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President’s Request for the Re-Authorization for Use of Military Force against ISIS
President’s Request for the Re-Authorization for Use of Military Force against ISIS
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: TheRealNews
President Obama on Authorization for Use of Military Force against ISIS (C-SPAN)
President Obama on Authorization for Use of Military Force against ISIS (C-SPAN)
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: C-SPAN
Is an Authorization for Use of Military Force Needed to Fight ISIS (With Con. Alan Grayson)
Is an Authorization for Use of Military Force Needed to Fight ISIS (With Con. Alan Grayson)
Published: 2015/11/18
Channel: Ed Schultz
Day 1 of the Afghan Invasion or Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists
Day 1 of the Afghan Invasion or Authorization for Use of Military Force Against Terrorists
Published: 2014/04/08
Channel: 99thDimension
President Obama Asks For Authorization To Use Force Against ISIS
President Obama Asks For Authorization To Use Force Against ISIS
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: CBS New York
Connelly 4 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Connelly 4 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Published: 2017/04/06
Channel: Justin Alexander
From the Vault: 2002 Authorization for Military Force in Iraq
From the Vault: 2002 Authorization for Military Force in Iraq
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Washington Week
President Obama on the Authorization for Use of Military Force.
President Obama on the Authorization for Use of Military Force.
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: Trump New
Wampler 3 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Wampler 3 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Justin Alexander
The New Authorization AUMF - Authorization For Use of Military Force
The New Authorization AUMF - Authorization For Use of Military Force
Published: 2016/01/23
Channel: GMSShieldOFaith
Rep. Barbara Lee: Repeal 9/11 Authorization for Use of Force to Cancel Blank Check for Endless War
Rep. Barbara Lee: Repeal 9/11 Authorization for Use of Force to Cancel Blank Check for Endless War
Published: 2016/09/13
Channel: Democracy Now!
Statement on Request for an "Authorization for Use of Military Force" against Islamic State
Statement on Request for an "Authorization for Use of Military Force" against Islamic State
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: McClintockCA04
Obama Asks Congress To Declare War On Islamic State | Authorization for Military Force Against ISIS
Obama Asks Congress To Declare War On Islamic State | Authorization for Military Force Against ISIS
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: gorapapo TV
President Obama’s Request For Authorization To Use Military Force Against ISIS
President Obama’s Request For Authorization To Use Military Force Against ISIS
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: CSPANJUNKIEd0tORG
Rep. Lee Discussing Her Vote Against the Authorization to Use Military Force in Afghanistan
Rep. Lee Discussing Her Vote Against the Authorization to Use Military Force in Afghanistan
Published: 2012/09/14
Channel: Rep. Barbara Lee
Authorization for Use of Military Force: Will Congress Step Up to the Plate?
Authorization for Use of Military Force: Will Congress Step Up to the Plate?
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: WoodrowWilsonCenter
Few 3 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Few 3 - Authorization of Use of Force vs. Declaration of War
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: Justin Alexander
Graham on Obama
Graham on Obama's Proposal to Congress for Authorization to Use Military Force Against ISIS
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: USSenLindseyGraham
Congress needs to focus on a new authorization for use of military force
Congress needs to focus on a new authorization for use of military force
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: 102 News
Tom Votes Against Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) in Syria
Tom Votes Against Authorization for the Use of Military Force (AUMF) in Syria
Published: 2013/09/04
Channel: SenatorTomUdall
S.J.Res.26 - Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Leva
S.J.Res.26 - Authorization for Use of Military Force Against the Islamic State of Iraq and the Leva
Published: 2016/03/26
Channel: 4USXUS®
Sen. Flake pushes for new authorization for use of military force
Sen. Flake pushes for new authorization for use of military force
Published: 2017/07/14
Channel: azfamily powered by 3TV & CBS5AZ
Experts Tell Senate Hearing NEW Authorization Of Military Force Needed For Military Action In Syria
Experts Tell Senate Hearing NEW Authorization Of Military Force Needed For Military Action In Syria
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: wwwMOXNEWScom
Obama Plans New Authorization for Military Force Against Islamic State
Obama Plans New Authorization for Military Force Against Islamic State
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: Wochit News
Senator Murphy Delivers Remarks on President
Senator Murphy Delivers Remarks on President's Request for Authorization of Military Force
Published: 2015/02/12
Channel: Senator Chris Murphy
Corker Renews Call for Updating 9/11 Authorization for Use of Military Force
Corker Renews Call for Updating 9/11 Authorization for Use of Military Force
Published: 2014/05/23
Channel: senatorcorker
Obama speaks military force authorization
Obama speaks military force authorization
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Washington Post
Bonnie Watson Coleman
Bonnie Watson Coleman's Statement on The Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF)
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Congresswoman Bonnie Watson Coleman
May 16 Senate Hearing - The Law of Armed Conflict, the Use of Military Force, and the 2001 AUMF
May 16 Senate Hearing - The Law of Armed Conflict, the Use of Military Force, and the 2001 AUMF
Published: 2013/05/19
Channel: Friends of the Congo
Graham Questions Military Leaders on Use of Military Force
Graham Questions Military Leaders on Use of Military Force
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: USSenLindseyGraham
Inside the AUMF: America
Inside the AUMF: America's answer to terrorism
Published: 2013/05/29
Channel: RT America
Congressman Forbes debates the authorization to use military force in the war on terror
Congressman Forbes debates the authorization to use military force in the war on terror
Published: 2011/05/26
Channel: Congressman Randy Forbes
Kaine Calls On President To Seek Congressional Authorization for U.S. Military Force Against ISIL
Kaine Calls On President To Seek Congressional Authorization for U.S. Military Force Against ISIL
Published: 2014/09/09
Channel: Senator Kaine
Obama addresses nation on Authorization for the Use of Military Force request to Congress
Obama addresses nation on Authorization for the Use of Military Force request to Congress
Published: 2015/02/11
Channel: Egberto Willies
EXCLUSIVE: Barbara Lee on "Undemocratic" Paul Ryan AUMF Action
EXCLUSIVE: Barbara Lee on "Undemocratic" Paul Ryan AUMF Action
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: TYT Politics
Aktuell: Obama erweitert Kriegsvollmachten Authorization for Use of Military Force
Aktuell: Obama erweitert Kriegsvollmachten Authorization for Use of Military Force
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: James Cate
Lee Gets Fired Up on House Floor Over Removal of AUMF Amendment
Lee Gets Fired Up on House Floor Over Removal of AUMF Amendment
Published: 2017/07/21
Channel: Roll Call
Senate Foreign Relations Hearing on Authorization for use of Military Force After Ir
Senate Foreign Relations Hearing on Authorization for use of Military Force After Ir
Published: 2014/05/31
Channel: chamberlinp
War Authority
War Authority
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Matthew Palmer
White House: Islamic State authorization of force language coming this week
White House: Islamic State authorization of force language coming this week
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: The Washington Examiner
Congress to Rein in AUMF
Congress to Rein in AUMF's "Associated Forces"
Published: 2013/05/31
Channel: RT America
AUMF: How America Codified Endless War | Brainwash Update
AUMF: How America Codified Endless War | Brainwash Update
Published: 2013/09/17
Channel: breakingtheset
Senator Bob Corker
Senator Bob Corker's keynote on war authorization
Published: 2014/10/01
Channel: WoodrowWilsonCenter
Action Against ISIS: Congress Reviews AUMF
Action Against ISIS: Congress Reviews AUMF
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: Richard French
The Terror Authorization The History and Politics of the 2001 AUMF
The Terror Authorization The History and Politics of the 2001 AUMF
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: Robert Rice
Corker: Updating 2001 AUMF Necessary to Address New and Emerging Terrorist Threats
Corker: Updating 2001 AUMF Necessary to Address New and Emerging Terrorist Threats
Published: 2013/03/22
Channel: senatorcorker
Interviewing Sen. Cory Gardner On the Need for Authorization for the Use of Military Force
Interviewing Sen. Cory Gardner On the Need for Authorization for the Use of Military Force
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Arn Menconi
United States Of Endless War
United States Of Endless War
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Mike Malloy
HASC Q&A - Ten Years After the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force
HASC Q&A - Ten Years After the 2001 Authorization for Use of Military Force
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: Colleen Hanabusa
Senator Murphy Delivers Remarks on Flawed Republican AUMF Against ISIS
Senator Murphy Delivers Remarks on Flawed Republican AUMF Against ISIS
Published: 2016/01/21
Channel: Senator Chris Murphy
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Authorization for Use of Military Force (AUMF), Pub. L. 107-40, codified at 115 Stat. 224 and passed as S.J.Res. 23 by the United States Congress on September 14, 2001, authorizes the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the attacks on September 11, 2001 and any "associated forces". The authorization granted the President the authority to use all "necessary and appropriate force" against those whom he determined "planned, authorized, committed or aided" the September 11th attacks, or who harbored said persons or groups.

