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America's Wildest Places - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland
Published: 2013/12/02
Channel: Yaroooh! for Kids | News - Magazine
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge by Air
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge by Air
Published: 2014/05/29
Channel: DMBGoProFilms
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2014/03/27
Channel: Mike Gerjets
Jigging At The Refuge. Fishing at Blackwater Refuge in Dorchester County, Maryland. Multi-Species
Jigging At The Refuge. Fishing at Blackwater Refuge in Dorchester County, Maryland. Multi-Species
Published: 2016/08/07
Channel: Tommy Robinson
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2016/11/09
Channel: Blaze's Videos
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Center
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Visitor Center
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Rebekah Foxworth
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
Published: 2011/02/15
Channel: MyLivability
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2013/05/23
Channel: Cameron Mac
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
Published: 2011/10/09
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wildlife  Refuge, Maryland USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland USA
Published: 2011/10/09
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
snakehead search
snakehead search
Published: 2016/11/18
Channel: Susquehanna River Fishing Club
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
Published: 2012/04/02
Channel: justindentvideo
Blackwater Refuge - Hawaii Nice
Blackwater Refuge - Hawaii Nice
Published: 2011/04/18
Channel: BobAbsoluteHawaii
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2008/09/09
Channel: Bill Hoibroten
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Sika Hunt - 2014
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Sika Hunt - 2014
Published: 2014/10/20
Channel: Spike & Ike Hunting Adventures
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2008/01/17
Channel: PublicResourceOrg
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2013/05/15
Channel: DiscoveryBicycleTour
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2015/01/20
Channel: Why The Serios Face?
2015 Winter Scenes from Blackwater NWR
2015 Winter Scenes from Blackwater NWR
Published: 2015/02/08
Channel: BlackwaterRefuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2008/07/15
Channel: VisitorsTvNetwork
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2012/11/08
Channel: David Lawrence
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
Published: 2009/03/04
Channel: Paris72xyz
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2010/09/26
Channel: BlackwaterRefuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2011/12/20
Channel: geologynow
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2010/08/15
Channel: Bruce Emmerling
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
Published: 2009/05/25
Channel: Chris Stackhouse
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2016/04/30
Channel: Dave White
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
Published: 2011/11/18
Channel: Amy Luong
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2016/03/29
Channel: cosimaamelang
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
Published: 2010/08/15
Channel: Bruce Emmerling
Black Water Wildlife Refuge.
Black Water Wildlife Refuge.
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater Refuge July 2010 -- Bald Eagles Calling to the Neighbors
Blackwater Refuge July 2010 -- Bald Eagles Calling to the Neighbors
Published: 2010/08/05
Channel: BlackwaterRefuge
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2008/11/20
Channel: maskirovka77
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
Published: 2010/02/23
Channel: Joe Sebastiani
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
Published: 2009/01/02
Channel: ryadex
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
Published: 2012/11/29
Channel: Samuel Lappano
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2010/11/21
Channel: David Lychenheim
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
Published: 2014/01/14
Channel: I.R. Brouwer
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
Published: 2012/05/12
Channel: Stephen Tabone
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Blackwater National Wild Refuge.
Published: 2011/11/27
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater Wildlife National Refuge.
Blackwater Wildlife National Refuge.
Published: 2013/01/30
Channel: Yulia Pantyukhina
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2015/11/24
Channel: Paolo Abbruzzetti Film Channel
Snow geese at Blackwater Wildlife Refuge, Maryland
Snow geese at Blackwater Wildlife Refuge, Maryland
Published: 2016/03/03
Channel: Mohammed Mubashir
"Ghost Forests" of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
"Ghost Forests" of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2017/04/07
Channel: The Conservation Fund
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Sitting on Nest - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Osprey (Pandion haliaetus) Sitting on Nest - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Published: 2017/07/26
Channel: Colette Micallef
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Blackwater NWR marshes
View from the wildlife drive after a storm.
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Location Dorchester County, Maryland, USA
Nearest city Cambridge, Maryland
Coordinates 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231Coordinates: 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231
Area 28,894.35 acres (116.9313 km2)[1]
Established 1933 (1933)
Website Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
view of swamp
view of Blackwater NWR near the observation platform off the wildlife drive
Satellite image of the refuge
Satellite image of the refuge

The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1933 as a waterfowl sanctuary for birds migrating along the critical migration highway called the Atlantic Flyway. The refuge is located on Maryland's Eastern Shore, just 12 mi (19 km) south of Cambridge, Maryland in Dorchester County, and consists of over 28,000 acres (110 km2) of freshwater impoundments, brackish tidal wetlands, open fields, and mixed evergreen and deciduous forests. Blackwater NWR is one of over 540 units in the National Wildlife Refuge System, which is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Blackwater Refuge is fed by the Blackwater River and the Little Blackwater River. The name "blackwater" comes from the tea-colored waters of the local rivers, which are darkened by the tannin that is picked up as the water drains through peat soil in the marshes.

