Share
VIDEOS 1 TO 50
Bot Fly Removal
Bot Fly Removal
Published: 2012/10/18
Channel: joespc
Insects Huge Botfly Maggot Removed Compilation 2015
Insects Huge Botfly Maggot Removed Compilation 2015
Published: 2016/10/26
Channel: Worst Insect Stings Ever!
Top 15 Biggest Human Botfly Compilation Ever - Human Botfly Removal - 2016
Top 15 Biggest Human Botfly Compilation Ever - Human Botfly Removal - 2016
Published: 2017/04/27
Channel: DIY Crafts
HUGE Collection of Botfly Removal New Compilation!!   YouTube
HUGE Collection of Botfly Removal New Compilation!! YouTube
Published: 2016/08/14
Channel: Umasi Boxi
Huge Botfly Maggot Removed from Head
Huge Botfly Maggot Removed from Head
Published: 2014/08/25
Channel: Simon James
Bot Fly | Twitter @Signature (hi bio108)
Bot Fly | Twitter @Signature (hi bio108)
Published: 2006/12/24
Channel: tromar44
Removing Botfly in the Lips
Removing Botfly in the Lips
Published: 2015/03/14
Channel: gramaa
INSANE BOT FLY REMOVAL - DISGUSTING VIDEOS 2017 HD
INSANE BOT FLY REMOVAL - DISGUSTING VIDEOS 2017 HD
Published: 2017/03/13
Channel: Disgusting videos
Rare Antique 1843 Mouse Trap In Action & Removing a Botfly Maggot From a Live Mouse
Rare Antique 1843 Mouse Trap In Action & Removing a Botfly Maggot From a Live Mouse
Published: 2017/03/26
Channel: Shawn Woods
Squirrel Bot Fly Larvae UHD 4K FYV
Squirrel Bot Fly Larvae UHD 4K FYV
Published: 2016/07/15
Channel: FrontYardVideo
Botfly larvae removal from head eye nose arms back They are everywhere on the body  2017 Video
Botfly larvae removal from head eye nose arms back They are everywhere on the body 2017 Video
Published: 2017/01/13
Channel: OLALA
Animal Disease Rescue [] Botfly Mangoworm Larvae Removal Compilation
Animal Disease Rescue [] Botfly Mangoworm Larvae Removal Compilation
Published: 2017/03/05
Channel: candystore2
MASSIVE BOT FLY REMOVAL - PAINFUL EXTRACTION 2017 HD
MASSIVE BOT FLY REMOVAL - PAINFUL EXTRACTION 2017 HD
Published: 2017/03/19
Channel: Disgusting videos
Monster Botfly Larva Inside of Me!
Monster Botfly Larva Inside of Me!
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: The Weird Cases
Botfly Bot Fly Removal From Kittens Top 10 Repair Animal
Botfly Bot Fly Removal From Kittens Top 10 Repair Animal
Published: 2017/03/07
Channel: Virginiai King
Botfly Removal from Head l Pimple popping 2016 l Cyst case l by amazing pimple popper
Botfly Removal from Head l Pimple popping 2016 l Cyst case l by amazing pimple popper
Published: 2016/09/10
Channel: Ellen Rodrigues
Name Our New Pet Bot Fly Maggot Contest - Antique Mouse Trap In Action
Name Our New Pet Bot Fly Maggot Contest - Antique Mouse Trap In Action
Published: 2017/04/09
Channel: Shawn Woods
Bot Fly Monkey
Bot Fly Monkey
Published: 2013/04/26
Channel: alice mulla
Simon
Simon's Jigger Removal - Jiggers Dug Out!
Published: 2016/08/23
Channel: Jiggers - Rise Up Society Fan Page
Monsters Inside Me: Botfly Invasion
Monsters Inside Me: Botfly Invasion
Published: 2009/07/17
Channel: Animal Planet
Top 5 Biggest Botfly Removal 2016
Top 5 Biggest Botfly Removal 2016
Published: 2016/12/10
Channel: Dental Lovers
Top 10 Mangoworm/Botfly removal PART 2!
Top 10 Mangoworm/Botfly removal PART 2!
