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Illinois Adventure #1208 "Bishop Hill"
Illinois Adventure #1208 "Bishop Hill"
Published: 2014/03/12
Channel: WTVP
Those Crazy Swedes: History and the Bishop Hill Colony (Illinois)
Those Crazy Swedes: History and the Bishop Hill Colony (Illinois)
Published: 2015/06/29
Channel: Moraine Valley Community College Library
Cruisin Bishop Hill
Cruisin Bishop Hill
Published: 2011/02/27
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill, Illinois
Bishop Hill, Illinois
Published: 2014/06/20
Channel: Visit Henry County Illinois
Credit Repair Bishop Hill Illinois
Credit Repair Bishop Hill Illinois
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: sophia londono
Bishop Hill, Illnois A National Historic Landmark Village
Bishop Hill, Illnois A National Historic Landmark Village
Published: 2010/09/19
Channel: lgilbert50
My Midsummer Garden in Bishop Hill, Illinois
My Midsummer Garden in Bishop Hill, Illinois
Published: 2011/07/06
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Bishop Hill Ag Days
Bishop Hill Ag Days
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill Colony Bakery and Eatery
Bishop Hill Colony Bakery and Eatery
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill, Illinois Old Settlers
Bishop Hill, Illinois Old Settlers' Parade September 10, 2011
Published: 2011/09/11
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Bishop Hill LuciaNights
Bishop Hill LuciaNights
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
2016 Ander Lecture: "Making and Marketing Heritage- Bishop Hill, Illinois"
2016 Ander Lecture: "Making and Marketing Heritage- Bishop Hill, Illinois"
Published: 2016/10/27
Channel: Augustana College (IL)
Cantabilé String Trio at Bishop Hill, IL 2012
Cantabilé String Trio at Bishop Hill, IL 2012
Published: 2012/12/09
Channel: stembre
Bishop Hill, IL.mp4
Bishop Hill, IL.mp4
Published: 2010/10/13
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill State Historic Site
Bishop Hill State Historic Site
Published: 2012/04/09
Channel: HistoricSitesIHPA
Bishop Hill Then and Now
Bishop Hill Then and Now
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: Mike Pearson
How to Say or Pronounce USA Cities — Bishop Hill, Illinois
How to Say or Pronounce USA Cities — Bishop Hill, Illinois
Published: 2014/08/07
Channel: Jesse Smith
Bishop Hill, IL - Chautauqua
Bishop Hill, IL - Chautauqua
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: Visit Henry County Illinois
Snowy Day in Bishop Hill, Illinois 2-24-12
Snowy Day in Bishop Hill, Illinois 2-24-12
Published: 2012/02/25
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Bishop Hill AntiqueMarket
Bishop Hill AntiqueMarket
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill Swedish Midsommar Procession
Bishop Hill Swedish Midsommar Procession
Published: 2009/06/28
Channel: CHIPWAHL
Fran Riley visits the Feathered Nest in Bishop Hill, IL
Fran Riley visits the Feathered Nest in Bishop Hill, IL
Published: 2015/08/25
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Painting at Bishop Hill, IL pt.1
Painting at Bishop Hill, IL pt.1
Published: 2012/04/03
Channel: David Anderson
Bishop Hill Sweet Annie
Bishop Hill Sweet Annie's Primitives
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Bishop Hill Barn Dance 6.21.14
Bishop Hill Barn Dance 6.21.14
Published: 2014/06/22
Channel: Ashley Knapp
Bishop Hill Jordbruksdagarna Fest
Bishop Hill Jordbruksdagarna Fest
Published: 2017/09/24
Channel: Galesburg Register-Mail
Threshing at Bishop Hill during Jordbruksdagarna.
Threshing at Bishop Hill during Jordbruksdagarna.
Published: 2013/09/29
Channel: Jeffrey Hatch
Bishop Hill State Historic Site
Bishop Hill State Historic Site
Published: 2016/10/28
Channel: Visit Henry County Illinois
Bishop Hill Illinois IL Drug & Alcohol Addiction Rehab | Call us 855-676-4778
Bishop Hill Illinois IL Drug & Alcohol Addiction Rehab | Call us 855-676-4778
