|Town and municipality|
Location of the municipality of Bor within Serbia
|Region||Southern and Eastern Serbia|
|• Mayor||Aleksandar Milikić (SNS)|
|• Municipality||856 km2 (331 sq mi)|
|Population (2011 census)|
|Time zone||CET (UTC+1)|
|• Summer (DST)||CEST (UTC+2)|
|Area code||+381 30|
Bor (Serbian: Бор) is a town, municipality and the administrative center of the Bor District in eastern Serbia. It has one of the largest European copper mines - RTB Bor. It has been a mining center since 1904, when a French company began operations there. The population of the town is 34,160, while municipality has 48,615.
In 1903 the mine of Bor was opened which was important moment for the development of Bor. The poet Miklós Radnóti wrote here some of the most beautiful poems ever written in Hungarian during his forced labour (1944) in the copper mines.
During World War II, the copper mines were under German rule, and an internment and labor camp was established at the site. During the period, roughly 6,000 people were imprisoned at the camp and worked at the copper mines. The prisoners were mostly of Jewish descent, as well as Sabbatarians and Jehovah's Witnesses. Later on, shortly before World War II ended, the mines were evacuated, with most of the prisoners executed.
In 1947 Bor officially had a town status - at the time its population was 11,000.
Aside from the town of Bor, the municipality includes the following settlements:
According to the 2011 census, the population of the Bor municipality numbered 48,615 residents, while the city had 34,160 residents. The number of residents has dropped over the years since air pollution by RTB Bor has caused many people to leave the town.
With the total of 32 different ethnics being represented among the population, Bor is one of the most ethnically mixed cities in Serbia. According to the 2002 census, the settlements in the Bor municipality with Serb ethnic majority were: Bor, Brestovac, Donja Bela Reka, and Oštrelj. The settlements with Vlach ethnic majority were: Bučje, Gornjane, Krivelj, Luka, Metovnica, Tanda, Topla, and Šarbanovac. Ethnically mixed settlements were: Zlot (relative Serb majority) and Slatina (relative Vlach majority).
Ethnic composition of the municipality:
|Ethnic group||2002 census||2011 census|
Copper mining, mainly of the biggest employer RTB Bor, is the key basis of the Bor's economy.
In 2011, the average gross monthly wage in the city of Bor was US$730 (€540, 54649 RSD, 944 NZD) - As of August 2011  This average monthly wage is set to receive a large increase as soon as the modernizing of RTB Bor begins (including the flow-on effects, i.e. Further business investment in the city, etc.)
The following table gives a preview of total number of employed people per their core activity (as of 2015):
|Agriculture, forestry and fishing||61|
|Distribution of power, gas and water||386|
|Distribution of water and water waste management||457|
|Wholesale and retail, repair||1,158|
|Traffic, storage and communication||729|
|Hotels and restaurants||264|
|Media and telecommunications||141|
|Finance and insurance||35|
|Property stock and charter||10|
|Professional, scientific, innovative and technical activities||450|
|Administrative and other services||513|
|Administration and social assurance||665|
|Healthcare and social work||1,228|
|Art, leisure and recreation||225|
Technical Faculty of Bor is a faculty of the University of Belgrade, with tradition dating back to 1961. The Faculty was accredited as a scientific-research organisation in the area of technical-technological science in 2007. So far 1804 students graduated at this faculty, in addition to 18 students that completed specialist studies, 122 master studies and 70 students that defended doctoral theses.
On 16 December 2010, it was officially announced that from 2011 in this city will start Troicki's Tennis Academy, which will carry his name "Viktor Troicki". The Academy will cover 12,000 square meters, close to five-stars hotel "Jezero". Troicki said that he will use every free moment to stay in Bor, especially to spend time in his academy.
Sport Center Bor (Serbian: Спортски центар Бор/Sportski centar Bor) is an indoor sporting arena. The capacity of the arena is 3,000 people for seating, and 4,000 with the ground. It is currently home to the KK Bor basketball team.
Seats in the municipality parliament won in the 2010 local elections:
Bor is twinned with:
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