrounded by eight stars, resembling blossoming flowers. [3][permanent dead link] At Conques the flowers are six-petalled. At Cervon, where the almond motif is repeated in the rim of the mandorla, they are five-petalled, as are almond flowers -the first flowers to appear at the end of winter, even before the leaves of the almond tree. Here one is tempted to seek for reference in the symbolism of the nine branched Chanukkiyah candelabrum. In the 12th century a great school of Judaic thought radiated from Narbonne, coinciding with the origins of the Kabbalah.[5] Furthermore, at Cervon the eight star/flower only is six petalled: the Root of David, the Morningstar, mentioned at the close of Book of Revelation (22:16) [4] (In one of the oldest manuscripts of the complete Hebrew Bible, the Leningrad Codex, one finds the Star of David imbedded in an octagon.)

In the symbolism of Hildegarde von Bingen the mandorla refers to the Cosmos.[6]

Aureole (atmospheric phenomenon)[edit]

In meteorology, an aureole is the inner disk of a corona, an optical phenomenon produced by the diffraction of light from the Sun or the Moon (or, occasionally, other bright light sources)[7] by individual small water droplets and sometimes tiny ice crystals of a cloud or on a foggy glass surface.[8][9] The aureole is often (especially in case of the Moon) the only visible part of the corona and has the appearance of a bluish-white disk which fades to reddish-brown towards the edge.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ G Schiller, Iconography of Christian Art, Vol. I,1971 (English trans from German), Lund Humphries, London, pp. 76-78 & figs, ISBN 0-85331-270-2
  2. ^ Ramsden, E. H. (April 1941). "The Halo: A Further Enquiry into Its Origin". The Burlington Magazine for Connoisseurs. The Burlington Magazine Publications, Ltd. 78 (45): , p. 131. JSTOR 868232. 
  3. ^ Encyclopædia Britannica, 14th Edition, Vol. 15. Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. p. 620. 
  4. ^ Liungman, Carl G. (1991). Dictionary of Symbols. W.W. Norton. p. 287. ISBN 0-393-31236-4. 
  5. ^ Scholem, Gershom (1990). Origins of the Kabbalah. Princeton Paperback. ISBN 0-691-07314-7. 
  6. ^ Riedel, Ingrid (1994). Hildegard von Bingen, Prophetin der kosmischen Weisheit. Kreuz Verlag, Zürich. 
  7. ^ Cowley, Les (2012). "Jupiter corona from Iran". Atmospheric Optics. Retrieved 2016-05-02. 
  8. ^ Calvert, J. B., The Corona, University of Denver, 2 August 2003. Access date 11 Feb. 2107
  9. ^ Cowley, Les, Corona, Atmospheric Optics. Access date 11 Feb. 2107

Further reading[edit]

  • Timmers J.J.M. A Handbook of Romanesque Art New York London 1969 Icon Editions, Harper and Row
  • Gérard de Champéaux, Dom Sébastièn Sterckx o.s.b. Symboles, introduction à la nuit des temps 3, Paris 1966 ed. Zodiaque (printed: Cum Permissu Superiorum)
  • Adolphe Napoléon Didron, Christian iconography or, the history of Christian art in the Middle Ages London 1886 https://archive.org/stream/christianiconogr01didruoft
  • Brian Young The Villein's Bible; stories in romanesque carving London 1990 Barry & Jenkins
  • Roger Cook The Tree of Life: Image for the Cosmos New York 1974 Avon Books
  • Parry, Ken; David Melling (editors) (1999). The Blackwell Dictionary of Eastern Christianity. Malden, MA.: Blackwell Publishing. ISBN 0-631-23203-6. 

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license