Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Bloody War with the Japanese Invaders - The Philippines Hell_WWII Documentary on the Pacific Theatre
Bloody War with the Japanese Invaders - The Philippines Hell_WWII Documentary on the Pacific Theatre
Published: 2013/05/05
Channel: The Best Film Archives
Dutch East Indies 1942-1945
Dutch East Indies 1942-1945
Published: 2015/09/24
Channel: Dutch Docu Channel
Australian World War Two History, Labuan Island, Borneo, Malaysia
Australian World War Two History, Labuan Island, Borneo, Malaysia
Published: 2012/05/31
Channel: Overlander.tv
Japanese Occupation in the Philippines 1941-1945World War2
Japanese Occupation in the Philippines 1941-1945World War2
Published: 2008/08/14
Channel: khomartin
The Japanese Invasion of Indonesia, 1942- Tempo Doeloe
The Japanese Invasion of Indonesia, 1942- Tempo Doeloe
Published: 2012/10/26
Channel: Timescape Indonesia
BRITISH NORTH BORNEO 1937 DOCUMENTARY FILM BY MARTIN JOHNSON 53894
BRITISH NORTH BORNEO 1937 DOCUMENTARY FILM BY MARTIN JOHNSON 53894
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
(Part 2_a) Life in Malaya under Japanese Occupation, 1941-45 (9 November 2012)
(Part 2_a) Life in Malaya under Japanese Occupation, 1941-45 (9 November 2012)
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Penang Heritage Trust
An American Officer on the British 8th Army
An American Officer on the British 8th Army
Published: 2016/02/05
Channel: Cpl. Gadway USMC
North Borneo
North Borneo
Published: 2016/08/13
Channel: WikiWikiup
Army Air Forces Pacific (1946)
Army Air Forces Pacific (1946)
Published: 2011/01/14
Channel: Nuclear Vault
YESTERDAY
YESTERDAY'S NEWSREEL FEMALE PILOT RUTH NICHOLS GOLFER BOBBY JONES 54924
Published: 2017/06/12
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Mine Sweeping In The Far East (1942)
Mine Sweeping In The Far East (1942)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
The Orgins of Special Air Service (Feat. Special Boat Squadron)
The Orgins of Special Air Service (Feat. Special Boat Squadron)
Published: 2017/02/25
Channel: SOF-LAW-INTEL
Die Deutsche Wochenschau (640 / 51 / 1942)
Die Deutsche Wochenschau (640 / 51 / 1942)
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: Saul Masson
OFFICIAL FILMS NEWSREEL 1941 VOL. 1   LEND LEASE //  SINKING OF BATTLESHIP BISMARCK  55644
OFFICIAL FILMS NEWSREEL 1941 VOL. 1 LEND LEASE // SINKING OF BATTLESHIP BISMARCK 55644
Published: 2017/07/11
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
war world 2 in color (malay) part 2
war world 2 in color (malay) part 2
Published: 2011/10/30
Channel: Alif Ibrahim
1941 Battle: 360° Reenactment
1941 Battle: 360° Reenactment
Published: 2016/03/24
Channel: Танчики
The Battle For Hill 700
The Battle For Hill 700
Published: 2013/04/30
Channel: Betsy Goetschius
CLEVELAND CLASS LIGHT CRUISER  WWII U.S. NAVY COLOR DOCUMENTARY FILM  20364
CLEVELAND CLASS LIGHT CRUISER WWII U.S. NAVY COLOR DOCUMENTARY FILM 20364
Published: 2017/07/03
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
The Bombing Of Darwin - 19 Feb 1942 - YouTube Video
The Bombing Of Darwin - 19 Feb 1942 - YouTube Video
Published: 2012/02/18
Channel: busadvonl
B-25 Mitchell Aircraft in Action - Submarines in Sights - Shelling Runs - 1940s
B-25 Mitchell Aircraft in Action - Submarines in Sights - Shelling Runs - 1940s
Published: 2013/12/18
Channel: Historia - Bel99TV
Secrets of the Desert War Documentary
Secrets of the Desert War Documentary
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: Jacob Diminich
WW2 - Film Of Australians In WW2
WW2 - Film Of Australians In WW2
Published: 2010/05/10
Channel: Peter Barnes
GERMAN ARTILLERY BATTERY TAKES UP POSITION WWII FILM  74142
GERMAN ARTILLERY BATTERY TAKES UP POSITION WWII FILM 74142
Published: 2015/06/25
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
FAIRCHILD AT-21 GUNNER BOMBER CREW TRAINER PROMOTIONAL FILM 87594
FAIRCHILD AT-21 GUNNER BOMBER CREW TRAINER PROMOTIONAL FILM 87594
Published: 2017/06/25
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Local WW II POW Accepts Apology From Japanese
Local WW II POW Accepts Apology From Japanese
