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Backpacking The Bighorn Mountains - Cloud Peak Wilderness, WY
Backpacking The Bighorn Mountains - Cloud Peak Wilderness, WY
Published: 2016/06/25
Channel: Jarose389
Highway 14 & Highway 14A over the Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming
Highway 14 & Highway 14A over the Bighorn Mountains in Wyoming
Published: 2015/08/22
Channel: NeckDickie
Massive crack in earth mysteriously opens up in Bighorn Mountains,Wyoming
Massive crack in earth mysteriously opens up in Bighorn Mountains,Wyoming
Published: 2015/10/30
Channel: Mystery Universe
Bighorn Mountains Wyoming; US Highway 14 and 14A
Bighorn Mountains Wyoming; US Highway 14 and 14A
Published: 2015/09/02
Channel: UB87558
Red Grade - Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
Red Grade - Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2016/09/09
Channel: Little Goose Multimedia
Fallen City - Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
Fallen City - Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2011/08/15
Channel: JCVdude
US Hwy 16 over the Big Horn Mountains
US Hwy 16 over the Big Horn Mountains
Published: 2014/05/14
Channel: visionwestwyoming
Helicopter Fish Stocking--Bighorn Mountains
Helicopter Fish Stocking--Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: Wyoming Game and Fish Department
The Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
The Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2015/04/21
Channel: andrea boiani
Flying Porcupine Falls, Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Flying Porcupine Falls, Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2015/11/28
Channel: Tim Doolin Photography
Beautiful Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Beautiful Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2011/05/13
Channel: suesbomb
Bighorn mountain excursion
Bighorn mountain excursion
Published: 2016/06/15
Channel: MontanaLowGear
Winter Camping in 20 Below Zero - Bighorn Mountains, WY
Winter Camping in 20 Below Zero - Bighorn Mountains, WY
Published: 2017/01/08
Channel: Jarose389
Big Horn National Forest Trail 628
Big Horn National Forest Trail 628
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: Doug Roberts
Beautiful Wyoming-Bighorn Mountains
Beautiful Wyoming-Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: Onegirltrucking
Hunting at the foot of the bighorn mountains
Hunting at the foot of the bighorn mountains
Published: 2016/10/24
Channel: Perfect Shots Entertainment Studio
2013 WY Elk Hunt at the Bighorn Mountains
2013 WY Elk Hunt at the Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2015/03/16
Channel: Caleb Gabler
Bighorn Mountains Hwy 16 to Cody WY
Bighorn Mountains Hwy 16 to Cody WY
Published: 2015/11/27
Channel: Sr. Fox
Giant Crack in Wyoming: Big Horn Mountains Landslide causes canyon-like gash & Could get even Bigger
Giant Crack in Wyoming: Big Horn Mountains Landslide causes canyon-like gash & Could get even Bigger
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: PatrynWorldLatestNew
Fisher
Fisher's ATV World - Big Horn Mountains, WY - Ride with Suzuki Winners Part 1 (FULL)
Published: 2014/06/02
Channel: Fisher's ATV World
Mistymoon Trail  Bighorn Mountains  Wyoming
Mistymoon Trail Bighorn Mountains Wyoming
Published: 2013/08/24
Channel: Mark A
Bighorn Mountains, Flying at Sunrise on Loaf Mountain Wyoming
Bighorn Mountains, Flying at Sunrise on Loaf Mountain Wyoming
Published: 2015/07/31
Channel: Charles Kieser
Jalan Crossland - My Home is on the Big Horn Mountains (Live) What Fest - Cody, Wy (By Levi Wells)
Jalan Crossland - My Home is on the Big Horn Mountains (Live) What Fest - Cody, Wy (By Levi Wells)
Published: 2010/12/17
Channel: Levi Wells
Exploring Wyoming
Exploring Wyoming's Bighorn Mountains: Cody and Medicine Wheel
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Robert Witham
Hiking and Camping the Bighorn Mountains
Hiking and Camping the Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: Levi Schmidt
Hiking and Camping the Bighorn Mountains
Hiking and Camping the Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2015/12/20
