|IATA: BHX – ICAO: EGBB|
|Owner||Seven Metropolitan Boroughs of West Midlands (49% total)
(Birmingham, Coventry, Wolverhampton, Dudley, Sandwell, Walsall & Solihull)
Airport Group Investments Ltd. (48.25%) (Teachers' & VFMC)
Employee Shares (2.75%)
|Operator||Birmingham Airport Ltd|
|Serves||Birmingham, United Kingdom|
|Location||Bickenhill, West Midlands|
|Elevation AMSL||341 ft / 104 m|
|Passenger change 12–13||2.2%|
|Movements change 12–13||3.3%|
|Sources: UK AIP at NATS
Statistics from the UK Civil Aviation Authority
Birmingham Airport (IATA: BHX, ICAO: EGBB), formerly Birmingham International Airport is an airport located 5.5 nautical miles (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east southeast of Birmingham city centre, at Bickenhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull within the West Midlands, England. The airport is a base for Flybe, Monarch, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways.
The airport offers both domestic flights within the UK, and international flights to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, North America and the Caribbean. After handling a record 9.6 million passengers in 2008, passenger numbers declined to around 9.1 million in 2013, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport.
Birmingham has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P451) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.
Birmingham Airport is 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east-south-east of Birmingham city centre, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It is bordered by the National Exhibition Centre to the east, Marston Green to the north, Sheldon to the west, and the village of Bickenhill to the south.
It is primarily served by the A45 main road, and is near Junction 6 of the M42 motorway. It is connected by the elevated AirRail Link with Birmingham International railway station on the West Coast Main Line.
The airport's location south-east of the city, plus the only operational runway being north-west – south-east (15/33), means that depending on wind direction, aircraft land or take-off directly over Birmingham. The relatively short north-east – south-west runway (06/24) is not operational, and has been incorporated into the taxiway for aircraft departing the end of runway 33, or gaining access to runway 15.
During the post-war years, public events, such as air fairs and air races were held on the site.
In September 2010 an announcement was made that following the merging of Terminals 1 & 2 in 2011, the airport would drop the International from its official name to become Birmingham Airport. A Midlands based marketing agency was recruited to "create a new corporate identity that reflects [Birmingham Airport's] current position in the market place, as well as its future potential". Figures from Birmingham Airport show that 8 million people live within a one hour's drive of the airport, but less than 40% of them use it. It is hoped that the rebrand will make the airport "more visible to the market". The new name was used from November 2010. The new logo, interlocking circles in shades of blue, and slogan, "Hello World", were designed to reflect the airport's new positioning as a global travel hub.
In January 2011, the airport merged its two terminals into a Single Terminal Building. This involved the construction of two new floors been added to the airports terminals (& Millennium Link). The 3rd floor was built in the Millennium Link (also in the two terminals) accommodating the new Centralised Security Search area and a/the Lower Ground Floor, accommodating the new Arrivals and Meeting & Greeting (Meet & Greet) area. There are also plans to extend both terminals, adding an additional Departures and Arrivals.
The airport has published a master plan for its development up to 2030, called "Towards 2030: Planning a Sustainable Future for Air Transport in the Midlands". This sets out details of changes to the terminals, airfield layout and off-site infrastructure. As with all large scale plans, the proposals are controversial, with opposition from environmentalists and local residents. In particular the requirement for a second parallel runway based on projected demand was disputed by opponents.
Although initial plans for a second runway were scrapped, this is now firmly back on the airports agenda ahead of the report into Britains aviation strategy being published. Plans for a 2nd runway on the other side of the M42, along with a new terminal building and business park have been published and it's hoped they could help create around 250,000 jobs.
It's also been estimated that if these plans were to go ahead, the airport could handle around 70,000,000 passengers annually, and around 500,000 aircraft movements.
Originally, the target for completion was in time for the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics. However, work began in late 2012, and the runway was completed in early May 2014,  with the first long haul airline that made use of it being China Southern, when it operated it first charter flight between Birmingham & Beijing on 22 July 2014.