The AUMF was signed by President George W. Bush on September 18, 2001. As of December 2016, the Office of the President published a brief interpreting the AUMF as providing Congressional authorization for the use of force against al-Qaeda and other Islamic militant groups.[1][2]

On June 29, 2017, the House Appropriations Committee approved Rep. Barbara Lee’s amendment to repeal the 2001 authorization for the use of military force that was the foundation of the U.S.’s post-September 11 military actions. The amendment requires that the 2001 authorization for the use of military force be scrapped within 240 days.[3] This amendment was removed from the bill by the Rules Committee so the AUMF remains in effect.[4]

Text of the AUMF[edit]

Preamble

Joint Resolution

To authorize the use of United States Armed Forces against those responsible for the recent attacks launched against the United States.

Whereas, on September 11, 2001, acts of treacherous violence were committed against the United States and its citizens; and
Whereas, such acts render it both necessary and appropriate that the United States exercise its rights to self-defense and to protect United States citizens both at home and abroad; and
Whereas, in light of the threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States posed by these grave acts of violence; and
Whereas, such acts continue to pose an unusual and extraordinary threat to the national security and foreign policy of the United States; and
Whereas, the President has authority under the Constitution to take action to deter and prevent acts of international terrorism against the United States: Now, therefore, be it
Resolved by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled,

Section 1 – Short Title

This joint resolution may be cited as the 'Authorization for Use of Military Force'.

