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1980 Battlezone Arcade Game!  Atari Classic upright cabinet... gameplay, artwork overview
1980 Battlezone Arcade Game! Atari Classic upright cabinet... gameplay, artwork overview
Published: 2016/06/24
Channel: Joe's Classic Video Games
(Arcade) Battlezone
(Arcade) Battlezone
Published: 2008/12/29
Channel: Shane McComas
Atari Battlezone Arcade Longplay
Atari Battlezone Arcade Longplay
Published: 2012/07/05
Channel: detonator2112
Arcade Game: Battle Zone (1980 Atari) [Re-Uploaded]
Arcade Game: Battle Zone (1980 Atari) [Re-Uploaded]
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Old Classic Retro Gaming
Coin-Op Classics: Battlezone
Coin-Op Classics: Battlezone
Published: 2010/05/02
Channel: thechocobro
Battlezone (Arcade, 1980) - Video Game Years History
Battlezone (Arcade, 1980) - Video Game Years History
Published: 2015/03/24
Channel: Pat the NES Punk
LGR - Battlezone - Arcade, VIC-20, PC, ST Game Review
LGR - Battlezone - Arcade, VIC-20, PC, ST Game Review
Published: 2013/08/02
Channel: Lazy Game Reviews
#1177 Atari BATTLEZONE & ASTEROIDS DELUXE-Artic MARS Arcade Video Game CABARETS-TNT Amusements
#1177 Atari BATTLEZONE & ASTEROIDS DELUXE-Artic MARS Arcade Video Game CABARETS-TNT Amusements
Published: 2016/08/06
Channel: TNT Amusements Inc
The Video Game Years - 1980 Pt 2 - Centipede, Battlezone, Sierra, Berzerk, Pinball Games
The Video Game Years - 1980 Pt 2 - Centipede, Battlezone, Sierra, Berzerk, Pinball Games
Published: 2012/11/26
Channel: Retroware
Coin-Op Games 1980 - Battlezone (Atari) [MAME]
Coin-Op Games 1980 - Battlezone (Atari) [MAME]
Published: 2011/01/01
Channel: BiffsGamingVideos
Battlezone (1980) gameplay (PC Game, 1980)
Battlezone (1980) gameplay (PC Game, 1980)
Published: 2014/12/09
Channel: Squakenet
Battlezone - Arcade (Atari 1980)
Battlezone - Arcade (Atari 1980)
Published: 2007/09/17
Channel: William Hunter
1001 Games Played: Battle Zone (1980)
1001 Games Played: Battle Zone (1980)
Published: 2012/07/26
Channel: Allen K
Battle Zone (Arcade) - Let
Battle Zone (Arcade) - Let's Play 1001 Games - Episode 149
Published: 2016/11/21
Channel: Gaming Jay
Game #011: Battlezone (Arcade - 1980)
Game #011: Battlezone (Arcade - 1980)
Published: 2013/04/14
Channel: teimsen1
Battlezone (1980)
Battlezone (1980)
Published: 2011/05/15
Channel: Kob's Channel
Battle Zone | 1980 | Arcade | Gameplay | HD 720p 60/40FPS
Battle Zone | 1980 | Arcade | Gameplay | HD 720p 60/40FPS
Published: 2016/07/03
Channel: RedSevenNine
Battlezone: PlayStation VR Gameplay - Best VR Game?
Battlezone: PlayStation VR Gameplay - Best VR Game?
Published: 2016/03/16
Channel: VideoGamerTV
atari battlezone arcade review
atari battlezone arcade review
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: Arcade Jason
ATARI Battlezone - HD
ATARI Battlezone - HD
Published: 2011/07/23
Channel: gan9e
Battlezone upright arcade game in play
Battlezone upright arcade game in play
Published: 2010/06/07
Channel: MechanicalArcade
Atari
Atari's Battlezone & US Army Business Partnership ~ Militainment: Rise Of The Video Game
Published: 2012/08/07
Channel: disposable culture
Battlezone - Retroware TV - Episode 10 Part 3
Battlezone - Retroware TV - Episode 10 Part 3
Published: 2008/10/06
Channel: Retroware
Battlezone (1980 video game)
Battlezone (1980 video game)
Published: 2017/08/09
Channel: Search Engine
Battlezone 1980
Battlezone 1980
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: RotatorX
Battlezone™ ©1980 Atari Inc, Co.
Battlezone™ ©1980 Atari Inc, Co.
Published: 2009/06/11
Channel: bonzoktube
Battlezone Arcade Game
Battlezone Arcade Game
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: Dick Moreland
Battlezone Mini Arcade Machine
Battlezone Mini Arcade Machine
Published: 2015/05/25
Channel: TubeTimeUS
Battlezone (1980)  - Next step in 3D graphics
