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Andropogon gerardii (Big Bluestem)
Andropogon gerardii (Big Bluestem)
Published: 2016/09/25
Channel: Natural Communities Native Plants
Big Bluestem grass (Andropogon gerardi) and wildflowers in a late summer meadow
Big Bluestem grass (Andropogon gerardi) and wildflowers in a late summer meadow
Published: 2017/10/07
Channel: Zom Bee Nature
Minnesota Native Plant - Big Bluestem (Andropogon Gerardii)
Minnesota Native Plant - Big Bluestem (Andropogon Gerardii)
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: MNNativePlants
Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) awns spinning
Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem) awns spinning
Published: 2012/03/20
Channel: Josh Drizin
Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)
Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii)
Published: 2011/08/24
Channel: PrairieMoonNursery
Gramínea Tropical - Andropogon Gayanus
Gramínea Tropical - Andropogon Gayanus
Published: 2016/05/05
Channel: Sementes Bioseeds
Andropogon
Andropogon
Published: 2011/09/28
Channel: EmeraldCoastGrowers
video forragem andropogon fazenda dons Leila
video forragem andropogon fazenda dons Leila
Published: 2017/04/05
Channel: kamila de liz tavares
Fazenda Canada(Figueirópolis - TO) 02 Consorciação de Estilosantes com o Andropogon
Fazenda Canada(Figueirópolis - TO) 02 Consorciação de Estilosantes com o Andropogon
Published: 2011/04/27
Channel: Sementes Boi Gordo
Little Bluestem - Andropogon scoparium at Ion Exchange
Little Bluestem - Andropogon scoparium at Ion Exchange
Published: 2011/10/04
Channel: Ionxchange
Feno de andropogon
Feno de andropogon
Published: 2016/02/22
Channel: Joarle Pereira da Silva Coelho
How to Pronounce Andropogon Gerardii
How to Pronounce Andropogon Gerardii
Published: 2016/12/20
Channel: Dictionary Voice
Big Bluestem Grass on the Prairie Orchard Aug.16, 2014
Big Bluestem Grass on the Prairie Orchard Aug.16, 2014
Published: 2014/08/22
Channel: The Prairie Orchard
Identifying Big Bluestem
Identifying Big Bluestem
Published: 2017/09/13
Channel: UMN Extension - Yard and Garden
Big bluestem and indian grass awn movement
Big bluestem and indian grass awn movement
Published: 2012/01/11
Channel: Josh Drizin
Big Bluestem mp4
Big Bluestem mp4
Published: 2013/10/12
Channel: Karl Foord
Characteristics of Big Bluestem
Characteristics of Big Bluestem
Published: 2013/10/12
Channel: Karl Foord
Germinating Big Bluestem & Sand Lovegrass
Germinating Big Bluestem & Sand Lovegrass
Published: 2014/03/09
Channel: GardenFresh76
Download Big Bluestem: A Journey into the Tallgrass PDF
Download Big Bluestem: A Journey into the Tallgrass PDF
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: John Cohen
Indiangrass
Indiangrass
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Pastagem de Andropogon
Pastagem de Andropogon
Published: 2017/09/27
Channel: Sementes Bioseeds
Broomsedge and Little Bluestem
Broomsedge and Little Bluestem
Published: 2016/11/16
Channel: Marc Pastorek
Big Bluestem grass growing in a small prairie restoration
Big Bluestem grass growing in a small prairie restoration
Published: 2017/09/05
Channel: Zom Bee Nature
Native Grass Seeding Expectations | Part 1
Native Grass Seeding Expectations | Part 1
Published: 2016/07/14
Channel: MillbornSeeds
Big Bluestem grass shows you its pollen while wildflowers drowse in the sunshine
