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1
Assamese bihu song hatu kumol kumol
Assamese bihu song hatu kumol kumol
::2013/01/03::
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2
Kinu Sawanire Bihu 2008
Kinu Sawanire Bihu 2008
::2007/12/19::
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3
Pub Akaxor - Dikshu & Priyanka, Album - Moromjaan 2014, New Assamese Bihu songs
Pub Akaxor - Dikshu & Priyanka, Album - Moromjaan 2014, New Assamese Bihu songs
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Incredible India-Folk Dances-Bihu from Assam
Incredible India-Folk Dances-Bihu from Assam
::2011/04/05::
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Zubeen Garg - Assamese Bihu Folk Song | Idea Jalsa
Zubeen Garg - Assamese Bihu Folk Song | Idea Jalsa
::2013/10/04::
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Porbator Dhekiya | Junbai 2 | Zubeen Garg | Manas Robin | Bihu
Porbator Dhekiya | Junbai 2 | Zubeen Garg | Manas Robin | Bihu
::2012/12/04::
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MONATE PORISE MUR - TORAMAI - NEW ASSAMESE BIHU
MONATE PORISE MUR - TORAMAI - NEW ASSAMESE BIHU
::2013/04/05::
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Junbai bihu songs assames
Junbai bihu songs assames
::2010/04/13::
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BIHU VIDEO SONG MAJANI 2014
BIHU VIDEO SONG MAJANI 2014
::2014/01/13::
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BEST BIHU OF ANGARAAG MAHANTA_ SONOK SONOK KORI
BEST BIHU OF ANGARAAG MAHANTA_ SONOK SONOK KORI
::2012/10/04::
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Bihu dance of Assam folk Dance
Bihu dance of Assam folk Dance
::2012/09/22::
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Hi Oii Seni Jabi Keni - Jaan Moni - Assamese Bihu Song
Hi Oii Seni Jabi Keni - Jaan Moni - Assamese Bihu Song
::2009/03/27::
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13
bihu-phul phulise bakhantat
bihu-phul phulise bakhantat
::2007/03/12::
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14
Dance: Bihu folk dance and music of Assam (India) performed in Jaipur
Dance: Bihu folk dance and music of Assam (India) performed in Jaipur
::2010/12/13::
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15
Assamese Bihu Dance new  Aaimoni 2010 Assam
Assamese Bihu Dance new Aaimoni 2010 Assam
::2010/03/03::
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16
ranjit gogoi bihu dance in london
ranjit gogoi bihu dance in london
::2013/05/13::
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17
Hadiya Dhubri - JANMONI  - ASSAMESE BIHU SONG
Hadiya Dhubri - JANMONI - ASSAMESE BIHU SONG
::2013/04/07::
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18
Nubuju Tumar -- Dikshu, Album -- Moromjaan 2014, New Assamese Bihu songs (Mr Bean Dance).
Nubuju Tumar -- Dikshu, Album -- Moromjaan 2014, New Assamese Bihu songs (Mr Bean Dance).
::2013/12/31::
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19
EMAN DHUNIYA KOI - TORAMAI 2012 - NEW ASSAMESE BIHU
EMAN DHUNIYA KOI - TORAMAI 2012 - NEW ASSAMESE BIHU
::2013/04/06::
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20
Borolin Aspolin | Junbai |Bihu | Manas Robin Zubeen | Nayan Nilim | Barasha Rani Bishoya
Borolin Aspolin | Junbai |Bihu | Manas Robin Zubeen | Nayan Nilim | Barasha Rani Bishoya
::2013/01/05::
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21
HOT AND SEXY ASSAMESE BIHU SONG - FROM JANMONI by ZUBEEN & VITALI
HOT AND SEXY ASSAMESE BIHU SONG - FROM JANMONI by ZUBEEN & VITALI
::2013/04/05::
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22
DY BIHU KUWARI 2014 - episode February 14, 2014 (Part 4)
DY BIHU KUWARI 2014 - episode February 14, 2014 (Part 4)
::2014/03/04::
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23
Pak Pak(Bihu Naam)-Papon Da & The East India Company live Performance at NIT Silchar
Pak Pak(Bihu Naam)-Papon Da & The East India Company live Performance at NIT Silchar
::2014/03/13::
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24
Bihu dance performed during Kaziranga Elephant Festival
Bihu dance performed during Kaziranga Elephant Festival
::2014/04/24::
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25
