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Rev. Bernard LaFayette Jr. "In Peace and Freedom: My Journey to Selma," 2013, Emory Libraries
Rev. Bernard LaFayette Jr. "In Peace and Freedom: My Journey to Selma," 2013, Emory Libraries
Published: 2013/12/09
Channel: Emory University
Dr. Bernard Lafayette discusses Kingian Nonviolence
Dr. Bernard Lafayette discusses Kingian Nonviolence
Published: 2009/07/07
Channel: JimWalterPartnership
Relationships and Non-Violent Protest: Bernard Lafayette Jr. at TEDxEmory
Relationships and Non-Violent Protest: Bernard Lafayette Jr. at TEDxEmory
Published: 2012/11/28
Channel: TEDx Talks
Bernard Lafayette Discussing SNCC
Bernard Lafayette Discussing SNCC's Involvement in the Freedom Rides
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
01.13.2011 - The Gathering - Dr. Bernard LaFayette
01.13.2011 - The Gathering - Dr. Bernard LaFayette
Published: 2011/01/26
Channel: Lipscomb University
Doc Dr Bernard LaFayette discussing the Freedom Rides
Doc Dr Bernard LaFayette discussing the Freedom Rides
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - The Journey to Global Nonviolence and Peace
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - The Journey to Global Nonviolence and Peace
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
Bernard Lafayette on Black Lives Matter
Bernard Lafayette on Black Lives Matter
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Bernard Lafayette: Race and Class Matter
Bernard Lafayette: Race and Class Matter
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Children's Defense Fund
26th Annual Peace Studies Conference Keynote - Dr. Bernard Lafayette
26th Annual Peace Studies Conference Keynote - Dr. Bernard Lafayette
Published: 2013/10/16
Channel: College of Saint Benedict and Saint John's University Digital Commons
Remembering Dr  Martin L  King, Jr , Dr  Bernard  LaFayette
Remembering Dr Martin L King, Jr , Dr Bernard LaFayette
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Mediation and Negotiation from the Perspective of Kingian Methods of
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Mediation and Negotiation from the Perspective of Kingian Methods of
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
Doc Dr Bernard LaFayette jr discussing the Freedom Rides
Doc Dr Bernard LaFayette jr discussing the Freedom Rides
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
Civil Rights Leader Bernard LaFayette
Civil Rights Leader Bernard LaFayette
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: St. Francis College
Dr  Bernard Lafayette
Dr Bernard Lafayette
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Bernard Lafayette speaking about Freedom Caps in Selma
Bernard Lafayette speaking about Freedom Caps in Selma
Published: 2016/03/14
Channel: Marc Daniels
Almost Assassinated & Lynched The Same Night As Medgar Evers: Bernard Lafayette, Jr. ExplaINs
Almost Assassinated & Lynched The Same Night As Medgar Evers: Bernard Lafayette, Jr. ExplaINs
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Rev. Dr. Bernard LaFayette - Standing at the Crossroads (Promo)
Rev. Dr. Bernard LaFayette - Standing at the Crossroads (Promo)
Published: 2017/03/20
Channel: UALRTV
Civil Rights Icon Dr. LaFayette 1
Civil Rights Icon Dr. LaFayette 1
Published: 2008/09/17
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 1 - Intro, Stories, Youth Poetry Performances
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 1 - Intro, Stories, Youth Poetry Performances
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
Bernard Lafayette Receives Lillian Smith Book Award for 2014
Bernard Lafayette Receives Lillian Smith Book Award for 2014
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: southernchanges
Bernard Lafayette Creativity Conversation
Bernard Lafayette Creativity Conversation
Published: 2014/04/30
Channel: Emory University
Bernard Lafayette Sings a Freedom Song
Bernard Lafayette Sings a Freedom Song
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Jr. Speaks in Tucson, Az.
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Jr. Speaks in Tucson, Az.
Published: 2009/11/19
Channel: AbelsCommunity
Ferguson Forum Panel - Rev. Dr. Bernard Lafayette Jr.
Ferguson Forum Panel - Rev. Dr. Bernard Lafayette Jr.
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Department
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 7
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 7
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 2 - Dr. Lafayette
Evening with Dr. Bernard Lafayette Part 2 - Dr. Lafayette's Speech
Published: 2012/10/13
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
PPWN Visit San Bruno Jail Part 2 - Dr. Bernard Lafayette
PPWN Visit San Bruno Jail Part 2 - Dr. Bernard Lafayette's Presentation
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: Positive Peace Warrior
Dr  Bernard Lafayette Jr @ Bard College at Simon
Dr Bernard Lafayette Jr @ Bard College at Simon's Rock
Published: 2016/02/23
Channel: Alumni Library
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Singing a Freedom Song
Dr. Bernard Lafayette Singing a Freedom Song
Published: 2013/06/13
Channel: Spanky Edwards
Copy of Bernard LaFayette
Copy of Bernard LaFayette's Ice Cream Story
Published: 2015/06/06
Channel: Freedom Rides Museum
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 2
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 2
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Dr. Bernard Lafayette and Trenton Civil Rights Icon Edith Savage-Jennings
Dr. Bernard Lafayette and Trenton Civil Rights Icon Edith Savage-Jennings
Published: 2015/01/10
Channel: Anwar Salandy
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 8
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 8
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Civil rights legend Bernard Lafayette Jr. highlights MTSU symposium
Civil rights legend Bernard Lafayette Jr. highlights MTSU symposium
Published: 2015/11/25
Channel: mtsunews
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 5
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 5
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Remembering Dr  Martin L  King, Jr , Dr  Bernard LaFayette 2
Remembering Dr Martin L King, Jr , Dr Bernard LaFayette 2
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Bernard Lafayette on Discrimination
Bernard Lafayette on Discrimination
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Bernard Lafayette
Bernard Lafayette's speech at Riverside Church for the World March for Peace and Nonviolence
Published: 2009/12/05
Channel: wmbaseteam
CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER DR  BERNARD LAFAYETTE, JR
CIVIL RIGHTS LEADER DR BERNARD LAFAYETTE, JR
Published: 2015/02/19
Channel: Office of Mayor Pedro E. Segarra
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Community-Based Research:  Lessons from Civil Rights Organizing
Bernard LaFayette Jr. - Community-Based Research: Lessons from Civil Rights Organizing
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: UCI Media
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt2
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt2
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson and Bernard Lafayette at Germantown Friends
Amelia Platts Boynton Robinson and Bernard Lafayette at Germantown Friends
Published: 2015/05/31
Channel: Alicia Dorsey
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 1
Bernard Lafayette: Non-Violence, Part 1
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: The Weekly Challenger News
Rip Patton and Bernard Lafayette Singing
Rip Patton and Bernard Lafayette Singing
Published: 2011/05/07
Channel: TheEagleK
Dr. Bernard LaFayette on Ella Baker & SNCC
Dr. Bernard LaFayette on Ella Baker & SNCC
Published: 2017/07/20
Channel: Bhoconnor
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 6
Civil Rights Icon Dr. Bernard LaFayette 6
Published: 2008/09/16
Channel: Leon E Frazier
Freedom rider Bernard LaFayette supports Ethnic Studies in TUSD
Freedom rider Bernard LaFayette supports Ethnic Studies in TUSD
Published: 2011/04/26
Channel: Three Sonorans News
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt6
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt6
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt3
March Movement Maddness Selma AL Dr Bernard Lafayette pt3
Published: 2014/07/13
Channel: LionTheBig CatRoars
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bernard Lafayette (or LaFayette), Jr. (born July 29, 1940) is a longtime civil rights activist and organizer, who was a leader in the Civil Rights Movement. He played a leading role in early organizing of the Selma Voting Rights Movement; was a member of the Nashville Student Movement; and worked closely throughout the 1960s movements with groups such as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC), the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC), and the American Friends Service Committee.[1]

