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Red River War: Battle of Palo Duro
Red River War: Battle of Palo Duro
Published: 2016/12/07
Channel: Story Channel
Battle of Palo Duro canyon
Battle of Palo Duro canyon
Published: 2012/11/20
Channel: meadmcm23
West Texas Wars: Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
West Texas Wars: Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2014/03/26
Channel: Mr. Ruiz-Bonilla TX History
Comanche Warrior - documentary excerpt, part 2
Comanche Warrior - documentary excerpt, part 2
Published: 2009/11/06
Channel: SirMixItAllUp2
137th Anniversary of the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
137th Anniversary of the Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2011/09/14
Channel: amintechdotcom
Battle of palo duro canyon by the best
Battle of palo duro canyon by the best
Published: 2013/05/10
Channel: Daniel McCorquodale
Palo Duro Archaeology; The Spirit Rises - Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]
Palo Duro Archaeology; The Spirit Rises - Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Texas Parks and Wildlife
Palo Duro Canyon  - Mountain Biking - Texas
Palo Duro Canyon - Mountain Biking - Texas
Published: 2014/07/21
Channel: Tony's Outback & Adventures
Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2016/01/08
Channel: WikiAudio
Texas Palo Duro Canyon (Jul 2010)MVI 3464
Texas Palo Duro Canyon (Jul 2010)MVI 3464
Published: 2010/09/03
Channel: Neil Marathe
Palo Duro Canyon Musical Texas
Palo Duro Canyon Musical Texas
Published: 2017/06/09
Channel: Ken Sarchet
Palo Duro Canyon   Comanche Trail
Palo Duro Canyon Comanche Trail
Published: 2016/09/18
Channel: B.K. Martin
Palo Duro Canyon, Canyon City Texas
Palo Duro Canyon, Canyon City Texas
Published: 2014/07/17
Channel: Randy Dodd
Palo Duro Canyon, near Amarillo Texas
Palo Duro Canyon, near Amarillo Texas
Published: 2013/02/07
Channel: WildBettys
Palo Duro Canyon in Texas
Palo Duro Canyon in Texas
Published: 2017/04/19
Channel: Patrick Curley
Texas Palo Duro Canyon (Jul 2010)MVI 2700
Texas Palo Duro Canyon (Jul 2010)MVI 2700
Published: 2010/09/03
Channel: Neil Marathe
Driving Texas Panhandle Palo Duro Canyon
Driving Texas Panhandle Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2016/08/28
Channel: My Road Tours
Texas Highway 207 in Palo Duro Canyon
Texas Highway 207 in Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2015/05/28
Channel: Brady Kendrick
Texas | Palo Duro Canyon
Texas | Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2017/05/24
Channel: Willie Shaw
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
'Texas!' - Palo Duro Canyon's Epic Outdoor Musical
Published: 2016/08/02
Channel: KFYO - Lubbock, TX
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Jared Jennings
My Summer Vacation|2015
My Summer Vacation|2015
Published: 2015/07/11
Channel: Janna Marie
Palo Duro Canyon   Texas Hwy 207
Palo Duro Canyon Texas Hwy 207
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: James Fortenberry
View of Palo Duro Canyon National Park, Texas
View of Palo Duro Canyon National Park, Texas
Published: 2012/04/30
Channel: Jonathan D. R. Hall-Neal-Bayne
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Jared Jennings
KACV Airs Natural Wonder of Texas: Palo Duro Canyon at 7 p.m., Tuesday, Sept. 22
KACV Airs Natural Wonder of Texas: Palo Duro Canyon at 7 p.m., Tuesday, Sept. 22
Published: 2009/09/18
Channel: ACrangerstaff
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/04
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro canyon in Amarillo, Texas.
Palo Duro canyon in Amarillo, Texas.
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: meshuggah4203
Texas trip 5 - Palo Duro Canyon
Texas trip 5 - Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2012/07/31
Channel: slbein
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Palo Duro Canyon National Park Texas
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Jared Jennings
Hike at TX Palo Duro Canyon in March
Hike at TX Palo Duro Canyon in March
Published: 2017/03/21
Channel: Mom Hoe
Palo Duro Canyon Visitor Center
Palo Duro Canyon Visitor Center
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: amintechdotcom
Best Drone Video of Palo Duro Canyon
Best Drone Video of Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2017/01/18
Channel: ThePlasticBug
Palo Duro Canyon, Texas
Palo Duro Canyon, Texas
Published: 2014/04/13
Channel: J. Dawg Journeys Videos
Palo Duro Canyon
Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2009/12/13
Channel: Red Wing Aerials
Sunday Canyon Slot Hike in Palo Duro Canyon
Sunday Canyon Slot Hike in Palo Duro Canyon
Published: 2013/11/03
Channel: Bary Nusz
Straight line flights through Palo Duro Canyon - UHD 4K
Straight line flights through Palo Duro Canyon - UHD 4K
Published: 2015/03/26
Channel: Bary Nusz
PBS Show April 12-18, 2015, #2326 - Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]
PBS Show April 12-18, 2015, #2326 - Texas Parks and Wildlife [Official]
Published: 2015/04/20
Channel: Texas Parks and Wildlife
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
Palo Duro Canyon State Park
Published: 2016/03/01
Channel: creekriot
Dayne Douglass highlights in Canyons win over Palo Duro 36-23
Dayne Douglass highlights in Canyons win over Palo Duro 36-23
Published: 2016/10/17
Channel: Dee Douglass
Palo Duro Canyon 2016 TMBRA XC Marathon Lap 1
Palo Duro Canyon 2016 TMBRA XC Marathon Lap 1
Published: 2016/11/15
Channel: youscoob
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Battle of Palo Duro Canyon
Part of the Red River War, American Indian Wars
Palo Duro 2002.jpg
Palo Duro Canyon
Date September 28, 1874
Location Palo Duro Canyon, Texas
34°52′40″N 101°36′20″W / 34.87778°N 101.60556°W / 34.87778; -101.60556Coordinates: 34°52′40″N 101°36′20″W / 34.87778°N 101.60556°W / 34.87778; -101.60556
Result United States victory
Belligerents
 United States Cheyenne
Comanche
Kiowa
Commanders and leaders
Ranald S. Mackenzie Poor Buffalo
Lone Wolf
Strength
400 cavalry 1500 warriors
Casualties and losses
1 wounded[1]:490 15 killed at Tule
50-60 killed at Palo Duro[1]:494
Palo Duro is located in Texas
Palo Duro
Palo Duro
Location within Texas

