1
America
America's Wildest Places - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland
DATE: 2013/12/02::
2
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Everglades of the North
DATE: 2012/04/02::
3
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2008/01/17::
4
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2014/03/27::
5
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Sika Hunt - 2014
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge Sika Hunt - 2014
DATE: 2014/10/20::
6
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
Sunset at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.
DATE: 2013/02/01::
7
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Scenes of Birds on Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2010/08/15::
8
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2008/11/20::
9
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Safe Haven: The Delmarva Fox Squirrel and Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2012/11/07::
10
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Go Wild!
DATE: 2009/03/03::
11
Ospreys visit and mate today with nest Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 03/23/11
Ospreys visit and mate today with nest Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 03/23/11
DATE: 2011/03/23::
12
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
My Blackwater National wildlife refuge
DATE: 2011/11/18::
13
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
Bald Eagles at the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge in Maryland (USA)
DATE: 2014/01/14::
14
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge near Cambridge, MD
DATE: 2011/02/15::
15
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge  by A Paolo Abbruzzetti Film
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge by A Paolo Abbruzzetti Film
DATE: 2015/04/27::
16
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
DATE: 2013/02/15::
17
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2013/05/23::
18
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
End of Summer at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2010/09/26::
19
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2008/07/15::
20
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Maryland - Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2013/05/15::
21
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
Water Scenes from Blackwater National WIldlife Refuge
DATE: 2010/08/15::
22
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Cambridge, MD
DATE: 2009/05/25::
23
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2011/12/20::
24
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland, USA
DATE: 2011/10/08::
25
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2015/01/20::
26
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Beautiful Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2010/11/21::
27
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
American Bald Eagle at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge.mp4
DATE: 2012/05/12::
28
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge MD.wmv
DATE: 2010/02/23::
29
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
Winter at Chincoteague & Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge 國家野生動物保護區的冬天
DATE: 2015/02/07::
30
Preserving the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge (720p)
Preserving the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge (720p)
DATE: 2015/06/29::
31
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2013/01/05::
32
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2015/01/03::
33
Blackwater National Wildlife  Refuge, Maryland USA
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge, Maryland USA
DATE: 2011/10/08::
34
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge August 2011
DATE: 2012/11/29::
35
Preserving the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge (720p)
Preserving the Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge (720p)
DATE: 2015/06/02::
36
BMW K1600GTL Ride though Blackwater Refuge
BMW K1600GTL Ride though Blackwater Refuge
DATE: 2012/06/22::
37
Two Eaglets at Wildlife Drive Nest - Blackwater NWR on April 8, 2012
Two Eaglets at Wildlife Drive Nest - Blackwater NWR on April 8, 2012
DATE: 2012/04/08::
38
Three Chicks on the 2015 Blackwater NWR Osprey Cam
Three Chicks on the 2015 Blackwater NWR Osprey Cam
DATE: 2015/06/08::
39
2015 Winter Scenes from Blackwater NWR
2015 Winter Scenes from Blackwater NWR
DATE: 2015/02/08::
40
The National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska - A Visual Tour
The National Wildlife Refuges of Alaska - A Visual Tour
DATE: 2015/01/13::
41
America
America's Wildest Places - Canaan Valley National Wildlife Refuge, West Virginia
DATE: 2013/12/07::
42
2015 Blackwater Eagle Cam - Parent in the Rain with 3 Eggs
2015 Blackwater Eagle Cam - Parent in the Rain with 3 Eggs
DATE: 2015/02/02::
43
Wildlife Refuge
Wildlife Refuge
DATE: 2009/12/23::
44
First Egg of the 2013 Blackwater NWR Osprey Cam Season
First Egg of the 2013 Blackwater NWR Osprey Cam Season
DATE: 2013/05/06::
45
2010 Blackwater Refuge Natural Osprey Nest
2010 Blackwater Refuge Natural Osprey Nest
DATE: 2010/04/25::
46
Endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel at Blackwater NWR - April 29, 2012
Endangered Delmarva Fox Squirrel at Blackwater NWR - April 29, 2012
DATE: 2012/04/29::
47
8-Week-Old Eaglets Exercising Their Wings on 2014 Blackwater Eagle Cam
8-Week-Old Eaglets Exercising Their Wings on 2014 Blackwater Eagle Cam
DATE: 2014/04/27::
48
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
Blackwater Refuge Episode 01
DATE: 2009/01/02::
49
Spring Peepers at Blackwater NWR - March 22, 2014
Spring Peepers at Blackwater NWR - March 22, 2014
DATE: 2014/03/25::
50
Blackwater NWR Wildlife Drive Eagle Nest with Possible Hatch
Blackwater NWR Wildlife Drive Eagle Nest with Possible Hatch
DATE: 2013/03/18::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
IUCN category IV (habitat/species management area)
Blackwater NWR marshes
View from the wildlife drive after a storm.
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Map showing the location of Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge
Location Dorchester County, Maryland, USA
Nearest city Cambridge, Maryland
Coordinates 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231Coordinates: 38°24′50″N 76°05′50″W / 38.413921°N 76.097231°W / 38.413921; -76.097231
Area 27,000 acres (110 km2)
Established 1933 (1933)
http://www.fws.gov/blackwater/
view of swamp
view of Blackwater NWR near the observation platform off the wildlife drive
Satellite image of the refuge
Satellite image of the refuge

The Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge was established in 1933 as a waterfowl sanctuary for birds migrating along the critical migration highway called the Atlantic Flyway. The refuge is located on Maryland's Eastern Shore, just 12 miles south of Cambridge, Maryland in Dorchester County, and consists of over 27,000 acres (110 km2) of freshwater impoundments, brackish tidal wetlands, open fields, and mixed evergreen and deciduous forests. Blackwater NWR is one of over 540 units in the National Wildlife Refuge System, which is managed by the United States Fish and Wildlife Service.