Published: 2010/09/21
Channel: FOX 2 St. Louis
WWII Japanese Propaganda: Sea Battles Off Hawaii And Malaya @ SMKR
WWII Japanese Propaganda: Sea Battles Off Hawaii And Malaya @ SMKR
Published: 2015/06/09
Channel: Scale Model Kit Review
WWII GREAT LAKES CARRIERS   STEEL PRODUCTION & SUPPLYING RAW MATERIALS FOR WAR EFFORT 47944
WWII GREAT LAKES CARRIERS STEEL PRODUCTION & SUPPLYING RAW MATERIALS FOR WAR EFFORT 47944
Published: 2017/07/10
Channel: PeriscopeFilm
Gateway To Australia (1942)
Gateway To Australia (1942)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
Attack on Moscow in WW2
Attack on Moscow in WW2
Published: 2012/04/28
Channel: okrajoe
Australians In Burma (1941)
Australians In Burma (1941)
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: British Pathé
THE WORLD AT WAR | Rare World War 2 Documentary Film WWII (PART 2)
THE WORLD AT WAR | Rare World War 2 Documentary Film WWII (PART 2)
Published: 2013/05/07
Channel: Bright Enlightenment
Malta Convoy - HMS Eagle (31 August 1942)
Malta Convoy - HMS Eagle (31 August 1942)
Published: 2014/11/11
Channel: Various Artists - Topic
Landings On Tarakan Island, Dutch East Indies, 05/02/1945 (full)
Landings On Tarakan Island, Dutch East Indies, 05/02/1945 (full)
Published: 2014/05/25
Channel: WWIIPublicDomain
1945 Japanese Surrender; Tokyo Occupation 221802-05 | Footage Farm
1945 Japanese Surrender; Tokyo Occupation 221802-05 | Footage Farm
Published: 2015/03/28
Channel: footagefarm
Australia WWII
Australia WWII
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Christina Kokesh-Carhart
LN 501 021 Japanese War Newsreel  footagefarm.com
LN 501 021 Japanese War Newsreel footagefarm.com
Published: 2013/11/20
Channel: footagefarmusa
War in the Pacific - Part 1
War in the Pacific - Part 1
Published: 2013/09/12
Channel: Baird Smart
No 18 Squadron NEIAF, late war North American Mitchell (B-25)
No 18 Squadron NEIAF, late war North American Mitchell (B-25)
Published: 2015/05/19
Channel: Zoran Petek
Canada US ferry command delivers bombers overseas WWII archival newsreel stock footage
Canada US ferry command delivers bombers overseas WWII archival newsreel stock footage
Published: 2013/02/25
Channel: PublicDomainFootage
USA Mutiny WWII in Townsville Australia
USA Mutiny WWII in Townsville Australia
Published: 2013/12/07
Channel: Mcb4metube
2-15 Battalion -The Forgotten 15th Promotional Video.wmv
2-15 Battalion -The Forgotten 15th Promotional Video.wmv
Published: 2011/06/29
Channel: TOBRUKEASTERBATTLE
RAAF 10 Squadron in England, World War II
RAAF 10 Squadron in England, World War II
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: ON THE ROGER
PT 658 - A Fully Restored Operational WWII PT Boat
PT 658 - A Fully Restored Operational WWII PT Boat
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: Lew Waters
No 681 Squadron RAF, SEAC, Spitfire at Red Road Calcutta & Hurricane
No 681 Squadron RAF, SEAC, Spitfire at Red Road Calcutta & Hurricane
Published: 2014/10/03
Channel: Zoran Petek
The War for Australia: Flying for the RAAF in WW11
The War for Australia: Flying for the RAAF in WW11
Published: 2013/01/21
Channel: OldFliersGroup
Australia in World War II
Australia in World War II
Published: 2009/08/04
Channel: Matt Stone
HD Historic Archival Stock Footage WWII - U.S. Navy Gets More Torpedo Boats
HD Historic Archival Stock Footage WWII - U.S. Navy Gets More Torpedo Boats
Published: 2014/03/05
Channel: Buyout Footage Historic Film Archive
Central Illinois World War II Stories - Oral History Interview: Jim Fisher of Springfield
Central Illinois World War II Stories - Oral History Interview: Jim Fisher of Springfield
Published: 2013/06/08
Channel: Illinois Public Media
Video Pembubaran KNIL/Tentara Kerajaan Hindia-Belanda
Video Pembubaran KNIL/Tentara Kerajaan Hindia-Belanda
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: Jas Merah
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Battle of Borneo
Part of World War II, Pacific War
ABDACOM-Area.jpg
A map of the ABDACOM area, with Borneo just left of centre.
Date 16 December 1941– March 1942
Location Borneo island
Result Japanese victory
Belligerents
 Japan