Early life[edit]

Lafayette was born in Tampa, Florida. His parents were Bernard Lafayette, Sr., and Verdell Lafayette. Lafayette spent much of his childhood in Tampa.

Early career[edit]

As a young man at the age of twenty, Lafayette moved to Nashville, Tennessee, and enrolled in the American Baptist Theological Seminary. During the course of his freshman year, he took classes in nonviolence at the Highlander Folk School run by Myles Horton, and attended many meetings promoting nonviolence. He learned more about the philosophy of nonviolence as lived by Mohandas Gandhi, while taking seminars from activist James Lawson, a well-known nonviolent representative of the Fellowship of Reconciliation.

Lafayette began to use the nonviolent techniques as he became more exposed to the strong racial injustice of the South. In 1959, he, along with his fellow friends Diane Nash, James Bevel, and John Lewis, all members of the Nashville Student Movement, led sit-ins, such as the 1960 Lunch Counter Sit-In, at restaurants and businesses that practiced segregation. As a strong advocate of nonviolence, in 1960 Lafayette assisted in the formation of a group known as the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC).

Freedom Rides[edit]

In 1961, the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE) initiated a movement to enforce federal integration laws on interstate bus routes. This movement, known as the Freedom Rides, had African American and white volunteers ride together on bus routes through the segregated South. Lafayette wanted to participate, but his parents forbade him. After the Freedom Riders were violently attacked in the city of Birmingham, Alabama, the Nashville Student Movement, of which Lafayette was a member, vowed to take over the journey. At the time, some civil rights leaders worried that the Freedom Rides were too provocative and would damage the movement. Despite many doubts, these Nashville students were determined to finish the job.

