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Relationships and Non-Violent Protest: Bernard Lafayette Jr. at TEDxEmory
Relationships and Non-Violent Protest: Bernard Lafayette Jr. at TEDxEmory
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: TEDx Talks
Dr. Bernard Lafayette discusses Kingian Nonviolence
Dr. Bernard Lafayette discusses Kingian Nonviolence
Published: 2009/07/07
Channel: JimWalterPartnership
Rev. Bernard LaFayette Jr. "In Peace and Freedom: My Journey to Selma," 2013, Emory Libraries
Rev. Bernard LaFayette Jr. "In Peace and Freedom: My Journey to Selma," 2013, Emory Libraries
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Emory University
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Mediation and Negotiation from the Perspective of Kingian Methods of
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Mediation and Negotiation from the Perspective of Kingian Methods of
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
26th Annual Peace Studies Conference Keynote - Dr. Bernard Lafayette
26th Annual Peace Studies Conference Keynote - Dr. Bernard Lafayette
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University Digital Commons
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Community-Based Research:  Lessons from Civil Rights Organizing
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Community-Based Research: Lessons from Civil Rights Organizing
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - The Journey to Global Nonviolence and Peace
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - The Journey to Global Nonviolence and Peace
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 1 - Intro, Stories, Youth Poetry Performances
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 1 - Intro, Stories, Youth Poetry Performances
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
Bernard Lafayette: Race and Class Matter
Bernard Lafayette: Race and Class Matter
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Children's Defense Fund
Rev. Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Jr. - Evening Lecture (January 19, 2012)
Rev. Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Jr. - Evening Lecture (January 19, 2012)
Published: 2012/01/23
Channel: Wabash College
Bernard Lafayette speech at Riverside Church for the World March for Peace and Nonviolence
Bernard Lafayette speech at Riverside Church for the World March for Peace and Nonviolence
Published: 2009/12/05
Channel: MarchaMundialVideos
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 1
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 1
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
The March Across the Edmond Pettus Bridge | Bernard Lafayette
The March Across the Edmond Pettus Bridge | Bernard Lafayette
Published: 2015/04/22
Channel: Elon TLT
Bernard LaFayette sings "Gonna Do What the Spirit Say Do"
Bernard LaFayette sings "Gonna Do What the Spirit Say Do"
Published: 2015/10/08
Channel: NonviolenceURI
Bernard Lafayette Creativity Conversation
Bernard Lafayette Creativity Conversation
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: Emory University
Bernard Lafayette Jr
Bernard Lafayette Jr's. Vietnam Story
Published: 2011/03/01
Channel: Coast Report
Civil rights leader Bernard LaFayette Jr. was with Martin Luther King the day he was shot. King
Civil rights leader Bernard LaFayette Jr. was with Martin Luther King the day he was shot. King's fi
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: Peter Phipps
Dr  Bernard Lafayette
Dr Bernard Lafayette
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Almost Assassinated & Lynched The Same Night As Medgar Evers: Bernard Lafayette, Jr. ExplaINs
Almost Assassinated & Lynched The Same Night As Medgar Evers: Bernard Lafayette, Jr. ExplaINs
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Bernard Lafayette Receives Lillian Smith Book Award for 2014
Bernard Lafayette Receives Lillian Smith Book Award for 2014
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: southernchanges
Bernard Lafayette on Black Lives Matter
Bernard Lafayette on Black Lives Matter
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Dr. Bernard LaFayette, Jr. - Nonviolence in a Time of Civil Unrest
Dr. Bernard LaFayette, Jr. - Nonviolence in a Time of Civil Unrest
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: HPLCT
Civil Rights Leader Bernard LaFayette
Civil Rights Leader Bernard LaFayette
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: St. Francis College
Bernard Lafayette Sings a Freedom Song
Bernard Lafayette Sings a Freedom Song
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Dr  Bernard LaFayette Rochester Season for Nonviolence 2014 Youth Training HD
Dr Bernard LaFayette Rochester Season for Nonviolence 2014 Youth Training HD
Published: 2016/11/28
Channel: The M.K. Gandhi Institute for Nonviolence
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Singing a Freedom Song
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Singing a Freedom Song
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: Spanky Edwards
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 2
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 2
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Remembering Dr  Martin L  King, Jr , Dr  Bernard  LaFayette
Remembering Dr Martin L King, Jr , Dr Bernard LaFayette
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 5
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 5
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Civil rights legend Bernard Lafayette Jr. highlights MTSU symposium
Civil rights legend Bernard Lafayette Jr. highlights MTSU symposium
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: mtsunews
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 4
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 4
Published: 2008/09/17
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 6
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 6
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
OPC: 10 Days of Peace: Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr
OPC: 10 Days of Peace: Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr
Published: 2012/09/23
Channel: Dorian Watson
The Rev. Dr. Bernard LaFayette Visits Rochester, NY Public Library
The Rev. Dr. Bernard LaFayette Visits Rochester, NY Public Library
Published: 2014/02/17
Channel: Rochester Public Library NY
Freedom Rider, Dr. Bernard LaFayette visits CCRI
Freedom Rider, Dr. Bernard LaFayette visits CCRI
Published: 2014/02/28
Channel: Community College of Rhode Island (CCRI)
Dr. Bernard Lafayette recommitment ceremony, Aug. 25, 2013
Dr. Bernard Lafayette recommitment ceremony, Aug. 25, 2013
Published: 2013/09/02
Channel: Angela Tuck
Remembering Dr  Martin L  King, Jr , Dr  Bernard LaFayette 2
Remembering Dr Martin L King, Jr , Dr Bernard LaFayette 2
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Dr. Bernard Lafayette jr speaking @ 1st Light Powwow
Dr. Bernard Lafayette jr speaking @ 1st Light Powwow
Published: 2013/07/11
Channel: Awareness808
Bernard Lafayette on Discrimination
Bernard Lafayette on Discrimination
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Bernard Lafayette Jr.
Bernard Lafayette Jr.
Published: 2015/05/18
Channel: Eastern's Video of the Day
Dr. Bernard LaFayette on Ella Baker & SNCC
Dr. Bernard LaFayette on Ella Baker & SNCC
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Bhoconnor
Copy of Bernard LaFayette
Copy of Bernard LaFayette's Ice Cream Story
Published: 2015/06/06
Channel: Freedom Rides Museum
Kazu Haga - Jonathan Lewis intro to Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr. - Oakland, CA - 9/20/12 - 1 of 2
Kazu Haga - Jonathan Lewis intro to Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr. - Oakland, CA - 9/20/12 - 1 of 2
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: occjanet
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 8
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 8
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
It All Started on a Bus - Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Jr.
It All Started on a Bus - Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Jr.
Published: 2012/01/31
Channel: Go HART
Black History Month 2013, Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Civil Rights Leader, Freedom Rider,
Black History Month 2013, Dr. Bernard Lafayette, Civil Rights Leader, Freedom Rider,
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: FFSDTV
Jonathan Lewis intro to Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr. - Oakland, CA - 9/20/12 - 2 of 2
Jonathan Lewis intro to Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr. - Oakland, CA - 9/20/12 - 2 of 2
Published: 2012/09/21
Channel: occjanet
Bernard Lafayette comments on Mixed Magic Theatre Performan
Bernard Lafayette comments on Mixed Magic Theatre Performan
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: keyboards1143
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt9
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt9
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Bernard Lafayette speaking about Freedom Caps in Selma
Bernard Lafayette speaking about Freedom Caps in Selma
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Marc Daniels
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bernard Lafayette (or LaFayette), Jr. (born July 29, 1940) is a longtime civil rights activist and organizer, who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He played a leading role in early organizing of the Selma Voting Rights Movement; was a member of the Nashville Student Movement; and worked closely throughout the 1960s movements with groups such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and the American Friends Service Committee.[1]

