As of the 2014-15 school year, the school had an enrollment of 2,581 students and 201.0 classroom teachers (on an FTE basis), for a student–teacher ratio of 12.8:1. There were 1,418 students (54.9% of enrollment) eligible for free lunch and 310 (12.0% of students) eligible for reduced-cost lunch. As of the 2013-14 school year, the school's reported racial/ethnic make-up was 44% White (including Arab), 35% Hispanic, 13% Black, 7% Asian, and 1% Multiracial.
The school was the 263rd-ranked public high school in New Jersey out of 339 schools statewide in New Jersey Monthly magazine's September 2014 cover story on the state's "Top Public High Schools", using a new ranking methodology. The school had been ranked 317th in the state of 328 schools in 2012, after being ranked 242nd in 2010 out of 322 schools listed. The magazine ranked the school 248th in 2008 out of 316 schools. The school was ranked 273rd in the magazine's September 2006 issue, which surveyed 316 schools across the state. Schooldigger.com ranked the school 219th out of 367 public high schools statewide in its 2009-10 rankings which were based on the combined percentage of students classified as proficient or above proficient on the language arts literacy and mathematics components of the High School Proficiency Assessment (HSPA).
The school was created in 1936, when the Sweeney Senior High School and the Pulaski Vocational / Technical School were established. The technical school occupied what is now the vocational wing of BHS. The two schools were officially amalgamated in 1953. In 1973, the school was reorganized into six houses.
After an incident in 1997 in which two students were stabbed, one fatally wounded, the school instituted wide-ranging measures to reduce violence, from discussion groups to metal detectors. In 2000, it was reported to be known as a model of school safety.
Bayonne High School is divided into six houses and has an ice rink. Also located in the ice rink building are a gymnasium, offices, bathrooms, indoor track, and workout/ meeting rooms. The campus also has three gymnasiums, a planetarium, an in-house biological conservatory, a 600-seat auditorium, four tennis courts, a football stadium, and one baseball field. It borders the Newark Bay. The high school is sized for approximately 3,000 students.
Boys: Baseball, Football, Basketball, Volleyball, Swimming, Soccer, Tennis, Wrestling, Hockey
Girls: Softball, Volleyball, Basketball, Swimming (11 consecutive County Championship wins), Soccer, Tennis, Cheerleading (Over 6 National Titles, 2 State Titles)
Co-ed: Fencing, Golf, Bowling, Stepping, X Country, Hockey, Indoor and Outdoor Track and Field
The boys track and field team won the 2002-03 HCIAA and HCTCA Indoor championships. Later that year the team went on to win the HCTCA outdoor championships.
The school's football team won the 2002 North I Group IV state championship, defeating Hackensack High School 25-23 in the championship game, for the school's first and only state championship to date in football.
The boys tennis team has been in the HCIAA championship for 19 consecutive years, from 1993 to 2011. The team had won four consecutive titles from 1996 to 1999, and again from 2001 to 2004, and won their fifth consecutive county championship in 2011 with a 3-2 win over Secaucus High School in the tournament finals.
The boys volleyball team has been ranked in the top 10 in the state and won four straight HCIAA championships from 2006 to 2009 over their county rival St. Peter's Preparatory School, a streak broken by St. Peter's in 2010's final. In 2007 they reached the state final four before losing in the North Sectional to St. Peter's Prep. In 2008 they lost in the elite eight of the state tournament to Vernon Township High School in three games, despite being ranked #1 in the North. In 2009 they reached the state final four once again, only to be defeated by St. Peter's Prep again in the North final, 25-15, 25-23.
In 2011, the girls' basketball team won their third Hudson County title in a row with a 48-32 win over North Bergen High School.
^Sullivan, Al. "Five years in a row: Bayonne High School's tennis team honored", The Hudson Reporter, July 6, 2011. Accessed July 13, 2011. "When Bayonne High School's tennis team beat Secaucus last month in the Hudson County Team Tournament, it was the team's fifth straight time they had become the Hudson County Interscholastic League champions. The team achieved a record of a perfect 18-0 against other teams in Hudson County, and an overall record of 25-3 for the year... Bayonne has made the finals the last 19 years, winning the championships 14 times during that stretch. Previously, Bayonne teams have won only four straight championships, from 1996 to 1999, and from 2001-2004. This is the first time Bayonne has won five championships in a row."
