From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Bogra Sathmatha (Heart of Bogra)
Bogra Sathmatha (Heart of Bogra)
Bogra is located in Bangladesh
Location in Bangladesh
Coordinates: 24°51′N 89°22′E / 24.850°N 89.367°E / 24.850; 89.367
Country Bangladesh
Division Rajshahi Division
District Bogra District
Pundravardhana 1280 BC
 • Total 72.5 km2 (28.0 sq mi)
Elevation 20 m (70 ft)
Population (2017)
 • Total 780,000
Time zone BST (UTC+6)
Postal code 5800
Calling code 051

Bogra, officially known as Bogura,[1] is a major city located in the Bogra District, Rajshahi Division, Bangladesh, and acts as the major commerce hub in the Bogra District. Bogra is a bridge between the Rajshahi Division and Rangpur Division.

The city area of Bogra is approximately 72.5 km2 (27.99 sq mi), consists of 21 wards, and has a population of around 780,000 people. The city is famous for its many ancient Buddhist stupas, Hindu temples and ancient palaces of Buddhist Kings and Muslim sultans as it is the oldest city in Bengal, the cuisine of Bogra is famous for its extravagant array of desserts and its renown Mishti doi and a major hub of politics producing the President Muhammad Ali Bogra of Pakistan, President Ziaur Rahman of Bangladesh, First Lady and First Female Prime Minister of Bangladesh Khaleda Zia all were born or have lived in the city. The current mayor of the municipality is Adv. Mahabubar Rahman.


Climate data for Bogra
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 25.0
Average low °C (°F) 11.7
Average precipitation mm (inches) 9


Supposedly the oldest city of Bengal in the Great Emperor Ashoka's India, Emperor Ashoka conquered the Bengal (Bongo) and founded Bogra, previously called Pundra Bardhan. Possibly confirming this origin story, an ancient engraved stone believed to be of Gupta era was discovered on a pond bank near Sura Masjid at Ghoraghat Upazila in Dinajpur in October 2008.

During the Bangladesh War of Independence, the area witnessed the Battle of Bogra a fierce battle between the guerrilla units of the BDF under Sector 7 which defeated the Pakistan Army.


Bogra is named after Nasiruddin Bughra Khan. He was the son of Delhi Sultan Ghiyasuddin Balban. He was the Governor of Bengali from 1279 to 1282.[2]


Ramparts of Mahasthangarh citadel, few miles away from Bogra town

First formed in 1821, the administrative district of Bogra contains an area of 1,359 sq mi (3,520 km2).

The principal rivers in the district are formed by the different channels of the Brahmaputra, which river here bears the local names of the Konai, the Daokoba and the Jamuna, the last forming a portion of the eastern boundary of the district. The Brahmaputra and its channels, together with three minor streams, the Bangali, Karatoya and Atrai, allow for significant facilities for the usage of commerce.

In 1911 the Karatoya (which flows from north to south), divided the district into two portions, the eastern tract consisting of rich alluvial soil, subject to fertilizing inundations and yielding heavy crops of coarse rice, oil-seeds and jute, while the soil of the high-lying western portion of the district allow for growing rice.[3]


Since 2009 with the advancement of urban planning, there has been a significant development in the infrastructure of Bogra including, restructured and widened town roads, improved telecommunications, and the installation of underground gas connections.

Additionally, red chili production in Bogra has become a major local industry, with companies such as Square, Acme, BD Food collecting red chili from as many as 12 centers within Bogra.[4]

Often called the "Town of Banks", Bogra is the location of numerous online banking facilities, credit card, debit card, and money gram companies. Banking in Bogra has significantly expanded with the branch of government banks such as the Bangladesh Bank (Central Bank), Sonali Bank, Rupali Bank, Janata Bank, Rajshahi Krishi Unnayan Bank, Bangladesh Development Bank Ltd., Uttara Bank Ltd, Agrani Bank, as well as a number of private and specialized banks including, Pubali Bank, National Bank, IFIC bank Ltd., Citi Bank Ltd., and others.

