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2  BOEING P26 PEASHOOTER
2 BOEING P26 PEASHOOTER
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Hand-Cranking the Inertia Starter on Restored 1934 Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" Fighter Plane !
Hand-Cranking the Inertia Starter on Restored 1934 Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" Fighter Plane !
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter from "See No.  6" circa 1940 Castle Films Newsreel
Boeing P-26 Peashooter from "See No. 6" circa 1940 Castle Films Newsreel
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Hobby King Boeing P-26 Peashooter Maiden Flight
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HobbyKing Daily - HK P26 Peashooter
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P-26A Pea Shooter in flight at Planes of Fame worlds only flying P-26A
P-26A Pea Shooter in flight at Planes of Fame worlds only flying P-26A
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HobbyKing Boeing P-26 Peashooter Landing Practice
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter Tribute
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War Thunder : Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" - Attaque au Sol
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Basement Chronicles - Boeing P-26 Peashooter
Basement Chronicles - Boeing P-26 Peashooter
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Flying Legends 2014: Boeing P-26 Peashooter
Flying Legends 2014: Boeing P-26 Peashooter
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter Maiden
Boeing P-26 Peashooter Maiden
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Boeing P 26 Peashooter Maiden flight
Boeing P 26 Peashooter Maiden flight
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter Maiden, Bob Warner
Boeing P-26 Peashooter Maiden, Bob Warner
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter at flying legends 2014
Boeing P-26 Peashooter at flying legends 2014
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War Thunder: American Reserve Review, P-26 Peashooters
War Thunder: American Reserve Review, P-26 Peashooters
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter warming up
Boeing P-26 Peashooter warming up
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Boeing P-26 Peashooter
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Missouri City, Texas Kite Fest  3-2-2013 Boeing P-26 Peashooter Kite
Missouri City, Texas Kite Fest 3-2-2013 Boeing P-26 Peashooter Kite
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War Thunder: P-26 "Peashooter"
War Thunder: P-26 "Peashooter"
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Boeing P 26 Peashooter Last Flight
Boeing P 26 Peashooter Last Flight
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P-26 Peashooter flies at last!!
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P26 Peashooter 4-30-2013
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P-26 Peashooter at Air Force Museum
P-26 Peashooter at Air Force Museum
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Peashooter Boeing P26
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F2A & P-26 vs Ki-27 (Peashooter vs Nate)
F2A & P-26 vs Ki-27 (Peashooter vs Nate)
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Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft taxi test on grass
Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft taxi test on grass
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Revell Boeing P-26A Peashooter Final Update
Revell Boeing P-26A Peashooter Final Update
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HobbyKing Daily - P26 Spare Parts
HobbyKing Daily - P26 Spare Parts
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P-26 Peashooter - Обучающий фильм для летчиков - War Thunder
P-26 Peashooter - Обучающий фильм для летчиков - War Thunder
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Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft taxi test
Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft taxi test
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Dave Morss tests Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft
Dave Morss tests Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter aircraft
::2007/09/10::
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P-26 Peashooter replica aircraft taxis towards take off
P-26 Peashooter replica aircraft taxis towards take off
::2007/11/06::
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Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter replica flies out of ground effect
Mayocraft P-26 Peashooter replica flies out of ground effect
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War Thunder - P-26 Peashooter - You pick what I fly!
War Thunder - P-26 Peashooter - You pick what I fly!
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P-26 Peashooter: Cliffclimber, Target Hunter, and Ground Magnet
P-26 Peashooter: Cliffclimber, Target Hunter, and Ground Magnet
::2014/01/23::
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P-26 Peashooter Joyride.
P-26 Peashooter Joyride.
::2014/01/12::
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Hobbyking p26 peashooter review
Hobbyking p26 peashooter review
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Model P26 Peashooter flying
Model P26 Peashooter flying
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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P-26 Peashooter
Peashooter.arp.750pix.jpg
P-26 Peashooter in flight.
Role Fighter
Manufacturer Boeing
First flight 20 March 1932
Retired 1956[1] (Guatemala)
Primary users United States Army Air Corps
Republic of China Air Force
Philippine A.A.C.
Guatemalan Air Force
Number built 151[2]
Unit cost
$14,009[3]
Variants Boeing P-29/XF7B-1

The Boeing P-26 Peashooter was the first American all-metal production fighter aircraft and the first pursuit monoplane used by the United States Army Air Corps.[N 1] Designed and built by Boeing; the prototype first flew in 1932, and the type was still in use with the U.S. Army Air Corps as late as 1941 in the Philippines.

