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Billboard Year-End charts are a cumulative measure of a single or album's performance in the United States, based upon the Billboard magazine charts during any given chart year. Billboard's "chart year" runs from the first Billboard "week" of December to the final week in November, but because the Billboard week is dated in advance of publication, the last calendar week for which sales are counted is usually the third week in November.[1] This altered calendar allows for Billboard to calculate year-end charts and release them in time for its final print issue in the last week of December. Prior to incorporating chart data from Nielsen SoundScan (from 1991), year-end charts were calculated by an inverse-point system based solely on a title's performance (for example a single appearing on the Billboard Hot 100 would be given one point for a week spent at position 100, two points for a week spent at position ninety-nine, and so forth, up to 100 points for each week spent at number one). Other factors including the total weeks a song spent on the chart and at its peak position were calculated into its year-end total. The same method was used for albums based on the Billboard 200, and songs appearing on the other charts (e.g. Hot Country Singles).[citation needed]

After Billboard began obtaining sales and airplay information from Nielsen SoundScan and Nielsen Broadcast Data Systems, the year-end charts are now calculated by a very straightforward cumulative total of yearlong sales (or sales and airplay) points.[citation needed] This gives a more accurate picture of any given year's most popular titles, as an entry that hypothetically spent nine weeks at number one in the spring could possibly have earned fewer cumulative points than one spending six weeks at number three in January. Due to this methodology, albums at the peak of their popularity at the time of the November/December chart-year cutoff many times end up ranked lower than one would expect on a year-end tally, yet are ranked on the following year's chart as well, as their cumulative points are split between the two chart years.

Billboard year-end number ones[edit]

Pop
Singles: Best Sellers in Stores ('40s-1958), Billboard Hot 100 (1958-present)
Albums: Best-Selling Popular Albums (1955–1956), Best-Selling Pop Albums (1956–1957), Best-Selling Pop LPs (1957–1959), Top LPs (1963–1972), Top LPs & Tapes (1972–1984), Top 200 Albums (1984), Top Pop Albums (1985–1991), The Billboard 200 Top Albums (1991–1992), Billboard 200 (1992-present).

Between 1959 and 1963 the chart was divided in a stereo chart and a mono chart and were named Best-Selling Stereophonic LPs and Best-Selling Monophonic LPs (1959–1960), Stereo Action Charts and Mono Action Charts (1960–1961), Action Albums—Stereophonic and Action Albums—Monophonic (1961) and Top LPs—Stereo and Top LPs—Monaural (1961–1963).

R&B / Soul / Hip-hop
Singles: Hot Soul Singles, Hot Black Singles, Hot R&B Singles, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Singles & Tracks, Hot R&B/Hip-Hop Songs (Note: Billboard did not publish a singles chart for R&B songs from late 1963 through early 1965.)
Albums: Top Soul Albums, Top Black Albums, Top R&B/Hip-Hop Albums
Country
Singles: Hot Country Singles, Hot Country Singles & Tracks, Hot Country Songs
Albums: Top Country Albums

See also[edit]

Elton John (1974, 1975), Michael Jackson (1983, 1984), 50 Cent (2003, 2005), Taylor Swift (2009, 2015) and Adele (2011, 2012, 2016)

Elvis Presley (1956, 1957), Percy Faith (1953, 1960), The Beatles (1964, 1968) and Elton John (1986, 1997)

Simon & Garfunkel (1970), George Michael (1988), Whitney Houston (1993), Ace of Base (1994), 50 Cent (2003), Usher (2004) and Adele (2011)