 Netherlands
 United Kingdom

Commanders and leaders
Empire of Japan Kiyotake Kawaguchi United Kingdom Robert Brooke-Popham
United Kingdom C.M. Lane
Netherlands Dominicus Mars
Strength
4,500 infantry
2 heavy cruisers
1 light cruiser
6 destroyers
1 submarine chaser
1 seaplane tender
1 minesweeper
1 submarine
1 collier
10 transports
1,000 Sarawak Force
1,000 British Punjab Regiment
1,000 KNIL
650 police
5 fighters
Unknown bomber strength
3 flying boats
2 submarines
Casualties and losses
567+ casualties
2 destroyers sunk
1 minesweeper sunk
1 collier sunk
2 transports sunk
1 transport beached
1 transport damaged
2,300 casualties
1 flying boat destroyed
1 submarine sunk

The Battle of Borneo was a successful campaign by Japanese Imperial forces for control of Borneo island and concentrated mainly on the subjugation of the Kingdom of Sarawak, Brunei, North Borneo, and the western part of Kalimantan that was part of the Dutch East Indies. The Japanese main unit for this mission was the 35th Infantry Brigade led by Major-General Kiyotake Kawaguchi.

Historical context[edit]

In 1941, Borneo was divided between the Dutch East Indies and British protectorates (North Borneo, Sarawak and Brunei) and crown colonies (Labuan).

The so-called "White Rajahs", the Brooke family, had ruled Sarawak, on the northwest of Borneo, for almost a century, first as Rajahs under the Sultanate of Brunei (a by then tiny but once powerful state entirely enclosed within the borders of Sarawak), and from 1888 as a protectorate of the British Empire. The northeast of the island comprised North Borneo, since 1882 another British protectorate under the British North Borneo Company. Offshore lay the small British crown colony of Labuan.

The rest of the island—collectively known as Kalimantan—was under Dutch control. The Netherlands were invaded by Nazi Germany in 1940. However, Free Dutch forces—mainly the Royal Netherlands Navy and the 85,000-strong[citation needed] Royal Netherlands East Indies Army (KNIL, including a small air service)—fought on, spread throughout the Dutch East Indies, and by December 1941 under an embryonic and somewhat chaotic joint allied command which became the short-lived American-British-Dutch-Australian Command (ABDACOM).

