Play Video
1
Bielsko-Biała -- film promocyjny
Bielsko-Biała -- film promocyjny
::2010/12/02::
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2
Mr. President - Coco Jambo (LIVE in Bielsko-Biała) - 19.07.2014
Mr. President - Coco Jambo (LIVE in Bielsko-Biała) - 19.07.2014
::2014/07/20::
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3
Bielsko -Biala Wczoraj I  Dzis . lata 50-te film.
Bielsko -Biala Wczoraj I Dzis . lata 50-te film.
::2013/06/02::
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4
Nocna Jazda Bielsko-Biała - 26.07.2014
Nocna Jazda Bielsko-Biała - 26.07.2014
::2014/07/27::
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5
Miejska Lista, Bielsko-Biała
Miejska Lista, Bielsko-Biała
::2014/02/05::
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6
Goral Zywiec-BKS Stal Bielsko Biala 11-12 CUP
Goral Zywiec-BKS Stal Bielsko Biala 11-12 CUP
::2012/05/16::
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7
Bielsko-Biała 1997-1998 rok ul.Andersa w stronę Straconki fiatem 126p...
Bielsko-Biała 1997-1998 rok ul.Andersa w stronę Straconki fiatem 126p...
::2014/03/12::
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8
Lovely Bielsko-Biała
Lovely Bielsko-Biała
::2014/06/15::
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9
Alexia-Number One live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
Alexia-Number One live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
::2014/07/20::
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10
Opuszczony Szpital "STALOWNIK"  Bielsko-Biała
Opuszczony Szpital "STALOWNIK" Bielsko-Biała
::2012/06/24::
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11
Nietypowe zaręczyny Ani i Oskara - Bielsko-Biała 18.05.2013
Nietypowe zaręczyny Ani i Oskara - Bielsko-Biała 18.05.2013
::2013/05/23::
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12
Bielsko-Biała Bielitz 1939-1940
Bielsko-Biała Bielitz 1939-1940
::2010/08/30::
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13
skok spadochronowy bielsko-biala skyfun
skok spadochronowy bielsko-biala skyfun
::2012/09/28::
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14
Dzień Tańca Bielsko-Biala
Dzień Tańca Bielsko-Biala
::2014/04/30::
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15
Operacja Południe 2014 - Bielsko-Biała
Operacja Południe 2014 - Bielsko-Biała
::2014/07/14::
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16
Rzeka Biała (Bielsko-Biała 16 maja 2014r.)
Rzeka Biała (Bielsko-Biała 16 maja 2014r.)
::2014/05/16::
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17
9 lipca 2014 - Bielsko-Biała - Tir wciągnięty przez kałużę
9 lipca 2014 - Bielsko-Biała - Tir wciągnięty przez kałużę
::2014/07/09::
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18
Weekend w Pomarańczy.  Bielsko - Biala
Weekend w Pomarańczy. Bielsko - Biala
::2013/01/28::
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19
Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała 2-3 Pogoń Szczecin (KULISY)
Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała 2-3 Pogoń Szczecin (KULISY)
::2014/07/21::
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20
Vengaboys - We
Vengaboys - We're Going to Ibiza, Shalala lala (LIVE in Bielsko-Biała) - 19.07.2014
::2014/07/22::
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21
Powodz Bielsko-Biała - 1997
Powodz Bielsko-Biała - 1997
::2013/02/11::
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22
Kolizja pod C.H. Sfera Bielsko-Biała, ucieczka z miejsca
Kolizja pod C.H. Sfera Bielsko-Biała, ucieczka z miejsca
::2013/10/11::
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23
90
90' Festiwal w Bielsku-Białej - 19.07.2014
::2014/07/20::
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24
Bielsko - Biała, czy wiecie że...
Bielsko - Biała, czy wiecie że...
::2011/06/02::
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25
Wielka woda w Bielsku-Białej 15-16.05.2014 - straż pożarna rusza na pomoc.
Wielka woda w Bielsku-Białej 15-16.05.2014 - straż pożarna rusza na pomoc.
::2014/05/17::
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26
Bielsko-Biała - koncert Sylwii Grzeszczak wraz z zespołem
Bielsko-Biała - koncert Sylwii Grzeszczak wraz z zespołem
::2014/01/27::
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27
Co się słucha, Bielsko-Biała
Co się słucha, Bielsko-Biała
::2012/05/15::
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28
Katastrofa awionetki w Bielsku-Białej - 31.05.2014
Katastrofa awionetki w Bielsku-Białej - 31.05.2014
::2014/05/31::
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29
WIZJA LOKALNA: BIELSKO-BIAŁA (Uszer, Beeres, Lu, Młody, Putek, Adk, Wicher, Ziemas, Staf)
WIZJA LOKALNA: BIELSKO-BIAŁA (Uszer, Beeres, Lu, Młody, Putek, Adk, Wicher, Ziemas, Staf)
::2012/08/09::
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30
Pomarańcza Bielsko Biała - Cleo & Donatan LIVE
Pomarańcza Bielsko Biała - Cleo & Donatan LIVE
::2014/02/27::
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31
Fun Factory-Dont go away live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
Fun Factory-Dont go away live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
::2014/07/22::
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32
