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The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum
The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum
Published: 2011/04/14
Channel: BishopMuseum
The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hawaii
The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, Hawaii
Published: 2015/04/15
Channel: MayandJC
Honolulu
Honolulu's Bishop Museum Explores Hawaiian History and Culture
Published: 2014/11/10
Channel: Jetset Extra
A Day at Bishop Museum
A Day at Bishop Museum
Published: 2016/05/23
Channel: Car2nr's Playground
Bishop Museum - Discover, Share, Explore
Bishop Museum - Discover, Share, Explore
Published: 2012/04/12
Channel: BishopMuseum
Visiting Bishop Museum, Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Visiting Bishop Museum, Museum in Honolulu, Hawaii, United States
Published: 2016/06/04
Channel: USA Tourist Attractions
Bishop Museum Tour
Bishop Museum Tour
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: Ryan Ozawa
Bishop Museum - Scream Machine
Bishop Museum - Scream Machine
Published: 2014/10/10
Channel: Hawaii News Now
Bishop Museum Visit
Bishop Museum Visit
Published: 2012/05/24
Channel: keyele
The Bishop Museum, (shark exhibit)
The Bishop Museum, (shark exhibit)
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: John O'Donohue
Bishop Museum debuts new planetarium show
Bishop Museum debuts new planetarium show
Published: 2015/06/18
Channel: KHON2 News
Bishop Museum | Oahu, Hawaii | VLOG #123
Bishop Museum | Oahu, Hawaii | VLOG #123
Published: 2017/05/29
Channel: Dena and Buddy
BISHOP MUSEUM WALKTHROUGH | HONOLULU | HAWAII | USA
BISHOP MUSEUM WALKTHROUGH | HONOLULU | HAWAII | USA
Published: 2016/10/09
Channel: Mili G
Centuries-old artifacts from Hawaiian monarch on display at Bishop Museum
Centuries-old artifacts from Hawaiian monarch on display at Bishop Museum
Published: 2016/03/18
Channel: KHON2 News
Bishop Museum in Honolulu Hawaii
Bishop Museum in Honolulu Hawaii
Published: 2008/10/23
Channel: ArmchairHawaii
Kaumakaiwa Kanaka
Kaumakaiwa Kanaka'ole Performing with Sean Na'auao at Bishop Museum
Published: 2009/06/30
Channel: Mountain Apple Company Inc
Bishop Museum Pauahi O Kalani
Bishop Museum Pauahi O Kalani
Published: 2014/07/31
Channel: Peter Krape
Bishop Museum Planetarium Renovation
Bishop Museum Planetarium Renovation
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: CareerChangersTV
Bishop Museum hall gets $8.5M renovation
Bishop Museum hall gets $8.5M renovation
Published: 2013/09/21
Channel: KHON2 News
THE BISHOP MUSEUM | HAWAII VLOG DAY 5
THE BISHOP MUSEUM | HAWAII VLOG DAY 5
Published: 2016/08/15
Channel: Ryan Tortellini
Bishop Museum "volcano"
Bishop Museum "volcano"
Published: 2014/09/17
Channel: Noah Corwin
At the Bishop Museum in Honolulu
At the Bishop Museum in Honolulu
Published: 2012/10/05
Channel: Uncle Davey
Bishop Museum PLANET SHARK
Bishop Museum PLANET SHARK
Published: 2016/06/22
Channel: BishopMuseum
Bishop Museum unveils new Hulia Ano exhibit
Bishop Museum unveils new Hulia Ano exhibit
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: KHON2 News
125 Years of Bishop Museum: Reflection Through Print
125 Years of Bishop Museum: Reflection Through Print
Published: 2014/03/25
Channel: BishopMuseum
bishop museum planetarium
bishop museum planetarium
Published: 2014/09/28
Channel: Like Amzing
BISHOP MUSEUM SEQUENCE #016
BISHOP MUSEUM SEQUENCE #016
Published: 2017/02/23
Channel: Obeyley Films
Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum's Pacific Hall to be unveiled
