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Documental: La memoria del mañana
Documental: La memoria del mañana
Published: 2012/01/02
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE ESPAÑA - Conoce Madrid A mi Aire
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE ESPAÑA - Conoce Madrid A mi Aire
Published: 2016/05/08
Channel: Rosmina3
Recorriendo el interior de la Biblioteca Nacional
Recorriendo el interior de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2010/08/13
Channel: lainformacion.com
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2009/04/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Donde el silencio se siente
Donde el silencio se siente
Published: 2016/08/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Historia de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
La BNE en 59 segundos: ¿Se puede visitar la BNE?
La BNE en 59 segundos: ¿Se puede visitar la BNE?
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
El libro como... en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
El libro como... en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: hoyesarte
Biblioteca Nacional de España: 300 años haciendo historia
Biblioteca Nacional de España: 300 años haciendo historia
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
La Hemeroteca de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
La Hemeroteca de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2015/02/24
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Fondo Antiguo
Fondo Antiguo
Published: 2014/12/02
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Visualfy
Entrevista a la nueva Directora de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Entrevista a la nueva Directora de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2013/04/04
Channel: Agora AgoraNews
Día Mundial de la Poesía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Día Mundial de la Poesía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2013/03/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Digitalización del Quijote por la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Digitalización del Quijote por la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/06/20
Channel: producciones3LF
Salas y fondos de la BNE
Salas y fondos de la BNE
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ciclo Premios Nacionales en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: Ana María Matute
Ciclo Premios Nacionales en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: Ana María Matute
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ciclo Contar un libro con Rosa Montero (1)
Ciclo Contar un libro con Rosa Montero (1)
Published: 2015/05/21
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ciclo Libros, mujeres y feminismo - Remedios Zafra
Ciclo Libros, mujeres y feminismo - Remedios Zafra
Published: 2014/03/13
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
El fondo manuscrito de la Biblioteca Nacional de España, por Javier Docampo / #CulturaEterna
El fondo manuscrito de la Biblioteca Nacional de España, por Javier Docampo / #CulturaEterna
Published: 2016/11/24
Channel: Casa África
Carnés de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Carnés de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2014/06/26
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ana Santos Aramburo - Biblioteca Nacional de España
Ana Santos Aramburo - Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: Redpuntoes
Biblioteca Nacional de España.  La memoria del mañana.wmv
Biblioteca Nacional de España. La memoria del mañana.wmv
Published: 2012/02/05
Channel: teimende
Proyecto de Francisco Jareño para la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Proyecto de Francisco Jareño para la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Jornada de Cartografía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: difundiendo la cartografía antigua
Jornada de Cartografía en la Biblioteca Nacional de España: difundiendo la cartografía antigua
Published: 2015/11/19
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Follia (A. Corelli) en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Follia (A. Corelli) en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2015/06/17
Channel: LO OTRO
¡Viva Sevilla! Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
¡Viva Sevilla! Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2013/06/20
Channel: Mar Olayo
Presentación Autógrafos de Cervantes -Biblioteca Nacional de España, BNE
Presentación Autógrafos de Cervantes -Biblioteca Nacional de España, BNE
Published: 2016/05/26
Channel: Círculo Científico - Taberna Libraria
Exposición "El ruido alegre. Jazz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España"
Exposición "El ruido alegre. Jazz en la Biblioteca Nacional de España"
Published: 2013/02/21
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Presentación del Día de las Librerías en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Presentación del Día de las Librerías en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2011/11/25
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Tesoros sonoros - Biblioteca Nacional - España
Tesoros sonoros - Biblioteca Nacional - España
