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Central square in Biga
Central square in Biga
Location of Biga within Turkey.
Location of Biga within Turkey.
Biga is located in Turkey
Location of Biga
Coordinates: 40°14′N 27°15′E / 40.233°N 27.250°E / 40.233; 27.250
Country  Turkey
Region Marmara
Province Çanakkale
 • Governor Fatih Genel
 • Mayor Mehmet Özkan (AKP)
 • District 1,353.69 km2 (522.66 sq mi)
Elevation 21 m (69 ft)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 40,637
 • District 83,594
 • District density 62/km2 (160/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal code 17xxx
Area code(s) 286
Licence plate 17

Biga is a town and district of Çanakkale Province in the Marmara region of Turkey. It is located on the Biga River, 90 kilometres (56 miles) northeast from Çanakkale city centre. According to the 2000 census, population of the district is 80,982 of which 37,196 live in the town of Biga.[3][4] The district covers an area of 1,354 km2 (523 sq mi),[5] and the town lies at an elevation of 21 m (69 ft).

The center of COMU Faculty of Economics and Administrative Sciences is in Biga.


Biga is the site of the ancient city of Pegaea (Greek: Πηγαία), also known as Pegae or Pegai (Πηγαί, "the Springs") until late Byzantine times (in Crusader sources it is also known as Spiga[6]). Archaeologists have not yet established how far back the site has been occupied.[7] In ancient times, Pegaea, located on the plain of Adrastea on the border between the Troad and Mysia, was sometimes included as part of one and sometimes the other. Since coming under Ottoman rule in 1364 it has been known as Biga. Under the Ottomans, it was the seat of a sanjak.


Among the tourist sites in the district are the Ilıcabashı spa, Parion (Kemerd), Priapos (Karabiga castle)[7]

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Biga is twinned with:

See also[edit]

Image gallery[edit]


  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
  3. ^ Statistical Institute[permanent dead link]
  4. ^ GeoHive. "Statistical information on Turkey's administrative units". Retrieved 2009-04-24. 
  5. ^ Statoids. "Statistical information on districts of Turkey". Retrieved 2009-04-20. 
  6. ^ TDV İslâm Ansiklopedisi
  7. ^ a b "Başmakçı Kültür (Bashmakchi Culture)"
  8. ^ "Twinnings" (PDF). Central Union of Municipalities & Communities of Greece. Retrieved 2013-08-25. 


External links[edit]

Media related to Biga at Wikimedia Commons

Coordinates: 40°13′41″N 27°14′32″E / 40.22806°N 27.24222°E / 40.22806; 27.24222


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