PRL 1989 Bielsko-Biała X1-79 następca 126p. Sieradz, Skierniewice
PRL 1989 Bielsko-Biała X1-79 następca 126p. Sieradz, Skierniewice
::2013/02/28::
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33
Dj quicksilver- bellisima, zombie nation live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
Dj quicksilver- bellisima, zombie nation live at 90 Festival Bielsko-Biała
::2014/07/22::
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34
90 Festival 2014 Bielsko-Biała Dr Alban "It
90 Festival 2014 Bielsko-Biała Dr Alban "It's my life"- katastrofa;-)
::2014/07/20::
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35
BMX StreetSession Poland Bielsko-Biała
BMX StreetSession Poland Bielsko-Biała
::2009/08/15::
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36
OPERACJA POŁUDNIE 2014 Bielsko-Biała parada pojazdów militarnych
OPERACJA POŁUDNIE 2014 Bielsko-Biała parada pojazdów militarnych
::2014/07/12::
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37
Dj Quicksilver - Ameno - live at 90 Festival Bielsko - Biala
Dj Quicksilver - Ameno - live at 90 Festival Bielsko - Biala
::2014/07/20::
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38
Bielsko-Biała, ul. Grażyńskiego - Pożar fabryki laminatu
Bielsko-Biała, ul. Grażyńskiego - Pożar fabryki laminatu
::2013/12/13::
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39
Klub Pomarańcza Bielsko-Biała - Project X - druga edycja już: 20.10.2012
Klub Pomarańcza Bielsko-Biała - Project X - druga edycja już: 20.10.2012
::2012/10/05::
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40
BBTS Bielsko-Biała: prezentacja i mecz z ZAKSA Kędzierzyn Koźle
BBTS Bielsko-Biała: prezentacja i mecz z ZAKSA Kędzierzyn Koźle
::2013/09/06::
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41
Góral Żywiec - BKS BIELSKO BIAŁA 15/05/12
Góral Żywiec - BKS BIELSKO BIAŁA 15/05/12
::2012/05/15::
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42
Widok z końca składu: Bielsko-Biała Gł. - Zwardoń
Widok z końca składu: Bielsko-Biała Gł. - Zwardoń
::2013/12/04::
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43
S1: CZ Granica - Bielsko-Biała (3x)
S1: CZ Granica - Bielsko-Biała (3x)
::2013/07/24::
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44
European Cup Cadets Judo  2014/05/18 Bielsko Biala, Poland
European Cup Cadets Judo 2014/05/18 Bielsko Biala, Poland
::2014/05/19::
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45
Prof. Miodek: Skąd się wzięło Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała?
Prof. Miodek: Skąd się wzięło Podbeskidzie Bielsko-Biała?
::2012/09/17::
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46
Francesco Napoli - Live in Bielsko Biala 2012
Francesco Napoli - Live in Bielsko Biala 2012
::2012/12/01::
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47
Bielsko-Biała - ks. prałat Roman Pindel - konsekracja i ingres nowego biskupa
Bielsko-Biała - ks. prałat Roman Pindel - konsekracja i ingres nowego biskupa
::2014/01/08::
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48
Bielsko-Biała. Pożar hali 2005. Archiwum Telewizji Bielsko
Bielsko-Biała. Pożar hali 2005. Archiwum Telewizji Bielsko
::2013/08/20::
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49
Operacja Południe 2014. Bielsko-Biała
Operacja Południe 2014. Bielsko-Biała
::2014/07/13::
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50
90 Festival Bielsko-Biała 2014
90 Festival Bielsko-Biała 2014
::2014/07/23::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Bielsko-Biała
Montage of Bielsko-Biała, Top:View of Bielsko-Biała from Szyndzielnia hill, 2nd left:Bielsko-Biała City Hall, 2nd middle:Pod Orlem Convension Center, 2nd right:Evangelical Saviour Cathedral, 3rd left:Wojska Polsiego Square, 3rd middle:Sulkowski Castle, 3rd right:Eleven Listopada Street, Bottom left:Polish Theater in Adama Mickiewicza, Bottom middle left:Saint Nicolas Cathedral, Bottom middle right:Martin Luther Cathedral, Bottom right:Zaklady Eatona Wapienica economic development research center
Montage of Bielsko-Biała, Top:View of Bielsko-Biała from Szyndzielnia hill, 2nd left:Bielsko-Biała City Hall, 2nd middle:Pod Orlem Convension Center, 2nd right:Evangelical Saviour Cathedral, 3rd left:Wojska Polsiego Square, 3rd middle:Sulkowski Castle, 3rd right:Eleven Listopada Street, Bottom left:Polish Theater in Adama Mickiewicza, Bottom middle left:Saint Nicolas Cathedral, Bottom middle right:Martin Luther Cathedral, Bottom right:Zaklady Eatona Wapienica economic development research center
Flag of Bielsko-Biała
Flag
Coat of arms of Bielsko-Biała
Coat of arms
Bielsko-Biała is located in Poland
Bielsko-Biała
Bielsko-Biała
Coordinates: 49°49′21″N 19°2′40″E / 49.82250°N 19.04444°E / 49.82250; 19.04444
Country  Poland
Voivodeship Silesian
County city county
Town rights 1312 Bielsko
1723 Biała
Government
 • Mayor Jacek Krywult
Area
 • City 124.51 km2 (48.07 sq mi)
Highest elevation 1,117 m (3,665 ft)
Lowest elevation 262 m (860 ft)
Population (2013)
 • City 174,370
 • Density 1,400/km2 (3,600/sq mi)
 • Urban 584,000
 • Metro 5,294,000
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 43-300 to 43-382
Area code(s) (+48) 033
Car plates SB
Website http://www.um.bielsko.pl