Published: 2014/07/09
Channel: VIDEOSDIARIOS
Las mujeres y la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid
Las mujeres y la Biblioteca Nacional de Madrid
Published: 2017/03/16
Channel: Juls Erreteuve
Desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: Profesor PF
Vanesa Muela en la Biblioteca Nacional de España (14.2.2017)
Vanesa Muela en la Biblioteca Nacional de España (14.2.2017)
Published: 2017/02/15
Channel: Porverita La Maña
Recital Poesía Biblioteca Nacional de Espana Spain Madrid Homenaje Dia de la Poesía - 23 de Marzo
Recital Poesía Biblioteca Nacional de Espana Spain Madrid Homenaje Dia de la Poesía - 23 de Marzo
Published: 2009/04/20
Channel: Glocal
La BNE en 59 segundos: ¿En la Biblioteca Nacional solo se conservan libros?
La BNE en 59 segundos: ¿En la Biblioteca Nacional solo se conservan libros?
Published: 2017/08/11
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Madrid. Biblioteca Nacional de Españal. MC.
Madrid. Biblioteca Nacional de Españal. MC.
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: ahulaga17
Long Days Longboards en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Long Days Longboards en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Long Days Longboards
Sandra Barneda desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España - La tierra de las mujeres
Sandra Barneda desde la Biblioteca Nacional de España - La tierra de las mujeres
Published: 2016/12/05
Channel: SoloSanborns
Evolución del mapa de España a través de los fondos de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
Evolución del mapa de España a través de los fondos de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
CNT en lucha en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
CNT en lucha en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/11/06
Channel: NOprivatizacionBNE
La Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España - Oh holly night de Adolphe Adam
La Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España - Oh holly night de Adolphe Adam
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Jose Carlos Sanchez Medina
Cervantes, de la vida al mito en Biblioteca Nacional de España
Cervantes, de la vida al mito en Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2016/03/09
Channel: Francina Islas Villanueva
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE MADRID ESPAÑA
BIBLIOTECA NACIONAL DE MADRID ESPAÑA
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: manuel isaac benjamin orellana morales
Ensamble de Madrid en la BNE (Biblioteca Nacional de España, 5 de Noviembre de 2014)
Ensamble de Madrid en la BNE (Biblioteca Nacional de España, 5 de Noviembre de 2014)
Published: 2014/12/25
Channel: Joe Sanchez
10.º Aniversario de la Cervantes en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
10.º Aniversario de la Cervantes en la Biblioteca Nacional de España
Published: 2012/05/25
Channel: cervantesvirtual
Biblioteca nacional española
Biblioteca nacional española
Published: 2016/12/14
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
La colección cartográfica de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
La colección cartográfica de la Real Sociedad Geográfica
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Centenario de Octavio Paz. Biblioteca Nacional
Centenario de Octavio Paz. Biblioteca Nacional
Published: 2014/04/02
Channel: Biblioteca Nacional de España
La Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España  - Adeste Fideles de John Reading
La Agrupación Coral de la Biblioteca Nacional de España - Adeste Fideles de John Reading
Published: 2016/12/23
Channel: Jose Carlos Sanchez Medina
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Biblioteca Nacional de España
(National Library of Spain)
BNELogotipo.jpg
Biblioteca Nacional de España (Madrid) 09.jpg
Country Spain
Established 1712 (305 years ago) (1712)
Reference to legal mandate Royal Decree 1581/1991 on October 31st.
Location Madrid
Collection
Items collected books, journals, newspapers, magazines, sound and music recordings, patents, databases, maps, stamps, prints, drawings and manuscripts
Size 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 30,000 manuscripts, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 510,000 music scores, etc.
Legal deposit Yes, by Decree on December 23rd 1957
Access and use
Access requirements Access to reproductions and post-1958 materials is open to Biblioteca Nacional library card holders. Access to pre-1958 materials is only allowed with a researcher card.[1] Materials in exceptional circumstances are subject to special restrictions.[2]
Members 115,707 readers in 2007. The web users in the same year were 1,800,935.
Other information
Budget €47,380,860
Director Ms. Ana Santos Aramburo (since 2013)
Staff 1025 (including external employees)
Website http://www.bne.es/
National Library of Spain
Native name
Spanish: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Plaza de Colón (Madrid) 02.jpg
Location Madrid, Spain
Official name: Biblioteca Nacional de España
Type Non-movable
Criteria Monument
Designated 1983
Reference no. RI-51-0004908
Biblioteca Nacional de España is located in Spain
Biblioteca Nacional de España
Location of National Library of Spain in Spain

