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Opowieści Nieobecnych Będzin 1/8
Opowieści Nieobecnych Będzin 1/8
Published: 2012/02/26
Channel: arthurbsc
Będzin - policja szuka sprawcy napadu na nastolatkę w tramwaju.
Będzin - policja szuka sprawcy napadu na nastolatkę w tramwaju.
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: Krzysiek Z
Będzin - targ .
Będzin - targ .
Published: 2017/05/14
Channel: Adam Zbigniew Tyrała
Bedzin: A Small Town Near Auschwitz
Bedzin: A Small Town Near Auschwitz
Published: 2014/02/13
Channel: Oxford Academic (Oxford University Press)
Będzin z lotu ptaka
Będzin z lotu ptaka
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Strażnicy Czasu
Vw Golf IV z Będzina
Vw Golf IV z Będzina
Published: 2016/04/28
Channel: Paweł K
The Jewish ghetto in Dąbrowa Gornicza and Będzin part one of two
The Jewish ghetto in Dąbrowa Gornicza and Będzin part one of two
Published: 2010/10/01
Channel: alanheath3
Bedzin Castle, Bedzin, Poland / Zamek w Będzinie, Będzin, Polska
Bedzin Castle, Bedzin, Poland / Zamek w Będzinie, Będzin, Polska
Published: 2013/08/16
Channel: SP9WUN Travel Channel
Klasyczna Niedziela 02.04.2017 Będzin - Rozpoczęcie sezonu
Klasyczna Niedziela 02.04.2017 Będzin - Rozpoczęcie sezonu
Published: 2017/04/02
Channel: Pomoc drogowa Lubliniec Adam Kowalski
Będzin grodziec szaleniec w oplu
Będzin grodziec szaleniec w oplu
Published: 2015/04/10
Channel: Bart med.
UFO 2016 POLSKA KSIĘŻYC BĘDZIN
UFO 2016 POLSKA KSIĘŻYC BĘDZIN
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Marek Slade
[25.02.2017]Kontrola osobista funkcjonariuszy policji kryminalnej KPP Będzin
[25.02.2017]Kontrola osobista funkcjonariuszy policji kryminalnej KPP Będzin
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: smiechu9595
Będzin bez fikcji
Będzin bez fikcji
Published: 2010/10/03
Channel: MiastoBedzin
Archival film of the ghettos in Dąbrowa Górnicza and Będzin part 1 of 2
Archival film of the ghettos in Dąbrowa Górnicza and Będzin part 1 of 2
Published: 2009/12/15
Channel: Alan Heath
Zamek Będzin z lotu ptaka
Zamek Będzin z lotu ptaka
Published: 2014/03/22
Channel: GigaNet
Dookoła Koła #2 - Rondo "Nerka" w Będzinie
Dookoła Koła #2 - Rondo "Nerka" w Będzinie
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Jak Jeździsz
ufo Polska 2017-04-01 Będzin
ufo Polska 2017-04-01 Będzin
Published: 2017/04/03
Channel: Marek Slade
Pirat z toyoty, Będzin
Pirat z toyoty, Będzin
Published: 2014/10/02
Channel: fofunio
Enduro Będzin: Ktm Exc 250 & Husqvarna Wr 125 (Ćwiara vs seta)
Enduro Będzin: Ktm Exc 250 & Husqvarna Wr 125 (Ćwiara vs seta)
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Enduro Będzin
LIPDUB  II LO " WYSPIAŃSKI" BĘDZIN
LIPDUB II LO " WYSPIAŃSKI" BĘDZIN
Published: 2011/04/06
Channel: malaszynski92
Będzin 20.05.2017
Będzin 20.05.2017
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Qba0B
Będzin Ksawera, ciekawa sytuacja na ul. Żwirki i Wigury
Będzin Ksawera, ciekawa sytuacja na ul. Żwirki i Wigury
Published: 2015/10/04
Channel: Marcin Płaszewski - Świat Okiem Instruktora
Będzin - Synagoga Mizrachi
Będzin - Synagoga Mizrachi
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: silesiaheritage
Grzegorz Tkaczewski czołowy hodowca Gołębi  oddziału Będzin
Grzegorz Tkaczewski czołowy hodowca Gołębi oddziału Będzin
Published: 2017/07/17
Channel: Andrzej Miklas
Przejazd alarmowy Kompanii Odwodowej nr. 1 "Będzin"  29.04.2017r.
Przejazd alarmowy Kompanii Odwodowej nr. 1 "Będzin" 29.04.2017r.
Published: 2017/04/29
Channel: Neuthron
Nasze Miasto Będzin
Nasze Miasto Będzin
Published: 2014/02/21
Channel: Patrycja Nowak
PKP Będzin Miasto po godzinie 20
PKP Będzin Miasto po godzinie 20
Published: 2016/04/21
Channel: TarguMK
UFO POLSKA 2017 BĘDZIN
UFO POLSKA 2017 BĘDZIN
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: Marek Slade
