Play Video
1
America
America's Wildest Places - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland
::2013/12/01::
Play Video
2
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2014/03/27::
Play Video
3
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
::2012/04/02::
Play Video
4
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
::2011/02/15::
Play Video
5
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
::2013/02/01::
Play Video
6
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2008/11/19::
Play Video
7
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2010/08/15::
Play Video
8
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2013/05/23::
Play Video
9
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
::2014/01/14::
Play Video
10
Ospreys visit and mate today with nest Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 03/23/11
Ospreys visit and mate today with nest Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 03/23/11
::2011/03/23::
Play Video
11
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2012/11/07::
Play Video
12
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2008/01/17::
Play Video
13
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2010/09/26::
Play Video
14
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
::2013/02/15::
Play Video
15
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2013/05/15::
Play Video
16
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2008/07/15::
Play Video
17
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
::2011/10/08::
Play Video
18
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2011/12/20::
Play Video
19
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
::2010/02/23::
Play Video
20
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
::2009/05/25::
Play Video
21
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
::2010/08/15::
Play Video
22
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
::2009/03/03::
Play Video
23
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2010/11/21::
Play Video
24
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
::2011/11/17::
Play Video
25
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
::2012/05/12::
Play Video
26
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
::2013/01/05::
Play Video
27
Blackwater National Wildlife  Refuge, Maryland USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland USA
::2011/10/08::
Play Video
28
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
::2012/11/29::
Play Video
29
BMW K1600GTL Ride though Blackwater Refuge
BMW K1600GTL Ride though Blackwater Refuge
::2012/06/22::
Play Video
30
America
America's Wildest Places - Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge, North Carolina
::2013/11/29::
Play Video
31
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge October 2013
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge October 2013
::2013/10/06::
Play Video
32
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge
Eufaula National Wildlife Refuge
::2008/01/17::
Play Video
33
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge by Air
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge by Air
::2014/05/29::
Play Video
34
Alaska
Alaska's Yukon Delta National Wildlife Refuge
::2013/06/11::
Play Video
35
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge with David
Pocosin Lakes National Wildlife Refuge with David
::2013/02/28::
Play Video
36
America
America's Wildest Places - Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge, West Virginia
::2013/12/07::
Play Video
37
This Week at Interior September 19, 2014
This Week at Interior September 19, 2014
::2014/09/19::
Play Video
38
Endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel at Blackwater NWR - April 29, 2012
Endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel at Blackwater NWR - April 29, 2012
::2012/04/29::
Play Video
39
America
America's Wildest Places - Cabeza Prieta National Wildlife Refuge Desert Wilderness, Arizona
::2013/12/07::
Play Video
40
The National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
The National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska
::2008/01/17::
Play Video
41
America
America's Wildest Places - John Heinz National Wildlife Refuge at Tinicum, Pennsylvania
::2013/12/07::
Play Video
42
Summer Scenes at Blackwater NWR
Summer Scenes at Blackwater NWR
::2010/07/07::
Play Video
43
Bald Eagle Breaks Off Branch in Flight - Blackwater NWR
Bald Eagle Breaks Off Branch in Flight - Blackwater NWR
::2013/11/27::
Play Video
44
Blackwater NWR Eagles: The first meal for the first chick :)
Blackwater NWR Eagles: The first meal for the first chick :)
::2014/02/22::
Play Video
45
2014 Ospreys at Blackwater NWR
2014 Ospreys at Blackwater NWR
::2014/07/23::
Play Video
46
Blackwater
Blackwater's First Egg January 26, 2008
::2008/01/27::
Play Video
47
Two Branching Eaglets on the Blackwater Eagle Cam - May 17, 2014
Two Branching Eaglets on the Blackwater Eagle Cam - May 17, 2014
::2014/05/19::
Play Video
48
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
::2009/01/02::
Play Video
49
Great Getaways: Seney National Wildlife Refuge - Manistique, MI
Great Getaways: Seney National Wildlife Refuge - Manistique, MI
::2010/11/24::
Play Video
50
National Wildlife Refuge System Overview 2005 USFWS 12min CC
National Wildlife Refuge System Overview 2005 USFWS 12min CC
::2012/03/08::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Blackwater NWR marshes
View from the wildlife drive after a storm.
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Location Dorchester County, Maryland, USA
Nearest city Cambridge, Maryland
Coordinates 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231Coordinates: 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231
Area 27,000 acres (110 km2)
Established 1933 (1933)
http://www.fws.gov/blackwater/
view of swamp
view of Blackwater NWR near the observation platform off the wildlife drive
Satellite image of the refuge
Satellite image of the refuge

The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1933 as a waterfowl sanctuary for birds migrating along the critical migration highway called the Atlantic Flyway. The refuge is located on Maryland's Eastern Shore, just 12 miles south of Cambridge, Maryland in Dorchester County, and consists of over 27,000 acres (110 km2) of freshwater impoundments, brackish tidal wetlands, open fields, and mixed evergreen and deciduous forests. Blackwater NWR is one of over 540 units in the National Wildlife Refuge System, which is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Blackwater Refuge is fed by the Blackwater River and the Little Blackwater River. The name "blackwater" comes from the tea-colored waters of the local rivers, which are darkened by the tannin that is picked up as the water drains through peat soil in the marshes.

