Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
CARTA: Ancient DNA and Human Evolution – Johannes Krause: Ancient European Population History
CARTA: Ancient DNA and Human Evolution – Johannes Krause: Ancient European Population History
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: University of California Television (UCTV)
How many times Muslims invaded Europe vs. Europeans invaded Muslim countries?
How many times Muslims invaded Europe vs. Europeans invaded Muslim countries?
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: SLAVIC WORLD
West England
West England
Published: 2017/10/20
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
History of Europe - 6013 years in 3 minutes
History of Europe - 6013 years in 3 minutes
Published: 2013/07/04
Channel: MrOwnerandPwner
The Rise of the West and Historical Methodology: Crash Course World History #212
The Rise of the West and Historical Methodology: Crash Course World History #212
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: CrashCourse
Western Europe will Experience a Spectacular Partial Solar Eclipse on August 21st
Western Europe will Experience a Spectacular Partial Solar Eclipse on August 21st
Published: 2017/08/16
Channel: nemesis maturity
Friends - ...when I was backpacking across western Europe
Friends - ...when I was backpacking across western Europe
Published: 2008/07/07
Channel: sahbeewah
The German Plan to Conquer Western Europe (720p)
The German Plan to Conquer Western Europe (720p)
Published: 2016/09/03
Channel: Jamezz Seera
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Future Enlargement of the European Union - 2017
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: Top10TV
Davos 2011 - Jim Turley, Ernst & Young
Davos 2011 - Jim Turley, Ernst & Young
Published: 2011/01/12
Channel: World Economic Forum
Why We Are Afraid, A 1400 Year Secret, by Dr Bill Warner
Why We Are Afraid, A 1400 Year Secret, by Dr Bill Warner
Published: 2012/09/01
Channel: Tin Ship Productions
Netanyahu calls for European Jews to flee anti-Semitism and terror threat
Netanyahu calls for European Jews to flee anti-Semitism and terror threat
Published: 2015/02/16
Channel: IN THE NOW
Fall of The Roman Empire...in the 15th Century: Crash Course World History #12
Fall of The Roman Empire...in the 15th Century: Crash Course World History #12
Published: 2012/04/13
Channel: CrashCourse
A 14-Year Old Aces AP Calculus & Western Europe
A 14-Year Old Aces AP Calculus & Western Europe's Ramblers | SYSK Internet Roundup
Published: 2016/02/29
Channel: Stuff You Should Know - HowStuffWorks
The Dark Ages...How Dark Were They, Really?: Crash Course World History #14
The Dark Ages...How Dark Were They, Really?: Crash Course World History #14
Published: 2012/04/26
Channel: CrashCourse
Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers.  Epic Rap Battles of History Season 4.
Eastern Philosophers vs Western Philosophers. Epic Rap Battles of History Season 4.
Published: 2015/07/06
Channel: ERB
Israeli Security Council Warns of
Israeli Security Council Warns of 'High Holiday' Terror Threat in Western Europe
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Dawn's Heartfelt Corner
The Best of West Ireland: Dingle, Galway and the Aran Islands
The Best of West Ireland: Dingle, Galway and the Aran Islands
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
The Cannibal Warlords of Liberia (Full Length Documentary)
The Cannibal Warlords of Liberia (Full Length Documentary)
Published: 2012/06/13
Channel: VICE
The Truth About The Fall of Rome: Modern Parallels
The Truth About The Fall of Rome: Modern Parallels
Published: 2016/08/03
Channel: Stefan Molyneux
Stolen women, captured hearts
Stolen women, captured hearts
Published: 2012/01/19
Channel: ClassicMovies4Y
The Persians & Greeks: Crash Course World History #5
The Persians & Greeks: Crash Course World History #5
Published: 2012/02/23
Channel: CrashCourse
The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard
The Atlantic slave trade: What too few textbooks told you - Anthony Hazard
Published: 2014/12/22
Channel: TED-Ed
Muslim supremacy gangs in Western Europe
Muslim supremacy gangs in Western Europe
Published: 2011/02/18
Channel: George Abbot
Norway
Norway's West: Fjords, Mountains, and Bergen
Published: 2013/08/19
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
Stealing Africa - Why Poverty?
Stealing Africa - Why Poverty?
Published: 2013/01/05
Channel: THE WHY
Luther and the Protestant Reformation: Crash Course World History #218
Luther and the Protestant Reformation: Crash Course World History #218
Published: 2014/11/29
Channel: CrashCourse
British Navy Power 2018 - The Killer NAVAL Power is Wake Up
British Navy Power 2018 - The Killer NAVAL Power is Wake Up
Published: 2016/12/27
Channel: Military Today
Samurai, Daimyo, Matthew Perry, and Nationalism: Crash Course World History #34
Samurai, Daimyo, Matthew Perry, and Nationalism: Crash Course World History #34
Published: 2012/09/13
Channel: CrashCourse
Storming Spain
Storming Spain's Razor-Wire Fence: Europe Or Die (Episode 1/4)
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: VICE News
The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22
The Renaissance: Was it a Thing? - Crash Course World History #22
Published: 2012/06/21
Channel: CrashCourse
Rick Steves
Rick Steves' European Christmas
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: Rick Steves' Europe
Timothy Snyder ─ Ukraine and Russia in a Fracturing Europe
Timothy Snyder ─ Ukraine and Russia in a Fracturing Europe
Published: 2016/05/03
Channel: Watson Institute for International and Public Affairs
The Big Four F.r.i.e.n.d.s - Joey Speaks French
The Big Four F.r.i.e.n.d.s - Joey Speaks French
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: Love httyd
GALL BOYS AUSTRALIAN 4X4 ADVENTURE - FAR NORTH QUEENSLAND - 4X4 OFFROAD 4WD
GALL BOYS AUSTRALIAN 4X4 ADVENTURE - FAR NORTH QUEENSLAND - 4X4 OFFROAD 4WD
Published: 2009/08/10
Channel: GallBoys
Slavoj Žižek: Don
Slavoj Žižek: Don't Act. Just Think.
Published: 2012/08/28
Channel: Big Think
Soccer In Western Europe
Soccer In Western Europe
Published: 2015/04/25
Channel: jake bouldien
Four Horsemen - Feature Documentary - Official Version
Four Horsemen - Feature Documentary - Official Version
Published: 2013/09/13
Channel: Renegade Inc.
Spectacular crosswalk spotted with the width of 20 meters
Spectacular crosswalk spotted with the width of 20 meters
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: CGTN
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
Coal, Steam, and The Industrial Revolution: Crash Course World History #32
Published: 2012/08/30
Channel: CrashCourse
WHAT SERBIA IS REALLY LIKE - Tess and Conar
WHAT SERBIA IS REALLY LIKE - Tess and Conar
Published: 2017/11/09
Channel: Tess and Conar
Rich Kids of the Middle East - The Most Expensive Car Event in the World !!!
Rich Kids of the Middle East - The Most Expensive Car Event in the World !!!
Published: 2016/03/20
Channel: Mo Vlogs
HOW World War I Started: Crash Course World History 209
HOW World War I Started: Crash Course World History 209
Published: 2014/09/13
Channel: CrashCourse
(NEW HD) Thirteen die as storm lashes north western Europe
(NEW HD) Thirteen die as storm lashes north western Europe
Published: 2013/11/12
Channel: PEOPLE US
European leaders call for a multi-speed Union
European leaders call for a multi-speed Union
Published: 2017/03/12
Channel: AP Archive
The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10
The Roman Empire. Or Republic. Or...Which Was It?: Crash Course World History #10
Published: 2012/03/29
Channel: CrashCourse
Survivor - Burning heart (Rocky IV) HQ
Survivor - Burning heart (Rocky IV) HQ
Published: 2009/01/14
Channel: drako2012
Mass Public Shootings & Gun Violence: Part I
Mass Public Shootings & Gun Violence: Part I
Published: 2017/11/15
Channel: Skeptic
No more Iran OIL in Europe 1st July but with WESTERN oil RISING, how will it affect ENERGY MARKETS?
No more Iran OIL in Europe 1st July but with WESTERN oil RISING, how will it affect ENERGY MARKETS?
Published: 2012/06/27
Channel: Massreport147
All About That Bass - Postmodern Jukebox European Tour Version
All About That Bass - Postmodern Jukebox European Tour Version
Published: 2015/03/17
Channel: PostmodernJukebox
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
The UK, the post-brexit EU trio and the rest of the member states
France Germany Italy UK in the EU.svg