Published: 2013/09/20
Channel: KITV
Bishop Museum - Dinosaurs Unearthed
Bishop Museum - Dinosaurs Unearthed
Published: 2009/10/23
Channel: ArmchairHawaii
Kenny Endo Taiko Ensemble at Bishop Museum
Kenny Endo Taiko Ensemble at Bishop Museum
Published: 2012/08/23
Channel: Sharon Ansai
Heiva i Vaihi – Tahitian Sport Competition and Cultural Celebration at Bishop Museum
Heiva i Vaihi – Tahitian Sport Competition and Cultural Celebration at Bishop Museum
Published: 2017/08/15
Channel: BishopMuseum
Bugs! at the Bishop Museum
Bugs! at the Bishop Museum
Published: 2013/01/26
Channel: awgallego12
Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum's "Creatures of the Abyss" exhibit
Published: 2010/11/15
Channel: Star-Advertiser
Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: Augie Tulba
Bishop Museum Pacific Hall Grand Unveiling
Bishop Museum Pacific Hall Grand Unveiling
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: Tad Tamura
Bishop Museum, Honolulu, (volcano exhibit)
Bishop Museum, Honolulu, (volcano exhibit)
Published: 2016/06/20
Channel: John O'Donohue
Biomechanics exhibition - Coming To Bishop Museum
Biomechanics exhibition - Coming To Bishop Museum
Published: 2017/01/07
Channel: BishopMuseum
Hawaii Wedding, Oahu | Jamie + Kawika | Bishop Museum Wedding
Hawaii Wedding, Oahu | Jamie + Kawika | Bishop Museum Wedding
Published: 2015/12/14
Channel: 10th Letter Media | Hawaii Wedding Videographer
bishop museum hawaiian hall
bishop museum hawaiian hall
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: John Martin Jacob
Bishop Museum of Oahu, Hawaii
Bishop Museum of Oahu, Hawaii
Published: 2014/05/01
Channel: HealthBeautyLifeShow
bishop museum planetarium xmas laser show
bishop museum planetarium xmas laser show
Published: 2016/08/12
Channel: John Martin Jacob
Volcanic Eruption Exhibit, Bishop Museum
Volcanic Eruption Exhibit, Bishop Museum
Published: 2007/09/16
Channel: Creative Machines
Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum's Research & Collections
Published: 2016/01/13
Channel: BishopMuseum
Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum
Published: 2012/11/21
Channel: Pure Pacific
Hawaiian Statues of "Ku" Come to Bishop Museum
Hawaiian Statues of "Ku" Come to Bishop Museum
Published: 2010/05/22
Channel: KITV
Duke Kahanamoku Exhibit Bishop Museum Photo Essay
Duke Kahanamoku Exhibit Bishop Museum Photo Essay
Published: 2015/11/03
Channel: keyele
Mike Shanahan, Bishop Museum Planetarium Director
Mike Shanahan, Bishop Museum Planetarium Director
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: KHON2 News
Bishop Museum Hawaiian Hall Honolulu Oahu Hawaii
Bishop Museum Hawaiian Hall Honolulu Oahu Hawaii
Published: 2016/06/21
Channel: kevinsyoza
Bishop Museum, Hawaii
Bishop Museum, Hawaii
Published: 2017/03/02
Channel: isaac blair
Founder of Bishop Museum
Founder of Bishop Museum's birthday celebrated
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: KHON2 News
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Bishop Museum
Bishop Museum 2016 C.jpg
The Hawaiian Hall at the Bishop Museum contains the world's largest collection of Polynesian artifacts
Bishop Museum is located in Hawaii
Bishop Museum
Location 1525 Bernice Street, Honolulu, HI
Coordinates 21°20′00.0″N 157°52′14.2″W / 21.333333°N 157.870611°W / 21.333333; -157.870611Coordinates: 21°20′00.0″N 157°52′14.2″W / 21.333333°N 157.870611°W / 21.333333; -157.870611
Built 1889
Architect William F. Smith
Architectural style Richardsonian Romanesque
NRHP reference # 82002500[1]
Added to NRHP July 26, 1982