Channel: Levi Schmidt
Bighorn Mountains  Cloud Peak and Bomber Mountian 2016
Bighorn Mountains Cloud Peak and Bomber Mountian 2016
Published: 2017/02/10
Channel: caasi snosrap
Horse Thief Cave, Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Horse Thief Cave, Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Published: 2016/03/23
Channel: Emily Marcus
Soldier Park Hike, Big Horn Mountains.
Soldier Park Hike, Big Horn Mountains.
Published: 2016/11/01
Channel: Wyo PoBo
Fly fishing North fork Tongue river for trout Big Horn Mountains
Fly fishing North fork Tongue river for trout Big Horn Mountains
Published: 2015/07/15
Channel: KEVIN CUSTIS
Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2013/09/09
Channel: Bill Lundberg
Driving in the Bighorn Mountains - Wyoming
Driving in the Bighorn Mountains - Wyoming
Published: 2009/06/10
Channel: ShingleCreek
Big Cracks Forms Near Tensleep, Wyo  and foot hills Of Bighorn Mountains WY
Big Cracks Forms Near Tensleep, Wyo and foot hills Of Bighorn Mountains WY
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Mary Greeley
Giant Apocalyptical Crack in Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Giant Apocalyptical Crack in Bighorn Mountains, Wyoming
Published: 2015/11/01
Channel: Santa Barbara
Bighorn Mountains Wyoming. August 2010.
Bighorn Mountains Wyoming. August 2010.
Published: 2011/01/27
Channel: hyaenidae
Hang Gliding Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Hang Gliding Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Published: 2014/08/09
Channel: Glenn Woods' Bold Republic Radio Show
"Giant Crack In Earth" Big Horn Mountains
"Giant Crack In Earth" Big Horn Mountains
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: Paul Begley
Bighorn Mountains
Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2007/02/03
Channel: TessaF
Day Hike to Lost Twin Lakes in the Cloud Peak Wilderness, Bighorn National Forest, Wyoming
Day Hike to Lost Twin Lakes in the Cloud Peak Wilderness, Bighorn National Forest, Wyoming
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Kevin Outdoors
Lower Lost Twin Lake in Bighorn Mountains
Lower Lost Twin Lake in Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: smit64999
Bighorn Mountains 4K 2017
Bighorn Mountains 4K 2017
Published: 2017/08/07
Channel: Lotus & Leech
Fisher
Fisher's ATV World - Big Horn Mountains, WY - Ride with Suzuki Winners Part 3 (FULL)
Published: 2014/07/08
Channel: Fisher's ATV World
Huge Crack in the Earth Opens Up East of Yellowstone Caldera by Big Horn Mountains
Huge Crack in the Earth Opens Up East of Yellowstone Caldera by Big Horn Mountains
Published: 2015/10/28
Channel: DAHBOO777
Bighorn Mountain Black Bear
Bighorn Mountain Black Bear
Published: 2014/12/18
Channel: Base of the Bighorns
Big Horns Wyoming Elk
Big Horns Wyoming Elk
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: wc43
Cutthroat Trout, Bighorn Mountains
Cutthroat Trout, Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: Scott Heywood
2014 Wyoming Bull Elk
2014 Wyoming Bull Elk
Published: 2014/12/23
Channel: Base of the Bighorns
Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Big Horn Mountains Wyoming
Published: 2015/02/14
Channel: Charles Kieser
Motorcycle Ride Over the Bighorn Mountains
Motorcycle Ride Over the Bighorn Mountains
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: AirBournMN
4-wheeling in the Big Horn Mountains
4-wheeling in the Big Horn Mountains
Published: 2008/06/17
Channel: HTS Ag
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bighorn Mountains
Big Horn Mountains, Wyoming 02.jpg
Big Horn range in Northern Wyoming
Highest point
Peak Cloud Peak
Elevation 13,175 ft (4,016 m)
Coordinates 44°23′N 107°10′W / 44.383°N 107.167°W / 44.383; -107.167Coordinates: 44°23′N 107°10′W / 44.383°N 107.167°W / 44.383; -107.167
Geography
Wpdms nasa topo bighorn mountains.jpg
The Bighorns are shown highlighted in red in the western United States
Country United States
States Wyoming and Montana
Parent range Rocky Mountains
Borders on Absaroka Range
Geology
Orogeny Laramide orogeny