Plans for the extension of the airport runway and the construction of the new air traffic control tower were submitted to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council in January 2008 and approved in March 2009. The construction of the runway extension and a new air traffic control tower began in March 2011. The extension to the southern end of the runway originally required the A45 Coventry Road to be diverted into a tunnel under the extended section, but to cut immediate costs, it will be diverted to the south of the runway until 2020, when it'll be moved into a tunnel.
The extension increased the runway length from the previous 2,605 m (8,547 ft) to 3,003 m (9,852 ft). The main plan was to have a 150m starter extension along with the 400m extension but due to the costs, the plan for the tunnel had been cancelled and so the runway length is 3,050 m (10,007 ft). There is a loop taxiway from which planes will taxi to the runway and then takeoff. The airport owners believe there is likely to be sufficient demand for long-range direct services operated by aircraft whose operations were constrained by the previous runway length. The previous runway length was short for an airport with Birmingham's passenger throughput and range of destinations, and limited aircraft to destinations on the east coast or in the midwest of North America, in the Gulf and Middle East, or on the South Asian subcontinent.
Taxiways will be further improved to allow for terminal expansion and to improve runway occupancy rates. A new turn off was completed in June 2006 and saw an improvement in traffic rates on southerly operations, where the only available option for landing traffic had been to travel to the end of the runway to exit.
The runway extension was officially opened on 22 July 2014, when China Southern Airlines operated its first charter flight between Birmingham and Beijing. This was the first aircraft that had to make use of the new runway length.
The extension caused controversy as more than 2,000 local residents complained about the increased noise levels due to the new flight path around the airport that was required after the runway was extended.
Building a new control tower for the airport began in July 2011, to replace the old tower which has stood at the airport since it was opened in 1939. The tower was completed in March 2012. As soon as the equipment was installed, testing and training began in summer 2012. The tower was fully operational by summer 2013. An Olympic ceremony was held at the airport on 23 April 2012, the Olympic rings were unveiled on the tower and could be seen from the A45 road and the main terminal building. This was to commemorate the build-up to the London 2012 Olympic games. These rings were removed once the Olympic Games officially closed, just before 2012 Summer Paralympics began.
As part of the proposed High Speed Two rail link, a new railway station called Birmingham Interchange would be built to serve both the airport and the National Exhibition Centre. The station would be built on the far side of the M42 motorway and connect to the airport using a "rapid transit people mover". If the project is given the go ahead, High Speed Two is currently planned for completion by 2026.
On 23 February 2011, it was reported that Birmingham Airport had announced the HS2 extension could be a solution to runway capacity problems in London, citing that will be quicker to get to London from Birmingham than from London Stansted once completed and claimed that the airport had capacity for nine million more passengers.
|Aegean Airlines||Seasonal: Athens
Seasonal charter: Heraklion, Rhodes
|Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
|Cork, Dublin, Shannon|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Air India||Amritsar, Delhi|
|Air Malta||Seasonal: Malta|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson|
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|BH Air||Seasonal: Burgas, Varna|
operated by Flybe
operated by Tyrolean Airways
|Cyprus Airways||Seasonal charter: Larnaca|
|Eastern Airways||Newcastle upon Tyne|
Seasonal: Geneva, Grenoble
|Evelop Airlines||Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Antalya, Dalaman|
|Flybe||Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Berlin-Tegel (beings 26 October 2014), Bordeaux, Cologne/Bonn, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Florence, Glasgow-International, Guernsey, Hamburg (begins 27 October 2014), Hanover, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey, Reykjavík-Keflavík, Knock, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Oslo-Gardermoen (begins 26 October 2014), Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Porto, Stuttgart, Toulouse, Waterford
Seasonal: Alicante, Avignon, Bergerac, Brest, Chambéry, Dubrovnik, Geneva, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kittilä, La Rochelle, Newquay, Palma de Mallorca, Perpignan
Seasonal charter: Lleida
|Germanwings||Berlin-Tegel (ends 31 August 2014), Hamburg|
operated by Eurowings
|Düsseldorf (begins 18 September 2014)|
|Icelandair||Reykjavík-Keflavík (begins 5 February 2015)|
operated by Eurowings
|Düsseldorf (ends 17 September 2014)|