The Biblioteca Nacional de España (National Library of Spain) is a major public library, the largest in Spain, and one of the largest in the world. It is located in Madrid, on the Paseo de Recoletos.

History[edit]

The library was founded by King Philip V in 1712 as the Palace Public Library (Biblioteca Pública de Palacio). The Royal Letters Patent that he granted, the predecessor of the current legal deposit requirement, made it mandatory for printers to submit a copy of every book printed in Spain to the library. In 1836, the library's status as Crown property was revoked and ownership was transferred to the Ministry of Governance (Ministerio de la Gobernación). At the same time, it was renamed the Biblioteca Nacional.

During the 19th century, confiscations, purchases and donations enabled the Biblioteca Nacional to acquire the majority of the antique and valuable books that it currently holds. In 1892 the building was used to host the Historical American Exposition.[3] On March 16, 1896, the Biblioteca Nacional opened to the public in the same building in which it is currently housed and included a vast Reading Room on the main floor designed to hold 320 readers. In 1931 the Reading Room was reorganised, providing it with a major collection of reference works, and the General Reading Room was created to cater for students, workers and general readers.

During the Spanish Civil War close to 500,000 volumes were collected by the Confiscation Committee (Junta de Incautación) and stored in the Biblioteca Nacional to safeguard works of art and books held until then in religious establishments, palaces and private houses. During the 20th century numerous modifications were made to the building to adapt its rooms and repositories to its constantly expanding collections, to the growing volume of material received following the modification to the Legal Deposit requirement in 1958, and to the numerous works purchased by the library. Among this building work, some of the most noteworthy changes were the alterations made in 1955 to triple the capacity of the library's repositories, and those started in 1986 and completed in 2000, which led to the creation of the new building in Alcalá de Henares and complete remodelling of the building on Paseo de Recoletos, Madrid.

In 1986, when Spain's main bibliographic institutions - the National Newspaper Library (Hemeroteca Nacional), the Spanish Bibliographic Institute (Instituto Bibliográfico Hispánico) and the Centre for Documentary and Bibliographic Treasures (Centro del Tesoro Documental y Bibliográfico) - were incorporated into the Biblioteca Nacional, the library was established as the State Repository of Spain's Cultural Memory (Centro Estatal Depositario de la Memoria Cultural Española), making all of Spain's bibliographic output on any media available to the Spanish Library System and national and international researchers and cultural and educational institutions. In 1990 it was made an Autonomous Entity attached to the Ministry of Culture (Ministerio de Cultura).

The Madrid premises are shared with the National Archaeological Museum.

The library today[edit]

The Biblioteca Nacional is Spain's highest library institution and is head of the Spanish Library System.

As the country's national library, it is the centre responsible for identifying, preserving, conserving, and disseminating information about Spain's documentary heritage, and it aspires to be an essential point of reference for research into Spanish culture. In accordance with its Articles of Association, passed by Royal Decree 1581/1991 (R.D. 1581/1991) of October 31, 1991, its principal functions are to:

  • Compile, catalogue, and conserve bibliographic archives produced in any language of the Spanish state, or any other language, for the purposes of research, culture, and information.
  • Promote research through the study, loan, and reproduction of its bibliographic archive.
  • Disseminate information on Spain's bibliographic output based on the entries received through the legal deposit requirement.

The library's collection consists of more than 26,000,000 items, including 15,000,000 books and other printed materials, 4,500,000 graphic materials, 600,000 sound recordings, 510,000 music scores, more than 500,000 microforms, 500,000 maps, 143,000 newspapers and serials, 90,000 audiovisuals, 90,000 electronic documents, and 30,000 manuscripts.

The current director of the Biblioteca Nacional is Ana Santos Aramburo, appointed in 2013. Former directors include her predecessors Glòria Pérez-Salmerón (2010–2013) and Milagros del Corral (2007-2010) as well as historian Juan Pablo Fusi (1996–2000) and author Rosa Regàs (2004–2007).

Given its role as the legal deposit for the whole of Spain, since 1991 it has kept most of the overflowing collection at a secondary site in Alcalá de Henares, near Madrid.

The Biblioteca Nacional provides access to its collections through the following library services:

  • Guidance and general information on the institution and other libraries.
  • Bibliographic information about its collection and those held by other libraries or library systems.
  • Access to its automated catalogue, which currently contains close to 3,000,000 bibliographic records encompassing all of its collections.
  • Archive consultation in the library's reading rooms.
  • Interlibrary loans.
  • Archive reproduction.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Carnés de la Biblioteca". www.bne.es (in Spanish). 20 March 2012. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  2. ^ "Carné de investigador. Biblioteca Nacional de España". www.bne.es (in Spanish). 12 December 2011. Retrieved 4 February 2017. 
  3. ^ "Cronología. National Library of Spain". Retrieved 5 May 2017. 

External links[edit]

Media related to Biblioteca Nacional, Madrid at Wikimedia Commons

Images[edit]

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