|- elevation||5,880 m (19,291 ft)|
|- elevation||401 m (1,316 ft)|
|Area||16,995 km2 (6,562 sq mi)|
|Density||25.2 / km2 (65 / sq mi)|
Batken Province (Kyrgyz: Баткен областы, Batken oblast; Russian: Баткенская область) is a province (oblast) of Kyrgyzstan. Its capital and largest city is Batken. It is bounded on the east by Osh Province, on the south, west and north by Tajikistan and on the northeast by Uzbekistan. The northern part of the province is part of the flat, agricultural Ferghana Valley. The land rises southward to the mountains on the southern border: the Alay Mountains in the east, and the Turkestan Range in the west.
The de facto population of the province was reported as 380,256 by the census of 2009. Of them, 24.2 per cent lived in the province's four towns and five urban-type settlements, and 75.8 per cent in the rural areas. The majority (76.5 per cent) of the province's population are Kyrgyz; there are also Uzbeks (14.7 per cent) and Tajiks (6.9 per cent), as well as a few Russians (0.8 per cent), Tatars (0.4 per cent), and Turks (0.2 per cent).
Batken province was created on 12 October 1999, from the westernmost section of Osh Province. This was partly in response to the activities of the Islamic Movement for Uzbekistan (IMU), with bases in Tajikistan. In 1999 they kidnapped a group of Japanese geologists and in 2000 some American climbers. In the two years, 49 Kyrgyz soldiers were killed. There have been no incidents since, except for an attack on a Tajik border post in May 2006, which was probably connected to drug running.
As of 2009, Batken Province contained 4 towns, 5 urban-type settlements, and 198 villages. Its population, according to the Population and Housing Census of 2009 amounted to 380.3 thousand (enumerated de facto population) or 428.6 thousand (de jure population).
|Historical populations in Batken Province|
|Note: de jure population; Source:|
According to the 2009 Census, the ethnic composition of the Batken Province (de jure population) was:
|Ethnic group||Population||Proportion of Batken Province population|
Batken province is divided administratively into 3 districts:
In the Soviet period a number of enclaves and exclaves were established in the Batken area.
Shohimardon is an exclave of Uzbekistan, about 80 kilometres east of Batken and 19 kilometres south of the Uzbek border. It has an area of 90 square kilometres, and a population in 1993 of 5,100. Uzbeks comprise 91 per cent of the population.
So'x (or Sokh) is an exclave of Uzbekistan, about 24 kilometres east of Batken. The largest of the exclaves, it has an area of 325 square kilometres, stretches from 3 to 13 kilometres from east to west, and about 35 kilometres north to south, and is crossed by the main highway from Batken to Osh. Tajiks comprise 99 per cent of the population, which in 1993 numbered 42,800.
Vorukh is an exclave of Tajikistan, with an area of 130 square kilometrers, located 45 kilometres south of Isfara and 24 kilometres south west of Batken, on the right bank of the Karafshin River. The population, distributed among 17 villages, is estimated to be between 23,000 and 29,000, 95 per cent of which are Tajiks and 5 per cent Kyrgyz.
Until recently,[when?] travel by foreigners was not recommended[by whom?] because of security problems. To travel between Osh and Batken the road crosses the So'x enclave, which requires a double-entry Kyrgyz visa and an Uzbek transit visa: it is possible to take an unmetalled road around the enclave. The southern mountains offer excellent, but very difficult climbing with many sheer rock faces. Summits are Pyramid Peak [5,509 meters (18,074 ft)] and Pik Skalistiy [5,621 meters (18,442 ft)].
||Fergana Province, Uzbekistan|
|Sughd Province, Tajikistan||Osh Province|
|Districts of Republican Subordination, Tajikistan|
Here you can share your comments or contribute with more information, content, resources or links about this topic.