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The concept for autonomous vehicles has also been applied for commercial uses, like for autonomous or nearly autonomous trucks. As recorded in June 1995 in Popular Science Magazine, self-driving trucks were being developed for combat convoys, whereby only the lead truck would be driven by a human and the following trucks would rely on satellite, an inertial guidance system and ground-speed sensors.[1] Caterpillar Inc. made early developments in 2013 with the Robotics Institute at Carnegie Mellon University to improve efficiency and reduce cost at various mining and construction sites.[2] Companies such as Suncor Energy, a Canadian energy company, and Rio Tinto Group were among the first to replace human-operated trucks with driverless commercial trucks run by computers.[3] In April 2016, trucks from major manufacturers including Volvo and the Daimler Company completed a week of autonomous driving across Europe, organized by the Dutch, in an effort to get self-driving trucks on the road. With developments in self-driving trucks progressing, U.S. self-driving truck sales is forecast to reach 60,000 by 2035 according to a report released by IHS Inc. in June 2016.[4] They are expected to be in circulation in 5–10 years from now.[5] Uber has also joined the project with "Uber Freight"[6] which already delivers in Arizona.[7] Another big player investing in this technology is Google, through its spin-off Waymo which also delivers freights in Atlanta.[8]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Nelson, Ray (June 1995). "Leave The Driving To Us". p. 26. 
  2. ^ Gingrich, Newt (7 October 2014). Breakout: Pioneers of the Future, Prison Guards of the Past, and the Epic Battle That Will Decide America's Fate. Regnery Publishing. ISBN 978-1-62157-281-7. 
  3. ^ "Suncor Seeks Cost Cutting With Robot Trucks in Oil-Sands Mine". Bloomberg. 
  4. ^ "IHS Clarifies Autonomous Vehicle Sales Forecast – Expects 21 Million Sales Globally in the Year 2035 and Nearly 76 Million Sold Globally Through 2035". IHS Markit. 9 June 2016. 
  5. ^ Freedman, David H. "Self-Driving Trucks: 10 Breakthrough Technologies 2017". MIT Technology Review. 
  6. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. "Uber's self-driving trucks are now delivering freight in Arizona". The Verge. 
  7. ^ McFarland, Matt. "Uber self-driving trucks are now hauling freight". CNN Tech. 
  8. ^ Hawkins, Andrew J. "Waymo's self-driving trucks will start delivering freight in Atlanta". The Verge. 

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