Published: 2017/09/09
Channel: Juan Jones
Bishop Hill
Bishop Hill
Published: 2014/06/15
Channel: Mike Pearson
Bishop Hill Prairie Arts Center
Bishop Hill Prairie Arts Center
Published: 2014/03/20
Channel: HenryCounty Illinois
Victorian Lace Egg Carving Video from the Feathered Nest,  Bishop Hill, IL
Victorian Lace Egg Carving Video from the Feathered Nest, Bishop Hill, IL
Published: 2011/07/02
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Fancy Basket-weave Braid Video from the Feathered Nest, Bishop Hill, Illinois USA
Fancy Basket-weave Braid Video from the Feathered Nest, Bishop Hill, Illinois USA
Published: 2011/07/22
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Painting at Bishop Hill, IL pt.2
Painting at Bishop Hill, IL pt.2
Published: 2012/04/10
Channel: David Anderson
Bishop Hill IL Historical Association Steeple Building
Bishop Hill IL Historical Association Steeple Building
Published: 2014/06/19
Channel: Visit Henry County Illinois
(563) 332-2555 Bishop Hill Illinois, Cambridge Illinois Dumpster Rental
(563) 332-2555 Bishop Hill Illinois, Cambridge Illinois Dumpster Rental
Published: 2015/02/10
Channel: Dumpster Rental Rock Island
Glimpses of  fun captured on Ag Days 9-24-11 in Bishop Hill, Il
Glimpses of fun captured on Ag Days 9-24-11 in Bishop Hill, Il
Published: 2011/09/25
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Motorcycles in Bishop Hill
Motorcycles in Bishop Hill
Published: 2011/06/13
Channel: marydavidsaver
Egg Etching Video from The Feathered Nest in Bishop Hill, IL
Egg Etching Video from The Feathered Nest in Bishop Hill, IL
Published: 2011/07/11
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Bishop hill Illinois Bankruptcy Lawyers call 1-888-505-2369
Bishop hill Illinois Bankruptcy Lawyers call 1-888-505-2369
Published: 2013/09/08
Channel: Credit Counseling, USA call 800 254-4100
GE
GE's 1.6-100 Wind Turbine in Tehachapi, CA and Bishop Hill, IL
Published: 2012/10/04
Channel: GE Renewable Energy
MacAdam Bishop Hill & Galva
MacAdam Bishop Hill & Galva
Published: 2011/02/06
Channel: Catherine Mason
Bishop hill Illinois Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Bishop hill Illinois Consumer Credit Counseling call 1-888-551-1270
Published: 2013/10/29
Channel: susan valez
Lecture 7 part 4 - Bishop Hill
Lecture 7 part 4 - Bishop Hill
Published: 2017/03/15
Channel: Professor Niezgoda
FOLK FESTIVAL AT BISHOP HILL
FOLK FESTIVAL AT BISHOP HILL
Published: 2014/12/30
Channel: Bob Hu
(563) 332-2555 Bishop Hill, Illinois Waste Management Dumpster Rental
(563) 332-2555 Bishop Hill, Illinois Waste Management Dumpster Rental
Published: 2015/01/17
Channel: DumpsterRentalDavenport Iowa
PL Johnsons
PL Johnsons
Published: 2016/02/28
Channel: Big Food Jerk
Bishop Hill
Bishop Hill's Feathered Nest Garden July 2012
Published: 2012/07/04
Channel: Beth Magnuson
Bishop Hill Potter Jeffery Goard
Bishop Hill Potter Jeffery Goard
Published: 2008/09/23
Channel: 1972KTown
Wild Camp On Bishop Hill, Fife
Wild Camp On Bishop Hill, Fife
Published: 2017/05/25
Channel: BASHA Dweller
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bishop Hill
Village
Bishop Hill Street
Bishop Hill Street
Location of Bishop Hill in Henry County, Illinois.
Location of Bishop Hill in Henry County, Illinois.
Location of Illinois in the United States
Location of Illinois in the United States
Coordinates: 41°12′3″N 90°7′6″W / 41.20083°N 90.11833°W / 41.20083; -90.11833Coordinates: 41°12′3″N 90°7′6″W / 41.20083°N 90.11833°W / 41.20083; -90.11833
Country United States
State Illinois
County Henry
Area[1]
 • Total 0.54 sq mi (1.38 km2)
 • Land 0.54 sq mi (1.38 km2)
 • Water 0.00 sq mi (0.00 km2)
Population (2010)
 • Total 128
 • Estimate (2016)[2] 125
 • Density 233.64/sq mi (90.28/km2)
Time zone CST (UTC-6)
 • Summer (DST) CDT (UTC-5)
Area code(s) 309
FIPS code 17-06171
Wikimedia Commons Bishop Hill, Illinois

