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Delta Report Presents LeFlore vs Blount
Delta Report Presents LeFlore vs Blount
Published: 2016/01/09
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
Report: LeGarrette Blount Out For Rest Of Patriots
Report: LeGarrette Blount Out For Rest Of Patriots' Season
Published: 2015/12/16
Channel: NESN
Patriots Receivers, LeGarrette Blount
Patriots Receivers, LeGarrette Blount's Replacement - Falcons Camp Latest | August 2, 2017
Published: 2017/08/02
Channel: NFL First
New England Patriots RB LeGarrette Blount on His Future With patriots, Tom Brady & More - 2/9/17
New England Patriots RB LeGarrette Blount on His Future With patriots, Tom Brady & More - 2/9/17
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: The Rich Eisen Show
Blount Powers the Patriots Into the End Zone! | Steelers vs. Patriots | AFC Championship Highlights
Blount Powers the Patriots Into the End Zone! | Steelers vs. Patriots | AFC Championship Highlights
Published: 2017/01/23
Channel: NFL
Philadelphia Eagles running back LeGarrette Blount discusses first camp with team
Philadelphia Eagles running back LeGarrette Blount discusses first camp with team
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: PennLive.com
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 8/8/17
Press Pass: LeGarrette Blount interview 8/8/17
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Spunky1991
In-Focus: LeGarrette Blount | Philadelphia Eagles 2017
In-Focus: LeGarrette Blount | Philadelphia Eagles 2017
Published: 2017/08/10
Channel: Further A.M.
Blount and Suh get into it
Blount and Suh get into it
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: Michele Keyes
Patriots Re-Sign LeGarrette Blount To One-Year Deal
Patriots Re-Sign LeGarrette Blount To One-Year Deal
Published: 2016/04/12
Channel: NESN
Delta Report presents Wayne County vs Blount at the MLK Classic
Delta Report presents Wayne County vs Blount at the MLK Classic
Published: 2016/01/20
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
Blount County DA says there
Blount County DA says there's a problem with under reporting inappropriate student/teacher relatio
Published: 2014/03/06
Channel: WIAT42
LeGarrette Blount Discusses Patriots
LeGarrette Blount Discusses Patriots' Christmas Eve Blowout Of Jets
Published: 2016/12/24
Channel: MassLive
Delta Report presents the LeFlore vs Blount game
Delta Report presents the LeFlore vs Blount game
Published: 2016/01/03
Channel: Kelvin Thornton
Patriots Keys Offseason Edition | Blount Contract Situation | WHO IS GONNA BE OUR POWER BACK?
Patriots Keys Offseason Edition | Blount Contract Situation | WHO IS GONNA BE OUR POWER BACK?
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: DaGr8Patriot
Devil-Proof your Family | Ken and Trudi Blount  6:30PM
Devil-Proof your Family | Ken and Trudi Blount 6:30PM
Published: 2016/08/29
Channel: Living Faith
Oregon LeGarrette Blount Knocks Out  Boise football player after loss
Oregon LeGarrette Blount Knocks Out Boise football player after loss
Published: 2009/09/04
Channel: spanky061970
How Hawaii Became Part of the United States: Sarah Vowell on Unfamiliar Fishes (2011)
How Hawaii Became Part of the United States: Sarah Vowell on Unfamiliar Fishes (2011)
Published: 2014/01/30
Channel: The Film Archives
LeGarrette Blount
LeGarrette Blount's Cryptic Tweet Gets Patriots Fans Buzzing
Published: 2017/04/11
Channel: NESN
Eagles Sign LeGarrette Blount | One Year Deal
Eagles Sign LeGarrette Blount | One Year Deal
Published: 2017/05/17
Channel: samatic2008
LeGarrette Blount Reveals He Won
LeGarrette Blount Reveals He Won't Go to The White House & Challenges Rich to a Race - 2/9/17
Published: 2017/02/09
Channel: The Rich Eisen Show
Blount 2015 Q2 Quarterly Report ENGLISH
Blount 2015 Q2 Quarterly Report ENGLISH
Published: 2016/09/07
Channel: MBowenProductions
Girls Basketball vs. Blount - 1/31/17 - Senior Night
Girls Basketball vs. Blount - 1/31/17 - Senior Night
Published: 2017/02/01
Channel: BH1 Productions
LeGarrette Blount Wants To Stay A Patriot
LeGarrette Blount Wants To Stay A Patriot
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: NESN
LeGarrette Blount Rips Ndamukong Suh
LeGarrette Blount Rips Ndamukong Suh's Helmet Off
Published: 2017/01/01
Channel: Highlight Nation
Eagles Added Alshon Joffery, Torrey Smith & Le Garrette Blount in Offseason | July 24, 2017
Eagles Added Alshon Joffery, Torrey Smith & Le Garrette Blount in Offseason | July 24, 2017