The Bernice Pauahi Bishop Museum, designated the Hawaiʻi State Museum of Natural and Cultural History, is a museum of history and science located in the historic Kalihi district of Honolulu on the Hawaiian island of O'ahu. Founded in 1889, it is the largest museum in Hawai'i and has the world's largest collection of Polynesian cultural artifacts and natural history specimens. Besides the comprehensive exhibits of Hawaiiana, the museum's total holding of natural history specimens exceeds 24 million,[2] of which the entomological collection alone represents more than 13.5 million specimens (making it the third-largest insect collection in the United States). The museum is accessible on public transit: TheBus Routes A, 1, 2, 7, 10.

The museum complex is home to the Richard T. Mamiya Science Adventure Center.

Establishment[edit]

Ke Aliʻi Bernice Pauahi Paki Bishop's husband, Charles Reed Bishop, created the museum to preserve royal heirlooms passed down to him upon his wife's death.

Charles Reed Bishop (1822–1915), a businessman and philanthropist, co-founder of the First Hawaiian Bank and Kamehameha Schools, built the museum in memory of his late wife, Princess Bernice Pauahi Bishop (1831–1884). Born into the royal family, she was the last legal heir of the Kamehameha Dynasty, which had ruled the Kingdom of Hawaiʻi between 1810 and 1872. Bishop had originally intended the museum to house family heirlooms passed down to him through the royal lineage of his wife.

Bishop hired William Tufts Brigham as the first curator of the Museum; Brigham later served as director from 1898 until his retirement in 1918.

The museum was built on the original boys' campus of Kamehameha Schools, an institution created at the bequest of the Princess, to benefit native Hawaiian children; she gave details in her last will and testament. In 1898, Bishop had Hawaiian Hall and Polynesian Hall built on the campus, in the popular Richardsonian Romanesque architectural style. The Pacific Commercial Advertiser newspaper dubbed these two structures as "the noblest buildings of Honolulu".

Today both halls are listed on the National Register of Historic Places. Hawaiian Hall is home to a complete sperm-whale skeleton, accompanied by a papier-mâché body suspended above the central gallery. Along the walls are prized koa wood display cases; today this wood in total is worth more than the original Bishop Museum buildings.

Later development[edit]

In 1940, Kamehameha Schools moved to its new campus in Kapālama, allowing the museum to expand at the original campus site. Bishop Hall, first built for use by the school, was adapted for museum use.[3] Most other school structures were razed, and new museum facilities were constructed. By the late 1980s, the Bishop Museum had become the largest natural and cultural history institution in Polynesia.

In 1988, construction of the Castle Memorial Building was begun. Dedicated on January 13, 1990, Castle Memorial Building houses all the major traveling exhibits that come to the Bishop Museum from institutions around the world.

The Richard T. Mamiya Science Adventure Center opened in November 2005. The building is designed as a learning center for children, and includes many interactive exhibits focused on marine science, volcanology, and related sciences.[4][5]

Library and archives[edit]

The museum library has one of the most extensive collections of books, periodicals, newspapers and special collections concerned with Hawai'i and the Pacific. The archives hold the results of extensive studies done by museum staff in the Pacific Basin, as well as manuscripts, photographs, artwork, oral histories, commercial sound recordings and maps.

Many of Hawaiʻi's royalty, including Bernice Pauahi Bishop and Queen Liliʻuokalani, deposited their personal papers at Bishop Museum. Manuscripts in the collection also include scientific papers, genealogical records, and memorabilia.

The book collection consists of approximately 50,000 volumes with an emphasis on the cultural and natural history of Hawai'i and the Pacific, with subject strengths in anthropology, music, botany, entomology, and zoology. The library provides extra access to the collection of published diaries, narratives, memoirs, and other writings relating to 18th and 19th century Hawai'i.

Institutions[edit]

On the campus of Bishop Museum is the Jhamandas Watumull Planetarium, an educational and research facility devoted to the astronomical sciences and the oldest planetarium in Polynesia.

Also on the campus is Pauahi Hall, home to the J. Linsley Gressit Center for Research in Entomology, which houses some 14 million prepared specimens of insects and related arthropods, including over 16,500 primary types. It is the third-largest entomology collection in the United States and the eighth-largest in the world. An active research facility, Pauahi Hall is not open to the public.

Nearby is Pākī Hall, home to the Hawaiʻi Sports Hall of Fame, a museum library and archives, which are open to the public.

From 1988 until 2009, the Bishop Museum also administered the Hawaiʻi Maritime Center in downtown Honolulu.[6] Built on a former private pier of Honolulu Harbor for the royal family, the center was the premier maritime museum in the Pacific Rim with artifacts in relation to the Pacific whaling industry and the Hawaiʻi steamship industry.

On the Big Island of Hawai'i, the Bishop Museum administers the Amy B.H. Greenwell Ethnobotanical Garden, specializing in indigenous Hawaiian plant life.

Since 1920, the Secretariat of the Pacific Science Association (PSA), founded that year as an independent regional, non-governmental, scholarly organization, has been based at Bishop Museum. It seeks to advance science and technology in support of sustainable development in the Asia-Pacific.