Bishop Hill is a village in Henry County, Illinois, United States, along the South Edwards River. The population was 128 at the 2010 census, up from 125 in 2000. It is the home of the Bishop Hill State Historic Site, a park operated by the Illinois Historic Preservation Agency.

Geography[edit]

Bishop Hill is located at 41°12′3″N 90°7′6″W / 41.20083°N 90.11833°W / 41.20083; -90.11833 (41.200711, -90.118327).[3]

According to the 2010 census, Bishop Hill has a total area of 0.53 square miles (1.37 km2), all land.[4]

History[edit]

Erik Jansson[edit]

The village was founded in 1846 by Swedish immigrants affiliated with the Pietist movement, led by Erik Jansson. Prior to founding the Bishop Hill Colony, Jansson preached to his followers in Sweden about what he considered to be the abominations of the Lutheran Church and emphasized the doctrine that the faithful were without sin. As Jansson's ideas became more radical, he began to lose support from many of his sympathizers and was forced to leave Sweden in the midst of growing persecution. Jansson had previously sent Olof Olsson, a trusted follower, as an emissary to the United States to find a suitable location where the Janssonists could set up a utopian community centered on their religious beliefs. According to Jansson, this community would become the "New Jerusalem", and their beliefs would soon spread across the world. As a result, 1400 colonists emigrated from Sweden to their new home in western Illinois.

The colony struggled early on after its founding. Many of the first 1000 colonists died from disease on the way to Bishop Hill (named for Eric Jansson's birthplace, Biskopskulla), while others became disillusioned and stayed in New York. The quarters in Bishop Hill were cold and crowded and food was scarce. After the first winter, life at the colony began to improve. In the next few years housing was upgraded from dugouts to brick living areas, and crops were planted on 700 acres (2.8 km2) of land. By 1849, Bishop Hill had constructed a flour mill, two sawmills, a three-story frame church, and various other buildings. The Bishop Hill Colony was communistic in nature, as dictated by Jansson. Thus, everything was owned by everyone and no one had more possessions than another. Work in the colony was highly rigorous and regimented. It wasn't uncommon to see hundreds of people working together in the fields or large groups of laborers engaged in other tasks.

After Jansson and today[edit]

The Bishop Hill colony underwent a major upheaval in 1850 after the murder of Erik Jansson. Jansson was assassinated by a former colony member, John Root, who was upset with Jansson for interfering with his marriage to one of Jansson's cousins. After their leader's death, the people of Bishop Hill appointed a group of seven trustees to run the affairs of the colony. Among the trustees were Jonas Olsson and Olof Johnson, who would become the primary leaders of the colony as they had been two of Jansson's closest aides. Under these two men and the rest of the trustees, the colony continued to grow and flourish. The workforce was reorganized to become more efficient and more buildings were erected. However, despite Bishop Hill's success, in 1857 financial problems arose in the midst of accusations of mismanagement against Olof Johnson. Johnson had made several large investments, without colony approval, that had turned out to be disastrous. As Bishop Hill headed for financial ruin, colonists voted to end the communal system. In 1861 the formal dissolution of the colony was official, and many of its people would soon be forced to move away.

