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Delta Report Presents LeFlore vs Blount
Delta Report Presents LeFlore vs Blount
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 8/8/17
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 8/8/17
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Spunky1991
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 9/7/17
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 9/7/17
Published: 2017/09/07
Channel: Spunky1991
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 10/5/17
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 10/5/17
Published: 2017/10/05
Channel: Spunky1991
NFL
NFL's Top 10 Storylines Going Into 2017-18 Season | THE HERD
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: The Herd with Colin Cowherd
Report: LeGarrette Blount Out For Rest Of Patriots
Report: LeGarrette Blount Out For Rest Of Patriots' Season
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: NESN
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount 8/21/17
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount 8/21/17
Published: 2017/08/21
Channel: Spunky1991
8pm media briefing on Blount County plane crash
8pm media briefing on Blount County plane crash
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: WVTM 13 News
Quick Takes On Derek Jeter, LeGarrette Blount, And Marshawn Lynch | First Take | April 26, 2017
Quick Takes On Derek Jeter, LeGarrette Blount, And Marshawn Lynch | First Take | April 26, 2017
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: ESPN
Seven Patriot Players Boycott Trump White House Visit—the First Group Protest of Its Kind In History
Seven Patriot Players Boycott Trump White House Visit—the First Group Protest of Its Kind In History
Published: 2017/04/21
Channel: The Majority Report with Sam Seder
Patriots Re-Sign LeGarrette Blount To One-Year Deal
Patriots Re-Sign LeGarrette Blount To One-Year Deal
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: NESN
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount sentence
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount sentence
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: WAVY TV 10
Delta Report presents the LeFlore vs Blount game
Delta Report presents the LeFlore vs Blount game
Published: 2016/01/03
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
Can Giants Win With Blount? - The Giants and LeGarrette Blount reportedly have a mu
Can Giants Win With Blount? - The Giants and LeGarrette Blount reportedly have a mu
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Sport My Life
LeGarrette Blount and Patriots
LeGarrette Blount and Patriots' Power Running vs Texans (NFL Breakdowns Ep 31)
Published: 2016/09/24
Channel: Samuel Gold
Eagles Sign LeGarrette Blount | One Year Deal
Eagles Sign LeGarrette Blount | One Year Deal
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: samatic2008
Blount Powers the Patriots Into the End Zone! | Steelers vs. Patriots | AFC Championship Highlights
Blount Powers the Patriots Into the End Zone! | Steelers vs. Patriots | AFC Championship Highlights
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: NFL
Blount and Suh get into it
Blount and Suh get into it
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Michele Keyes
Blount
Blount's Beastly Run w/ Big Stiff Arm & Smallwood's TD Dive! | Can't-Miss Play | NFL Wk 4
Published: 2017/10/01
Channel: NFL
Retaliation to a Whistle blower..Blount Al
Retaliation to a Whistle blower..Blount Al
Published: 2017/08/17
Channel: Fight DHR
Blount 2015 Q2 Quarterly Report ENGLISH
Blount 2015 Q2 Quarterly Report ENGLISH
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: MBowenProductions
In-Focus: LeGarrette Blount | Philadelphia Eagles 2017
In-Focus: LeGarrette Blount | Philadelphia Eagles 2017
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Further A.M.
DTB-I_WHAT
DTB-I_WHAT'S WORKING BLOUNT COUNTY_FEATURE NEWS REPORTING
Published: 2014/01/22
Channel: Thomas Allen
Blount vs Park Crossing 6A
Blount vs Park Crossing 6A
Published: 2016/11/19
Channel: Path To The Playoffs
Delta Report presents Wayne County vs Blount at the MLK Classic
Delta Report presents Wayne County vs Blount at the MLK Classic
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
New England Patriots RB LeGarrette Blount on His Future With patriots, Tom Brady & More - 2/9/17
New England Patriots RB LeGarrette Blount on His Future With patriots, Tom Brady & More - 2/9/17
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: The Rich Eisen Show
NBA DRAFT LOTTERY RESULTS, LEGARRET BLOUNT SIGNS WITH THE EAGLES AND MORE
NBA DRAFT LOTTERY RESULTS, LEGARRET BLOUNT SIGNS WITH THE EAGLES AND MORE
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: Jordan Hachey
Amari Blount and Zack Wood Post Game interview
Amari Blount and Zack Wood Post Game interview
Published: 2017/09/28
Channel: Zoombieland Groundwork
How Hawaii Became Part of the United States: Sarah Vowell on Unfamiliar Fishes (2011)
How Hawaii Became Part of the United States: Sarah Vowell on Unfamiliar Fishes (2011)
Published: 2014/01/30
Channel: The Film Archives
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount case
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount case
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: WAVY TV 10
LeGarrette Blount
LeGarrette Blount's Cryptic Tweet Gets Patriots Fans Buzzing
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: NESN
Blount County Tennessee put HR Director reporting to a Committe of employees
Blount County Tennessee put HR Director reporting to a Committe of employees
Published: 2011/08/01
Channel: jimfolts1
Devil-Proof your Family | Ken and Trudi Blount  6:30PM
Devil-Proof your Family | Ken and Trudi Blount 6:30PM
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Living Faith
Gronk
Gronk's Powerful Play Leads to Blount's TD Run! | Seahawks vs. Patriots | NFL
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: NFL
Patriots running back LeGarrette Blount talks after win
Patriots running back LeGarrette Blount talks after win
Published: 2015/11/09
Channel: The Boston Globe
Blount Co AL Corrupt DHR attorney Elizabeth B Nash caught on recording
Blount Co AL Corrupt DHR attorney Elizabeth B Nash caught on recording
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Fight DHR
Vontaze Burfict intentionally stepping on and injuring Tom Brady
Vontaze Burfict intentionally stepping on and injuring Tom Brady's and Legarette Blount''s leg
Published: 2016/11/22
Channel: NFL NEWS
LeGarrette Blount Discusses Patriots
LeGarrette Blount Discusses Patriots' Christmas Eve Blowout Of Jets
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: MassLive
Travion Blount case to be heard again
Travion Blount case to be heard again
Published: 2015/07/28
Channel: WAVY TV 10
Redskins: "LeGarette Blount will provide early test for us"
Redskins: "LeGarette Blount will provide early test for us"
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Joeyshakes 72
Blount gets high
Blount gets high
Published: 2010/10/31
Channel: afronick12
LeGarrette Blount to the Giants??? Thoughts.
LeGarrette Blount to the Giants??? Thoughts.
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: BROOKLYN HITSQUAD96
Report: 80 Percent Kirk Signs Long-Term Deal
Report: 80 Percent Kirk Signs Long-Term Deal
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: 1067TheFan
Patriots Keys Offseason Edition | Blount Contract Situation | WHO IS GONNA BE OUR POWER BACK?
Patriots Keys Offseason Edition | Blount Contract Situation | WHO IS GONNA BE OUR POWER BACK?
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: DaGr8Patriot
The Incident - for staff training
The Incident - for staff training
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: ResLife at Miami University
Super Bowl LI: Patriots vs. Falcons Mic
Super Bowl LI: Patriots vs. Falcons Mic'd Up | NFL Films | Sound FX
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: NFL
NFL Training Camp: How much Will LaGerette Blount Contribute To Eagles?
NFL Training Camp: How much Will LaGerette Blount Contribute To Eagles?
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Joeyshakes 72
Federal judge rules Travion Blount will be resentenced
Federal judge rules Travion Blount will be resentenced
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: WAVY TV 10
White
White's Hustle & Blount's Muscle Set Up Brady TD to Mitchell | NFL Wk. 14 Highlights
Published: 2016/12/13
Channel: NFL
Eagles OTA Preview: Players, storylines to watch | Carson Wentz, Alshon Jeffery, LeGarrette Blount
Eagles OTA Preview: Players, storylines to watch | Carson Wentz, Alshon Jeffery, LeGarrette Blount
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: NJ.com
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Blount Report is the popular name given to the part of the 1893 United States House of Representatives Foreign Relations Committee Report regarding the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The report was conducted by U.S. Commissioner James H. Blount, appointed by U.S. President Grover Cleveland to investigate the events surrounding the January 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