Published: 2017/07/24
Channel: NFL First
'Redneck News' Anchor On Impact Of Same-Sex Marriage On Alabama
Published: 2015/02/13
Channel: The Young Turks
Can Giants Win With Blount? - The Giants and LeGarrette Blount reportedly have a mu
Can Giants Win With Blount? - The Giants and LeGarrette Blount reportedly have a mu
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Sport My Life
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount case
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount case
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: WAVY TV 10
What Are The Chances LeGarrette Blount Stays With The Patriots?
What Are The Chances LeGarrette Blount Stays With The Patriots?
Published: 2017/04/10
Channel: NESN
NFL Training Camp: Impact Of LeGarrette Blount On Eagles | NFL Network
NFL Training Camp: Impact Of LeGarrette Blount On Eagles | NFL Network
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: NFL Live
LeGarrette Blount Highlights | Texans vs. Patriots | NFL Week 3 Player Highlights
LeGarrette Blount Highlights | Texans vs. Patriots | NFL Week 3 Player Highlights
Published: 2016/09/23
Channel: NFL
LeGarrette Blount: No place for Ndamukong Suh in NFL - DAMAGE REPORT
LeGarrette Blount: No place for Ndamukong Suh in NFL - DAMAGE REPORT
Published: 2017/01/02
Channel: SHAME on NEWS
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount sentence
Erin Kelly reports on Travion Blount sentence
Published: 2014/01/07
Channel: WAVY TV 10
Gronk
Gronk's Powerful Play Leads to Blount's TD Run! | Seahawks vs. Patriots | NFL
Published: 2016/11/14
Channel: NFL
The Incident - for staff training
The Incident - for staff training
Published: 2017/07/25
Channel: ResLife at Miami University
Federal judge rules Travion Blount will be resentenced
Federal judge rules Travion Blount will be resentenced
Published: 2017/05/26
Channel: WAVY TV 10
Eagles OTA Preview: Players, storylines to watch | Carson Wentz, Alshon Jeffery, LeGarrette Blount
Eagles OTA Preview: Players, storylines to watch | Carson Wentz, Alshon Jeffery, LeGarrette Blount
Published: 2017/05/22
Channel: NJ.com
Titans Training Camp Report: Alumni Day
Titans Training Camp Report: Alumni Day
Published: 2017/08/08
Channel: Tennessee Titans
Inside Training Camp: Impact of LeGarrette Blount on Eagles
Inside Training Camp: Impact of LeGarrette Blount on Eagles
Published: 2017/07/30
Channel: Eagles Nest
NFL News- LeGarrette Blount gets Tagged
NFL News- LeGarrette Blount gets Tagged
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: JK Primetime
Leflore Band tells Michael Standifer to let blount band play after their song.
Leflore Band tells Michael Standifer to let blount band play after their song.
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: MsTvaddic
Titans Training Camp Report: Day 8
Titans Training Camp Report: Day 8
Published: 2017/08/06
Channel: Tennessee Titans
GAME OF THE WEEK  - Spanish Fort vs. Blount (2016 Week 7)
GAME OF THE WEEK - Spanish Fort vs. Blount (2016 Week 7)
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: UTV44 Game Of The Week
Practice Report: 8/3/17
Practice Report: 8/3/17
Published: 2017/08/03
Channel: Spunky1991
LeGarrette Blount Calls Out Ndamukong Suh
LeGarrette Blount Calls Out Ndamukong Suh
Published: 2017/01/05
Channel: Rugby NFL TV
Le’Veon Bell & LeGarrette Blount Arrested - ESPN First Take
Le’Veon Bell & LeGarrette Blount Arrested - ESPN First Take
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: official music
BC Rain vs Blount    girls 2014 15
BC Rain vs Blount girls 2014 15
Published: 2015/03/30
Channel: TheVenet25
PRO FOOTBALL HALL OF FAME REPORT: WITH MEL BLOUNT FORMER PITTSBURGH STEELERS DEFENSE
PRO FOOTBALL HALL OF FAME REPORT: WITH MEL BLOUNT FORMER PITTSBURGH STEELERS DEFENSE
Published: 2015/08/08
Channel: In DBeat
Leflore vs Blount
Leflore vs Blount
Published: 2015/10/26
Channel: MsTvaddic
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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The Blount Report is the popular name given to the part of the 1893 United States House of Representatives Foreign Relations Committee Report regarding the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii. The report was conducted by U.S. Commissioner James H. Blount, appointed by U.S. President Grover Cleveland to investigate the events surrounding the January 1893 overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii.