Big Bluestem grass shows you its pollen while wildflowers drowse in the sunshine
Published: 2017/10/12
Channel: Zom Bee Nature
26007 Big Bluestem
26007 Big Bluestem
Published: 2017/09/12
Channel: RentWerx
If it is growing in the right place, then Big Bluestem grass can be almost twice as tall as you
If it is growing in the right place, then Big Bluestem grass can be almost twice as tall as you
Published: 2017/10/14
Channel: Zom Bee Nature
Earthyman Harvests Big Bluestem at Ion Exchange
Earthyman Harvests Big Bluestem at Ion Exchange
Published: 2009/11/25
Channel: Ionxchange
Big Bluestem Grass
Big Bluestem Grass
Published: 2015/10/03
Channel: Eric Hunt
Big BLuestem - Hip Hominids
Big BLuestem - Hip Hominids
Published: 2015/09/27
Channel: William Erker
Big Bluestem
Big Bluestem
Published: 2014/12/29
Channel: U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service
Big Bluestem WCIA promo
Big Bluestem WCIA promo
Published: 2013/06/14
Channel: Judy Miller
25847 Big Bluestem
25847 Big Bluestem
Published: 2017/06/11
Channel: AlamoTV
Little Bluestem Seed Harvest at Pogue Seed
Little Bluestem Seed Harvest at Pogue Seed
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: J.D. Folbre
Big Bluestem on the tallgrass prairie
Big Bluestem on the tallgrass prairie
Published: 2009/09/09
Channel: draeg001
Bluestem Prairie Grass
Bluestem Prairie Grass
Published: 2013/08/25
Channel: So Many Books
Carter ZF1 modification for running Big Bluestem
Carter ZF1 modification for running Big Bluestem
Published: 2017/03/04
Channel: Scott PLM
Big Bluestem Management Using High Density Grazing, Leslea Hodgson, MN
Big Bluestem Management Using High Density Grazing, Leslea Hodgson, MN
Published: 2015/03/20
Channel: NCRSAREvideo
Big bluestem
Big bluestem
Published: 2017/08/24
Channel: West Holt FFA
Bluestem grass Meaning
Bluestem grass Meaning
Published: 2015/04/28
Channel: ADictionary
bluestem grass in Louisiana wind
bluestem grass in Louisiana wind
Published: 2015/11/06
Channel: Marc Pastorek
Prairie in Wisconsin.
Prairie in Wisconsin.
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: Heather Grimes
Early Fall on the Prairie, September 2014
Early Fall on the Prairie, September 2014
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: The Prairie Orchard
lote de pasto Carimagua (Andropogon Gayanus) finca Buenos Aires, Venadillo Tolima 22/12/16 IV
lote de pasto Carimagua (Andropogon Gayanus) finca Buenos Aires, Venadillo Tolima 22/12/16 IV
Published: 2016/12/22
Channel: Elkin Abdon Guerrero Rondon
Grass Dancers
Grass Dancers
Published: 2016/09/21
Channel: Dave Simpkins
GoPro Prairie Burn - Big blue stem - ran out of diesel and daylight
GoPro Prairie Burn - Big blue stem - ran out of diesel and daylight
Published: 2014/04/09
Channel: Steve Beltran
Prescribed Burn at UHCL Environmental Institute of Houston
Prescribed Burn at UHCL Environmental Institute of Houston
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: UHCL EIH
Abelhas forrageando em capim andropogon
Abelhas forrageando em capim andropogon
Published: 2012/07/12
Channel: Jose Luiz
John Hodge_BOT 2012
John Hodge_BOT 2012
Published: 2012/09/04
Channel: Botany Conference
Tall Grass Prairie (Dow Field) in Nichols Arboretum in Ann Arbor, MI
Tall Grass Prairie (Dow Field) in Nichols Arboretum in Ann Arbor, MI
Published: 2009/10/26
Channel: BisonCall
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Andropogon gerardi
Andropogon gerardii (3904160434).jpg

