|Socialist Party of Bangladesh -SPB
বাংলাদেশের সমাজতান্ত্রিক দল-বাসদ
|Headquarters||23/2, TopKhana Road,, Dhaka, Bangladesh 1000|
The Socialist Party of Bangladesh - SPB (Bengali: বাংলাদেশের সমাজতান্ত্রিক দল-বাসদ) is a communist party in Bangladesh. The party was founded on 7 November 1980. Since its inception SPB has been launching a relentless struggle, both ideologically and organisationally, in order to build up a real proletarian revolutionary party as well as an uncompromising revolutionary struggle, on the basis of ever developing understanding of Marxism-Leninism, to overthrow the existing capitalist order in Bangladesh.
During the British imperial rule the Communist Party of India (CPI) was formed in 1921 and, subsequently, inheriting the old revisionist tradition of CPI, the Communist Party of East Pakistan (EPCP) were formed. Later, in the ’60s those so-called communist parties following blindly the division of the international communist movement were divided into different factions. Despite various inspiring instances of glorious battle and valiant sacrifices of individuals in different, sporadic social, political and economic movements they could not achieve success due to lack of correct political understanding and scientific outlook. These parties were unable to lead the people, both in the independence struggle in India and Bangladesh, due to wrong social analysis i.e. they could not determine correctly their allies and enemies. Moreover, they could not build up a proletarian revolutionary party following the scientific methodology guided by Marxism-Leninism. Consequently, being led by the class-urge of fulfilling this vacuum SPB emerged on November 7, 1980, discontinuing its relation with the petty-bourgeois radical trend.
SPB identified four points as the basic faults of the so-called communist parties of Bangladesh. These are:
From that very moment SPB fought relentlessly against revisionism inside the party and for the cause of building class-movement through anti-autocratic democratic movement in Bangladesh. Eventually, in 1983, the revisionist trend was totally ousted from the mainstream of the party and SPB emerged as the developing force in the process of formation of a genuine revolutionary party of the proletariat.
SPB has got its political wings to work on different classes of people. Some of the child organizations are :
As a part and parcel of the international communist movement SPB is playing a vital role in the struggle, conducted in many countries, against imperialism, fascism, racism, hegemonism as well as in the struggle of emancipation of the proletariat in Bangladesh. SPB organized many mass rally supporting the liberation struggle of the people of Palestine, anti-racist struggle of the people of South Africa, and against the US-imperialist aggression upon Cuba, North Korea, Iraq, Yugoslavia and Somalia. SPB protested US missile attack on Chinese Embassy in Belgrade during the aggression on Yugoslavia in 1999 and condemned the misnamed US Missile Defense (NMD) system. SPB has been able to create a bright image as a dedicated force of anti-imperialist movement particularly by consistently organising rallies, procession in defence of Iraqi independence war. It expressed solidarity with the emancipation movement of the freedom-loving people in different countries and anti-war peace movement.
SPB holds that the objective condition for the inevitable collapse of capitalism has been created. But even then it will continue to exist and putrefy the entire society until and unless it is pulled down by force, through revolutionary upsurge. Here the subjective role of the revolutionary communist parties, of the communist movement is very essential.
Although the fall of the socialist camp has given a shock therapy to many who were complacent about the whole socialist camp, it has not yet removed the very many shades of revisionism from within the international communist movement. Even those communist parties, which have recognized their long-sustained erroneous theories and practices, are yet to rinse themselves of all these shortcomings.
Serious differences exist among these parties about the evaluation of the role of Comrade Stalin and Comrade Mao, the cause of the collapse of the socialist system, the source of revisionism, the necessity of dictatorship of the proletariat and so on.
SPB holds that while all these differences have to be gradually resolved through bilateral and multilateral discussions and exchange of views, the genuine communists may find scope to locate common issues and join into a common platform. We further propose:
SPB firmly believes that the setback of the revolutionary movement is not only temporary but also already getting repaired. Provided the working class and the exploited people under the leadership of their revolutionary communist parties take the correct path, follow and creatively apply Marxism-Leninism and remain firm in advancing the cause of socialism and revolution amidst any adversities, they will slowly but gradually become invincible and win the final battle. Reaction will be overwhelmed by progress. Counterrevolution will be defeated by revolution. Capitalism will be replaced by socialism.
 Khalequzzaman is the General Secretary of Central Committee of SPB. Mobinul Haider Chowdhury, Suvrangshu Chakroborty, Bozlur Rashid Firoz,Zahedul Haq Milu, Razekuzzaman Ratan are the members of Central Committee of SPB .
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