Bielsko-Biała [ˈbʲɛlskɔ ˈbʲawa] ( ) (German: Bielitz-Biala; Czech: Bílsko-Bělá) is a city in southern Poland with 175,513 inhabitants (June 2009). Bielsko-Biała is composed of two former cities on opposite banks of the Biała River, Silesian Bielsko and Lesser Poland's Biała, amalgamated in 1951.

History[edit]

Both town names refer to the Biała River, stemming from biel or biała, which means "white" in Polish.

Bielsko[edit]

Between 1933 and 1938 an archaeological team discovered remains of a fortified settlement in what is now the Stare Bielsko (Old Bielsko) district of the city. The settlement was dated to the 12th - 14th centuries. Its dwellers manufactured iron from ore and specialized in smithery. The current centre of the town was probably developed as early as the first half of the 13th century. At that time a castle (which still survives today) was built on a hill.

In the second half of the 13th century, the Piast dukes of Opole invited German settlers to colonize the Silesian Foothills. As the dukes then also ruled over the Lesser Polish lands east of the Biała River, settlements arose on both banks like Bielitz (now Stare Bielsko), Nickelsdorf (Mikuszowice Śląskie), Kamitz (Kamienica), Batzdorf (Komorowice Śląskie) and Kurzwald in the west as well as Kunzendorf (Lipnik), Alzen (Hałcnów) and Wilmesau in the east. Nearby settlements in the mountains were Lobnitz (Wapienica) and Bistrai.

After the partition of the Duchy of Oppeln in 1281, Bielsko passed to the Dukes of Cieszyn (Teschen). The town was first documented in 1312 when Duke Mieszko I of Cieszyn granted a town charter. The Biała again became a border river, when in 1315 the eastern Duchy of Oświęcim split off from Cieszyn as a separate under Mieszko's son Władysław. After the Dukes of Cieszyn had become vassals of the Bohemian kings in 1327 and the Duchy of Oświęcim was sold to the Polish Crown in 1457, the Biała River for centuries marked the border between the Bohemian crown land of Silesia within the Holy Roman Empire and the Lesser Polish region of the Kingdom of Poland and the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth.