Secure (NatureServe)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Monocots
(unranked): Commelinids
Order: Poales
Family: Poaceae
Genus: Andropogon
Species: A. gerardi
Binomial name
Andropogon gerardi
Vitman[1]

Andropogon gerardi, known commonly as big bluestem, turkeyfoot,[2] tall bluestem,[3] and bluejoint,[4] is a tall grass (family Poaceae) native to much of the Great Plains and prairie regions of central North America and grasslands, savannas and woodlands throughout eastern North America.

Description[edit]

This species is tolerant of a wide range of soil conditions. Depending on soil and moisture conditions, it grows to a height of 1–3 metres (3.3–9.8 ft). Big bluestem is a perennial bunchgrass. The stem base turns blue or purple as it matures. The seed heads have three spike-like projections. The roots are deep, and the plants send out strong, tough rhizomes, so it forms very strong sod. It blooms in the summer and seeds into the fall.

Ecology[edit]

Big bluestem is a mid-successional grass in prairie ecosystems. It grows in tall, dense stands that shade out other plant species. The stands grow until disturbance interrupts their spread. It is shade intolerant, but typically regrows after wildfire.

Uses[edit]

Agriculture[edit]

The grass and its variants are good forage for horses and cattle, and can also be cut and used for hay. The grass is high in protein. While not considered the highest quality native forage found in the United States, it has long been considered a desirable and ecologically important grass by cattle ranchers and rangeland ecologists.[5][6]

Landscaping[edit]

Big Bluestem is cultivated by specialty plant nurseries for its drought tolerance and native status. It is often grown for wildlife gardens, natural landscaping, and grassland habitat restoration projects.

Biofuel[edit]

Due to its high biomass, big bluestem is being considered as a potential feedstock for ethanol production.[7]

Symbols[edit]

Andropogon gerardi is the state grass of Illinois[8] and Missouri[9] and the official prairie grass of Manitoba.[10]

Nomenclatural notes[edit]

USDA GRIN rejects the spelling gerardii and provides reasoning for gerardi as being the correct spelling for the specific epithet of this taxon.[11] Andropogon gerardii still makes appearances in various literature, including USDA publications.[12]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Summa Pl. 6: 16. 1792 "Plant Name Details for Andropogon gerardii". IPNI. Retrieved December 4, 2009. 
  2. ^ Andropogon gerardi. Germplasm Resources Information Network.
  3. ^ Uchytil, R. J. 1988. Andropogon gerardii. In: Fire Effects Information System. USDA, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory. Accessed 20 June 2013.
  4. ^ Andropogon gerardii. Integrated Taxonomic Information System.
  5. ^ "Establishment of Switchgrass and Big Bluestem in Corn with Atrazine" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  6. ^ Kaiser, Jerry (1 March 2011). "Big Bluestem and Indiangrass for Biomass Production by Variety Selection and Establishment Methods for Missouri, Illinois, and Iowa" (PDF). Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  7. ^ "Big bluestem as a bioenergy crop: A review". Renewable and Sustainable Energy Reviews. 52: 740–756. doi:10.1016/j.rser.2015.07.144. Retrieved 17 January 2017. 
  8. ^ State Symbol: Illinois State Prairie Grass — Big Bluestem (Andropogon gerardii). Illinois State Museum.
  9. ^ State Symbols of Missouri - The State Grass. Office of the Secretary of State of Missouri.
  10. ^ Vote for Manitoba's Official Prairie Grass Emblem. Manitoba Provincial Grass Campaign Committee. 2008.
  11. ^ USDA GRIN cites Andropogon gerardi as correct nomenclature
  12. ^ USDA Plants Profile for Andropogon gerardii (big bluestem)

Further reading[edit]

Everitt, J.H., Drawe, D.L., Little, C.R., and Lonard, R.I. 2011. Grasses of South Texas. Texas Tech University Press, Lubbock, Texas. 336 pp. (ISBN 978-0-89672-668-0)

External links[edit]

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