Battlezone (1980) - Next step in 3D graphics
Published: 2015/03/22
Channel: Ultimate History of Videogames
Arcade Game:  I, Robot (1983 Atari) (1/5)
Arcade Game: I, Robot (1983 Atari) (1/5)
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: Old Classic Retro Gaming
Battlezone - Paris Games Week 2015 Gameplay Footage | PlayStation VR
Battlezone - Paris Games Week 2015 Gameplay Footage | PlayStation VR
Published: 2015/11/04
Channel: iWaggleVR
Battlezone "Classic Mode" Free Update Trailer | PlayStation VR
Battlezone "Classic Mode" Free Update Trailer | PlayStation VR
Published: 2016/12/15
Channel: Rebellion
Good Ol
Good Ol' Times. Retro Lets Play #2: Atari BattleZone 1980 (Link in the Description)
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Gamer Pro
Let
Let's Compare ( Battlezone )
Published: 2013/06/22
Channel: Gaming History Source
Arcade Demo Battlezone
Arcade Demo Battlezone
Published: 2011/04/09
Channel: PumPMaster
Battlezone Atari 2600 Review
Battlezone Atari 2600 Review
Published: 2017/08/18
Channel: AqualungGameReviews
Rare Video Arcade Games from the 1980
Rare Video Arcade Games from the 1980's (High Definition Video)
Published: 2013/12/05
Channel: DVLH2
Classic Vector Scan Arcade Games Compilation
Classic Vector Scan Arcade Games Compilation
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: FunCade 64
Battle Zone (Atari 1980)  Attract Mode 60fps
Battle Zone (Atari 1980) Attract Mode 60fps
Published: 2016/08/22
Channel: Arcade 60fps Attract Mode
Battlezone - Galloping Ghost Arcade - Part 2
Battlezone - Galloping Ghost Arcade - Part 2
Published: 2014/10/12
Channel: FIRE EYE APOCALYPSE
Mame Games I Played - Battle Zone
Mame Games I Played - Battle Zone
Published: 2015/06/01
Channel: Grant Karstel
The Video Game Years - 1980 (Pt. 1): Pac-Man, Atari Breaks Out
The Video Game Years - 1980 (Pt. 1): Pac-Man, Atari Breaks Out
Published: 2012/11/14
Channel: ClanOfTheGrayWolf
Arcade Game: Bradley Trainer (1981 Atari)
Arcade Game: Bradley Trainer (1981 Atari)
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Old Classic Retro Gaming
Battlezone Vs RobotTank: A Comparison. (Plus arcade Battlezone)
Battlezone Vs RobotTank: A Comparison. (Plus arcade Battlezone)
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: Steve Benway
Battlezone on Nintendo Game Boy Advance (GBA). Gameplay & Commentary
Battlezone on Nintendo Game Boy Advance (GBA). Gameplay & Commentary
Published: 2009/01/15
Channel: Steve Benway
Atari Battlezone Cabaret
Atari Battlezone Cabaret
Published: 2012/12/01
Channel: DanPArcade
Arcade Game: Centipede (1980 Atari) [Reuploaded]
Arcade Game: Centipede (1980 Atari) [Reuploaded]
Published: 2014/07/18
Channel: Old Classic Retro Gaming
Battle Zone (Atari 1980) - AAE (Another Arcade Emulator)
Battle Zone (Atari 1980) - AAE (Another Arcade Emulator)
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: FunCade 64
Arcade Game: Red Baron (1980 Atari)
Arcade Game: Red Baron (1980 Atari)
Published: 2014/08/04
Channel: Old Classic Retro Gaming
BATTLEZONE VR CLASSIC 80S ARCADE PSVR
BATTLEZONE VR CLASSIC 80S ARCADE PSVR
Published: 2016/12/21
Channel: ThoughtDragon
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Battlezone
Battlezone(Poster).jpg
Promotional arcade poster
Developer(s) Atari, Inc.
Publisher(s) Atari, Inc.
Designer(s) Ed Rotberg
Owen Rubin (volcano)
Roger Hector (tank & enemy graphics)
Platform(s) Arcade (original)
Apple II, Atari 2600, Atari 8-bit, Atari ST, Commodore 64, IBM PC, VIC-20, ZX Spectrum, Game Boy, Lynx
Release Arcade
November 1980
Atari 2600
  • NA: 1983
  • EU: 1983
Genre(s) Combat simulation, Vehicular combat, first-person shooter[1][2][3]
Mode(s) Single player
Cabinet Standard, Horizontal
CPU 6502
Sound POKEY and discrete circuits
Display Horizontal orientation, Vector monitor (b&w) with color overlay