| KIRILI | কিৰিলি | New Bihu songs-By Angarag Papon Mahanta |
| KIRILI | কিৰিলি | New Bihu songs-By Angarag Papon Mahanta |
::2014/03/03::
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26
Bihu dance is the most popular folk dance of Assam বিহু নৃত্য
Bihu dance is the most popular folk dance of Assam বিহু নৃত্য
::2014/02/13::
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27
Jaanmoni-Bihu Song-Teteli potiya sira khuwai....
Jaanmoni-Bihu Song-Teteli potiya sira khuwai....
::2007/04/13::
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28
DY BIHU KUWARI 2014 - episode February 14, 2014 (Part 2)
DY BIHU KUWARI 2014 - episode February 14, 2014 (Part 2)
::2014/03/04::
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29
A BIHU VIDEO SONG FROM ALBUM JANMONI
A BIHU VIDEO SONG FROM ALBUM JANMONI
::2013/04/05::
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30
Soraai ure ure   Bihu song by ZUBEEN GARG
Soraai ure ure Bihu song by ZUBEEN GARG
::2013/11/27::
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UAE Rongali Bihu 2014  HUSORI
UAE Rongali Bihu 2014 HUSORI
::2014/04/15::
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32
GAMOSA BIHU HD FULL ASSAMESE MOVIE
GAMOSA BIHU HD FULL ASSAMESE MOVIE
::2013/09/17::
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Bihu Husori - by Machkhowa (Dhemaji) Husori Dol
Bihu Husori - by Machkhowa (Dhemaji) Husori Dol
::2013/04/21::
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34
Ringa Ringa Mon - Assamese Bihu  Song 2013
Ringa Ringa Mon - Assamese Bihu Song 2013
::2013/04/15::
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35
Bihu Dance in Amity Youth Fest,2012
Bihu Dance in Amity Youth Fest,2012
::2012/02/11::
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36
Bhupen Hazarika Ek pal Phule dana dana bihu in hindi
Bhupen Hazarika Ek pal Phule dana dana bihu in hindi
::2012/01/05::
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37
Rongali Bihu 2013 - Husori (Dubai, UAE)
Rongali Bihu 2013 - Husori (Dubai, UAE)
::2013/04/13::
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38
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
BIHU ASSAMESE :: JUN TORALI
::2006/12/16::
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39
Bihu Dance of Assam - Indian Folk Dance - National Tribal Dance Festival - Bhubaneswar 2013
Bihu Dance of Assam - Indian Folk Dance - National Tribal Dance Festival - Bhubaneswar 2013
::2013/12/24::
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40
DY Bihu Rani 2012 Final Episode
DY Bihu Rani 2012 Final Episode
::2012/06/17::
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41
Bihu Dance of Assam
Bihu Dance of Assam
::2007/04/24::
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42
Dhonsiri Pare Hoi (Traditional Bihu Song) ধনশিৰি পাৰে হৈ
Dhonsiri Pare Hoi (Traditional Bihu Song) ধনশিৰি পাৰে হৈ
::2011/01/12::
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43
Rongali Bihu r Ulog
Rongali Bihu r Ulog
::2014/04/12::
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44
পৰম্পৰাগত বিহু গীত Traditional Bihu Song
পৰম্পৰাগত বিহু গীত Traditional Bihu Song
::2011/04/14::
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45
Sivasagar Bihu
Sivasagar Bihu
::2009/04/15::
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46
Seattle Bihu 2013
Seattle Bihu 2013
::2013/04/22::
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47
BIHU DANCE PERFORMANCE BY DIP JYOTI HAZARIKA & HIS GROUP
BIHU DANCE PERFORMANCE BY DIP JYOTI HAZARIKA & HIS GROUP
::2013/11/04::
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48
Dy Medley Season2  Sonowal Traditional Bihu performed by Dimpy Sonowal & Jayanta Sonowal
Dy Medley Season2 Sonowal Traditional Bihu performed by Dimpy Sonowal & Jayanta Sonowal
::2012/08/13::
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49
JAANMONI 2011 - Assamese Bihu Song (Prasenjit & Shyamantika)
JAANMONI 2011 - Assamese Bihu Song (Prasenjit & Shyamantika)
::2011/10/13::
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50
JUN TORALI - HIT BIHU VIDEO SONG
JUN TORALI - HIT BIHU VIDEO SONG
::2013/04/06::
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Dhol,Tal,Pepa
Bihu dancer playing a 'pepa' (horn)
Bihu team of SRM University, Chennai