Background[edit]

The Tripartite Pact—between the three Axis Powers of Germany, Japan and Italy—guaranteed mutual support, and this paid off for Japan in July 1941 when French weakness in the wake of the fall of France to Germany allowed Japan to occupy French Indo-China (now modern Vietnam, Laos and Cambodia). This blocked a supply route for the Kuomintang, against whom Japan had been fighting, since 1937, the Second Sino-Japanese War. It also gave Imperial Japan a seaboard facing Sarawak and North Borneo across the China Sea. Japan turned its eyes from the war in China and towards strategic targets in the Pacific and the Dutch East Indies. In December that year, Japan struck out against U.S. possessions in Hawaii and the Philippines, declaring war on the U.S. and finally precipitating Germany's official declaration of war on America according to the Pact.

With its rich petroleum exploitation capacity, for instance at Tarakan, Balikpapan and Banjarmasin, Borneo was a prime target for Japan, and a very poorly guarded one. Chronically short of natural resources, Japan needed an assured supply of fuel in order to flex its muscles and achieve its long-term goal of becoming the major power in the Pacific region. Borneo also stood on the main sea routes between Java, Sumatra, Malaya and Celebes. Control of these routes were vital to securing the territory.

Allied order of battle[edit]

Defence in Sarawak and North Borneo[edit]

The main objectives were the oilfields at Miri in Sarawak region and Seria in Brunei. The oil was refined at Lutong near Miri. Despite rich oil supplies, the Sarawak region had no air or sea forces to defend it. Only in late 1940 did Air Chief Marshal Sir Robert Brooke-Popham order the 2nd Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment, a heavy 6 in (150 mm) gun battery from the Hong Kong-Singapore Royal Artillery, and a detachment of 35th Fortress Company (Royal Engineers) to be positioned at Kuching. They numbered about 1,050 men. In addition, the Brooke White Rajah government also organised the Sarawak Rangers. This force consisted of 1,515 men who were primarily Iban and Dayak tribesmen. Altogether these forces were commanded by British Lieutenant Colonel C.M. Lane and was known as "SARFOR" (Sarawak Force).

After having heard of the attack on Pearl Harbor, on 8 December 1941, the Brooke government instructed that the oilfields at Miri and Seria and refinery at Lutong be quickly demolished.

Defence in Singkawang and Pontianak (Dutch East Indies)[edit]

The Dutch forces had an important airfield near the border of British Malaysia (Sarawak) called "Singkawang II", which was defended by about 750 Dutch troops. On 25 November five Brewster 339 Buffalo fighter planes arrived for local defence followed in the beginning of December by Martin B-10 bombers.

The Dutch Naval Aviation Group GVT-1 with three Dornier Do 24K flying boats was located in Pontianak along with a KNIL garrison, commanded by Lieutenant Colonel Dominicus Mars, numbering approximately 500 men.

Dutch forces in West Borneo consisted of the following units:

  • West Borneo KNIL Garrison Battalion
  • Stadswacht Infantry Company (about 125 men) in Pontianak
  • Anti-Aircraft Battery (two 40 mm (1.57 in) guns) plus some AA machine-guns
  • Mobile Auxiliary First Aid Platoon
  • Stadswacht Detachment (about 50 men) in Singkawang
  • Stadswacht Detachment (unknown strength) in Sintang

Japanese order of battle[edit]

The main Japanese force—led by Major General Kiyotake Kawaguchi—consisted of units from Canton, southern China:

  • 35th Infantry Brigade Headquarters
  • 124th Infantry Regiment from Japanese 18th Division
  • 2nd Yokosuka Naval Landing Force
  • 4th Naval Construction Unit
  • 1 platoon of the 12th Engineer Regiment
  • 1 unit from the 18th Division Signal Unit
  • 1 unit from the 18th Division Medical Unit
  • 4th Field Hospital, 18th Division
  • 1 unit from the 11th Water Supply and Purification Unit

Battle[edit]

The Japanese landing off the west coast of British North Borneo in Labuan, 1942

On 13 December 1941, the Japanese invasion convoy left Cam Ranh Bay in French Indochina, with an escort of the cruiser Yura (Rear-Admiral Shintaro Hashimoto) with the destroyers of the 12th Destroyer Division, Murakumo, Shinonome, Shirakumo and Usugumo, submarine-chaser Ch 7 and the seaplane tender Kamikawa Maru Ten transport ships carried the Japanese 35th Infantry Brigade HQ under the command of Major-General Kiyotake Kawaguchi. The Support Force—commanded by Rear-Admiral Takeo Kurita—consisted of the cruisers Kumano and Suzuya and the destroyers Fubuki and Sagiri.