Section 2 – Authorization For Use of United States Armed Forces

(a) IN GENERAL- That the President is authorized to use all necessary and appropriate force against those nations, organizations, or persons he determines planned, authorized, committed, or aided the terrorist attacks that occurred on September 11, 2001, or harbored such organizations or persons, in order to prevent any future acts of international terrorism against the United States by such nations, organizations or persons.

(b) War Powers Resolution Requirements-

(1) SPECIFIC STATUTORY AUTHORIZATION- Consistent with section 8(a)(1) of the War Powers Resolution, the Congress declares that this section is intended to constitute specific statutory authorization within the meaning of section 5(b) of the War Powers Resolution.
(2) APPLICABILITY OF OTHER REQUIREMENTS- Nothing in this resolution supersedes any requirement of the War Powers Resolution.

Speaker of the House of Representatives.

Vice President of the United States and

President of the Senate.

Congressional votes[edit]

An initial draft of Senate Joint Resolution 23 included language granting the power "to deter and preempt any future acts of terrorism or aggression against the United States.” Members were concerned that this would provide "a blank check to go anywhere, anytime, against anyone the Bush administration or any subsequent administration deemed capable of carrying out an attack" and the language was removed.[5] Constitutional law specialist professor Bruce Ackerman of Yale Law School has said that the Obama Administration's use of the AUMF has so far overstepped the authorized powers of the final, enacted version of the bill as to more closely resemble the capabilities named in this draft text rejected by Congress.[6]

Senate[edit]

On September 14, 2001 Senate Joint Resolution 23 passed in the Senate by roll call vote. The totals in the Senate were: 98 Ayes, 0 Nays, 2 Present/Not Voting (Senators Larry Craig, R–ID, and Jesse Helms, R–NC).

House of Representatives[edit]

On September 14, 2001 the House passed House Joint Resolution 64. The totals in the House of Representatives were 420 ayes, 1 nay and 10 not voting. The sole nay vote was by Barbara Lee, D-CA.[7] Lee was the only member of either house of Congress to vote against the bill.[8]

Lee opposed the wording of the AUMF, not the action it represented. She believed that a response was necessary but feared the vagueness of the document was similar to the 1964 Gulf of Tonkin Resolution. The Tonkin act was repealed in 1970 amid discussion of its facilitation of the Vietnam war and its potential to enable a new incursion in Cambodia.[9]

Citations in law[edit]

Use by the DOD[edit]

The AUMF has also been cited by a wide variety of US officials as justification for continuing US military actions all over the world. Often the phrases "Al-Qaeda and associated forces" or "affiliated forces" have been used by these officials. However, that phrase does not appear in the AUMF.[10]

According to a report by the Congressional Research Service, published May 11, 2016, at that time the 2001 AUMF had been cited 37 times in connection with actions in 14 countries and on the high seas. The report stated that "Of the 37 occurrences, 18 were made during the Bush Administration, and 19 have been made during the Obama Administration." The countries that were mentioned in the report included Afghanistan, Cuba (Guantanamo Bay), Djibouti, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Georgia, Iraq, Kenya, Philippines, Somalia, Syria and Yemen. [11]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Report on the Legal and Policy Frameworks Guiding the United States’ Use of Military Force and Related National Security Operations" (PDF). The White House. Retrieved 2 February 2017. 
  2. ^ Wong, Scott (13 April 2015). "GOP: Obama war request is dead". The Hill. Retrieved 18 December 2015. 
  3. ^ Desiderio, Andrew (2017-06-29). "House Committee Approves Repeal of 2001 Military Authorization". The Daily Beast. Retrieved 2017-07-20. 
  4. ^ Bertuca, Tony (2017-07-19). "UMF repeal stripped from defense appropriations bill". Inside Defense. Retrieved 2017-07-21. 
  5. ^ Erik, Luna; McCormack, Wayne (2015), Understanding the Law of Terrorism, New Providence, New Jersey: LexisNexis, p. 413, ISBN 9780769849072, OCLC 893668978 
  6. ^ Mian, Rashed (2016-09-14). "2001 AUMF: The Controversial Truth Behind America’s Never-Ending War". Long Island Press. Morey Publishing, LLC. Archived from the original on 2016-10-11. Retrieved 2016-10-11. 
  7. ^ Polner, Murray (2010-03-01) Left Behind, The American Conservative
  8. ^ Final Vote Results for Roll Call 342, U.S. House of Representatives. Accessed 7 April 2007.
  9. ^ "GULF OF TONKIN RESOLUTION". history.com. The History Channel. 
  10. ^ NPR, 4/18/14. Radiolab. "60 Words" In collaboration with Buzzfeed. Reporter, Gregory Johnsen.
  11. ^ Matthew Weed (May 11, 2016). "Congressional Research Service Report" (PDF). Congressional Research Service. Retrieved July 21, 2017. 

External links[edit]

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