Bihu (Assamese: বিহু) denotes a set of three different cultural festivals of Assam and celebrated by the Assamese diaspora around the world. Though they owe their origins to ancient rites and practices they have taken definite urban features and have become popular festivals in urban and commercialized milieus in the recent decades. One includes the Assamese new year celebrated in April. Bihu is also used to imply Bihu dance and Bihu folk songs. The Rongali Bihu or the Bohag Bihu is an important festival of Assam. The most important festivals of Assam are the Bihus, celebrated with fun in abundance by all Assamese people irrespective of caste, creed, and belief.

The word Bihu is derived from the language of the Dimasa people who have been agrarian since time immemorial. Their supreme god is Brai Shibrai or Father Shibrai. The First crops of the season are offered to Brai Shibrai while wishing for peace and prosperity. So Bi means "to ask" and Shu means "peace and prosperity" in the world. Hence the word BISHU gradually became Bihu to accommodate linguistic preferences.The other suggestion is that "Bi" means "to ask" and "Hu" means "to give" and so came BIHU. [[1]] It was said by "Kalaguru" Bishnu Prasad Rabha. In Assam, Rongali Bihu draws from many different traditions— Austro-Asiatic, Sino-Burmese and Indo-Aryan—and is celebrated with great fervor. Celebrations begin in the middle of April and generally continue for a month. This is the traditional new year. In addition there are two other Bihus: Kongali Bihu in October (associated with the September equinox) and Bhogali Bihu in January (associated with the January solstice). Like most other Indian festivals, Bihu (all three) is associated with farming; as the traditional Assamese society is predominantly agricultural. In fact, similar festivals are also celebrated around the same time elsewhere in India.

The three Bihus[edit]

In a year there are three Bihu festivals in Assam - in the months of Bohaag (Baisakh, the middle of April), Maagh (the middle of January), and Kaati (Kartik, the middle of October). The Bihus have been celebrated in Assam since ancient times. Each Bihu coincides with a distinctive phase in the farming calendar. The most important and colourful of the three Bihu festival is the Spring festival "Bohag Bihu" or Rongali Bihu celebrated in the middle of April. This is also the beginning of the agricultural season.Bihu is celebrated by the all parts of Assam and all cast and religion.Directly we can say that Bihu is secular festival which brings the humanity,peace and brotherhood among the various cast and religion.[2] ,lcl/xzxz'

Bohag Bihu[edit]

Bohag Bihu (mid-April, also called Rongali Bihu), the most popular Bihu celebrates the onset of the Assamese New Year (around April 14–15) and the coming of Spring. This marks the first day of the Hindu solar calendar and is also observed in Mithila,Bengal, Manipur, Nepal, Orissa, Punjab, Kerala and Tamil Nadu though called by different names. It's a time of merriment and feasting and continues, in general, for seven days. The farmers prepare the fields for cultivation of paddy and there is a feeling of joy around. The women make pitha, larus (traditional food made of rice and coconut) and Jolpan which gives the real essence of the season. The first day of the bihu is called goru bihu or cow bihu, where the cows are washed and worshipped, which falls on the last day of the previous year, usually on April 14. This is followed by manuh (human) bihu on April 15, the New Year Day. This is the day of getting cleaned up, wearing new cloths and celebrating and getting ready for the new year with fresh vigor. The third day is Gosai (Gods) bihu; statues of Gods, worshiped in all households are cleaned and worshiped asking for a smooth new year.

Kopou phool (Rhynchostylis gigantea)

The folk songs associated with the Bohag Bihu are called Bihugeets or Bihu songs. The form of celebration and rites vary among different demographic groups.

Rongali Bihu is also a fertility festival, where the bihu dance with its sensuous movements using the hips, arms, etc., by the young women call out to celebrate their fertility. In this aspect, the bihu dance can also be called a mating ritual by the young men and women.