Blackwater Refuge is fed by the Blackwater River and the Little Blackwater River. The name "blackwater" comes from the tea-colored waters of the local rivers, which are darkened by the tannin that is picked up as the water drains through peat soil in the marshes.

Wildlife[edit]

In addition to a wealth of wetlands and forests, Blackwater Refuge is also host to over 250 bird species, 35 species of reptiles and amphibians, 165 species of threatened and endangered plants, and numerous mammals that can be spotted throughout the year in Blackwater's marshes, forests, meadows, and fields. During winter migration, Blackwater Refuge is also home to upwards of 35,000 geese and 15,000 ducks. The refuge is currently host to three recovering species: the endangered Delmarva fox squirrel, the delisted migrant peregrine falcon, and the recently delisted American bald eagle.

Mammals[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is home to a variety of mammals, which until recently included the South American nutria. Introduced to the refuge in the 1930s, intensive trapping efforts starting in 2002 helped nearly eliminate the animal from the area. Among the mammals is also the Delmarva fox squirrel, considered an endangered species. Blackwater forest management programs are working to protect this squirrel.[1]

Mammals found at Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge include:[2]

Reptiles and amphibians[edit]

The marshes and swamps of Blackwater provide an ideal living environment for a number of reptiles and amphibians.[3]

Blackwater Refuge's reptiles include:

Blackwater Refuge's amphibians include:

Birds[edit]

Blackwater Refuge is a major feeding ground for migrating birds, most abundant being the Canadian goose. Swans, cranes, and more than 20 species of duck can be found in its waters. Also of note is the bald eagle, another of the refuge's protected species. In all, the refuge is a resting ground for over 200 varieties of bird.[4]

Some of the more common birds to be spotted in Blackwater Refuge are:

Bald eagles[edit]

The most famous wildlife resident in the Blackwater Wildlife Refuge is the bald eagle. The refuge hosts the largest breeding population of bald eagles on the East Coast north of Florida, and during the winter, many eagles migrate to Blackwater Refuge from northern states and from Canada. The Friends of Blackwater website offers a live Eagle Cam that monitors an eagle nest on the refuge.

In addition, the Friends of Blackwater also offer a live Osprey Cam that follows the adventures of a nesting pair of ospreys through the spring and summer.

Visitor opportunities[edit]

Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge also offers a wealth of recreational and visitor opportunities for all age groups. Although much of Blackwater Refuge is composed of wetlands, there are still many ways to get close to the wildlife and to enjoy the scenery.

The refuge features a Visitor Center on Key Wallace Drive where visitors will find wildlife exhibits, an authentic eagle's nest, Eagle Cam and Osprey Cam TV monitors, the Eagle's Nest Book and Gift Shop, a butterfly garden, restrooms, and maps and brochures that will help visitors make the most of their visit. On the second floor of the Visitor Center is the "Wild Birds Unlimited Pathways to Nature Observatory," which features bird exhibits and spotting scopes for viewing the Blackwater River, the marsh, and the Osprey Cam platform. (The second floor is accessible via a staircase or a handicap-accessible elevator). The staff at the Visitor Center also offer educational programs for children, as well as frequent organized bird walks, and an annual Eagle Festival and Open House. The center is open Monday through Thursday 8am - 4pm, and Friday from 9am - 5pm. However, access to the refuge is open nearly every day from dawn till dusk.[1]

The heart of Blackwater Refuge can be accessed via the Wildlife Drive, which is a paved road—approximately 3 1/2 miles in length (or a 6 1/2 mile loop)[1] —that takes visitors along the Blackwater River and offers excellent views of the local wildlife. Visitors can drive, bike, or walk the length of the Drive.

There is a daily permit fee of $3.00 for private vehicles (not including commercial vans or buses) and of $1.00 for pedestrians and bicyclists wishing to access the Wildlife Drive. There are also longer permits and passes available, including a variety of annual passes and a senior citizen pass.[1]

In addition to the Visitor Center and Wildlife Drive, Blackwater Refuge offers three paddling trails, four hiking trails, and hunting, fishing, and crabbing opportunities. There are also other entrances to Blackwater Refuge, making it possible to drive through the refuge without having to take the Wildlife Drive.

Staff and volunteers[edit]

The United States Fish and Wildlife Service staff at Blackwater Refuge have been honored by the National Wildlife Refuge Association and the National Fish and Wildlife Foundation. In 2006, Refuge Manager Glenn Carowan was named "Refuge Manager of the Year," and in 2007, Refuge employee Bill Giese was named "Employee of the Year."

The Blackwater Refuge staff is supported by the Friends of Blackwater, which is a non-profit citizen support group that puts in many volunteer hours at the refuge and sponsors various programs and projects throughout the year. In 2003, the Friends of Blackwater were named the "Friends Group of the Year."

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c d Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  2. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Mammals brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  3. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Reptiles & Amphibians brochure. U.S. Fish & Wildlife Service. 2008. 
  4. ^ Blackwater National Wildlife Refuge - Birds brochure. U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service. 2008. 

External links[edit]

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