Wildlife[edit]

In addition to a wealth of wetlands and forests, Blackwater Refuge is also host to over 250 bird species, 35 species of reptiles and amphibians, 165 species of threatened and endangered plants, and numerous mammals that can be spotted throughout the year in Blackwater's marshes, forests, meadows, and fields. During winter migration, Blackwater Refuge is also home to upwards of 35,000 geese and 15,000 ducks. The refuge is currently host to three recovering species: the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel, the delisted migrant peregrine falcon, and the recently delisted American bald eagle.

Mammals[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is home to a variety of mammals, which until recently included the South American nutria. Introduced to the refuge in the 1930s, intensive trapping efforts starting in 2002 helped nearly eliminate the animal from the area. Among the mammals is also the Delmarva fox squirrel, considered an endangered species. Blackwater forest management programs are working to protect this squirrel.[1]

Mammals found at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge include:[2]

Reptiles and amphibians[edit]

The marshes and swamps of Blackwater provide an ideal living environment for a number of reptiles and amphibians.[3]

Blackwater Refuge's reptiles include:

Blackwater Refuge's amphibians include:

Birds[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is a major feeding ground for migrating birds, most abundant being the Canadian goose. Swans, cranes, and more than 20 species of duck can be found in its waters. Also of note is the bald eagle, another of the refuge's protected species. In all, the refuge is a resting ground for over 200 varieties of bird.[4]

Some of the more common birds to be spotted in Blackwater Refuge are:

Bald eagles[edit]

The most famous wildlife resident in the Blackwater Wildlife Refuge is the bald eagle. The refuge hosts the largest breeding population of bald eagles on the East Coast north of Florida, and during the winter, many eagles migrate to Blackwater Refuge from northern states and from Canada. The Friends of Blackwater website offers a live Eagle Cam that monitors an eagle nest on the refuge.

In addition, the Friends of Blackwater also offer a live Osprey Cam that follows the adventures of a nesting pair of ospreys through the spring and summer.

Visitor opportunities[edit]

Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge also offers a wealth of recreational and visitor opportunities for all age groups. Although much of Blackwater Refuge is composed of wetlands, there are still many ways to get close to the wildlife and to enjoy the scenery.

The refuge features a Visitor Center on Key Wallace Drive where visitors will find wildlife exhibits, an authentic eagle's nest, Eagle Cam and Osprey Cam TV monitors, the Eagle's Nest Book and Gift Shop, a butterfly garden, restrooms, and maps and brochures that will help visitors make the most of their visit. On the second floor of the Visitor Center is the "Wild Birds Unlimited Pathways to Nature Observatory," which features bird exhibits and spotting scopes for viewing the Blackwater River, the marsh, and the Osprey Cam platform. (The second floor is accessible via a staircase or a handicap-accessible elevator). The staff at the Visitor Center also offer educational programs for children, as well as frequent organized bird walks, and an annual Eagle Festival and Open House. The center is open Monday through Thursday 8am - 4pm, and Friday from 9am - 5pm. However, access to the refuge is open nearly every day from dawn till dusk.[1]

The heart of Blackwater Refuge can be accessed via the Wildlife Drive, which is a paved road—approximately 3 1/2 miles in length (or a 6 1/2 mile loop)[1] —that takes visitors along the Blackwater River and offers excellent views of the local wildlife. Visitors can drive, bike, or walk the length of the Drive.

There is a daily permit fee of $3.00 for private vehicles (not including commercial vans or buses) and of $1.00 for pedestrians and bicyclists wishing to access the Wildlife Drive. There are also longer permits and passes available, including a variety of annual passes and a senior citizen pass.[1]

In addition to the Visitor Center and Wildlife Drive, Blackwater Refuge offers three paddling trails, four hiking trails, and hunting, fishing, and crabbing opportunities. There are also other entrances to Blackwater Refuge, making it possible to drive through the refuge without having to take the Wildlife Drive.

Staff and volunteers[edit]

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service staff at Blackwater Refuge have been honored by the National Wildlife Refuge Association and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. In 2006, Refuge Manager Glenn Carowan was named "Refuge Manager of the Year," and in 2007, Refuge employee Bill Giese was named "Employee of the Year."

The Blackwater Refuge staff is supported by the Friends of Blackwater, which is a non-profit citizen support group that puts in many volunteer hours at the refuge and sponsors various programs and projects throughout the year. In 2003, the Friends of Blackwater were named the "Friends Group of the Year."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  2. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Mammals brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  3. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Reptiles & Amphibians brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  4. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Birds brochure. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. 

External links[edit]

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014