Design and development[edit]

The project, funded by Boeing, to produce the Boeing Model 248 began in September 1931, with the Army Air Corps supplying the engines and the instruments. The design, which included an open cockpit, fixed landing gear and externally braced wings, was the last such design procured by the USAAC as a fighter aircraft. The Model 248 had a high landing speed, which caused a number of accidents. To remedy this, flaps were fitted to reduce the landing speed. The Army Air Corps ordered three prototypes, designated XP-936, with the first flight on 20 March 1932.

The Boeing XP-936 was still tricky to land; sometimes, because of the short nose, it tended to roll onto its back and would flip forward, injuring a number of pilots. The prototype's unarmored headrest offered virtually no protection in such instances. As a result, production Model 266s ("P-26A"s) had a taller, armored headrest installed.

Two fighters were completed as the "P-26B" with a fuel-injected Pratt & Whitney R-1340-33 engine. These were followed by 23 "P-26C"s, with carburated R-1340-33s and modified fuel systems. Both the Spanish Air Force (one aircraft) and the Republic of China Air Force (eleven aircraft) ordered examples of the Model 281 version of the P-26C in 1936.

The diminutive "Peashooter", as it became affectionately known by service pilots, was faster than previous American combat aircraft. Nonetheless, due to the rapid progress in aviation design in the 1930s, its design quickly became an anachronism, with its wire-braced wings, fixed landing gear and open cockpit representing outdated design features. The Curtiss P-36, Messerschmitt Bf 109 and Hawker Hurricane, with enclosed cockpits, retractable landing gear and cantilever wings, all flew for the first time in 1935, just three years later than the P-26. However, the P-26 was easy to fly, and it remained in service until the U.S. entered World War II.

Operational history[edit]

U.S. Army Air Corps[edit]

Formation of nine Boeing P-26s of the 20th Pursuit Group

Deliveries to USAAC pursuit squadrons began in December 1933 with the last production aircraft in the series coming off the assembly line in 1936, designated the P-26C. Ultimately, 22 squadrons flew the Peashooter, with peak service being six squadrons in 1936. P-26s were the frontline fighters of the USAAC until 1938, when Seversky P-35s and Curtiss P-36s began to replace the P-26. A total of 20 P-26s were lost in accidents between 1934 and the start of World War II, but only five before 1940.

Air Corps units using the P-26[5] were the:

Overseas deployments[edit]

Between 1938 and 1940, P-26s were assigned overseas to supplement Seversky P-35s in two defense units based at Wheeler Field, Territory of Hawaii:

The 17th PG became the 17th Attack Group in 1935, and its P-26s were transferred in 1938 to the 16th Pursuit Group (24th, 29th, and 78th PS) at Albrook Field in the Panama Canal Zone. These P-26s were transferred in 1940 to the 37th Pursuit Group (28th, 30th, and 31st PS) which flew them until they were replaced by P-40s in May 1941. Some continued service with the 32d Pursuit Group (51st and 53rd PS), but only nine P-26s remained operational in Central America at the start of World War II.

P-26As were also flown by the 3rd PS of the 4th Composite Group, based in the Philippines. Between 1937 and 1941, 31 were sold to the fledgling Philippine Army Air Corps.

Combat service[edit]

The Chinese P-26s.

The first Boeing P-26 to experience major combat operation was the Chinese Model 281. On 15 August 1937, eight P-26/281s from the Chinese Nationalist Air Force 3rd Pursuit Group, 17th Squadron, based at Chuyung airfield, engaged eight out of 20 Mitsubishi G3M Nell medium bombers from the Kisarazu Air Group sent to attack Nanking. The Chinese Boeing fighters helped shoot down two of the four Japanese bombers destroyed that day without suffering any losses. Subsequent engagements between the Chinese Peashooter pilots and pilots of the Imperial Japanese Navy flying the Mitsubishi A5M "Claudes" were the first aerial dogfights and kills between all-metal monoplane fighter aircraft.[6] A single P-26 was in service with the Spanish Republican Air Force during the Spanish Civil War of 1936–1939, but no aerial kills were recorded with this fighter aircraft. It was shot down in 1936.[7][8]