Wildlife[edit]

In addition to a wealth of wetlands and forests, Blackwater Refuge is also host to over 250 bird species, 35 species of reptiles and amphibians, 165 species of threatened and endangered plants, and numerous mammals that can be spotted throughout the year in Blackwater's marshes, forests, meadows, and fields. During winter migration, Blackwater Refuge is also home to upwards of 35,000 geese and 15,000 ducks. The refuge is currently host to three recovering species: the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel, the delisted migrant peregrine falcon, and the recently delisted American bald eagle.

Mammals[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is home to a variety of mammals, which until recently included the South American nutria. Introduced to the refuge in the 1930s, intensive trapping efforts starting in 2002 helped nearly eliminate the animal from the area. Among the mammals is also the Delmarva fox squirrel, considered an endangered species. Blackwater forest management programs are working to protect this squirrel.[2]

Mammals found at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge include:[3]

Reptiles and amphibians[edit]

The marshes and swamps of Blackwater provide an ideal living environment for a number of reptiles and amphibians.[4]

Blackwater Refuge's reptiles include:

Blackwater Refuge's amphibians include:

Birds[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is a major feeding ground for migrating birds, most abundant being the Canadian goose. Swans, cranes, and more than 20 species of duck can be found in its waters. Also of note is the bald eagle, another of the refuge's protected species. In all, the refuge is a resting ground for over 200 varieties of bird.[5]

Some of the more common birds to be spotted in Blackwater Refuge are:

Bald eagles[edit]

The most famous wildlife resident in the Blackwater Wildlife Refuge is the bald eagle. The refuge hosts the largest breeding population of bald eagles on the East Coast north of Florida, and during the winter, many eagles migrate to Blackwater Refuge from northern states and from Canada. The Friends of Blackwater website offers a live Eagle Cam that monitors an eagle nest on the refuge.

In addition, the Friends of Blackwater also offer a live Osprey Cam that follows the adventures of a nesting pair of ospreys through the spring and summer.

Visitor opportunities[edit]

Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge also offers a wealth of recreational and visitor opportunities for all age groups. Although much of Blackwater Refuge is composed of wetlands, there are still many ways to get close to the wildlife and to enjoy the scenery.

The refuge features a Visitor Center on Key Wallace Drive where visitors will find wildlife exhibits, an authentic eagle's nest, Eagle Cam and Osprey Cam TV monitors, the Eagle's Nest Book and Gift Shop, a butterfly garden, restrooms, and maps and brochures that will help visitors make the most of their visit. On the second floor of the Visitor Center is the "Wild Birds Unlimited Pathways to Nature Observatory," which features bird exhibits and spotting scopes for viewing the Blackwater River, the marsh, and the Osprey Cam platform. (The second floor is accessible via a staircase or a handicap-accessible elevator). The staff at the Visitor Center also offer educational programs for children, as well as frequent organized bird walks, and an annual Eagle Festival and Open House. The center is open Monday through Thursday 8am – 4pm, and Friday from 9am – 5pm. However, access to the refuge is open nearly every day from dawn till dusk.[2]

The heart of Blackwater Refuge can be accessed via the Wildlife Drive, which is a paved road—approximately 3 1/2 miles in length (or a 6 1/2 mile loop)[2] —that takes visitors along the Blackwater River and offers excellent views of the local wildlife. Visitors can drive, bike, or walk the length of the Drive.

There is a daily permit fee of $3.00 for private vehicles (not including commercial vans or buses) and of $1.00 for pedestrians and bicyclists wishing to access the Wildlife Drive. There are also longer permits and passes available, including a variety of annual passes and a senior citizen pass.[2]

In addition to the Visitor Center and Wildlife Drive, Blackwater Refuge offers three paddling trails, four hiking trails, and hunting, fishing, and crabbing opportunities. There are also other entrances to Blackwater Refuge, making it possible to drive through the refuge without having to take the Wildlife Drive.

Staff and volunteers[edit]

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service staff at Blackwater Refuge have been honored by the National Wildlife Refuge Association and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. In 2006, Refuge Manager Glenn Carowan was named "Refuge Manager of the Year," and in 2007, Refuge employee Bill Giese was named "Employee of the Year."

The Blackwater Refuge staff is supported by the Friends of Blackwater, which is a non-profit citizen support group that puts in many volunteer hours at the refuge and sponsors various programs and projects throughout the year. In 2003, the Friends of Blackwater were named the "Friends Group of the Year."

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Statistical Data Tables for Fish & Wildlife Service Lands (as of 9/30/2015)" (PDF). US Fish and Wildlife Service. Retrieved 5 September 2016. 
  2. ^ a b c d Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  3. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge – Mammals brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  4. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge – Reptiles & Amphibians brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  5. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge – Birds brochure. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. 

External links[edit]

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