Early life[edit]

Lafayette was born in Tampa, Florida. His parents were Bernard Lafayette, Sr., and Verdell Lafayette. Lafayette spent much of his childhood in Tampa.

Early career[edit]

As a young man at the age of twenty, Lafayette moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and enrolled in the American Baptist Theological Seminary. During the course of his freshman year, he took classes in nonviolence at the Highlander Folk School run by Myles Horton, and attended many meetings promoting nonviolence. He learned more about the philosophy of nonviolence as lived by Mohandas Gandhi, while taking seminars from activist James Lawson, a well-known nonviolent representative of the Fellowship of Reconciliation.

Lafayette began to use the nonviolent techniques as he became more exposed to the strong racial injustice of the South. In 1959, he, along with his friends Diane Nash, James Bevel, and John Lewis, all members of the Nashville Student Movement, led sit-ins, such as the 1960 Lunch Counter Sit-In, at restaurants and businesses that practiced segregation. As an advocate of nonviolence, in 1960 Lafayette assisted in the formation of the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Freedom Rides[edit]

In 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) initiated a movement to enforce federal integration laws on interstate bus routes. This movement, known as the Freedom Rides, had African American and white volunteers ride together on bus routes through the segregated South. Lafayette wanted to participate, but his parents forbade him. After the Freedom Riders were violently attacked in the city of Anniston, Alabama, the Nashville Student Movement, of which Lafayette was a member, vowed to take over the journey. At the time, some civil rights leaders worried that the Freedom Rides were too provocative and would damage the movement. Despite many doubts, these Nashville students were determined to finish the job.

