|— Municipality —|
|Region||CALABARZON (Region IV-A)|
|• Mayor||Emmanuel Salvador O. Fronda|
|• Total||108.73 km2 (41.98 sq mi)|
|• Density||750/km2 ( 1,900/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PST (UTC+8)|
|Income class||1st class|
|Population census of Balayan|
Balayan is bounded by Tuy on the north; Calatagan and Lian on the west, Calaca on the east and the Balayan Bay on the south. The town is rich among the natural resources of sugarcanes, coconuts and corn. Significant events includes the Parada ng Lechon (every June 24) and the Feast of Immaculate Conception celebrated every December 8 of the year. Widely known products originating from the area include the Bagoong Balayan.
Balayan was derived from Old Tagalog word balayan, which means walk past the paddy from a basket to another and carry or accomplish anything with the tip of any batten. Other possible source is from the Old Tagalog word balayang, which means wood, as old natives used to call this town up to the present.
Tagalog literatures in Balayan were lost and destroyed at the coming of the Spaniards. Jesuit Father Chirino testifies to it that they found three hundred manuscripts in Balayan but believing them to contain pagan elements, and to facilitate them in the propagation of the Christian faith, the early missionaries burned them.
Scholars and historians believed that Tagalog songs: kumintang and kundiman originated from Balayan. In fact, the Spanish writer and historian Wenceslao E. Retana recorded the lyrics of a popular Kundiman when he visited Batangas in 1888 .
Part of Balayan’s beauty is its close affinity to history. The town was one of the first settlements in the Philippines, with existing records of local residents exchanging barter goods with Chinese traders dating back to the mid-14th century. It was also once the capital named Bon-bon whose area includes Mindoro to Cavite and even some parts of Metro Manila. The capital was later moved to Batangas City (the present capital of Batangas). The Oldest Chapel in Asia is also located in Balayan at Brgy. Ermita, Balayan, Batangas.
Despite the presence of Spanish forces in the Philippines, a number of areas around the archipelago were often plagued by attacks from Muslims. In the mid-18th century, Muslims were able to take over the town, keeping it under their control for two months. When they left, they burned the whole town. The event prompted local officials to set up a fort to prevent further Muslim attacks.
Balayan is politically subdivided into 48 barangays.
|Barangay 1||Mary Concepcion||1,938|
|Barangay 4||Restituto D. Andal||Charmaine A. De Sagun||1,851|
|Barangay 5||Eulogio M. Bautista||1,758|
|Barangay 6||Nestor M. Gutierrez||998|
|Barangay 7||Roberto D. Anzaldo||339|
|Barangay 8||Marcelo C. Ramos||Ian De Lunas||2,130|
|Barangay 9||Ricardo B. Gaa||RICA MAGPANTAY||1,446|
|Barangay 10||Eduardo B. Ramos||2,845|
|Barangay 11||Joemarie P. Rivera||1,321|
|Barangay 12||Romeo F. Erilla, Jr.||300|
|Calan||Concepcion R. Landicho||Louie Castillo||964|
|Caloocan||Reynaldo A. Ballelos||4,888|
|Calzada||Gerardo M. Creag||1,416|
|Canda||Gil V. Perez||1,450|
|Caybunga||Teresito I. Alaras||841|
|Cayponce||Gregorio D. Alday||1,388|
|Dalig||Rodrigo B. Ali-Ali||3,008|
|Dao||Celso A. Julongbayan||1,445|
|Dilao||Gregorio A. Carcabuso||1,442|
|Durungao||Filomeno P. Tolentino||937|
|Gimalas||Leonilo C. Indemne||1,549|
|Gumamela||Raul B. de Jesus||Billy James C. Abellera||2,595|
|Lagnas||Andres P. Bautista||Gilbert Lopez||929|
|Lanatan||Bernabe S. Bendaña||2,715|
|Langgangan||Oliva B. Casal||1,194|
|Putol||Florencio H. Mendoza||1,383|
|Lucban||Getulio I. Arroyo||1,551|
|Magabe||Edgardo D. Castillo||1,779|
|Malalay||Rufino C. de Castro||1,063|
|Munting Tubig||Rolando G. Butiong||1,534|
|Navotas||Leonilo C. Torreliza||Regie Alday||3,451|
|Patugo||Adriano B. Pinano||1,885|
|Palikpikan||Renato C. Banaguas||1,150|
|Pooc||Andres H. Cabungcal||2,267|
|Sambat||Bernardo C. Pantoja||2,345|
|Sampaga||Rene S. Comia||2,386|
|San Juan||Elmer V. del Carmen||1,738|
|Sanpiro||Annabel D. de los Reyes||3,377|
|Santol||Eutiquio R. de Lunas||2,385|
|Sucol||Antonio DL. Liwanag||837|
|Tactac||Eutiquio S. Pedraza||932|
|Taludtod||Eulalio H. Marquez||Darwin Cortez||1,165|
|Tanggoy||Epifanio B. Baon||1,543|
Balayan has several schools and institutions both public and private located within the Poblacion. Public schools include the Balayan East Central School, Balayan West Central School and Balayan National High School. Private schools include the Immaculate Conception College, Blessed Christ Child Montessori Foundation, Balayan Colleges, Our Lady of Miracles Learning Center, STI-Balayan, Saint Paul College Balayan and Schola Nazaria Inc.
Current elected officials:
Rita Abiad, Nilo Pamintuan, Jasmin Andal, JR Fronda
|Wikisource has the text of the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica article Balayan.|