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Documental: La memoria del mañana
Documental: La memoria del mañana
Published: 2012/01/02
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Conoce Madrid A mi Aire: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Conoce Madrid A mi Aire: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: Rosmina3
Recorriendo el interior de la Biblioteca Nacional
Recorriendo el interior de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2010/08/13
Channel: lainformacion.com
Fondo Antiguo
Fondo Antiguo
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2009/04/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Donde el silencio se siente
Donde el silencio se siente
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España: 300 años haciendo historia
Biblioteca Nacional de España: 300 años haciendo historia
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
La Hemeroteca de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
La Hemeroteca de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Digitalización de obras en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Digitalización de obras en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/05/29
Channel: A un clic de las TIC
Los Beatos de la Biblioteca Nacional
Los Beatos de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
El fondo manuscrito de la Biblioteca Nacional de España, por Javier Docampo / #CulturaEterna
El fondo manuscrito de la Biblioteca Nacional de España, por Javier Docampo / #CulturaEterna
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Casa África
Ciclo Contar un libro con Rosa Montero (1)
Ciclo Contar un libro con Rosa Montero (1)
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Sandra Barneda desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España - La tierra de las mujeres
Sandra Barneda desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España - La tierra de las mujeres
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: SoloSanborns
La Real Sociedad Geográfica en la Biblioteca Nacional de España.
La Real Sociedad Geográfica en la Biblioteca Nacional de España.
Published: 2014/02/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Presentación del Día de las Librerías en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Presentación del Día de las Librerías en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Carnés de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Carnés de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Follia (A. Corelli) en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Follia (A. Corelli) en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: LO OTRO
Evolución del mapa de España a través de los fondos de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
Evolución del mapa de España a través de los fondos de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Madrid. Biblioteca Nacional de Españal. MC.
Madrid. Biblioteca Nacional de Españal. MC.
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: ahulaga17
El libro como... en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
El libro como... en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: hoyesarte
Jornada de Cartografía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: difundiendo la cartografía antigua
Jornada de Cartografía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: difundiendo la cartografía antigua
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Visualfy
Ana Santos Aramburo - Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ana Santos Aramburo - Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Redpuntoes
Presentación Autógrafos de Cervantes -Biblioteca Nacional de España, BNE
Presentación Autógrafos de Cervantes -Biblioteca Nacional de España, BNE
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Círculo Científico - Taberna Libraria
GOOGLE DOODLE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SPAIN  (Biblioteca Nacional de España) MARCH 1
GOOGLE DOODLE NATIONAL LIBRARY OF SPAIN (Biblioteca Nacional de España) MARCH 1
Published: 2012/03/01
Channel: pyankillygdoodlec
la lengua leonesa en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
la lengua leonesa en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Anton leonés
Exposición "El ruido alegre. Jazz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España"
Exposición "El ruido alegre. Jazz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España"
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España.  La memoria del mañana.wmv
Biblioteca Nacional de España. La memoria del mañana.wmv
Published: 2012/02/05
Channel: teimende
Entrevista a la nueva Directora de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Entrevista a la nueva Directora de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Agora AgoraNews
Proyecto de Francisco Jareño para la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Proyecto de Francisco Jareño para la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ciclo Libros, mujeres y feminismo - Remedios Zafra
Ciclo Libros, mujeres y feminismo - Remedios Zafra
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Exhibe Biblioteca Nacional de España retratos de Premios Cervantes
Exhibe Biblioteca Nacional de España retratos de Premios Cervantes
Published: 2014/11/25
Channel: NotimexTV
Día Mundial de la Poesía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Día Mundial de la Poesía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2013/03/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Vanesa Muela en la Biblioteca Nacional de España (14.2.2017)
Vanesa Muela en la Biblioteca Nacional de España (14.2.2017)
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Porverita La Maña
Tesoros sonoros - Biblioteca Nacional - España
Tesoros sonoros - Biblioteca Nacional - España
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: VIDEOSDIARIOS
Biblioteca Nacional de España cumple 300 años
Biblioteca Nacional de España cumple 300 años
Published: 2013/01/20
Channel: NTN24
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE ESPAÑA JAVIER RUIZ & AURORA CARMONA
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE ESPAÑA JAVIER RUIZ & AURORA CARMONA
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Javi Ruiz
Cervantes, de la vida al mito en Biblioteca Nacional de España
Cervantes, de la vida al mito en Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Francina Islas Villanueva
Recital Poesía Biblioteca Nacional de Espana Spain Madrid Homenaje Dia de la Poesía - 23 de Marzo
Recital Poesía Biblioteca Nacional de Espana Spain Madrid Homenaje Dia de la Poesía - 23 de Marzo
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: Glocal
Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid
Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid
Published: 2013/01/01
Channel: Pepe G
Biblioteca Hispánica: obras maestras de la Biblioteca Nacional
Biblioteca Hispánica: obras maestras de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2009/04/30
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Jorge Edwards recuerda a Juan Rulfo en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Jorge Edwards recuerda a Juan Rulfo en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Noticias22Agencia
Sede Alcalá de Henares BNE
Sede Alcalá de Henares BNE
Published: 2014/11/14
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Octavio Paz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Octavio Paz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: NCI Noticias
La Biblioteca Nacional de España rinde homenaje a Julián Marías en su centenario
La Biblioteca Nacional de España rinde homenaje a Julián Marías en su centenario
Published: 2014/07/02
Channel: NCI Noticias
Entrevistas 18JBA: Ana Carrillo Pozas.  Biblioteca Nacional de España. Jefa del Servicio de Intranet
Entrevistas 18JBA: Ana Carrillo Pozas. Biblioteca Nacional de España. Jefa del Servicio de Intranet
Published: 2016/02/08
Channel: ASOCIACIÓN ANDALUZA DE BIBLIOTECARIOS
Concierto a cargo de la Agrupación Coral de la BNE
Concierto a cargo de la Agrupación Coral de la BNE
Published: 2015/07/20
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ciclo Premios Nacionales en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: Ana María Matute
Ciclo Premios Nacionales en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: Ana María Matute
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España  y la lengua leonesa
Biblioteca Nacional de España y la lengua leonesa
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: Anton leonés
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Biblioteca Nacional de España
(National Library of Spain)
BNELogotipo.jpg
Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 09.jpg
Country Spain
Established 1712 (305 years ago) (1712)
Reference to legal mandate Royal Decree 1581/1991 on October 31st.
Location Madrid
Collection
Items collected books, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and manuscripts
Size 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 30,000 manuscripts, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 510,000 music scores, etc.
Legal deposit Yes, by Decree on December 23rd 1957
Access and use
Access requirements Access to reproductions and post-1958 materials is open to Biblioteca Nacional library card holders. Access to pre-1958 materials is only allowed with a researcher card.[1] Materials in exceptional circumstances are subject to special restrictions.[2]
Members 115,707 readers in 2007. The web users in the same year were 1,800,935.
Other information
Budget €47,380,860
Director Ms. Ana Santos Aramburo (since 2013)
Staff 1025 (including external employees)
Website http://www.bne.es/
National Library of Spain
Native name
Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Plaza de Colón (Madrid) 02.jpg
Location Madrid, Spain
Official name: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Type Non-movable
Criteria Monument
Designated 1983
Reference no. RI-51-0004908
Biblioteca Nacional de España is located in Spain
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Location of National Library of Spain in Spain

The Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world. It is located in Madrid, on the Paseo de Recoletos.

History[edit]

The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library (Biblioteca Pública de Palacio). The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance (Ministerio de la Gobernación). At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional.

During the 19th century, confiscations, purchases and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it currently holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition.[3] On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is currently housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers. In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, and the General Reading Room was created to cater for students, workers and general readers.

During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee (Junta de Incautación) and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until then in religious establishments, palaces and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its constantly expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, and to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, and those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.

In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library (Hemeroteca Nacional), the Spanish Bibliographic Institute (Instituto Bibliográfico Hispánico) and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures (Centro del Tesoro Documental y Bibliográfico) - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory (Centro Estatal Depositario de la Memoria Cultural Española), making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture (Ministerio de Cultura).

The Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum.

The library today[edit]

The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System.

As the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving, conserving, and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, and it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 (R.D. 1581/1991) of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to:

  • Compile, catalogue, and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research, culture, and information.
  • Promote research through the study, loan, and reproduction of its bibliographic archive.
  • Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement.

The library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, and 30,000 manuscripts.

The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón (2010–2013) and Milagros del Corral (2007-2010) as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi (1996–2000) and author Rosa Regàs (2004–2007).

Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid.

The Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services:

  • Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
  • Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems.
  • Access to its automated catalogue, which currently contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections.
  • Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms.
  • Interlibrary loans.
  • Archive reproduction.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carnés de la Biblioteca". www.bne.es (in Spanish). 20 March 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Carné de investigador. Biblioteca Nacional de España". www.bne.es (in Spanish). 12 December 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Cronología. National Library of Spain". Retrieved 5 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid at Wikimedia Commons

Images[edit]

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