|This article needs additional citations for verification. (March 2015)|
|IATA: BHX – ICAO: EGBB|
|Operator||Birmingham Airport Ltd|
|Serves||Birmingham, United Kingdom|
|Location||Bickenhill, West Midlands and Birmingham, West Midlands|
|Elevation AMSL||341 ft / 104 m|
Birmingham Airport (IATA: BHX, ICAO: EGBB), formerly Birmingham International Airport is an international airport located 5.5 nautical miles (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east southeast of Birmingham city centre, at Bickenhill in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull and in Birmingham within the West Midlands, England. The airport is a base for Flybe, Monarch, Ryanair, Thomas Cook Airlines and Thomson Airways.
The airport offers both domestic flights within the UK, and international flights to destinations in Europe, the Middle East, the Indian subcontinent, North America and the Caribbean. Passenger throughput in 2014 was about 9.7 million, making Birmingham the seventh busiest UK airport. However, the airport is the sixth in terms of international passengers.
Birmingham has a CAA Public Use Aerodrome Licence (Number P451) that allows flights for the public transport of passengers or for flying instruction.
Birmingham Airport is 5.5 NM (10.2 km; 6.3 mi) east-south-east of Birmingham city centre, in the Metropolitan Borough of Solihull. It is bordered by the National Exhibition Centre to the east, Marston Green to the north, Sheldon to the west, and the village of Bickenhill to the south.
It is primarily served by the A45 main road, and is near Junction 6 of the M42 motorway. It is connected by the elevated AirRail Link with Birmingham International railway station on the West Coast Main Line.
The airport's location south-east of the city, plus the only operational runway being north-west – south-east (15/33), means that depending on wind direction, aircraft land or take-off directly over Birmingham. The relatively short north-east – south-west runway (06/24) is not operational, and has been incorporated into the taxiway for aircraft departing the end of runway 33, or gaining access to runway 15.
|This section does not cite any references or sources. (August 2015)|
During the post-war years, public events, such as air fairs and air races were held on the site. In 1961 An additional terminal building to handle international traffic was opened, called The International Building. In 1967 The main runway was extended to 7,400 feet (1.4 miles) to allow jet operations, including introducing VC-10 services to New York.
In 1993 The Government limited public sector borrowing. This meant that the airport could only expand by using private sector finance. 51% of the local council shares were sold to restructure the airport into a private sector company, enabling a £260 million restructuring programme to begin in 1997.
Plans for the extension of the airport runway, and the construction of the new air traffic control tower, were submitted to Solihull Metropolitan Borough Council in January 2008, and approved in March 2009. The construction of the runway extension, and the new air traffic control tower, began in March 2011.
The extension to the southern end of the runway originally required the A45 Coventry Road to be diverted into a tunnel under the extended section, but to cut immediate costs, it was diverted to the south of the runway until 2020, when it will be moved into a tunnel. In August 2013, the old carriageway of the A45 road was closed, and the new carriageway was opened.
Originally, the target for completion was in time for the 2012 London Olympics and Paralympics. However, work began in late 2012, and the runway was completed in early May 2014. The runway extension began to be used by aircraft in May 2014, and was officially opened on 22 July 2014, when China Southern Airlines operated its first charter flight between Birmingham and Beijing. This was the first aircraft that needed to make use of the new runway length.
The extension caused controversy as more than 2,000 local residents complained about the increased noise levels due to the new flight path around the airport that was required after the runway was extended.
The extension increased the runway length from the previous 2,605 m (8,547 ft) to 3,052 m (10,013 ft). There is a loop taxiway from which planes will taxi to the runway and then takeoff. The airport owners believe there is likely to be sufficient demand for long-range direct services operated by aircraft whose operations were constrained by the previous runway length. The previous runway length was short for an airport with Birmingham's passenger throughput and range of destinations. The old length limited aircraft to destinations on the east coast or in the midwest of North America, in the Gulf and Middle East, or on the South Asian subcontinent.