Tramwaje Śląskie Linia 24 Sosnowiec Konstantynów Okrzei - Będzin Os.Zamkowe Pętla
Tramwaje Śląskie Linia 24 Sosnowiec Konstantynów Okrzei - Będzin Os.Zamkowe Pętla
Published: 2015/09/04
Channel: Bana pod napięciem
Otwarcie Bawialni Będzin
Otwarcie Bawialni Będzin
Published: 2017/01/14
Channel: Będzin górą
7 Rajd Zamkowy Będzin - Dąbrowa Górnicza 21.05.2017
7 Rajd Zamkowy Będzin - Dąbrowa Górnicza 21.05.2017
Published: 2017/05/21
Channel: Robbiexm
Michał Szpak "Byle być sobą" - Będzin 10.06.2017
Michał Szpak "Byle być sobą" - Będzin 10.06.2017
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: Marta Florek
Enduro Będzin: Short Ride #2 (DT125R&KMX125)
Enduro Będzin: Short Ride #2 (DT125R&KMX125)
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: Enduro Będzin
Będzin stary i nowy
Będzin stary i nowy
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: leszeklolek
6 kolejka, Górnik Piaski - Sarmacja Będzin, 16.09.2017 r. (bramki)
6 kolejka, Górnik Piaski - Sarmacja Będzin, 16.09.2017 r. (bramki)
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Sarmacja TV
Ks Milicz - MKS Banimex Będzin
Ks Milicz - MKS Banimex Będzin
Published: 2015/03/22
Channel: tvpmilicz
Konferencja po meczu Sarmacja Będzin - Sparta Lubliniec 02.09.2017, IV kolejka
Konferencja po meczu Sarmacja Będzin - Sparta Lubliniec 02.09.2017, IV kolejka
Published: 2017/09/04
Channel: Sarmacja TV
FESTIWAL MUZYKI CELTYCKIEJ BĘDZIN 2017
FESTIWAL MUZYKI CELTYCKIEJ BĘDZIN 2017
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: AXPROJEKT
Sarmacja Będzin - Sparta Lubliniec
Sarmacja Będzin - Sparta Lubliniec
Published: 2017/09/02
Channel: Media Fon
UFO POLSKA 2017-04-24 BĘDZIN
UFO POLSKA 2017-04-24 BĘDZIN
Published: 2017/04/25
Channel: Marek Slade
Będzin Grodziec, Plac Skarbińskich
Będzin Grodziec, Plac Skarbińskich
Published: 2015/10/07
Channel: Marcin Płaszewski - Świat Okiem Instruktora
Enduro Będzin: Full Throttle
Enduro Będzin: Full Throttle
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: Enduro Będzin
Bawialnia Będzin [WIDEO: K.ZIÓŁKOWSKA-DĄBEK]
Bawialnia Będzin [WIDEO: K.ZIÓŁKOWSKA-DĄBEK]
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: Katarzyna Ziółkowska-Dąbek
Moje miasto Będzin
Moje miasto Będzin
Published: 2009/05/04
Channel: raploolitbell
Będzin - Kompilacja
Będzin - Kompilacja
Published: 2009/02/27
Channel: JTrytko
Enduro Będzin: Angry KTM | Passerati | Summer Enduro 2017
Enduro Będzin: Angry KTM | Passerati | Summer Enduro 2017
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: Enduro Będzin
Otwarcie wodnego placu zabaw Będzin
Otwarcie wodnego placu zabaw Będzin
Published: 2016/07/21
Channel: wroniarz30
Enduro Będzin: 2x Ktm Exc 250 & Ktm Exc 300
Enduro Będzin: 2x Ktm Exc 250 & Ktm Exc 300
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Enduro Będzin
Doda-Katharsis (Będzin, 13.06.2015)
Doda-Katharsis (Będzin, 13.06.2015)
Published: 2015/06/14
Channel: FallenAngel
ZAGŁĘBIOWSKA MASA KRYTYCZNA - Będzin 2017
ZAGŁĘBIOWSKA MASA KRYTYCZNA - Będzin 2017
Published: 2017/05/05
Channel: Będzin górą
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Będzin
Będzin Castle
Będzin Castle
Flag of Będzin
Flag
Coat of arms of Będzin
Coat of arms
Motto: Civitas Regi Bendzinensis
Będzin is located in Poland
Będzin
Będzin
Coordinates: 50°20′N 19°7′E / 50.333°N 19.117°E / 50.333; 19.117
Country  Poland
Voivodeship POL województwo śląskie flag.svg Silesian
County Będzin County
Gmina Będzin (urban gmina)
Established 9th century
Town rights 1358
Government
 • Mayor Łukasz Komoniewski
Area
 • City 37.08 km2 (14.32 sq mi)
Highest elevation 382 m (1,253 ft)
Lowest elevation 260 m (850 ft)
Population (2013)
 • City 59,023
 • Density 1,600/km2 (4,100/sq mi)
 • Urban 2,746,000
 • Metro 4,620,624
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 42-500
Area code(s) +48 32
Car plates SBE
Website http://www.bedzin.pl