In May 1961, in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, Lafayette and the other riders were "greeted" at the bus terminal by an angry white mob, members of Ku Klux Klan chapters, and were viciously attacked. The Freedom Riders were brutally beaten. Their attackers carried every makeshift weapon imaginable: baseball bats, wooden boards, bricks, chains, tire irons, pipes, and even garden tools.[2]

During the Montgomery attack, Lafayette stood firm; his fellow riders William Barbee and John Lewis were beaten until they fell unconscious. Lafayette, Fred Leonard and Allen Cason narrowly escaped being killed by jumping over a wall and running to the post office. Everyone inside was carrying on individual business, just like nothing was happening outside.[2] Lafayette later stated, " I thought they were shooting Freedom Riders." It was the gunshot of Alabama's Director of Public Safety, Floyd Mann, who was fighting for the protection of the Freedom Riders.

Lafayette with other Riders was arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, and jailed at Parchman State Prison Farm during June 1961.[3] During Lafayette's participation in civil rights activities, he was beaten and arrested 27 times.[citation needed]

Selma[edit]

In the summer of 1962, Lafayette accepted a position with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to do organizing work in Selma, Alabama alongside his then wife Colia Liddell Lafayette.[4] Upon arriving in the city, he began leading meetings at which he spoke about the condition of African Americans in the South and encouraged local African Americans to share their experiences.[1] On the night of June 12, 1963, (the same night that Medgar Evers was murdered in Mississippi), Lafayette was severely beaten by a white assailant. While badly injured, he was not deterred from continuing his work.[1] In late 1964, the board of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) decided to join the ongoing Alabama Project organized by James Bevel, Diane Nash, and James Orange, and chose Selma as the focal point to gain voting rights for African Americans. In early 1965, Lafayette, Bevel, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Orange, Nash and others organized a series of public demonstrations that finally, with the march from Selma-to-Montgomery initiated by Bevel, put enough pressure on the federal government to take action and gave enough support to President Lyndon Johnson for Johnson to demand the drafting and passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.[1]

Life after Selma[edit]

Lafayette went on to work on the 1966 Chicago Open Housing Movement (he had worked in Chicago earlier with Kale Williams, Bill Moyer, David Jehnsen and other leaders of the American Friends Service Committee). He later became ordained as a Baptist minister and served as president of the American Baptist Theological Seminary.[5]

In 1973, Lafayette was named first director of the Peace Education Program at Gustavus Adolphus College, Saint Peter, Minnesota. The Gustavus program enabled Lafayette to infuse the entire curriculum of the college with peace education. Lafayette served this Lutheran liberal arts college for nearly three years.

Lafayette has been recognized as a major authority on strategies for nonviolent social change.[6] He is also recognized as one of the leading exponents of nonviolent direct action in the world.[7]

He was a Senior Fellow at the University of Rhode Island,[8] where he helped to found the Center for Nonviolence and Peace Studies. The Center promotes nonviolence education using a curriculum based on the principles and methods of Martin Luther King, Jr.[9] He is a Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the Candler School of Theology, at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.[10]

Lafayette was honored as a Doctor of Humane Letters from Mount Holyoke College, in May 2012. In 2014, The University of Rhode Island honored LaFayette with an honorary doctorate in recognition of his lifetime nonviolence leadership for civil and human rights.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Halberstam, David (1998). The Children. Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-41561-9. 
  2. ^ a b Arsenault, Raymond (2006). Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513674-6. 
  3. ^ "Bernard Lafayette Jr. Freedom Rider Tampa, FL". WGBH Educational Foundation. 
  4. ^ "Colia Liddell Lafayette Clark" Civil Rights Movement Veterans website
  5. ^ Lewis, John; D'Orso, Michael (1998). Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-81065-2. 
  6. ^ True, Michael. "Introduction: Dr. Bernard LaFayette". Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  7. ^ "Bernard Lafayette Jr.". Chicago Freedom Movement. 
  8. ^ Bernard Lafayette at URI Retrieved 3 July 213
  9. ^ University of Rhode Island website. Retrieved on 30 August 2008.
  10. ^ Emory University website. Retrieved on 09 August 2010.

External links[edit]

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