With Bohemia and the Upper Silesian Duchy of Cieszyn, Bielsko in 1526 was inherited by the Austrian House of Habsburg and incorporated into the Habsburg Monarchy. From 1560 Bielsko was held by Frederick Casimir of Cieszyn, son of Duke Wenceslaus III Adam, who due to the enormous debts his son left upon his death in 1571, had to sell it to the Promnitz noble family at Pless. With the consent of Emperor Maximilian II, the Promnitz dynasty and their Schaffgotsch successors ruled the Duchy of Bielsko as a Bohemian state country; acquired by the Austrian chancellor Count Friedrich Wilhelm von Haugwitz in 1752, the ducal status was finally confirmed by Empress Maria Theresa in 1754.

After the Prussian king Frederick the Great had invaded Silesia, Bielsko remained with the Habsburg Monarchy as part of Austrian Silesia according to the 1742 Treaty of Breslau.

20 kr KK stamp, cancelled at BIELITZ STADT, Austrian Silesia, in 1897

Biała[edit]

The opposite bank of the Biała River, again Polish since 1475, had been sparsely settled since the mid-16th century. A locality was first mentioned in a 1564 deed, it received the name Biała in 1584, and belonged at that time to Kraków Voivodeship. Its population increased during the Counter-Reformation in the Habsburg lands, when many Protestant artisans from Bielsko (which did not belong to Poland) moved across the river. Though already named a town in the 17th century, Biała officially was granted city rights by the Polish king Augustus II the Strong in 1723.

In the course of the First Partition of Poland in 1772, Biała was annexed by the Austrian Habsburg Monarchy and incorporated into the crownland of Galicia. The Protestant citizens received the right to establish parishes according to the 1781 Patent of Toleration by Emperor Joseph II. BIALA was head of the district with the same name, one of the 78 Bezirkshauptmannschaften in the Galicia crownland.[1]

Austrian KK stamp first 1850 issue, cancelled BIALA

With the dissolution of Austria–Hungary in 1918 according to the Treaty of Saint-Germain-en-Laye, both cities became part of the reconstituted Polish state, even though the majority of the citizens were ethnic German. During World War II the city was annexed by Nazi Germany and its Jewish population was sent to nearby Auschwitz extermination camp. After the conquest of the city by the Red Army in 1945, the ethnic German population was expelled westward.

The city of Bielsko-Biała was created on 1 January 1951 when the adjacent cities of Bielsko and Biała (known until 1951 as Biała Krakowska) were unified.

Geography[edit]

The city is situated on the border of historic Upper Silesia and Lesser Poland at the eastern rim of the smaller Cieszyn Silesia region, about 60 km (37 mi) south of Katowice. Administrated within Silesian Voivodeship since 1999, the city was previously capital of Bielsko-Biała Voivodeship (1975–1998).

Bielsko-Biała is one of the most important cities of the Beskidy Euroregion and the main city of the Bielsko Industrial Region (Polish: Bielski Okręg Przemysłowy), part of the Upper Silesian metropolitan area.

Climate[edit]

Climate data for Bielsko-Biała
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 12
(54)
17
(63)
19
(66)
25
(77)
28
(82)
29
(84)
31
(88)
31
(88)
27
(81)
23
(73)
16
(61)
16
(61)
31
(88)
Average high °C (°F) 0
(32)
1
(34)
6
(43)
11
(52)
16
(61)
18
(64)
20
(68)
20
(68)
16
(61)
12
(54)
5
(41)
2
(36)
11
(52)
Daily mean °C (°F) −1
(30)
−1
(30)
3
(37)
7
(45)
12
(54)
15
(59)
17
(63)
17
(63)
13
(55)
9
(48)
3
(37)
2
(36)
8
(46)
Average low °C (°F) −3
(27)
−3
(27)
1
(34)
4
(39)
8
(46)
11
(52)
13
(55)
13
(55)
10
(50)
6
(43)
1
(34)
−1
(30)
5
(41)
Record low °C (°F) −23
(−9)
−21
(−6)
−16
(3)
−5
(23)
−1
(30)
2
(36)
5
(41)
5
(41)
1
(34)
−5
(23)
−15
(5)
−18
(0)
−23
(−9)
Precipitation mm (inches) 50
(1.97)
49
(1.93)
54
(2.13)
76
(2.99)
114
(4.49)
145
(5.71)
141
(5.55)
125
(4.92)
84
(3.31)
60
(2.36)
63
(2.48)
59
(2.32)
1,020
(40.16)
Avg. precipitation days 16 15 15 13 13 14 11 12 11 11 15 17 163
Source: Weatherbase [2]