Battlezone is a first-person shooter[1][2][3] tank combat arcade game from Atari, Inc. released in November 1980.[4] The player controls a tank which is attacked by other tanks and missiles. The game uses wireframe vector graphics on a black and white (with green and red sectioned color overlay) vector monitor. It was designed primarily by Ed Rotberg, who designed many games for Atari Inc., and later Atari Games, and Sente.

Gameplay[edit]

Gameplay is on a flat plane with a mountainous horizon featuring an erupting volcano, distant crescent moon, and various geometric solids (in vector outline) like pyramids and blocks. The player views the screen, which includes an overhead radar view, to find and destroy the rather slow tanks, or the faster-moving supertanks. Saucer-shaped UFOs and guided missiles occasionally appear for a bonus score. The saucers differ from the tanks in that they do not fire upon the player and do not appear on radar. The player can hide behind the solids or, once fired upon, maneuver in rapid turns to buy time with which to fire.

Bonus tanks are awarded at 15,000 and 100,000 points; after the score rolls over at ten million, additional bonus tanks are again awarded at indicated scores of 15,000 and 100,000. The game only includes one hostile enemy on the game board at all times; the player never has to battle two enemy tanks at once, or a tank and guided missile. The UFO can appear on the screen at the same time as an enemy tank, and it can occasionally be destroyed by enemy fire.

The geometric solid obstacles are indestructible, and can block the movement of a player's tank. However, they are also useful as shields as they block enemy fire as well.

The music heard when a score of 100,000 is attained and in the high score initials prompt is from Tchaikovsky's 1812 Overture.[5]

Cabinet[edit]

The cabinet of this arcade version of Battlezone has a "periscope" and two joysticks, for controlling the movement of the player's tank.

Battlezone was housed in a standard upright arcade cabinet with a novel "periscope" viewfinder which the player used to view the game. The game action could also be viewed from the sides of the viewfinder for spectators to watch. A later, less common version of the cabinet removed the periscope to improve visibility to non-players and improve the ergonomics for players who could not reach the periscope. This modification also was welcomed by some operators, who felt that the small windows present in the "periscoped" version did not attract enough attention to the game when played.

A smaller version of the cabinet (known as a "cabaret cabinet") also existed with the screen angled upwards, and no periscope. A cocktail table version was tested as a prototype but not produced; it lacked the color overlays as the display would have to flip for opposing players.

The controls consisted of left and right joysticks, which could only be moved in the Y (vertical) axis, each controlling the treads on that side of the player's tank. One joystick contained a button used to fire projectiles at enemy targets.

The Bradley Trainer[edit]

A standard enemy tank in the player's sights in the military training version The Bradley Trainer.

A version called The Bradley Trainer (also known as Army Battlezone or Military Battlezone) was also designed for use by the U.S. Army as targeting training for gunners on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle.[6] Approaching Atari in December 1980, some developers within Atari refused to work on the project because of its association with the Army,[7] most notably original Battlezone programmer Ed Rotberg.[8] Rotberg only joined after he was promised by management that he would never be asked to do anything with the military in the future.[9] Only two were produced; one was delivered to the Army and is presumed lost, and the other is in the private collection of Scott Evans,[10][11] who found it by a dumpster in the rear parking lot at Midway Games. The gunner yoke was based on the Bradley Fighting Vehicle control and was later re-used in the popular Star Wars game.[9] The Bradley Trainer differs dramatically from the original Battlezone as it features helicopters, missiles, and machine guns; furthermore, the actual tank does not move—the guns simply rotate.

Reception[edit]

Battlezone was well received, earning an Honorable Mention for "Best Commercial Arcade Game" in 1982 at the Third Annual Arkie Awards. It was runner-up, behind Pac-Man.[12]:76

Legacy[edit]

Because of its use of first-person pseudo 3D graphics combined with a "viewing goggle" that the player puts his or her face into, Battlezone is sometimes considered the first virtual reality arcade video game.[13]

Pandemic Studios developed an authorized Battlezone game, published by Activision in 1998. Despite having the same name, it is not an arcade game, but a more complicated tank piloting strategy game. Battlezone II: Combat Commander is the 1999 sequel.

A re-imagining of Battlezone was developed by Paradigm Entertainment and released for the PlayStation Portable.[14]

On April 16, 2008 an updated version of Battlezone was released on Xbox Live Arcade. The game was developed by Stainless Games and published by Atari Inc. It features 1080i graphics, Dolby 5.1 audio and an online mode to play against 2 - 4 friends in Deathmatch and Capture the Flag modes, and incorporates Xbox Live Vision support.[15]

In July, 2013, Rebellion Developments bought the Battlezone franchise from the Atari bankruptcy proceedings.[16]

Ports[edit]

In the 1980s, Battlezone was ported to the Apple II, Atari 8-bit family, Atari 2600, Commodore 64, VIC-20, IBM PC, ZX Spectrum, and later the Atari ST. The ZX Spectrum version was published by Quicksilva; the ports to non-Atari systems were from Atarisoft. The Atari 2600 version uses raster graphics instead of vectors and has a third person view where the tank is visible. The Atari ST port contains large parts of the original 6502 code which is emulated in real time.[17]

An upright cabinet

The Atari Lynx has the deluxe port Battlezone 2000 released in 1995.[18]

The Game Boy port was part of the 1996 Battlezone / Super Breakout combo.