Sherpur Road, Bogra
Bangladesh Bank regional office, Sherpur Road, Bogra

Additionally, Bogra is the home of IT, software, technology, and computer services companies,[5] and in 2008 the French Grameen Group and Groupe Danone entered into a joint venture named Grameen Danone in Bogra.[6]

বীরশ্রেষ্ঠ স্মৃতি স্তম্ভ

Statistically, Bogra's workforce is divided between jobs in agriculture (29.95%), agricultural manufacturing (12.53%), general commerce (18.11%), customer service (15.62%), transportation (6.66%), wage labor (2.2%), and other industries (14.93%).[7]


There is a some railway stations and some bus terminals in Bogra.


Mahasthangarh, Bogra

Bogra is home to Mahasthangarh, the earliest urban archaeological site so far discovered in Bangladesh, as well as the village Mahasthan in Shibganj thana of Bogra District, which contains the remains of Pundranagara (or Paundravardhanapura), an ancient city in the territory of Pundravardhana.[8][9][10] This place is considered to be sacred by Buddhists, Muslims and Hindus alike.[11]

Also popular among tourists to Bogra is the Behular Bashor Ghor which is very near to Mahasthangar, Nawab Palace (called Neelkuthi during the British period), Kherua Mosque (Sherpur Upazila), Bara Mosque, Mazar of Shah Sultan Balkhi, Mazar of Panchpir, Gokul Medh, palace of Parshuram, Basu Bihara, Palli Unnayan Academy, Saudia City Park, Bhimer Jangle, museum of Nawab Bari Palace, Wonderland Shishupark (children park), Shanewaz Shishubagan, Woodburn Park, Dreshtinandan Park, Bijayangan (war of liberation museum) and the Jaina Temple.

Notable residents[edit]

  • Akhteruzzaman Elias (1943–1997), Novelist and short story writer
  • Gaziul Haque (1929–2009), Language movement veteran
  • Khademul Bashar (1935–1976), Bir Uttam, Sector Commander of Liberation War & former Chief of Bangladesh Air Force.
  • Muhammad Ali Bogra (1909–1963), Notable diplomat, former Prime Minister of Pakistan (from 1953–1955)
  • Mushfiqur Rahim, Famous Cricketer, Bangladesh Cricket Team
  • Ziaur Rahman, Freedom Fighter, Social Worker, Former President of Bangladesh (21 April 1977 - 30 May 1981)
  • Khaleda Zia, Former First Lady of Bangladesh, First Female Prime Minister of Bangladesh (2nd Female Prime Minister in the Muslim world) and Holding the office 3 times (20 March 1991 – 30 March 1996) (15 February 1996 - 12 June 1996) (10 October 2001 – 29 October 2006), Leader of the Bangladesh Nationalist Party (30 May 1984 – Present)

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Bangladesh changes English spellings of five districts". Dhaka. 2 April 2018. Retrieved 2 April 2018. 
  2. ^ জেলার পটভূমি [District Background]. Retrieved 5 February 2017. 
  3. ^ Chisholm 1911, p. 121.
  4. ^ "Turnover goes up to Tk 100cr from Tk 5cr in just 5 years". The Daly Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  5. ^ Bogua Database, retrieved 7 December 2009,
  6. ^ "French minister backs social business". The Daily Star. Retrieved 6 December 2009. 
  7. ^ Chawdhury, Shagata (2012). "Bogra Sadar Upazila". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 
  8. ^ Hossain, Md. Mosharraf, Mahasthan: Anecdote to History, 2006, Preface, Dibyaprakash, 38/2 ka Bangla Bazar, Dhaka, ISBN 9844832454
  9. ^ Brochure: Mahasthan – the earliest city-site of Bangladesh, published by the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Cultural Affairs, Government of the People’s Republic of Bangladesh, 2003
  10. ^ Majumdar, Dr. R.C., History of Ancient Bengal, First published 1971, Reprint 2005, p. 10, Tulshi Prakashani, Kolkata, ISBN 81-89118-01-3.
  11. ^ Khan, Ayub (2012). "Goku Medh". In Islam, Sirajul; Jamal, Ahmed A. Banglapedia: National Encyclopedia of Bangladesh (Second ed.). Asiatic Society of Bangladesh. 


External links[edit]

Coordinates: 24°51′N 89°22′E / 24.850°N 89.367°E / 24.850; 89.367


None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license