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Bhojpur
भोजपुर जिल्ला
District
Chandi Bazar: A famous spot of Kirat Rai Ubhauli festival in Balankha
Chandi Bazar: A famous spot of Kirat Rai Ubhauli festival in Balankha
Location of Bhojpur
Location of Bhojpur
Coordinates: 27°10′21″N 87°02′53″E / 27.17250°N 87.04806°E / 27.17250; 87.04806
Country Nepal
Province Province No. 1
Headquarters Bhojpur
Municipality
Government[1]
 • Type District Administration
 • Body District Administration Office, Bhojpur
 • CDO Phanindra Dahal
 • Pratinidhi Sabha constituencies 1 seat
 • Assembly seats 2 seats
Area
 • Total 1,507 km2 (582 sq mi)
Highest elevation 4,153 m (13,625 ft)
Lowest elevation 153 m (502 ft)
Population (2011)
 • Total 182,459
 • Density 120/km2 (310/sq mi)
Demographics
 • Literacy 69%
 • Ethnic Groups Rai, Chetri, Tamang
Sex Ratio
 • Female % 53%
Time zone NPT (UTC+5:45)
Postal Codes 57000, 57001..., 57015
Telephone Code 029
Main language(s) Nepali, Rai, Tamang
Major highways Mid-Hills Highway
Website www.ddcbhojpur.gov.np

Bhojpur District (Nepali: भोजपुर जिल्लाAbout this sound Listen ) is one of 14 districts of Province No. 1 of eastern Nepal. The district's area is 1,507 km² with a population of 182,459 (2011).[2] The administrative center is Bhojpur.


History[edit]

Classified as a Hill District, Bhojpur actually spans five of Nepal's eight climate zones.[3] 3% of the district's area is below 300 meters elevation in the Lower Tropical zone and 31% is Upper Tropical from 300 to 1,000 meters. 50% of the land area belongs to the Subtropical Zone between 1,000 and 2,000 meters and 15% is Temperate (2,000 to 3,000 meters). 2% rises higher into the Subalpine Zone.

Traditionally, the inhabitants of this area have been the indigenous Rai ethnic group; the Newar ethnic group being the main people in the Bhojpur town. Bhojpur forms part of Majh Kirat/Kirant (Khambuwan). It is one of the richest districts in Nepal in biodiversity.[citation needed]

In the northern part of this district lies the beautiful small city of Dingla. Various hill castes, Brahmin (bahun in Nepali), Kshetriya (Chhettri in Nepali), and ethnic groups like Rai reside within this beautiful area. This is the place where rudraksha trees grow naturally in the forest as well as individually on people's land. The religious leader, women's rights activist and poet Yogmaya Neupane was born in 1860 in Dingla.

Champe is the other small town where people from surrounding villages come and sell their products. This happens every 15 days and is called Hatiya.

Balankha (Walangkha) is one of the growing towns in the southwest area of Bhojpur. Another town Ghoretar, southeast of Bhojpur, has been a center point of trade, education and administration for a long time. It is famous as Hatuwa Gadi "a powerful fort of Kirat king Sunahang" in Kirat history.

Balankha borders with neighboring Khotang district's Bopung village. Balankha is slowly emerging as another hub of education, communication, health and trade. The most distinctive thing about Balankha is its famous Chhongkha Sakela celebration. It is the Kirat Rai festival when Rais go to 'Sakewa Than' at Dammarkhu village of Khotang (across the river Buwa Khola), pray for good harvest and rain. Then they flock back to the open space of Chandi bazar to dance and celebrate with great joy.

Geography and climate[edit]

Climate Zone[4] Elevation Range % of Area
Lower Tropical below 300 meters (1,000 ft)  2.7%
Upper Tropical 300 to 1,000 meters
1,000 to 3,300 ft.
30.5%
Subtropical 1,000 to 2,000 meters
3,300 to 6,600 ft.
49.8%
Temperate 2,000 to 3,000 meters
6,400 to 9,800 ft.
15.1%
Subalpine 3,000 to 4,000 meters
9,800 to 13,100 ft.
 1.7%

Divisions[edit]

Bhojpur is divided into 2 urban and 7 rural municipalities:

No. Type Name Nepali Population (2011) Area Wards Website
1 Urban Bhojpur भोजपुर 28,107 159.51 12 [1]
2 Urban Shadanand षडानंद 31,612 241 14 [2]
3 Rural Hatuwagadhi हतुवागढी 20,404 142.61 9 [3]
4 Rural Ramprasad Rai रामप्रसाद राई 18,848 158.83 8 [4]
5 Rural Aamchok आमचोक 18,720 184.89 10 [5]
6 Rural Tyamke Maiyunm ट्याम्केमैयुम 17,911 173.41 9 [6]
7 Rural Arun Gaunpalika अरुण 17,687 154.76 7 [7]
8 Rural Pauwadungma पौवादुङमा 15,394 118.86 6 [8]
9 Rural Salpasilichho साल्पासिलिछो 13,111 193.33 6 [9]
District Bhojpur भोजपुर 1,507 81 ddcbhojpur.gov.np

Towns and villages (former VDC)[edit]

Map of the VDC/s in Bhojpur District

Demographics[edit]

According to the census of Nepal 2011, the population of the district is 182,459, in which 53% comprises female. Major ethnicities in the district are Rai (32%), Chhetri (20%), Tamang (9%), Newar (8%), Bahun (6%) and others (25%). The literacy rate is 69 percent.

Most spoken language in the district is Nepali, 49% people speak Nepali. 20% people speak Bantawa and 8% speak Tamang language. [5]

2015 Nepal earthquake[edit]

The district was affected by an earthquake on 25 April 2015.[6]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "District Administration Office Bhojpur". 
  2. ^ "National Population and Housing Census 2011(National Report)" (PDF). Central Bureau of Statistics. Government of Nepal. November 2012. Archived from the original (PDF) on 2013-04-18. Retrieved November 2012.  Check date values in: |access-date= (help)
  3. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 
  4. ^ The Map of Potential Vegetation of Nepal - a forestry/agroecological/biodiversity classification system (PDF), . Forest & Landscape Development and Environment Series 2-2005 and CFC-TIS Document Series No.110., 2005, ISBN 87-7903-210-9, retrieved Nov 22, 2013 
  5. ^ "Bhojpur district in Nepal". www.nepalmap.org. Retrieved 6 March 2018. 
  6. ^ "Nepal family finds starting over tough in wake of earthquake". nwi.com. The Times. 13 June 2015. Retrieved 21 June 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 27°10′21″N 87°02′53″E / 27.17250°N 87.04806°E / 27.17250; 87.04806

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