The Big Four, also known as G4 or EU4, refers to France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom.[1][2][3][4][5][6][7][8][9][excessive citations] These countries are considered major European powers[10][11] and they are the Western European countries individually represented as full members of the G7, the G8, G10 and the G20. France, Britain, Italy and Germany have been referred to as the big four of Europe since the Interwar period[12]. The term G4 was used for the first time when French president Nicolas Sarkozy called for a meeting in Paris[13] with Italian Prime Minister Silvio Berlusconi, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom Gordon Brown and Chancellor of Germany Angela Merkel to consider the response to the financial crisis during the Great Recession. The Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development describes them as the "Four Big European Countries".[14]

Issues[edit]

The leaders of the four countries usually have a series of joint video conference calls with the US president (see NATO Quint), or with other leaders, on international issues. With Barack Obama they discussed for example the TTIP, the Syrian civil war and the use of chemical weapons during the conflict,[15] the Crimean Crisis and international sanctions against Russia,[16] the post-civil war violence in Libya,[17] the Israeli-Palestinian conflict,[18] the 2014 American intervention in Iraq and the Ebola virus disease.[19] With Russia's President Vladimir Putin, they discussed, for example, the Vienna peace talks for Syria.[20]

Statistics[edit]

A cartogram depicting population distribution within the European Union at the member state level. More than half of all citizens of the EU live in the four largest member states: Germany, France, the UK, and Italy.
EU Big Four
Country population votes in the Council Contribution to EU budget in Euro MEPs
 France 66,616,416 29 8.4% 17,303,107,859 16.44% 74
 Germany 80,716,000 29 8.4% 22,218,438,941 21.11% 96
 Italy 60,782,668 29 8.4% 14,359,479,157 13.64% 73
 United Kingdom 64,100,000 29 8.4% 13,739,900,046 13.05% 73