Year Album Song
1946 "Prisoner of Love" - Perry Como
1947 "Near You"- Francis Craig
1948 "Twelfth Street Rag" - Pee Wee Hunt
1949 "(Ghost) Riders in the Sky: A Cowboy Legend" - Vaughn Monroe
1950 "Goodnight, Irene" - Gordon Jenkins And The Weavers
1951 "Too Young" - Nat King Cole
1952 "Blue Tango" - Leroy Anderson
1953 "The Song from Moulin Rouge" - Percy Faith
1954 "Little Things Mean a Lot" - Kitty Kallen
1955 "Cherry Pink (and Apple Blossom White)" - Perez Prado 1
1956 Calypso - Harry Belafonte "Heartbreak Hotel" - Elvis Presley
1957 My Fair Lady - Original Broadway Cast "All Shook Up" - Elvis Presley
1958 My Fair Lady - Original Broadway Cast "Volare" - Domenico Modugno
1959 The Music from Peter Gunn - Henry Mancini "The Battle of New Orleans" - Johnny Horton
1960 The Sound of Music - Original Broadway Cast "Theme from A Summer Place" - Percy Faith
1961 Camelot - Original Broadway Cast "Tossin' and Turnin'" - Bobby Lewis
1962 West Side Story - Various Artists "Stranger on the Shore" - Acker Bilk
1963 West Side Story - Various Artists "Sugar Shack" - The Fireballs
1964 Hello, Dolly! - Original Broadway Cast "I Want to Hold Your Hand" - The Beatles
1965 Mary Poppins - Various Artists "Wooly Bully" - Sam the Sham
1966 Whipped Cream & Other Delights - Herb Alpert "Ballad of the Green Berets" - Barry Sadler
1967 More of the Monkees - The Monkees "To Sir with Love" - Lulu
1968 Are You Experienced - The Jimi Hendrix Experience "Hey Jude" - The Beatles
1969 In-A-Gadda-Da-Vida - Iron Butterfly "Sugar, Sugar" - The Archies
1970 Bridge over Troubled Water - Simon & Garfunkel "Bridge over Troubled Water" - Simon & Garfunkel
1971 Jesus Christ Superstar - Various Artists "Joy to the World" - Three Dog Night
1972 Harvest - Neil Young "The First Time Ever I Saw Your Face" - Roberta Flack
1973 The World Is a Ghetto - War "Tie a Yellow Ribbon Round the Ole Oak Tree" - Tony Orlando and Dawn
1974 Goodbye Yellow Brick Road - Elton John "The Way We Were" - Barbra Streisand
1975 Greatest Hits - Elton John "Love Will Keep Us Together" - Captain & Tennille
1976 Frampton Comes Alive! - Peter Frampton "Silly Love Songs" - Paul McCartney and Wings
1977 Rumours - Fleetwood Mac "Tonight's the Night (Gonna Be Alright)" - Rod Stewart
1978 Saturday Night Fever - Various Artists "Shadow Dancing" - Andy Gibb
1979 52nd Street - Billy Joel "My Sharona" - The Knack
1980 The Wall - Pink Floyd "Call Me" - Blondie
1981 Hi Infidelity - REO Speedwagon "Bette Davis Eyes" - Kim Carnes
1982 Asia - Asia "Physical" - Olivia Newton-John
1983 Thriller - Michael Jackson "Every Breath You Take" - The Police
1984 Thriller - Michael Jackson "When Doves Cry" - Prince
1985 Born in the U.S.A. - Bruce Springsteen "Careless Whisper" - Wham!
1986 Whitney Houston - Whitney Houston "That's What Friends Are For" - Dionne Warwick with Elton John, Gladys Knight and Stevie Wonder
1987 Slippery When Wet - Bon Jovi "Walk Like an Egyptian" - The Bangles
1988 Faith - George Michael "Faith" - George Michael
1989 Don't Be Cruel - Bobby Brown "Look Away" - Chicago
1990 Janet Jackson's Rhythm Nation 1814 - Janet Jackson "Hold On (Wilson Phillips song)" - Wilson Phillips
1991 Mariah Carey - Mariah Carey "(Everything I Do) I Do It for You" - Bryan Adams
1992 Ropin' the Wind - Garth Brooks "End of the Road" - Boyz II Men
1993 The Bodyguard - Various Artists "I Will Always Love You" - Whitney Houston
1994 The Sign - Ace of Base "The Sign" - Ace of Base
1995 Cracked Rear View - Hootie & the Blowfish "Gangsta's Paradise" - Coolio featuring L.V.
1996 Jagged Little Pill - Alanis Morissette "Macarena" - Los del Rio 1
1997 Spice - Spice Girls "Candle in the Wind 1997" / "Something About the Way You Look Tonight" - Elton John
1998 Titanic: Music from the Motion Picture - James Horner "Too Close" - Next
1999 Millennium - Backstreet Boys "Believe" - Cher
2000 No Strings Attached - NSYNC "Breathe" - Faith Hill
2001 1 - The Beatles "Hanging by a Moment" - Lifehouse
2002 The Eminem Show - Eminem "How You Remind Me" - Nickelback
2003 Get Rich or Die Tryin' - 50 Cent "In da Club" - 50 Cent
2004 Confessions - Usher "Yeah!" - Usher featuring Lil Jon and Ludacris
2005 The Massacre - 50 Cent "We Belong Together" - Mariah Carey
2006 Some Hearts - Carrie Underwood "Bad Day" - Daniel Powter
2007 Daughtry - Daughtry "Irreplaceable" - Beyonce 1
2008 As I Am - Alicia Keys "Low" - Flo Rida featuring T-Pain
2009 Fearless - Taylor Swift "Boom Boom Pow" - The Black Eyed Peas
2010 I Dreamed a Dream - Susan Boyle "Tik Tok" - Kesha
2011 21 - Adele "Rolling in the Deep" - Adele
2012 21 - Adele "Somebody That I Used to Know" - Gotye featuring Kimbra
2013 The 20/20 Experience - Justin Timberlake "Thrift Shop" - Macklemore & Ryan Lewis featuring Wanz
2014 Frozen - Various Artists "Happy" - Pharrell Williams
2015 1989 - Taylor Swift "Uptown Funk" - Mark Ronson featuring Bruno Mars
2016 25 - Adele "Love Yourself" - Justin Bieber
2017 Damn - Kendrick Lamar "Shape of You" - Ed Sheeran

References[edit]

  1. ^ Pietroluongo, Silvio. "How We Chart The Year", Billboard.com, December 18, 2012

Sources[edit]

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