By December 1941, U.S. fighter strength in the Philippines included 28 P-26s, 12 of which were operational with the 6th Pursuit Squadron of the Philippine Army Air Corps.[9] Filipino-flown P-26s claimed one G3M and two or three Mitsubishi A6M2 Zeros before the last of the P-26s were burned by their crews on 24 December 1941.[10]

Only nine P-26s remained airworthy, serving in the Panama Canal Zone. In 1942–43, the Fuerza Aérea de Guatemala acquired seven P-26s ostensibly by the U.S. government smuggling them in as "Boeing PT-26A" trainers to get around restrictions of sales to Latin American countries.[11] The last two P-26s in service were still flying with Guatemala's Air Force until 1956, when they were replaced with P-51 Mustangs. The P-26's last combat operation was with the Guatemalan Air Force during a coup in 1954.[12]

The P-26 was the last Boeing Company fighter aircraft to enter service until Boeing acquired McDonnell-Douglas with production and continuing support contracts for the Boeing F/A-18E/F Super Hornet in 2002. Between those aircraft, Boeing did produce the experimental XF8B in 1944 as well as the prototype YF-22 in 1991.

Surviving P-26s[edit]

P-26A 33-123 displayed at Duxford Airfield in July 2014 during the types first post war visit to Europe
P-26A 33-135 on display at the Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center in the 1934 markings of the 34th Pursuit Squadron, 17th PG.
  • P-26A c/n 1899 33-123 is currently on display by the Planes of Fame Museum located in Chino, California. This aircraft was sold to the Guatemalan Air Force on 11 May 1943, and it flew as FAG 0672 until it was retired in 1957 when it was recovered by Ed Maloney. Once flown regularly with the registration N3378G, the museum's P-26 was placed on static display in the mid-1980s to protect it. In 2004, the decision was made to again fly the P-26, and a restoration was begun to return the P-26 to flying condition. This was completed in spring 2006, with the aircraft making its first appearances during the museum's air show in May 2006.[13] The aircraft was transported over the Atlantic and flown and displayed at Duxford airfield, England, in July 2014 during the types first post war visit to Europe.

Replicas/reproductions[edit]

P-26A replica on display at the NMUSAF
  • P-26A (reproduction) is on display at the National Museum of the United States Air Force in Dayton, Ohio.[14] It is painted as the commander's aircraft of the 19th PS / 18th PG, stationed at Wheeler Field, Oahu, in 1938. The San Diego Air and Space Museum is making a reproduction of an early model to Boeing's plans with the original design's "streamlined tailwheel" and without flaps and the crossover exhaust that were later additions. In addition, Mayocraft Inc., completed the final assembly in September 2006, and it has now begun taxi testing - a nearly 100 percent scale tribute to the Boeing P-26.[15]
  • P-26C: two aircraft are being rebuilt by Golden Age Aeroplane Works, Seymour, Indiana.[16]
  • P-26D: A flying replica completed in 2006 is in the collection of the Military Aviation Museum, Virginia Beach, Virginia. [17]

Variants[edit]

XP-936
Three prototype aircraft for the U.S. Army Air Corps, powered by a 525 hp (391 kW) Pratt & Whitney R-1340-21 Wasp. First flight: 20 March 1932.
P-26A
Single-seat fighter aircraft, powered by a 600 hp (450 kW) R-1340-27; 111 built.
P-26B
Single-seat fighter, powered by a fuel-injected 600 hp (450 kW) R-1340-33; two built.
P-26C
Single-seat fighter, with a carburated R-1340-33 and a modified fuel system; 23 built.
Model 281
Export version of the P-26C; 11 built for China, one built for Spain, 12 built.

Operators[edit]

Operators of the P-26.
 Republic of China
 Guatemala
 Panama
 Philippines (Commonwealth of the United States)
Spain Spain
 United States

Specifications (P-26A)[edit]

Data from Aviation-history.com[18]

General characteristics

Performance

Armament

  • Guns: 2 × .30 in (7.62 mm) M1919 Browning machine guns or 1 x .30 and 1 x .50 caliber machine guns
  • Bombs: 2 × 100 lb (45 kg) GP bombs or 5 x 31 lb (14 kg) anti-personnel bombs [19]

See also[edit]

Aircraft of comparable role, configuration and era
Related lists

References[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ The P-26 continued the pursuit fighter concept that had been first employed in World War I. The P=Pursuit designation originally coined by the British referred to a fighter aircraft dedicated to speed and interception.[4]

Citations[edit]