The Seven days[edit]

The " Gos Tolor " Bihu dance, An open air Bihu Dance

Bohag Bihu or Rongali Bihu festival continues for seven days and called as Xaat Bihu. The seven days are known as Chot Bihu, Goru Bihu, Manuh Bihu, Kutum Bihu, Senehi Bihu, Mela Bihu and Chera Bihu. full good ans


Kongali Bihu[edit]

Kongali Bihu (mid-October, also called Kati-Bihu) has a different flavor as there is less merriment and the atmosphere has a sense of constrain and solemnity. During this time of the year, the paddy in the fields are in the growing stage and the granaries of the farmers are almost empty. On this day, earthen lamps (saki) are lit at the foot of the household tulsi plant, the granary, the garden (bari) and the paddy fields. To protect the maturing paddy, cultivators whirl a piece of bamboo and recite rowa-khowa chants and spells to ward off pests and the evil eye. During the evening, cattle are fed specially made rice items called pitha. The Bodo people light lamps at the foot of the siju (Euphorbia neriifolia) tree. This Bihu is also associated with the lighting of akaxi gonga or akaxbonti, lamps at the tip of a tall bamboo pole, to show the souls of the dead the way to heaven, a practice that is common to many communities in India, as well as Asia and Europe.[3]

Bhogali Bihu[edit]

A Buffalo fight held at Ranthali, in Nagaon District of Assam, on the occasion of Magh bihu

Bhogali Bihu (mid-January, also called Magh Bihu) comes from the word Bhog that is eating and enjoyment.[4] It is a harvest festival and marks the end of harvesting season. Since the granaries are full, there is a lot of feasting and eating during this period. On the eve of the day called uruka, i.e., the last day of pausa, menfolk, more particularly young men go to the field, preferably near a river, build a makeshift cottage called Bhelaghar with the hay of the harvest fields and the bonfire or Meji, the most important thing for the night. During the night, they prepare food and there is community feasting everywhere.There is also exchange of sweets and greetings at this time. The entire night (called Uruka) is spent around a Meji with people singing bihu songs, beating Dhol, a typical kind of drums or playing games. Boys roam about in the dark stealing firewood and vegetables for fun. The next morning they take a bath and burn the main Meji. People gather around the Meji and throw Pithas (rice cakes) and betel nuts to it while burning it at the same time. They offer their prayers to the God of Fire and mark the end of the harvesting year. Thereafter they come back home carrying pieces of half burnt firewood for being thrown among fruit trees for favourable results. All the trees in the compound are tied to bamboo strips or paddy stems. Different types of sports like Buffalo-fight, Egg-fight, Cock-fight, Nightingale-fight etc. are held throughout the day. There are other conventional festivals observed by various ethnic-cultural groups. Me-dam-me-phi, Ali-aye-ligang, Porag, Garja, Hapsa Hatarnai, Kherai are few among them.The koch celebrates this bihu as pushna.[5] All assamese people around the world celebrates this tradition on the month of January as per English calendar. The Uruka comes on 13 January followed by the Bihu on 14 January.

Instruments used in Bihu[edit]

Bihu elsewhere[edit]

Bihu is also seen to be celebrated abroad. Many Bihu associations / committees exist elsewhere where this festival is celebrated with enthusiasm. The London Bihu Committee (LBC), UK is one of them amongst others.

Related holidays in other cultures[edit]

It coincides with the New Years in many other Southern Asian calendars, including:

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^ http://focusa2z.com/digitization-of-culture-and-modern-bihu-in-assam/ Modern Bihu in Assam
  2. ^ Khatun, Shazida (2012-04-10). "TOP TENS OF INDIAN EVERGREEN SONGS: All Time Best Bihu Song With History of Bihu Festival Of Assam Which Has No Cast Religion Bar". Bollywoodevergreen10.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 
  3. ^ Goswami 1988, pp7-8
  4. ^ Celebrating Nature's Bounty - Magh Bihu, Efi-news.com
  5. ^ Sankalp India Foundation. "Bihu: A celebration of Assamese culture | Sankalp India Foundation". Sankalpindia.net. Retrieved 2012-12-19. 

External links[edit]

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