The Blount Report "first provided evidence that officially identified the United States' complicity in the lawless overthrow of the lawful, peaceful government of Hawaii."[1] Blount concluded that U.S. Minister to Hawaii John L. Stevens had carried out unauthorized partisan activities, including the landing of U.S. Marines under a false or exaggerated pretext, to support the anti-royalist conspirators; that these actions were instrumental to the success of the revolution; and that the revolution was carried out against the wishes of a majority of the population of Hawaii.[2]

The Blount Report was followed in 1894 by the Morgan Report, which contradicted Blount's report by concluding that all participants except for Queen Liliʻuokalani were "not guilty".[3]:648

Background[edit]

In January 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani of Hawaiʻi threatened to replace the "Bayonet Constitution" that had been forced upon the monarchy in 1887 with a new constitution that would restore power to the throne. American and European resident merchants operating as the Committee of Public Safety responded by forcing Liliʻuokalani from power and proclaiming a provisional government. During the overthrow, the American Minister to Hawaii John L. Stevens ordered the landing of U.S. Marines from the USS Boston in Honolulu, ostensibly to protect lives and property.

After the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown, the Provisional Government of Hawaii immediately sent a treaty of annexation to the expansionist President Benjamin Harrison, who referred it favorably to the Senate for ratification on February 15, 1893. When Grover Cleveland, an anti-expansionist, became President less than three weeks later, he withdrew the treaty from the Senate and appointed former congressman James Henderson Blount as special representative to investigate the events surrounding the overthrow.