  1. ^ Maloney 1973, p. 47.
  2. ^ Bowers 1976, p. 24.
  3. ^ Bowers 1976, p. 20.
  4. ^ Angelucci and Bowers 1987, p. 9.
  5. ^ Maloney and Ryan 1965, Squadron Assignments
  6. ^ Gustavsson, Håkan. "Sino-Japanese Air War 1937–1945." surfcity.kund.dalnet.se, 14 April 2010. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  7. ^ Nash, David. "Aircraft that took part in the Spanish Civil War." Aircraft of the Spanish Civil War, 31 March 2008. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  8. ^ Green and Swanborough Air Enthusiast December 1980–March 1981, p. 73.
  9. ^ Shores, Cull and Izawa 1992, p. 56.
  10. ^ Shores, Cull and Izawa 1992, pp. 184–185, 195.
  11. ^ Baugher, Joe. "Boeing P-26". USAAC/USAAF/USAF Fighter and Pursuit Aircraft: Original Fighter Series-1922 to 1962. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  12. ^ Cooper, Tom. "Guatemala since 1954." Central and Latin American Database, 1 September 2003. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  13. ^ "Photo 33-123 (airliners photo collection)." airliners.net. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  14. ^ "P-26 Peashooter." National Museum of the United States Air Force. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  15. ^ "P-26 Projects." Mayocraft. Retrieved: 17 March 2007.
  16. ^ O'Comnnor, Tim. "Golden Age P-26 Page." Golden Age Aeroplane Works. Retrieved: 5 August 2010.
  17. ^ "P-26 Peashooter." Military Aviation Museum. Retrieved: 31 May 2013.
  18. ^ "Boeing P-26 Peashooter." The Aviation History On-Line Museum, The Aviation Internet Group, 2002. Retrieved: 1 July 2006.
  19. ^ Fitzsimons 1978, pp. 2062–2063.

Bibliography[edit]

  • Angelucci, Enzo and Peter M. Bowers. The American Fighter. Sparkford, Somerset, UK: Haynes Publishing Group, 1987. ISBN 0-85429-635-2.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Boeing Aircraft since 1916. Annapolis, Maryland: Naval Institute Press, 1989. ISBN 0-85177-804-6.
  • Bowers, Peter M. Boeing P-26 Variants (Aerofax Minigraph 8). Arlington, Texas: Aerofax Inc., 1985. ISBN 0-942548-13-2.
  • Bowers, Peter M. "The Boeing P-26A". Aircraft in Profile, Volume One, Part 2. Windsor, UK/Garden City, NY: Profile Publications/Doubleday, revised 4th edition, 1976. ISBN 0-85383-411-3.
  • Crosby, Francis. "Boeing P-26." Fighter Aircraft. London: Lorenz Books, 2002. ISBN 0-7548-0990-0.
  • Davis, Larry. P-26 (Mini in Action number 2). Carrollton, Texas: Squadron/Signal Publications Inc., 1994. ISBN 0-89747-322-1.
  • Dorr, Robert F. "Boeing P-26 Peashooter". Air International, Vol. 48, No. 4, 1995, p. 239.
  • Fitzsimons, Bernard, ed. The Illustrated Encyclopedia of 20th Century Weapons and Warfare (Volume 19). London: Purnell & Son Ltd, 1978, First edition 1971. No ISBN.
  • Green, William and Gordon Swanborough. "Boeing's Fighter Finale... The Peashooter Chronicle". Air Enthusiast, Fourteen, December 1980–March 1981, pp. 1–12, 73–75.
  • Maloney, Edward T. Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" (Aero Series 22). Fallbrook, California: Aero Publishers Inc., 1973. ISBN 0-8168-0584-9.
  • Maloney, Edward T. and Frank Ryan. P-26: History of the Famous Boeing P-26 "Peashooter" (Air Museum Historical Series). Hollywood, California: Challenge Publications, Inc., 1965.
  • Pedigree of Champions: Boeing Since 1916, Third Edition. Seattle, Washington: The Boeing Company, 1969.
  • Shores, Christopher, Brian Cull and Yasuho Izawa. Bloody Shambles: Volume one: The Drift to War to the Fall of Singapore. London: Grub Street, 1992. ISBN 0-948817-50-X.
  • Wagner, Ray. American Combat Planes – Second Edition. Garden City, New York: Doubleday and Company, 1968. ISBN 0-370-00094-3.

External links[edit]

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