Overview[edit]

Historical background[edit]

France, Britain, Italy and Germany have been referred to as the big four of Europe since the Interwar period (1919-1939), when the four countries signed the Four-Power Pact and the Munich agreement.[21] Britain and France, permanent members of the League of Nations' executive council along with Italy and Japan, were involved in a policy of appeasement towards Germany. World War II (1939-1945) saw Britain, France, Russia, China and the US fighting against Germany, Italy and Japan. The defeat of the axis powers resulted in the formation of the United Nations, where the five victorious countries were granted a permanent seat in the Security Council. Italy, Germany and Japan experienced a post-war economic miracle and took part in the 1st G6 summit along with France, the US and the UK in 1975.

Since 1945, France and Britain have often acted alone in defence policy matters while Italy and Germany have preferred to act within the framework of international organisations. For example, Britain, France, Italy and Germany are the EU countries represented in the Syria peace talks, but only France and the UK are directly bombing ISIS in Syria, while Germany and Italy prefer to give military aid and to send training troops.

US President Barack Obama with EU4 leaders Hollande, Cameron, Merkel and Renzi during the 2014 Wales summit

Quint[edit]

The Quint (or NATO Quint) is an informal decision-making group consisting of five western powers: the United States and the big four (France, Germany, Italy and the United Kingdom).[22][23] It operates as a "directoire" of various entities such as NATO and the G8/G20.[24][25]

Brexit[edit]

A European Union membership referendum took place on Thursday 23 June 2016 in the UK and resulted in an overall vote to leave the EU, by 51.9%. The British government have triggered Article 50 of the Treaty on European Union to start the process to leave the EU, which is expected to take several years. The G4 now consists of the UK and the new EU big three (Germany, France and Italy), the large founding members of the European Community that have retaken a leading role in Europe following the decision of the UK to leave the EU.[26][27][28]

Current leaders[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ EU's Big Four speak as one ahead of G7 in Tokyo
  2. ^ Europe's Big Four
  3. ^ The Quint Acknowledging the Existence of a Big Four-US Directoire at the Heart of the European Union
  4. ^ Jørgensen, Knud Erik; Laatikainen, Katie Verlin (2013-01-01). Routledge Handbook on the European Union and International Institutions: Performance, Policy, Power. Routledge. ISBN 9780415539463. 
  5. ^ "Leading indicators and tendency surveys". Oecd.org. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  6. ^ Debaere, Peter (2015-08-11). EU Coordination in International Institutions: Policy and Process in Gx Forums. Springer. ISBN 9781137517302. 
  7. ^ "EU 'Big Four' in bailout row". The Independent. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  8. ^ "RFI - European leaders meet in Paris". Rfi.fr. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  9. ^ "A Parigi il Vertice G4 sulla crisi finanziaria - Apiceuropa". Rfi.fr. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  10. ^ Major European powers
  11. ^ Major European nations
  12. ^ Big Four of Europe sign Munich pact
  13. ^ "RFI - Rescue of German bank falls through, G4 summit closes". Rfi.fr. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  14. ^ "OECD Glossary of Statistical Terms - Composite leading indicator zones Definition". Stats.oecd.org. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  15. ^ "Obama discusses further Syrian intervention with European leaders". CNN. 15 June 2013. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  16. ^ "Obama, Europe Leaders to Impose More Russia Sanctions -- Update". The Wall Street Journal. April 25, 2014. Archived from the original on May 30, 2014. Retrieved December 26, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Renzi calls for ceasefire as Italians flee Libya". M.thelocal.it. Archived from the original on 28 January 2015. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  18. ^ "Telefonata Renzi-Obama-Merkel-Cameron-Hollande su Gaza, Ucraina, Libia". Europa Quotidiano. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  19. ^ "British PM Cameron joins Ebola talks with US President Obama". Independent.ie. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  20. ^ Stewart, Heather; Wintour, Patrick (2016-03-04). "European leaders urge Russia to maintain Syria ceasefire". The Guardian. ISSN 0261-3077. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  21. ^ Big Four of Europe sign Munich pact
  22. ^ The Quint Acknowledging the Existence of a Big Four-US Directoire at the Heart of the European Union
  23. ^ Nolan, Janne (2010-12-01). Global Engagement: Cooperation and Security in the 21st Century. Brookings Institution Press. ISBN 0815716729. 
  24. ^ Winning the War on War: The Decline of Armed Conflict Worldwide
  25. ^ White House Press Briefing, G8 Summit Preview
  26. ^ "EU divided on answer to Brexit 'wake up call'". Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  27. ^ "Meet the (divided) committee to save Europe". POLITICO. 2016-06-27. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 
  28. ^ "Brexit: Germany, France, Italy vow no talks before Britain makes formal decision on EU - Brexit: UK EU Referendum - ABC News (Australian Broadcasting Corporation)". mobile.abc.net.au. Retrieved 2016-10-07. 

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license