Investigation[edit]

As special envoy to Hawaii with paramount powers to investigate the circumstances of the revolution and the stability of the Provisional Government, Blount made himself accessible. He obtained testimony from interviews, letters, affidavits, and other documents, including the "Statement of the Hawaiian Patriotic League"[4] and "Memorial on the Hawaiian Crises",[5] but did not have subpoena power. However, one historian has noted that Blount did not interview members of the Committee of Safety, and some questions may have been slanted to build a case for restoration of the queen.[3]:628

Blount delivered his report to President Cleveland on July 17, 1893 claiming improper U.S. backing for the overthrow had been responsible for its success, and concluded that the Provisional Government lacked popular support. On the basis of Blount's report, President Cleveland dismissed Stevens and began to secretly work towards the restoration of Liliʻuokalani and the constitutional monarchy, conditional upon amnesty to those responsible for the overthrow. The new Minister to Hawaii Albert Willis was unable to persuade the Queen to grant amnesty to the Committee of Public Safety, in return for the throne until December 18. Following this, Willis, acting on behalf of Cleveland, ordered provisional government President Sanford Dole to dissolve his government and restore the Queen. In a letter, Dole vehemently refused Cleveland's demand. The same day, President Cleveland delivered a message to Congress declaring the overthrow improper, calling it "an act of war, committed with the participation of a diplomatic representative of the United States and without authority of Congress."[6]

But for the notorious predilections of the United States Minister for Annexation (John L. Stevens), the Committee of Safety, which should be called the Committee of Annexation, would have never existed. But for the landing of the United States forces upon false pretexts respecting the danger to life and property the committee would never have exposed themselves to the pains and penalties of treason by undertaking the subversion of the Queen's Government. But for the presence of the United States forces in the immediate vicinity and in position to afford all needed protection and support, the committee would not have proclaimed the provisional government from the steps of the Government building.... But for the lawless occupation of Honolulu under false pretexts by the United States forces ... the Queen and her government would have never yielded.[7]

Response[edit]

Due to Liliʻuokalani's delay in accepting the terms of her restoration, and Dole's flat refusal, Cleveland turned over the matter to the Senate. The Senate authorized the Morgan Report which conducted two months of hearings taken from witnesses under oath and carried out under cross examination. The Morgan Report contradicted Blount's conclusions and exonerated the military and Stevens from blame. Senator George Gray of Delaware, Cleveland's chief spokesperson on the subcommittee, said Morgan examined witnesses "in a very partial and unfair way...to aid the annexationists and injure the President."."[3]:647 Walter Q. Gresham, Cleveland's Secretary of State, said that Morgan was "insincere and meant mischief." Historian R.S. Kuykendall wrote that "nevertheless, the Morgan hearings did commit to the record the testimony of many participants in the revolution who had been neglected by Blount."[3]:647 Morgan, a Democrat like Cleveland but sympathetic with the expansionist Republicans, seemed to have a vested interest in exonerating both Stevens' actions during the Hawaiian Revolution, as well as Blount's appointment by Cleveland without Congressional approval. Historian W.A. Russ noted that "It seems that the Chairman had two purposes in mind: first, to gainsay everything the Blount Report had asserted; second, to clear the name of every American official and to give the United States a spotless slate."[8]

Cleveland left office and was replaced by pro-annexation President William McKinley in 1897. Hawaii was annexed to the United States the following year.

Modern relevance[edit]

In 1993, Congress passed and the President signed an Apology Resolution apologizing for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii a century before. Based on the Blount Report, other historical analyses,[9][10] and the claims of Hawaiian sovereignty activists, the Resolution subsequently became a touchstone in the cultural identification of Hawaiians, as well as for the growing Hawaiian sovereignty movement who seek self-government similar to that of Native Americans and Alaskan peoples.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, Milner S. "Symposium: Native American Law," Georgia Law Review 28 (1979): 303
  2. ^ Tate, Merze. (1965). The United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom: A Political History. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 235.
  3. ^ a b c d Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1967) [1938], "Chap. 21 Revolution", Hawaiian Kingdom, 3, 1874–1893, The Kalakaua dynasty, Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-87022-433-1, OCLC 47011614, 53979611, 186322026, retrieved September 29, 2012 
  4. ^ Jon M. Van Dyke (2008). Who Owns the Crown Lands of Hawai_i?. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 152–. ISBN 978-0-8248-3211-7. 
  5. ^ United States. Department of State (1895). Foreign Relations of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 914–. 
  6. ^ Overthrow of Hawaii Resolution, Pub.L. No. 103-150, 1993 U.S.C.C.A.N. (107 Stat.) 1510, 1511.
  7. ^ President of the United States,[which?] Message Relating to the Hawaiian Islands, H.R.Doc. No. 47, 53rd Cong., 2d Sess., XIII–XV (1893)
  8. ^ William Adam Russ (1992). The Hawaiian Revolution (1893-94). Associated University Presses. p. 335. ISBN 0-945636-43-1. 
  9. ^ Tate, Merze (1965). The United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom: A Political History. Yale University Press. 
  10. ^ King, Pauline (1992). in: Russ, William: The Hawaiian Revolution (1893–94) (Introduction). Associated University Presses. p. xiii. ISBN 0-945636-43-1. 

External links[edit]

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