Będzin [ˈbɛnd͡ʑin] (also Bendzin; German: Bendzin, Yiddish: בענדיןBendin) is a city in Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, southern Poland. It lies in the Silesian Highlands, on the Czarna Przemsza river (a tributary of the Vistula). Even though part of Silesian Voivodeship, Będzin belongs to historic Lesser Poland, and it is one of the oldest towns of this province. Będzin is regarded as the capital of Zagłębie Dąbrowskie.

It has been situated in the Silesian Voivodeship since its formation in 1999. Before 1999, it was located in Katowice Voivodeship (1975 - 1999). Będzin is one of the cities of the 2.7 million person conurbation - Katowice urban area and within a greater Silesian metropolitan area populated by about 5,294,000 people.[1] The population of the city itself is 58,639 (2008).[2]

Będzin is located 12 km (7 mi) from Katowice and 4 km (2 mi) from the center of Sosnowiec. Together with Sosnowiec, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Czeladź, Wojkowice, Sławków and Siewierz it makes Zagłębie Dąbrowskie, a highly industrialized and densely populated part of western Lesser Poland. Będzin borders the cities of Sosnowiec, Dąbrowa Górnicza, Czeladź, Siemianowice Śląskie, and Wojkowice, as well as the village of Psary. The highest point of the town is St. Dorthy Mountain 382 metres (1,253 feet) above sea level, and the area of Będzin is 37.08 square kilometres (14.32 square miles).

Districts[edit]

Będzin is divided into eight districts: Grodziec in 1951 - 1975 was a separate town, Gzichów is part of Będzin since 1915, Ksawera is part of Będzin since 1923, Łagisza in 1967 - 1973 was a separate town, Małobądz is part of Będzin since 1915, Śródmieście is the historic center, Warpie is part of Będzin since 1923.

Etymology[edit]

The name Będzin most probably comes from ancient Polish given name Beda or Bedzan. In the past, the town was also called Banden, Bandin, Bandzien, Bondin, Bandzen, Bandzin, Badzin, Bendzin, and Bendsburg (1939-1945).

History[edit]

First mention of the village of Będzin comes from 1301, but a settlement (or a grod) had existed here since the 9th century, guarding ancient trade route from Kiev to Western Europe. In the 1340s, a town was founded here, with King Casimir III the Great building a stone strongpoint. On August 5, 1358, Będzin was incorporated as a town (see German town law), part of Lesser Poland's Kraków Voivodeship.

In the Jagiellonian period Będzin, located on the border between Lesser Poland and Silesia, was a major trade center. In 1565 King Sigismund II Augustus allowed the town to have five markets a week, and in 1589, at Będzin Castle, Polish - Austrian negotiations took place. At that time, a Jewish community already existed here. In 1655, during The Deluge, both town and castle were destroyed by the Swedes, and Będzin did not recover from the destruction for many years. Following the Partitions of Poland, the town was annexed by the Kingdom of Prussia, as New Silesia, and in 1815 it became part of Russian-controlled Congress Poland.