The Japanese forces intended to capture Miri and Seria, while the rest would capture Kuching and nearby airfields. The convoy proceeded without being detected and, at dawn on 16 December 1941, two landing units secured Miri and Seria with only very little resistance from British forces. A few hours later, Lutong was captured as well.

Dutch Martin B-10 bombers made attacks on Japanese shipping from their base 'Singkawang II' at Miri on 17, but their attempt failed. The three Dornier Do 24Ks followed up with their own attack, but one was shot down, possibly by a floatplane from Kamikawa Maru.[1] The remaining two had the benefit of cloud cover, and were never seen by the Japanese. One flying boat scored two 200 kg bomb hits on Shinonome, causing a massive explosion, while a near miss ruptured its hull plating. The destroyer's stern broke off and the ship sank within minutes.[1] The last flying boat dropped its bombs on a freighter, but missed. The B-10 bombers made attacks at Miri 18 and 19 December, but retired to Sumatra on 23 December since Singkawang II airfield was discovered by the Japanese, who began attacking it the same day.

On 22 December a Japanese convoy left Miri for Kuching, but was spotted by Dutch flying boat X-35, which radioed a warning to HNLMS K XIV, under the command of Lieutenant Commander Carel A. J. van Groeneveld. At 20:40 on 23 December K XIV infiltrated the convoy and began its attack. The army transports Hiyoshi Maru and Katori Maru were sunk with the loss of hundreds of troops. Hokkai Maru was beached to prevent it from sinking, and an additional transport was less seriously damaged.[1] The rest of the troops were able to land. Although 2nd Battalion, 15th Punjab Regiment, resisted the attack, they were soon outnumbered and retreated up the river. By the afternoon, Kuching was in Japanese hands.

On the night of 23–24 December HNLMS K XVI torpedoed the Japanese destroyer Sagiri 30 Miles north of Kuching, becoming the first Allied submarine in the Pacific to sink a warship. K XVI was lost with all hands during the day by a torpedo from Japanese submarine I66.[1]

On 24 and 28 December B-10 bombers from a different unit flew missions against Kuching from Singapore, Sembawang. On 26 December, B-10s operating out of Samarinda sank a Japanese minesweeper and a collier.[1]

Meanwhile, on 31 December 1941, the force under Lieutenant Colonel Watanabe moved northward to occupy Brunei, Labuan Island, and Jesselton (now called Kota Kinabalu). On 18 January 1942, using small fishing boats, the Japanese landed at Sandakan, the seat of government of British North Borneo. The North Borneo Armed Constabulary, with only 650 men, hardly provided any resistance to slow down the Japanese invasion. On the morning of 19 January, Governor Charles Robert Smith surrendered British North Borneo and was interned with other staff.

At about 16:40 on 25 December, Japanese troops successfully captured Kuching airfield. The Punjab regiment retreated through the jungle to the Singkawang area. After Singkawang was secured as well on 29 December, the rest of the British and Dutch troops retreated further into the jungle southward trying to reach Sampit and Pangkalanbun, where a Dutch airfield at Kotawaringin was located. South and central Kalimantan were taken by the Japanese Navy following attacks from east and west. The town of Pontianak was finally occupied by the Imperial Japanese forces on 29 January 1942. After ten weeks in the jungle-covered mountains, Allied troops surrendered on 1 April 1942.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e Cox, Jeffrey (November 2015). Rising Sun, Falling Skies: The disastrous Java Sea Campaign of World War II (illustrated ed.). Osprey Publishing. ISBN 9781472808349. 

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license