The Blount Report "first provided evidence that officially identified the United States' complicity in the lawless overthrow of the lawful, peaceful government of Hawaii."[1] Blount concluded that U.S. Minister to Hawaii John L. Stevens had carried out unauthorized partisan activities, including the landing of U.S. Marines under a false or exaggerated pretext, to support the anti-royalist conspirators; that these actions were instrumental to the success of the revolution; and that the revolution was carried out against the wishes of a majority of the population of Hawaii.[2]

The Blount Report was followed in 1894 by the Morgan Report, which contradicted Blount's report by concluding that all participants except for Queen Liliʻuokalani were "not guilty".[3]:648

Background[edit]

In January 1893, Queen Liliʻuokalani of Hawaiʻi threatened to replace the "Bayonet Constitution" that had been forced upon the monarchy in 1887 with a new constitution that would restore power to the throne. American and European resident merchants operating as the Committee of Public Safety responded by forcing Liliʻuokalani from power and proclaiming a provisional government. During the overthrow, the American Minister to Hawaii John L. Stevens ordered the landing of U.S. Marines from the USS Boston in Honolulu, ostensibly to protect lives and property.

After the Hawaiian monarchy was overthrown, the Provisional Government of Hawaii immediately sent a treaty of annexation to the expansionist President Benjamin Harrison, who referred it favorably to the Senate for ratification on February 15, 1893. When Grover Cleveland, an anti-expansionist, became President less than three weeks later, he withdrew the treaty from the Senate and appointed former congressman James Henderson Blount as special representative to investigate the events surrounding the overthrow.

Investigation[edit]

As special envoy to Hawaii with paramount powers to investigate the circumstances of the revolution and the stability of the Provisional Government, Blount made himself accessible. He obtained testimony from interviews, letters, affidavits, and other documents, including the "Statement of the Hawaiian Patriotic League"[4] and "Memorial on the Hawaiian Crises",[5] but did not have subpoena power. However, one historian has noted that Blount did not interview members of the Committee of Safety, and some questions may have been slanted to build a case for restoration of the queen.[3]:628

Blount delivered his report to President Cleveland on July 17, 1893 claiming improper U.S. backing for the overthrow had been responsible for its success, and concluded that the Provisional Government lacked popular support. On the basis of Blount's report, President Cleveland dismissed Stevens and began to secretly work towards the restoration of Liliʻuokalani and the constitutional monarchy, conditional upon amnesty to those responsible for the overthrow. The new Minister to Hawaii Albert Willis was unable to persuade the Queen to grant amnesty to the Committee of Public Safety, in return for the throne until December 18. Following this, Willis, acting on behalf of Cleveland, ordered provisional government President Sanford Dole to dissolve his government and restore the Queen. In a letter, Dole vehemently refused Cleveland's demand. The same day, President Cleveland delivered a message to Congress declaring the overthrow improper, calling it "an act of war, committed with the participation of a diplomatic representative of the United States and without authority of Congress."[6]