The Battle of Palo Duro Canyon was a military confrontation and a significant United States victory during the Red River War.[2][3] The battle occurred on September 28, 1874 when several U.S. Army regiments under Ranald S. Mackenzie attacked a large encampment of Plains Indians in Palo Duro Canyon in the Texas Panhandle.

Background[edit]

Late in the summer of 1874, Quahada Comanche, Southern Cheyenne, Arapaho and Kiowa warriors led by Lone Wolf left their assigned reservations and sought refuge in Palo Duro Canyon in the Texas Panhandle.[1]:473 There they had been stockpiling food and supplies for the winter. Colonel Ranald S. Mackenzie, leading the 4th U.S. Cavalry, departed Fort Clark, Texas on August 15, reached Fort Concho on the 21st and the mouth of Blanco Canyon on the 23rd with eight companies plus three from the 10th Infantry and one from the 11th.[1]:474 Mackenzie's orders from General Christopher C. Augur stated he was "at liberty to follow the Indians wherever they go, even to the Agencies."[1]:475

Mackenzie formed three columns, the first column consisting of eight companies of the 4th Cavalry and two infantry companies, the second column under Lt. Col. George P. Buell consisting of five companies of the 9th Cavalry, one from the 10th, and two infantry companies, and the third column under Lt. Col. John W. Davidson consisting of eight companies of the 10th Cavalry and two infantry companies.[1]:477 The first column moved north along the edge of the Staked Plains, the second advanced up the Red River and the third marched from Fort Sill.[1]:477 By September 25, Indians began to gather around Mackenzie's troops so that on the night of September 26–27, they were attacked near Tule Canyon and Boehm's Canyon, resulting in the deaths of 15 warriors including the Kiowa chief Woman Heart.[1]:485 and 487

The battle[edit]

Tule Canyon as seen from Highway 207 north of Silverton, Texas

Early on the morning of September 28, two of Mackenzie's Tonkawa scouts found a "fresh trail" and Mackenzie resumed the march, reaching a "wide and yawning chasm" at dawn, where they could see the Indian lodges.[1]:488 Mackenzie's cavalry dismounted and led their horses single-file along a narrow zig-zag path.[1]:488

Mackenzie first hit Chief Lone Wolf's Kiowa camp and routed it.[3] Chiefs Poor Buffalo and Lone Wolf and the Indians managed to get away, leaving behind their possessions and horses, climbing up both sides of the canyon.[1]:489 The Indian warriors began firing on the troops from 800–1000 feet above, making "it so hot", it prompted one to say, "How will we ever get out of here", to which Mackenzie stated, "I brought you in, I will take you out".[1]:491 Part of the command started a retreat up the "precipitous cliffs" from which they had descended while others pulled down the lodges, chopped up the lodge poles, and burned all of the Indian belongings in huge bonfires.[1]:493-493 Almost 2000 horses were captured and moved from the canyon with the remaining troops by 4 PM.[1]:493 Mackenzie's troops made it back to their supply camp in Tule Canyon on the morning of the 29th.[1]:494

Results[edit]

The loss of the Palo Duro camp meant the loss of the Indians' safe haven and all of their winter supplies. Some horses fled with the Indians onto the plains but Mackenzie was able to capture 1500-2000 ponies, which he slaughtered to prevent them from falling into the hands of the Indians.[1]:494 Casualties were light in the engagement since it had been a complete rout, but without sufficient mounts or supplies the tribes could not hold out over the winter and many returned to the Fort Sill reservation by November 1874;[4] Lone Wolf's Kiowas did not return until February 1875. The battle thus marked the final major engagement of the Red River War and was one of the last battles of the Texas-Indian Wars.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p Carter, R.G., 1935, On the Border with Mackenzie, Washington D.C.: Eynon Printing Co.
  2. ^ Dillon, Richard H. (1983). North American Indian Wars
  3. ^ a b Thomas F. Schilz. "Palo Duro Canyon, Battle of". Handbook of Texas Online. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 
  4. ^ "Red River War-Battles". Texas Beyond History. University of Texas at Austin. Retrieved 2013-02-12. 

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