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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Location of Azerbaijan

Azerbaijani cuisine refers to the cooking styles and dishes of the nation of Azerbaijan and prepared by the Azerbaijani people around the world. Throughout the centuries, Azerbaijani cuisine has been influenced by the foods of different cultures, though at the same time, it remained distinctive and unique. Many foods that are indigenous to the country can now be seen in the cuisines of other neighboring cultures. For the Azerbaijanis, food is an important part of the country's culture and is deeply rooted in the history, traditions and values of the nation.

Out of 11 climate zones known in the world, the Azerbaijani climate has nine.[1] This contributes to the fertility of the land, which in its turn results in the richness of the country’s cuisine. It is famous for an abundance of vegetables and greens used seasonally in the dishes. Fresh herbs, including mint, coriander, dill, basil, parsley, tarragon, leek, chive, thyme, marjoram, green onion, and watercress are very popular and often accompany main dishes. The Caspian Sea is home to many edible species of fish, including the sturgeon, Caspian salmon, kutum, sardines, grey mullet, and others. Black caviar from the Caspian Sea is one of Azerbaijan’s best known delicacies well sought after in other parts of the world, including former Soviet countries.

The main course of Azerbaijani cuisine are over 30 kinds of soups, including those prepared from plain yogurt. One of the most reputed dishes of Azerbaijani cuisine, however, is plov from saffron-covered rice, served with various herbs and greens, a combination totally distinctive from Uzbek plovs. Azerbaijani cuisine includes more than 40 different plov recipes. Other second courses include a wide variety of kebabs and shashlik, including lamb, beef, chicken, and fish (baliq) kebabs. Sturgeon, a common fish, is normally skewered and grilled as a shashlik, being served with a tart pomegranate sauce called narsharab. Dried fruits and walnuts are used in many dishes. The traditional condiments are salt, black pepper, sumac, and especially saffron, which is grown domestically on the Absheron Peninsula.

Black tea is the national beverage, and is drunk after food is eaten. It is also offered to guests as a gesture of welcome, often accompanied by fruit preserves.[2]

Light snacks[edit]

Light snacks of Azerbaijani cuisine.

Azerbaijani cuisine has a number of light snacks and side dishes to open or accompany the main meals: a plate of aromatic green leaves called goy, pieces of chorek (bread), choban (a tomato and cucumber salad), and sometimes white cheese or qatik (sour yogurt).

Cold snacks are generally served separately from the drinks.

Main dishes[edit]

Azerbaijani dolma
Azerbaijani dushbara (Azerbaijani: düşbərə)

Main dishes may include a selection of the following:

Meat[edit]

Name Description
Balıq Fish, usually sturgeon, normally skewered and grilled as a kebab, is served with a tart sour-plum sauce.
Dolma The traditional recipe calls for minced lamb mixed with rice and flavoured with mint, fennel, and cinnamon, and wrapped in vine leaves (yarpaq dolması) or cabbage leaves (kələm dolması). There are also sour sweet cabbage dolma (turş şirin kələm dolması) and fish dolma (balıq dolması).
Badımcan Dolması Tomato, sweet pepper, and aubergine stuffed with minced lamb mixed with chickpeas.
Dushbara Small dumplings stuffed with minced lamb and herbs, served in broth.
Lavangi A casserole of chicken stuffed with walnuts and herbs. A speciality of the Talysh region in southern Azerbaijan, but very difficult to find common in restaurants.
Lyulya kabab A mixture of mutton, herbs, and spices squeezed around a skewer and barbecued, often served with lavash (thin sheets of unleavened bread).
Qutab A sort of pancake turnover stuffed with minced lamb, cheese, or spinach.
Tika kabab Chunks of lamb marinated in a mixture of onion, vinegar, and pomegranate juice, impaled on a large skewer and grilled on the barbecue. In Russian, called шашлык, from Turkic shishlyk (literally, "for skewer").
Qovurma Pieces of mutton or lamb on the bone (blade chops) stewed with onions, tomatoes, and saffron.[3] There is also sabzi qovurma, a lamb stew with herbs.
Sogan dolmasi The term dolma covers a variety of stuffed vegetable dishes, widespread in the Middle East and the Mediterranean. Onion dolma are a tasty winter alternative to stuffed aubergines, tomatoes, and peppers.[4]
Bastirma "Bastir" means to stain. It's cooked as a kebab, but before cooking it should be stained in special sauce and herbs.

Soups[edit]

Name Description
Piti The national soup of Azerbaijan made from pieces of mutton on the bone, cooked with vegetables in a broth; prepared and served in individual crocks.
Kufta bozbash A pea soup with lamb meatballs and boiled potatoes. The meatballs in kufta bozbash are large, hearty, and made of minced lamb and rice, sometimes with a zesty dried plum inside.
Sulu khingal Lamb soup with noodles.
Toyuq shorbasi Chicken soup
Dovga A yogurt based soup (matsoni) with sorrel, spinach, rice, dried peas, and small meatballs made from ground mutton; served hot or cold depending on the season.[5]
Ovdukh A cold soup based on a matsoni–water mixture poured over sliced cucumbers, chopped boiled meat, quarters of hard-boiled egg, and greens (dill, coriander, basil, tarragon, and sometimes mint).[6]
Dogramach Same as ovdukh, but without the meat.[6]
Bolva Made with sour milk.