In May 1961, in the city of Montgomery, Alabama, Lafayette and the other riders were "greeted" at the bus terminal by an angry white mob, members of Ku Klux Klan chapters, and were viciously attacked. The Freedom Riders were brutally beaten. Their attackers carried every makeshift weapon imaginable: baseball bats, wooden boards, bricks, chains, tire irons, pipes, and even garden tools.[2]

During the Montgomery attack, Lafayette stood firm; his fellow riders William Barbee and John Lewis were beaten until they fell unconscious. Lafayette, Fred Leonard and Allen Cason narrowly escaped being killed by jumping over a wall and running to the post office. Everyone inside was carrying on individual business, just like nothing was happening outside.[2] Lafayette later stated, " I thought they were shooting Freedom Riders." It was the gunshot of Alabama's Director of Public Safety, Floyd Mann, who was fighting for the protection of the Freedom Riders.

Lafayette with other Riders was arrested in Jackson, Mississippi, and jailed at Parchman State Prison Farm during June 1961.[3] During Lafayette's participation in civil rights activities, he was beaten and arrested 27 times.[citation needed]

Selma[edit]

In the summer of 1962, Lafayette accepted a position with the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) to do organizing work in Selma, Alabama alongside his then wife Colia Liddell Lafayette.[4] Upon arriving in the city, he began leading meetings at which he spoke about the condition of African Americans in the South and encouraged local African Americans to share their experiences.[1] On the night of June 12, 1963, (the same night that Medgar Evers was murdered in Mississippi), Lafayette was severely beaten by a white assailant. While badly injured, he was not deterred from continuing his work.[1] In late 1964, the board of Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) decided to join the ongoing Alabama Project organized by James Bevel, Diane Nash, and James Orange, and chose Selma as the focal point to gain voting rights for African Americans. In early 1965, Lafayette, Bevel, Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr., Orange, Nash and others organized a series of public demonstrations that finally, with the march from Selma-to-Montgomery initiated by Bevel, put enough pressure on the federal government to take action and gave enough support to President Lyndon Johnson for Johnson to demand the drafting and passage of the Voting Rights Act of 1965.[1]

Life after Selma[edit]

Lafayette went on to work on the 1966 Chicago Open Housing Movement (he had worked in Chicago earlier with Kale Williams, Bill Moyer, David Jehnsen and other leaders of the American Friends Service Committee). He later became ordained as a Baptist minister and served as president of the American Baptist Theological Seminary.[5]

In 1973, Lafayette was named first director of the Peace Education Program at Gustavus Adolphus College, Saint Peter, Minnesota. The Gustavus program enabled Lafayette to infuse the entire curriculum of the college with peace education. Lafayette served this Lutheran liberal arts college for nearly three years.

Lafayette has been recognized as a major authority on strategies for nonviolent social change.[6] He is also recognized as one of the leading exponents of nonviolent direct action in the world.[7]

He was a Senior Fellow at the University of Rhode Island,[8] where he helped to found the Center for Nonviolence and Peace Studies. The Center promotes nonviolence education using a curriculum based on the principles and methods of Martin Luther King, Jr.[9] He is a Distinguished Scholar-in-Residence at the Candler School of Theology, at Emory University in Atlanta, Georgia.[10]

Lafayette was honored as a Doctor of Humane Letters from Mount Holyoke College, in May 2012. In 2014, The University of Rhode Island honored LaFayette with an honorary doctorate in recognition of his lifetime nonviolence leadership for civil and human rights.

See also[edit]

Sources[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Halberstam, David (1998). The Children. Random House. ISBN 978-0-679-41561-9. 
  2. ^ a b Arsenault, Raymond (2006). Freedom Riders: 1961 and the Struggle for Racial Justice. Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-513674-6. 
  3. ^ "Bernard Lafayette Jr. Freedom Rider Tampa, FL". WGBH Educational Foundation. 
  4. ^ "Colia Liddell Lafayette Clark" Civil Rights Movement Veterans website
  5. ^ Lewis, John; D'Orso, Michael (1998). Walking with the Wind: A Memoir of the Movement. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 978-0-684-81065-2. 
  6. ^ True, Michael. "Introduction: Dr. Bernard LaFayette". Retrieved 2011-04-04. 
  7. ^ "Bernard Lafayette Jr.". Chicago Freedom Movement. 
  8. ^ Bernard Lafayette at URI Retrieved 3 July 213
  9. ^ University of Rhode Island website. Retrieved on 30 August 2008.
  10. ^ Emory University website. Retrieved on 09 August 2010.

External links[edit]

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