But for the notorious predilections of the United States Minister for Annexation (John L. Stevens), the Committee of Safety, which should be called the Committee of Annexation, would have never existed. But for the landing of the United States forces upon false pretexts respecting the danger to life and property the committee would never have exposed themselves to the pains and penalties of treason by undertaking the subversion of the Queen's Government. But for the presence of the United States forces in the immediate vicinity and in position to afford all needed protection and support, the committee would not have proclaimed the provisional government from the steps of the Government building.... But for the lawless occupation of Honolulu under false pretexts by the United States forces ... the Queen and her government would have never yielded.[7]

Response[edit]

Due to Liliʻuokalani's delay in accepting the terms of her restoration, and Dole's flat refusal, Cleveland turned over the matter to the Senate. The Senate authorized the Morgan Report which conducted two months of hearings taken from witnesses under oath and carried out under cross examination. The Morgan Report contradicted Blount's conclusions and exonerated the military and Stevens from blame. Senator George Gray of Delaware, Cleveland's chief spokesperson on the subcommittee, said Morgan examined witnesses "in a very partial and unfair way...to aid the annexationists and injure the President."."[3]:647 Walter Q. Gresham, Cleveland's Secretary of State, said that Morgan was "insincere and meant mischief." Historian R.S. Kuykendall wrote that "nevertheless, the Morgan hearings did commit to the record the testimony of many participants in the revolution who had been neglected by Blount."[3]:647 Morgan, a Democrat like Cleveland but sympathetic with the expansionist Republicans, seemed to have a vested interest in exonerating both Stevens' actions during the Hawaiian Revolution, as well as Blount's appointment by Cleveland without Congressional approval. Historian W.A. Russ noted that "It seems that the Chairman had two purposes in mind: first, to gainsay everything the Blount Report had asserted; second, to clear the name of every American official and to give the United States a spotless slate."[8]

Cleveland left office and was replaced by pro-annexation President William McKinley in 1897. Hawaii was annexed to the United States the following year.

Modern relevance[edit]

In 1993, Congress passed and the President signed an Apology Resolution apologizing for the overthrow of the Kingdom of Hawaii a century before. Based on the Blount Report, other historical analyses,[9][10] and the claims of Hawaiian sovereignty activists, the Resolution subsequently became a touchstone in the cultural identification of Hawaiians, as well as for the growing Hawaiian sovereignty movement who seek self-government similar to that of Native Americans and Alaskan peoples.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Ball, Milner S. "Symposium: Native American Law," Georgia Law Review 28 (1979): 303
  2. ^ Tate, Merze. (1965). The United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom: A Political History. New Haven and London: Yale University Press. p. 235.
  3. ^ a b c d Kuykendall, Ralph Simpson (1967) [1938], "Chap. 21 Revolution", Hawaiian Kingdom, 3, 1874–1893, The Kalakaua dynasty, Honolulu, HI: University of Hawaii Press, ISBN 978-0-87022-433-1, OCLC 47011614, 53979611, 186322026, retrieved September 29, 2012 
  4. ^ Jon M. Van Dyke (2008). Who Owns the Crown Lands of Hawai_i?. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 152–. ISBN 978-0-8248-3211-7. 
  5. ^ United States. Department of State (1895). Foreign Relations of the United States. U.S. Government Printing Office. pp. 914–. 
  6. ^ Overthrow of Hawaii Resolution, Pub.L. No. 103-150, 1993 U.S.C.C.A.N. (107 Stat.) 1510, 1511.
  7. ^ President of the United States,[which?] Message Relating to the Hawaiian Islands, H.R.Doc. No. 47, 53rd Cong., 2d Sess., XIII–XV (1893)
  8. ^ William Adam Russ (1992). The Hawaiian Revolution (1893-94). Associated University Presses. p. 335. ISBN 0-945636-43-1. 
  9. ^ Tate, Merze (1965). The United States and the Hawaiian Kingdom: A Political History. Yale University Press. 
  10. ^ King, Pauline (1992). in: Russ, William: The Hawaiian Revolution (1893–94) (Introduction). Associated University Presses. p. xiii. ISBN 0-945636-43-1. 

External links[edit]

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