Types of Plov[edit]

Azerbaijani pilaf. Left: gara (lamb, halved apricots, plums, apricot seeds). Right: rice (partially colored with turmeric)

Plov is one of the most widespread dishes in Azerbaijan, with more than 40 different recipes.[2] Plovs have different names depending on the main ingredients accompanying rice:

Name Ingredients
Kourma plov Mutton plov with onion
Chilov plov Bean plov with fish
Sabzi Qovurma plov Mutton plov
Toyug plov Chicken plov
Shirin plov Dried fruit plov
Syudli plov Rice cooked in milk
Sheshryanch plov Six-color plov, eggs cooked "sunny side up" on a bed of fried green and white onions.[5]

Azerbaijani plov consists of three distinct components, served simultaneously but on separate platters: rice (warm, never hot), gara, fried meat, dried fruits, eggs, or fish prepared as an accompaniment to rice, and aromatic herbs. Rice is not mixed with the other components even when eating plov.[7]

Desserts[edit]

Pistachio halva

Typical Azerbaijani desserts are sticky, syrup-saturated pastries such as pakhlava and halva. The latter, a layer of chopped nuts sandwiched between mats of thread-like fried dough, is a speciality of Shaki in North-West Azerbaijan. Other traditional pastries include shakarbura (crescent-shaped and filled with nuts), peshmak (tube-shaped candy made out of rice, flour, and sugar), and girmapadam (pastry filled with chopped nuts).

Sweets are generally bought from a pastry shop and eaten at home or on special occasions such as weddings and wakes. The usual conclusion to a restaurant meal is a plate of fresh fruit that is in season, such as plums, cherries, apricots, or grapes.

In March 2009, Azerbaijani bakers achieved an entry in the CIS book of records for baking the biggest and heaviest pakhlava in the CIS, weighing about 3 tons. More than 7 thousand eggs, 350 kg of nuts, 20 kg of almonds, 350 kg of sugar, and the same amount of flour was used in the preparation of the pastry.[8]

Name Description
Samani halva Samani halva is made from malted wheat, and can be best described as a spicy, gooey, chewy treat. One samani halva tradition in Azerbaijan is to make halva communally, using flour from seven different homes.[9]
Shekerbura Shekerbura (şəkərbura) is a popular Azerbaijani sweet pastry, filled with ground almonds, hazelnuts, or walnuts.

Shekerbura, shor gogal, and pakhlava are all eaten in Baku at the Novruz spring holiday.[10]

Breads[edit]

Salyan çörəyi (tandoor bread)

Tandoor bread is a type of bread baked in a clay oven called a tandoor.[11][12]

Beverages[edit]

Ayran roadside stand
Black tea is Azerbaijan's national drink

Black tea is Azerbaijan's national drink.

An Azerbaijani sherbet (Azerbaijani: şərbət) is a sweet cold drink made of fruit juice mixed or boiled with sugar, often perfumed with rose water. Sherbets (not to be confused with sorbet ices) are of Iranian origin and they may differ greatly in consistency, from very thick and jam-like (as in Tajik cuisine) to very light and liquid, as in Azerbaijan.[13] Sherbets are typically prepared in the following natural flavors:

  • Lemon[14]
  • Pomegranate
  • Strawberry
  • Cherry
  • Apricot
  • Mint[14]

Locally made brands of bottled water include the following:[15]

Brand Origin Originating area
Aysu
Badamlı Badamli, Nakhchivan
Sirab Sirab, Nakhchivan
Şollar Şollar village North-east
Tamiz gazh su
Qax Qakh district North[16]
Kakh

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Climate zones of Azerbaijan
  2. ^ a b Based on the book Azerbaijani Cooking, Ishyg Publ. House, Baku (Russian)
  3. ^ Kourma recipe
  4. ^ [1]
  5. ^ a b Azerbaijan cookery by category of dishes, a section of Large Guide to Home Cooking (Russian)
  6. ^ a b Dogramach and ovdukh: recipes for Azerbaijani soups (Russian).
  7. ^ Interview with Jabar Mamedov, Head Chef at the "Shirvan Shah" Azerbaijani restaurant in Kiev, 31 January 2005.
  8. ^ "Huge pakhlava hits record in Ganja" on anspress.com. Retrieved on 17 March 2009
  9. ^ [2]
  10. ^ [3]
  11. ^ http://kabobcentral.com/tandoorbpage.html
  12. ^ http://www.malatyahaber.com/haberler/templates/malatya-new.asp?articleid=15738&zoneid=7&y=
  13. ^ Azerbaijani sherbets
  14. ^ a b Recipes for lemon and mint sherbets (Russian)
  15. ^ Mineral Waters of the World: Azerbaijan
  16. ^ Qakh or Kakh mineral water

External links[edit]

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