Kaimiloa Expedition[edit]

In 1924, American millionaire, Medford Ross Kellum, outfitted a four masted barkantine for a scientific expedition which, even the naming of the ship Kaimiloa, was left entirely to the scientific circles of Honolulu.[7]

The goal of the expedition was a five-year expedition to many of the then inaccessible spots of the Pacific. Under the auspices of the Bishop Museum, a group of Hawaiian scientists joined the ship: Gerrit P. Wilder, botanist; Mrs. Wilder, historian; Kenneth Emory, ethnologist; Dr. Armstrong Sperry, writer and illustrator; and Dr. Stanley Ball.

The vessel was a complete floating laboratory, possibly the most complete of any craft that has undertaken a similar trip. Bottles, crates, and boxes were stowed below, along with gallons of preservatives for insects and plant specimens for the Bishop Museum. The goals of the expedition were exhaustive:

  • complete collections of islands subjects ranging from insects, plants, minerals, and archaeological and ethnological specimens,
  • study of the fish and sea life,
  • chart as accurately as possible the ocean currents,
  • for the United States government, conform and correct to the findings of the expedition the charts of the island groups,
  • attempt to trace the origin of the Polynesians, their language and their migrations,
  • photograph the natives and measure accurately portions of their bodies,
  • record phonographically records of the speech, the songs, their chants,
  • sound the ocean floor and study the formation of the islands in an effort to prove the theory that these islands were once a part of the mainland and that they formed a “lost continent”.[8]

Falls of Clyde[edit]

From 1968 until September 2008, the Bishop Museum owned the Falls of Clyde, the oldest sail-driven oil tanker, which was moored at the Hawai‘i Maritime Center. In early 2007, the ship was closed to public tours for safety reasons and in order to facilitate repairs to the deteriorating tank, which frequently caused the ship to list dramatically. Marine experts conducted a thorough inspection of the ship. Between 1998 and 2008 the Museum incurred more than $2 million in preservation costs.[9]

The museum threatened to sink the ship by the end of 2008 unless private funds were raised for a perpetual care endowment.[10] On September 28, 2008, ownership was transferred to the non-profit group, Friends of Falls of Clyde, which intends to restore the ship.[11]

In October of that same year, the Bishop Museum was criticized for having raised $600,000 to preserve the ship, and spent only about half that on the ship, and that for sandblasting that was determined to damage the integrity of the vessel. The media also pointed out other questionable spending decisions.[12]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ National Park Service (2007-01-23). "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places. National Park Service. 
  2. ^ Bishop Museum. "Research and Collections – Bishop Museum". bishopmuseum.org. Archived from the original on 2004-06-02. 
  3. ^ "Aunty Pat Bacon Marks 50 Years at Bishop Museum". 25 March 2010. Archived from the original on 26 October 2010. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  4. ^ Derek Paiva (13 November 2005). "Close encounters at new science center". Honolulu Advertiser. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  5. ^ Helen Alton (13 November 2005). "Bishop Museum's Excellent Adventure: Its new $17 million science center draws kids into interactive exhibits exploring Hawaii’s environment". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2010-06-01. 
  6. ^ Rosemarie Bernardo (11 April 2009). "Bishop Museum cuts staff, hours: A reduction in hours is a first for the Hawaii institution". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2010-05-30. 
  7. ^ “The Trustees and staff of the Museum are fairly bubbling with pleasure at finding that their dream of an exploring ship, reaching places otherwise inaccessible, has become a reality through interest of yourself and Mrs. Kellum. (…) It takes some talking to convince the trustees that you want your name submerged and that you don’t care a whoop what the ship does or where it goes so long as you two friendly souls can render service by increasing knowledge of the Pacific.” Director Gregory, Honolulu Museum, May 31, 1924.
  8. ^ "Adventurers to seek "lost continent in South Seas"". The Bulletin. San Francisco. October 11, 1924. They are prepared to sit around the fire and listen to the ancient legends of the tribal chiefs of the great civilization that existed thousands— maybe million—of years ago; of the cities and the people. 
  9. ^ Fujimori, Leila (2010-09-09). "What ever Happened to...". Honolulu Star-Advertiser. 
  10. ^ Hall, Sabrina (February 22, 2008). "Falls of Clyde May Have Sinking Fate". KGMB9 News Hawaii. Honolulu, HI, USA: Raycom Media. Archived from the original on January 9, 2009. Retrieved October 4, 2012. 
  11. ^ Bernardo, Rosemarie (2008-09-27). "Museum to transfer historic ship". Honolulu Star-Bulletin. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 
  12. ^ Christopher Pala (2008-10-18). "Historic Ship Stays Afloat, for Now". New York Times. Retrieved 2008-10-19. 

External links[edit]

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