Economy and Industry[edit]

Locally designed and produced Diana 2, glider Sebastian Kawa flew to his recent gold medal win at 2012 Uvalde 15m WGC competition
Locally designed and produced S-1 Swift glider, machine which virtually monopolized the world aerobatic glider market
Locally designed and produced Margański & Mysłowski EM-11 Orka business long range small aircraft.

Nowadays Bielsko-Biała is one of the best-developed parts of Poland. It was ranked 2nd best city for business in that country by Forbes. About 5% of people are unemployed (compared 9,6% for Poland). Bielsko-Biała is famous for its textile, machine-building, and especially automotive industry. In Bielsko-Biała there are four areas that belong to Katowice Special Economic Zone. Bielsko-Biała region is also a home for several manufacturers of high-performance gliders and aircraft. Another reason for the low unemployment rate is that large numbers of young families have become economic migrants and have moved to the UK for employment. There are large communities originally from Bielsko-Biała now living in towns such as Slough and Southampton.[citation needed]

Transport[edit]

Interior of the main railway station (of several) in Bielsko-Biała, 28 April 2006

Road transport[edit]

Although Bielsko-Biała is not served by an Autostrada (motorway), it is served by the Expressway S1, which was completed in late 2006, and runs from Bielsko-Biała to Cieszyn at the Czech border. Another expressway, the S69, is under construction around Bielsko-Biała and will run to Žilina in Slovakia. It is planned to extend S1 north along the existing dual carriageway DK1 from Bielsko-Biała to Tychy and Katowice, thus connecting Bielsko-Biała with the national motorway network of Poland. National Road DK52 connects Bielsko-Biała with Kraków in the east. The most important interchange in the area is the cloverleaf north of Bielsko-Biała where S1, DK1 and DK52 meet.

Sights[edit]

Town Hall
Bielsko-Biała - the main post office seen from the castle

Bielsko-Biała is a beautiful city. It has a vibrant modernistic presence being a student-city with its associated nightlife, as well as having numerous historical sights.

Boroughs[edit]

Education[edit]

Politics[edit]

Bielsko-Biała constituency[edit]

Senators from Bielsko-Biała constituency:

Members of Sejm from Bielsko-Biała constituency:

Municipal politics[edit]

  • Mayor - Jacek Krywult
  • Deputy Mayor - Waldemar Jędrusiński
  • Deputy Mayor - Zbigniew Giełda
  • Deputy Mayor - Zbigniew Michniowski

Notable residents[edit]

Street in the city

Sports[edit]

Award ceremony Uvalde 2012, second from the left is Sebastian Kawa

International relations[edit]

View from Szyndzielnia Mountain
View from Trzy Lipki Hill

Twin towns - Sister cities[edit]

Bielsko-Biała is twinned with the following cities:[4]

See also[edit]

External links[edit]

References[edit]

Notes
  1. ^ Die postalischen Abstempelungen auf den österreichischen Postwertzeichen-Ausgaben 1867, 1883 und 1890, Wilhelm KLEIN, 1967
  2. ^ "Weatherbase: Historical Weather for Bielsko-Biala, Slaskie, Poland". Weatherbase. 
  3. ^ Current FAI ranking of Sebastian Kawa, retrieved on: August 22, 2012
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r "Bielsko-Biała - Partner Cities". © 2008 Urzędu Miejskiego w Bielsku-Białej. Retrieved 2008-12-10. 
  5. ^ "Kragujevac Twin Cities". ©2009 Information service of Kragujevac City. Retrieved 2009-02-21. 
  6. ^ "Žilina - oficiálne stránky mesta: Partnerské mestá Žiliny (Žilina: Official Partner Cities)". © 2008 MaM Multimedia, s.r.o.. Retrieved 2009-07-08. 

Coordinates: 49°49′21″N 19°02′40″E / 49.82250°N 19.04444°E / 49.82250; 19.04444

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