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Monarch Airlines||Alicante, Barcelona, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gibraltar, Gran Canaria, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Málaga, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Almería, Bodrum, Bordeaux, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Menorca, Salzburg (begins 13 December 2014), Split, Turin (begins 13 December 2014)
Seasonal charter: Chania, Corfu, Kavala, Kefalonia, Preveza, Rhodes, Skiathos, Zakynthos
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad|
|Ryanair||Alicante, Barcelona, Bratislava, Bydgoszcz, Derry, Dublin, Faro, Gdańsk, Gran Canaria, Katowice, Kaunas, Kraków, Lanzarote, Málaga, Malta, Milan-Bergamo, Rzeszów, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Ibiza, Murcia, Palma de Mallorca, Perpignan, Reus, Trieste
|Scandinavian Airlines||Copenhagen, Stockholm-Arlanda|
operated by Blue1
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Alicante, Antalya, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Lanzarote, Malaga, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería, Banjul, Bodrum, Burgas, Corfu, Djerba (begins 6 May 2015), Enfidha, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, İzmir, Kalamata (begins 24 May 2015), Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Mytilene (begins 23 May 2015), Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Turin, Zakynthos
|Thomson Airways||Alicante, Antalya, Boa Vista, Cancún, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Gran Canaria, Funchal, Lanzarote, Hurghada, Málaga, Marrakech, Montego Bay-Sangster, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Sal (resumes 4 November 2014), Orlando-Sanford, Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Agadir (begins 7 May 2015), Almería, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Catania, Chambéry, Chania (begins 5 May 2015), Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba (begins 6 May 2015), Dubrovnik, Enontekiö, Faro, Geneva, Genoa, Gerona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir, Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Malta, Menorca, Naples, Porto Santo (begins 25 May 2015), Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Sofia, Verona, Zakynthos
operated by TUIfly
|Seasonal: Palma de Mallorca |
|Aviavilsa||Vilnius, Minsk, Plovdiv, Saarbrucken|
|FedEx Express||Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Atlantic Airlines||Isle of Man|
|BinAir||Oporto, Bilbao, Katowice, Cologne/Bonn|
|Birmingham Airport Passenger Totals
|Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority|
|6||United Arab Emirates||499,573||5.4|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % change
|7||Isle of Man||41,676||4.0|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % Change
2012 / 13
|4||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||365,784||1.3|
|8||Palma de Mallorca||258,959||9.2|
Birmingham Airport is served by Birmingham International station. The station is on the West Coast Main Line between Birmingham and London. London Midland and Virgin Trains operate from Birmingham New Street station to Birmingham International station approximately every 10 minutes (during the day time), with a journey time of 10 to 15 minutes. There are three services per hour to and from London Euston, the journey time being around 70 minutes. Access between the railway station and the airport terminal is provided by the free AirRail Link.
|Preceding station||AirRail Link||Following station|
|Birmingham International||AirRail Link||Terminus|
National Express West Midlands operates the main bus routes calling at Birmingham Airport, those being the 900 to Birmingham city centre and Coventry, and the 966 to Erdington and Solihull. Additionally service 97A to Birmingham via Chelmsley Wood now runs to the airport 24hrs a day. Other smaller operators also call at the airport. Bus stops are situated outside Terminal One. Most buses are operated by National Express West Midlands, who do not give change when selling tickets, so foreign travellers will need to ensure they have British coins when taking a local bus.
Birmingham Airport is accessible from the north and south via Junction Six of the M42 motorway. From Birmingham city centre, the A45 runs directly to the airport. There are no pick-up or drop-off areas available outside the terminal. Instead, there is a "Drop & Go" car park outside the terminals for which there is a charge of £1 for 10 minutes, plus another £1 for each subsequent 10 minutes. Alternatively, the first 15 minutes parking in Long Stay 1 is free. The airport offers short and medium stay car parks close to the terminal, and long stay car parks with a free bus service to the terminal. The airport suggests using Short/Medium car parks 1/2/3 for arrivals.
Birmingham Airport is the location of six global car-hire firms with a dedicated return and collect car park near to the terminals.
The only cycle route available heads south over the A45 travelling towards Solihull. Birmingham Airport have however published "recommended routes" for cyclists. Free short term cycle parking is available close to Terminal One. For longer stays, bicycles must be stored in Left Luggage for a charge.
Media related to Birmingham Airport at Wikimedia Commons