An Atari 5200 port was scheduled for release in November 1983, but was cancelled.[19]

Clones[edit]

Stellar 7, a Battlezone-inspired game, was released for the Apple II and Commodore 64 in 1983.

Robot Tank, released by Activision in 1983 for the Atari 2600, is similar to the 2600 version of Battlezone. Encounter (1984) for the Atari 8-bit computers and Commodore 64 is also similar to 2600 Battlezone. It includes both the missiles and saucers of the original.

A clone named 3D Tank Zone was released on the Acorn Electron and BBC Micro in 1983 by Dynabyte. 3D Tank Duel and Rommel's Revenge by Realtime Games and Crystal Computing respectively were released for the Sinclair Spectrum in 1983 and 1984, shortly before the Atari-authorized version was released by Quicksilva. A TRS-80 Color Computer clone called Rommel 3D and was released in 1985. Another clone from Design Design software was released as Tank Busters[20] in the mid-80s for the Amstrad CPC.

A Battlezone clone for Apollo Domain/OS called bzone was written by Justin S. Revenaugh in 1986 and re-written for the X Window System by Todd Mummert in 1990. The X Window System version, cbzone, differed from the original arcade version in that the player could be attacked by more than one enemy tank at the same time. This version of the game was also ported to the Macintosh in the 1990s and was included in the UMich software archive.[21]

The 1991 Macintosh tank game Spectre and its sequels owe much to Battlezone for their gameplay and appearance.

The SGI workstations had a Battlezone derived game in the early 1990s called BZ which added network play.[22] BZ also had guided missiles, where the player would fly the missile after launch, returning to the tank on impact. This version evolved into the game BZFlag with a capture-the-flag mode where flags can change the tank's abilities.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Dalton, Andrew (December 15, 2016). "'Battlezone' Classic Mode fulfills the promise of '80s VR". Engadget. Retrieved September 23, 2017. It's been 36 years since Atari released Battlezone and effectively created the first-person shooter in the process. 
  2. ^ a b Staff (May 1, 2017). "A 43-year history of first-person shooters - from Maze War to Destiny 2". GamesRadar. Retrieved September 23, 2017. 1980s: First-person-shooters become commercialised: Battlezone gives life to the FPS. 
  3. ^ a b Walker, Alex (October 26, 2012). "Evolution of the First Person Shooter". ABC News. Retrieved September 23, 2017. But the one game that many Generation X'ers will identify with when it comes to first-person shooters belongs to Atari and the green, wire-frame worlds within Battlezone. 
  4. ^ "Production Numbers" (PDF). Atari. 1999. Retrieved 19 March 2012. 
  5. ^ "Battlezone - Videogame by Atari". 
  6. ^ "www.safestuff.com/bradley.htm". Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  7. ^ Jung, Robert. "The Army Battlezone Q & A". Archived from the original on 31 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  8. ^ Hague, James. "Halcyon Days: Ed Rotberg". Archived from the original on 27 September 2007. Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  9. ^ a b Kent, Steven L. (2001). The Ultimate History of Video Games. Prima Publishing. pp. 153–155. ISBN 0-7615-3643-4. 
  10. ^ Evans, Scott. "Bradley Trainer". Retrieved 2007-09-17. 
  11. ^ "MAWS Bradley Trainer ROM set info". Archived from the original on 16 October 2007. Retrieved 2007-10-09. 
  12. ^ Kunkel, Bill; Laney, Jr., Frank (January 1982). "Arcade Alley: The Third Annual Arcade Awards". Video. Reese Communications. 5 (10): 28, 76–77. ISSN 0147-8907. 
  13. ^ Dan Harries (2002). The New Media Book. British Film Institute. 
  14. ^ Dobson, Jason (May 4, 2006). "Pre-E3: Battlezone Re-imagined, Charlotte's Web, Codemasters Finds Bliss". Gamasutra. Retrieved 2010-01-29. 
  15. ^ "Xbox – Battlezone Game Detail Page". Archived from the original on April 14, 2008. 
  16. ^ "Wargaming and Rebellion claim Atari IPs". 
  17. ^ "Spiced up games". 
  18. ^ "Atari Lynx - Battlezone 2000". AtariAge. 
  19. ^ Reichert, Matt. "Battlezone". AtariProtos.com. Retrieved 2007-07-05. 
  20. ^ "Home Computing Gaming Heroes – Design Design (1980s)". 
  21. ^ "/mac/game/war/00index.txt". 
  22. ^ "SGI TPL View (6 bz)". 

External links[edit]

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