|Aegean Airlines||Seasonal: Athens|
|Aer Lingus Regional
operated by Stobart Air
|Cork, Dublin, Shannon|
|Air France||Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Air India||Amritsar, Delhi|
|Air Malta||Seasonal: Malta|
|Air Transat||Seasonal: Toronto-Pearson|
|American Airlines||New York–JFK|
|Austrian Airlines||Seasonal: Innsbruck|
|BH Air||Seasonal: Burgas|
|Blue Air||Bucharest (begins 29 March 2016) |
operated by Flybe
|Eastern Airways||Newcastle upon Tyne|
Seasonal: Geneva, Grenoble
|easyJet Switzerland||Seasonal: Geneva|
|Enter Air||Seasonal charter: Cephalonia, Corfu, Zakynthos|
|Eurowings||Düsseldorf (begins 25 October 2015), Hamburg (begins 25 October 2015)|
|Evelop Airlines||Seasonal charter: Palma de Mallorca|
|Flybe||Aberdeen, Amsterdam, Belfast-City, Berlin-Tegel, Bordeaux, Düsseldorf, Edinburgh, Glasgow-International, Guernsey, Hannover, Inverness, Isle of Man, Jersey, Lyon, Milan-Malpensa, Paris-Charles de Gaulle, Stuttgart
Seasonal: Avignon, Bastia, Bergerac, Biarritz, Brest, Chambéry, Deauville, Geneva, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Kittilä, La Rochelle, Newquay, Palma de Mallorca
Seasonal charter: Lleida
operated by Stobart Air
|Isle of Man (begins 25 October 2015)|
|Freebird Airlines||Seasonal charter: Izmir|
|Germania||Seasonal charter: Chambéry, Ibiza|
operated by Eurowings
|Düsseldorf (ends 24 October 2015), Hamburg (ends 24 October 2015)|
|Iberia Express||Seasonal: Madrid (begins 27 March 2016),|
operated by KLM Cityhopper
operated by Lufthansa CityLine
|Monarch Airlines||Alicante, Barcelona, Faro, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Gibraltar, Lanzarote, Larnaca, Las Palmas, Málaga, Nice, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Rome-Fiumicino, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South, Venice-Marco Polo
Seasonal: Bodrum, Dalaman, Dubrovnik, Grenoble, Heraklion, Ibiza, Menorca, Preveza, Salzburg, Turin
|Norwegian Air Shuttle||Barcelona, Las Palmas (begins 6 November 2015), Madrid, Málaga, Tenerife-South (begins 2 November 2015)|
|Pakistan International Airlines||Islamabad|
|Ryanair||Alicante, Barcelona, Bratislava, Bydgoszcz, Dublin, Faro, Fuerteventura, Gdańsk, Katowice, Kaunas, Kraków, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Málaga, Malta, Palma de Mallorca, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Ibiza, Murcia, Perpignan
|Swiss International Air Lines||Zürich|
|Swiss International Air Lines
operated by Helvetic Airways
|Thomas Cook Airlines||Alicante, Antalya, Dalaman, Faro, Fuerteventura, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Malaga, Sharm el-Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Almería, Banjul, Bodrum, Burgas, Corfu, Djerba, Enfidha, Grenoble, Heraklion, Hurghada, Ibiza, Izmir, Kalamata, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Mytilene, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Reus, Rhodes, Salzburg, Santorini, Turin, Zakynthos
|Thomson Airways||Alicante, Antalya, Boa Vista, Cancún, Enfidha, Fuerteventura, Funchal, Hurghada, Lanzarote, Las Palmas, Málaga, Marrakech, Montego Bay-Sangster, Orlando-Sanford, Palma de Mallorca, Paphos, Punta Cana (resumes 7 May 2016), Sharm el Sheikh, Tenerife-South
Seasonal: Agadir (begins 2 May 2016), Alghero (begins 7 May 2016), Almería, Barbados, Bodrum, Bourgas, Catania, Chambéry, Chania, Corfu, Dalaman, Djerba, Dubrovnik, Enontekiö, Faro, Geneva, Gerona, Heraklion, Ibiza, Innsbruck, Izmir (begins 28 May 2016), Kavala, Kefalonia, Kos, Larnaca, Menorca, Naples, Porto Santo, Pula, Reus, Rhodes, Rovaniemi, Sal, Salzburg, Santorini, Skiathos, Sofia, Split (begins 27 May 2016), Zakynthos
|Titan Airways||Seasonal charter: Chambery|
|VLM Airlines||Antwerp, Waterford|
|Vueling||Alicante (begins 17 June 2016), Barcelona|
|Wizz Air||Bucharest (begins 22 May 2016), Budapest, Poznań (begins 18 December 2015), Warsaw-Chopin|
|Aviavilsa||Minsk-National, Plovdiv, Saarbrücken, Vilnius|
|Atlantic Airlines||Isle of Man|
|BinAir||Bilbao, Cologne/Bonn, Katowice, Porto|
|FedEx Express||Manchester, Paris-Charles de Gaulle|
|Birmingham Airport Passenger Totals
|Source: UK Civil Aviation Authority|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % change
|7||Isle of Man||44,341||6.4|
|Rank||Airport||Passengers handled|| % Change
|4||Paris-Charles de Gaulle||386,403||5.6|
|8||Palma de Mallorca||265,025||2.3|
Birmingham Airport is served by Birmingham International station. The station is on the West Coast Main Line between Birmingham and London, and trains are operated by London Midland, Virgin Trains, Arriva Trains Wales and CrossCountry. Access between the railway station and the airport terminal is provided by the free AirRail Link.
|Preceding station||AirRail Link||Following station|
|Birmingham International||AirRail Link||Terminus|
As part of the proposed High Speed Two rail link, a new railway station called Birmingham Interchange would be built to serve both the airport and the National Exhibition Centre. The station would be built on the far side of the M42 motorway and connect to the airport using a "rapid transit people mover". If the project is given the go ahead, High Speed Two is currently planned for completion by 2026.
National Express West Midlands operates the main bus routes calling at Birmingham Airport, those being the 900 to Birmingham city centre and Coventry, and the 966 to Erdington and Solihull. Additionally service 97A to Birmingham via Chelmsley Wood now runs to the airport 24hrs a day. Other smaller operators also call at the airport. Bus stops are situated outside Terminal One. Most buses are operated by National Express West Midlands, who do not give change when selling tickets, so foreign travellers will need to ensure they have British coins when taking a local bus.
Birmingham Airport is accessible from the north and south via Junction Six of the M42 motorway. From Birmingham city centre, the A45 runs directly to the airport. There are no pick-up or drop-off areas available outside the terminal.
The only cycle route available heads south over the A45 travelling towards Solihull. Birmingham Airport have however published "recommended routes" for cyclists. Free short term cycle parking is available close to the terminal. For longer stays, bicycles must be stored in Left Luggage for a charge.
Media related to Birmingham Airport at Wikimedia Commons