The Bighorn Mountains (Apsáalookěi: Basawaxaawúua or Iisaxpúatahchee Isawaxaawúua[1]) are a mountain range in northern Wyoming and southern Montana in the United States, forming a northwest-trending spur from the Rocky Mountains extending approximately 200 miles (320 km) northward on the Great Plains. They are separated from the Absaroka Range, which lie on the main branch of the Rockies in western Wyoming, by the Bighorn Basin.

Geology[edit]

The Bighorns were uplifted during the Laramide orogeny beginning approximately 70 million years ago. They consist of over 9,000 feet (2,700 m) of sedimentary rock strata laid down before mountain-building began: the predominantly marine and near-shore sedimentary layers range from the Cambrian through the Lower Cretaceous, and are often rich in fossils. There is an unconformity where Silurian strata were exposed to erosion and are missing. Following the uplift, large volumes of sediments, rich in early Tertiary fossils, were deposited in the adjoining basins. Though many cirques, U-shaped valleys and glacial lakes can be found in the mountain range, the only remaining active glacier is the Cloud Peak Glacier, which is on the east slope of Cloud Peak.

Geography[edit]

The highest peaks within the Bighorns are located in Wyoming in the 1.12 million acre (4,500 km²) Bighorn National Forest. Two peaks rise to over 13,000 feet (3,960 m) Cloud Peak (13,175 ft, 4013 m) and Black Tooth Mountain (13,005 ft, 3964 m). There are a dozen more that rise to over 12,000 feet (3,650 m). From the east the mountains present a vertical relief of over 8,000 feet (2,450 m), rising abruptly from the plains. Overall, the Bighorns are more rounded than their sister mountain ranges to the west.

The Cloud Peak Wilderness is the centerpiece of a roadless block of land around 189,000 acres in size. The Wilderness is surrounded by unprotected[citation needed] acreage of U.S National Forest as well as Bureau of Land Management, state, and some private land.[2] Most of the Cloud Peak Wilderness is above the tree line; the unprotected lands surrounding it are lower in elevation and covered in coniferous forests.[2] Mule deer, elk, moose, black bear, and mountain lion are found throughout the area.[2]

Two more large roadless areas remained in the Bighorns as of 1992. It is unknown whether these areas have since been reduced in size by road-building and other development. Both areas straddle the Montana-Wyoming state line, in the northern part of the range. One area, north of U.S. Route 14A and containing the headwaters of the Little Bighorn River, is 155,000 acres of National Forest land.[2] This little-known region features subalpine terrain cut by steep canyons.[2] Pronghorn inhabit the area, as it includes a portion of the Great Plains.[2] What little human use it receives is from hunters and fishermen.[2] The second roadless area is located mainly on the Crow Indian Reservation in Montana; its 144,000 acres also includes 34,000 acres of Devil's Canyon on the Bighorn N.F. in Wyoming.[2] In this part of the range, semidesert prairie is cut by steep canyons leading to Yellowtail Reservoir, and high, Douglas-fir cloaked ridges top out at over 9,000'.[2] Colorful rock formations are common. Rocky Mountain juniper and limber pine are scattered on lower elevations, and wildlife includes pronghorn, rattlesnake, golden eagle, ferruginous hawk, and mule deer.[2] The Crow Indians manage a wild bison herd on this portion of the Bighorns.[2] The Crow lands are a sacred area, and thus are off-limits to non-tribal members.[2]

The three highways traversing the Bighorns are designated Scenic Byways by the US Forest Service and the State of Wyoming.[3] These include U.S. Routes 14, 14A, and 16.

The range is the location of the headwaters of the Little Bighorn, Tongue, and Powder rivers.

Bighorn Canyon National Recreation Area consists of approximately 120,000 acres (490 km2) within the Bighorn Mountains. It includes Bighorn Lake, a reservoir damming the Bighorn River.

In 2015, a sudden, huge 'gash' was found in Wyoming's Big Horn Mountains. The Wyoming Geological Survey studied the area and determined that "The Crack" may be the result of an "apparent active landslide" in the southern end of the Big Horn Mountains.[4]

Recreation and human culture[edit]

The Bighorns are a popular destination for hiking, backpacking, fly fishing, horse back riding and increasingly ATV riding and snowmobiling. Trails wind through most of the national forest. The Cloud Peak Wilderness has a network of hiking trails to remote areas and alpine lakes. Higher trails are often covered with snow except from July through August. After Labor Day, there is a good chance of high country snow storms at any time.

The Bighorns are home to one of the elite ultramarathons in the nation. The Bighorn Trail Run is held every June.

The Sioux, Crow, and Cheyenne Indians have long considered the Bighorns sacred mountains.[2]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ "Apsáalooke Place Names Database". Library @ Little Big Horn College. Archived from the original on 2014-11-11. Retrieved 2013-04-27. 
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m Wolke, Howie (1992). The Big Outside. New York: Harmony Books. pp. 134–135, 152. ISBN 0-517-58737-8. 
  3. ^ Bighorn National Forest. Shell Falls. Sheridan, WY: Bighorn National Forest. 
  4. ^ "Awe, curiosity over sudden, huge 'gash' in Wyoming's Big Horn Mountains". CNN. Retrieved October 30, 2015. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Georgen, Cynde. In the shadow of the Bighorns: A history of early Sheridan and the Goose Creek valley of northern Wyoming. Sheridan, Wyoming: Sheridan County Historical Society, 2010. ISBN 978-0-9792871-7-6.

External links[edit]

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