^Villanova, Patrick. "Prep downs Bayonne for HCT title", The Jersey Journal, May 14, 2010. Accessed July 13, 2011. "The Marauders, ranked No. 2 in the state, had been edged by the Bees in four straight HCIAA championship matches, from 2006 to 2009. After the match, Bayonne coach Pat Longo called this St. Peter's team the best the school has produced in the last five years."
^Kamaras, Jacob. "New-look Bees hoping for deep run", The Jersey Journal, April 4, 2009. Accessed July 13, 2011. "With a few returning leaders but a mostly new cast of characters, Bayonne High will go for a fourth straight HCIAA championship this season - and then try to make up for last year's state playoff heartbreak. This edition of the Bees has just two seniors - compared to five on last year's team, which lost to Vernon in the NJSIAA North semifinals during a match that was tied at 23-23 in the third game."
^Staff. "Year in review (High school Boys Volleyball news)", The Star-Ledger, June 13, 2009. Accessed July 13, 2011. "Team of the year: Despite having six juniors in the starting lineup, St. Peter's Prep, No. 6 in The Star-Ledger Top 20, captured its third consecutive NJSIAA North Jersey title with a 25-15, 25-23 victory over No. 7 Bayonne on June 2."
^Barton, Rich. "Bayonne gets revenge and a third straight Hudson County title", NorthJerseySports.com, February 27, 2011. Accessed July 13, 2011. "Rovatsos finished with game-highs of 21 points and 16 rebounds as top-seeded Bayonne won its third consecutive Hudson County title with a 48-32 triumph over second-seeded North Bergen at the Yanitelli Center on the campus of St. Peter's College."
^Reed, Ben. "Bayonne High is the reel deal for 'Strangers with Candy'", copy of article from NJ.com, July 16, 2004. Accessed July 13, 2011. "Yesterday afternoon a group of teenage boys surrounded a car in the Bayonne High School parking lot and beat it senseless with baseball bats, shattering windows and denting doors. Luckily, parents of Bayonne high schoolers need not worry. The boys were actors, not juvenile delinquents, and were filming a scene for the upcoming movie Strangers with Candy, parts of which have been filmed at the high school since the students began their summer vacation."
^Staff. "Montel Williams Going Prime Time", Akron Beacon-Journal, December 31, 1995. Accessed July 13, 2011. "So Matt Waters is being done in New Jersey's Bayonne High School (fictionalized to Bayview for the series) on Saturday through Wednesday, with Thursday and Friday saved for talk-show taping."
^Head, Steve (September 5, 2002). "Video Feature: Poolside with Swimfan", IGN. Accessed May 21, 2013. "What we've got for you today is a unique look behind-the-scenes at the filming of Swimfan. This video footage was taken as the production filmed at Bayonne High School, in Bayonne, New Jersey, earlier this year."
^Goodson, Adrienne. "The rest is history", CNN Sports Illustrated, May 18, 2000. Accessed April 24, 2008. "My name is Adrienne Goodson, and I was born and raised in Bayonne, New Jersey where I graduated from Bayonne High School."
^Rahman, Sarah. "Author Steven V. Roberts pays a visit to hometown of Bayonne", The Jersey Journal, December 11, 2009. Accessed March 19, 2017. "For author Steven V. Roberts, Bayonne will always be the home to come back to, despite travels across continents and moving from one corner of the world to the next.... Growing up on 31st and 33rd Streets, Roberts was a graduate of Dr. Walter F. Robinson School and Bayonne High School before moving on to Harvard University."
^Sullivan, Al. "'Beam me up, Scotty'; Local writer makes name in Star Trek universe", The Hudson Reporter, March 28, 2008. Accessed March 19, 2017. "A resident of Bayonne since he was 10 years old, William Stape, 39, has become a part of the Star Trek universe, both as the author of scripts for The Next Generation and Deep Space Nine TV series, but also by recently unveiling details concerning the sets of the upcoming Star Trek movie.... 'I've always been a science fiction, fantasy, and horror fan,' he said, recalling times at Bayonne High School when he used to discuss the books of J.R.R. Tolkien, who authored The Lord of the Rings."
^Sullivan, Al. "A music legend dies: Willensky wrote music for Michael Jackson others", The Hudson Reporter, April 14, 2010. Accessed October 29, 2016. "Born in Bayonne, Willensky was celebrated even before he graduated Bayonne High School, one of those people everybody knew would turn out to accomplish something in life – if not in science, then in music. Most famous for writing Michael Jackson's 1971 hit 'Got to Be There,' Willensky wrote songs for some of the most prominent performers of that era, including Smokey Robinson, Gladys Knight, Thelma Houston, Syreeta, and Jerry Butler."