Colony Church built in 1848.

The Janssonist emigrants were a significant group of men and women to move from Sweden to the United States. Letters home from Janssonists to their friends and family, telling of the fertile agricultural land in the interior of North America, stimulated substantial migration for several decades and contributed to the formation of the Swedish-American ethnic community of the American Midwest.

Descendants of Erik Jansson still lived in the colony until December 20, 2004 when Erik's great-great grandson and Bishop Hill volunteer fireman Theodore Arthur Myhre Sr. died south of the Colony while on a fire service call. Other known descendents remain in Illinois.

Surviving buildings built by the Janssonists are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Bishop Hill is interpreted as a living community of Swedish-American heritage. Due to state budget cuts the Bishop Hill State Historic Site was closed for nearly 5 months from December 1, 2008 to April 23, 2009. Today the Site is open Wednesday to Friday during normal business hours.[5]

Demographics[edit]

Historical population
Census Pop.
1880 350
1890 330 −5.7%
1900 345 4.5%
1910 289 −16.2%
1920 274 −5.2%
1930 208 −24.1%
1940 199 −4.3%
1950 202 1.5%
1960 164 −18.8%
1970 191 16.5%
1980 166 −13.1%
1990 131 −21.1%
2000 125 −4.6%
2010 128 2.4%
Est. 2016 125 [2] −2.3%
U.S. Decennial Census[6]

As of the census[7] of 2000, there were 125 people, 56 households, and 38 families residing in the village. The population density was 232.0 people per square mile (89.4/km²). There were 59 housing units at an average density of 109.5 per square mile (42.2/km²). The racial makeup of the village was 100.00% White. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 0.80% of the population. 26.9% were of Swedish, 15.1% American, 14.3% English, 14.3% German, 7.6% Italian and 5.9% Polish ancestry according to Census 2000.

There were 56 households out of which 23.2% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 60.7% were married couples living together, 7.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 30.4% were non-families. 28.6% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.23 and the average family size was 2.69.

In the village, the population was spread out with 18.4% under the age of 18, 7.2% from 18 to 24, 16.0% from 25 to 44, 38.4% from 45 to 64, and 20.0% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 48 years. For every 100 females there were 89.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 88.9 males.

The median income for a household in the village was $47,083, and the median income for a family was $50,000. Males had a median income of $38,214 versus $18,750 for females. The per capita income for the village was $26,145. None of the population and none of the families were below the poverty line.

 2010 Census

According to the 2010 Census, the population was 128, all of which were White, none of whom were Hispanic or Latino (of any race)[8]

Notable person[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "2016 U.S. Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved Jun 29, 2017. 
  2. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved June 9, 2017. 
  3. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved 2011-04-23. 
  4. ^ "G001 - Geographic Identifiers - 2010 Census Summary File 1". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015-08-02. 
  5. ^ Boock, Doug (April 23, 2009). "BH state site now re-open". Galva News. Archived from the original on July 11, 2011. 
  6. ^ "Census of Population and Housing". Census.gov. Archived from the original on May 12, 2015. Retrieved June 4, 2015. 
  7. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2013-09-11. Retrieved 2008-01-31. 
  8. ^ http://censusviewer.com/city/il/bishophill/2010

Further reading[edit]

  • Mikkelsen, Michael A. “The Bishop Hill Colony: A Religious Communistic Settlement in Henry County, Illinois.” Church and State Columbus And America. Baltimore, MD: The Johns Hopkins Press, 1892. 11-80.
  • Wagner, Jon. “Eric Jannson and the Bishop Hill Colony.” America’s Communal Utopias. Ed. Donald Pitzer. North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1997. 297-318.

External links[edit]

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