Church of St. Trinity
Pre-war tenement houses in Będzin

Industrial revolution[edit]

In the late 18th century rich deposits of coal were found in the area. In the 19th century, Będzin and its vicinity enjoyed a period of rapid industrialization and urbanization. New settlements and towns were founded, and the region of Zagłębie Dąbrowskie was established in southwestern corner of Congress Poland. In 1858, Będzin got its first rail connection, due to construction of the Warsaw–Vienna railway. The town increased in population and size, when neighboring settlements were annexed by it.

The Będzin Power Station was opened in 1913.

In the Second Polish Republic Będzin was an important center of local administration and industry. New rail station, waterworks, schools and offices were built.

World War II[edit]

On September 4, 1939, the Wehrmacht entered Będzin, and within months, the Będzin Ghetto was established by the occupational authority in July 1940. During the occupation, the town’s name was changed to a German form, Bendsburg, and it was part of Upper Silesia Province, as the capital of Landkreis Bendsburg.

During the Second World War the city was the base for a working party (E716) of British and Commonwealth prisoners of war, under the administration of Stalag VIIIB/344 at Łambinowice (then known as Lamsdorf) in Poland. In January 1945, as the Soviet armies resumed their offensive and advanced from the east, the prisoners were marched westward in the so-called Long March or Death March. Many of them died from the bitter cold and exhaustion. The lucky ones got far enough to the west to be liberated by the allied armies after some four months of travelling on foot in appalling conditions. Their sufferings, though severe, pale by comparison to those of the Jews of Będzin (see below).[3]

On January 27, 1945, the town was captured by the Red Army. Subsequently, the castle was rebuilt, now housing the Museum of Zagłębie. New districts with blocks of flats were built and new factories were opened, including the Łagisza Power Station.

Jews in Będzin[edit]

Mizrachi Synagogue

Until World War II, Będzin had a vibrant Jewish community. According to the Russian census of 1897, out of the total population of 21,200, Jews constituted 10,800 (around 51% percent).[4] According to the Polish census of 1921 the town had a Jewish community consisting of 17,298 people, or 62.1 percent of its total population.[5] In September 1939, the German Army (Wehrmacht) overran this area, followed by the SS death squads (Einsatzgruppen), who burned the Będzin synagogue and murdered 200 Jewish inhabitants.[6] A Będzin Ghetto was created in 1942. Eventually, in the summer of 1943, most of the Jews in Będzin were deported to the nearby German concentration camp at Auschwitz. Since Będzin was one of the last Polish communities to be liquidated, there are a relatively large number of survivors from there, and an extensive collection of their personal photographs were recovered, offering photographic insight into the pre-war life there.

Transport[edit]

Będzin is conveniently located at the intersection of two national roads - the 94th (Zgorzelec - Kraków), and the 86th (Katowice -Warsaw). Katowice International Airport is located 23 km (14 mi) away, at Pyrzowice. The town also is a rail hub, where two connections meet. Będzin has three rail stations (Będzin-Miasto, Będzin and Będzin-Ksawera), and convenient bus and tram connections to neighboring cities. First tram line was opened here in 1928.

Notable inhabitants[edit]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns — Sister cities[edit]

Będzin is twinned with:

References and other sources[edit]

  1. ^ European Spatial Planning Observation Network (ESPON) "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-07-28. Retrieved 2009-03-28. 
  2. ^ Powierzchnia i ludność w przekroju terytorialnym w 2008 - Central Statistical Office in Poland ISSN 1505-5507 , 13.08.2008
  3. ^ Lamsdorf: Stalag VIIIB 344 Prisoner of War Camp 1940 - 1945 - Home
  4. ^ Joshua D. Zimmerman, Poles, Jews, and the politics of nationality, Univ of Wisconsin Press, 2004, ISBN 0-299-19464-7, Google Print, p.16
  5. ^ Jewish Historical Institute community database "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-02-16. Retrieved 2012-02-16. 
  6. ^ Dissonant Lives: Generations and Violence Through the German Dictatorships By Mary Fulbrook page 176
  7. ^ "Andrzej Kubica". 90 Minut. Retrieved 4 August 2009. 
  • Weiss, Ann (2005). The Last Album: Eyes from the Ashes of Auschwitz-Birkenau, 2nd ed. Philadelphia: Jewish Publication Society of America. pp. 32–37. ISBN 0-393-01670-6. 
  • Mary Fulbrook, A Small Town near Auschwitz: Ordinary Nazis and the Holocaust (Oxford University Press, 2012)

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 50°19′N 19°08′E / 50.317°N 19.133°E / 50.317; 19.133

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