Published: 2015/07/02
Channel: Mo10ta
Absurd Creatures | This Is a Botfly. Its Horrific Larvae Grow and Feed in Human Flesh
Absurd Creatures | This Is a Botfly. Its Horrific Larvae Grow and Feed in Human Flesh
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: WIRED
Blackhead Acne Cyst Bot Fly Removal Compilation
Blackhead Acne Cyst Bot Fly Removal Compilation
Published: 2017/03/06
Channel: candystore2
Top Giant Blackhead !! Huge botfly removed from head in the amazon jungle -All pimples of the earth
Top Giant Blackhead !! Huge botfly removed from head in the amazon jungle -All pimples of the earth
Published: 2017/06/24
Channel: all pimples of the earth
BOT FLY Removal from monkey
BOT FLY Removal from monkey
Published: 2016/02/10
Channel: TheBoyWhoShatteredTime
Larva Removed from a Girl
Larva Removed from a Girl's Scalp | World's Weirdest
Published: 2013/01/18
Channel: Nat Geo WILD
monster botfly larvae in eye, nose, arms, back. They are everywhere on the body
monster botfly larvae in eye, nose, arms, back. They are everywhere on the body
Published: 2014/02/15
Channel: funny fails
INTENSE BOT FLY Removal
INTENSE BOT FLY Removal
Published: 2014/11/12
Channel: Leona Weaver
Botfly , Larvae removed  Best Compilation New β™’β™’
Botfly , Larvae removed Best Compilation New β™’β™’
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: V-POP
Antique Choker Mouse Trap In Action and a Huge Parasitic Bot Fly Maggot.
Antique Choker Mouse Trap In Action and a Huge Parasitic Bot Fly Maggot.
Published: 2017/02/26
Channel: Shawn Woods
Expert removal of a botfly larva (beef worm)
Expert removal of a botfly larva (beef worm)
Published: 2014/03/28
Channel: Belize Reviewed
Monkey killers
Monkey killers
Published: 2012/11/09
Channel: Jaguar Rescue Center
Top 5 Parasite Removals  Botfly
Top 5 Parasite Removals Botfly
Published: 2016/03/15
Channel: Countdown Kingdom
Q&A - Update On Our Pet Bot Fly Maggot.
Q&A - Update On Our Pet Bot Fly Maggot.
Published: 2017/05/13
Channel: Shawn Woods
Cuterebra up a kitten
Cuterebra up a kitten's nose
Published: 2016/07/19
Channel: NeHumaneSociety
Giant Bot Fly Crawls From Mouse!
Giant Bot Fly Crawls From Mouse!
Published: 2016/09/27
Channel: akendrum
Bot Fly on Squirrel
Bot Fly on Squirrel
Published: 2014/11/15
Channel: Celine Westbrook
Baby howler monkey has his botfly removed - Natural World 2016: Episode 1 Preview - BBC Two
Baby howler monkey has his botfly removed - Natural World 2016: Episode 1 Preview - BBC Two
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: BBC
Botfly Popping, Bot Fly Facts & Removal!  πŸ‘πŸ˜°πŸ‘ŒπŸ˜«
Botfly Popping, Bot Fly Facts & Removal! πŸ‘πŸ˜°πŸ‘ŒπŸ˜«
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: World's Greatest Animals
Huge 2 inch botfly removal from side of dog.
Huge 2 inch botfly removal from side of dog.
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: TheLopzVlog
REACTING TO BOTFLY MAGGOT REMOVAL
REACTING TO BOTFLY MAGGOT REMOVAL
Published: 2015/10/20
Channel: shane
Botfly Removal!  Bride
Botfly Removal! Bride's Bot Fly Removal
Published: 2017/05/09
Channel: World's Greatest Animals
MASSIVE BOTFLY larvae in kittens eye!!
MASSIVE BOTFLY larvae in kittens eye!!
Published: 2016/05/21
Channel: Jacque Fraser
Bot Fly
Bot Fly's Bottle Files
Published: 2017/08/20
Channel: Ekim Rrac
Bot Fly Removal - Kitten
Bot Fly Removal - Kitten
Published: 2013/12/16
Channel: Katrina Kinder
NSANE BOT FLY REMOVAL - DISGUSTING VIDEOS 2017 HD Disgusting videos
NSANE BOT FLY REMOVAL - DISGUSTING VIDEOS 2017 HD Disgusting videos
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: DISGUSTING VIDEOS
AHH! Bot Fly Larvae Makes Rabbit Its Home
AHH! Bot Fly Larvae Makes Rabbit Its Home
Published: 2017/02/13
Channel: Animal Planet
World
World's Greatest Bot Fly Removal
Published: 2014/09/12
Channel: Medical King
Geoffrey Jigger/bot fly Dug (1 of 3)
Geoffrey Jigger/bot fly Dug (1 of 3)
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: Jim Nduruchi
NEXT
GO TO RESULTS [51 .. 100]

WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Botfly
Horse Botfly Imago.png
Horse botfly (Gasterophilus intestinalis)
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Class: Insecta
Order: Diptera
Suborder: Brachycera
Infraorder: Muscomorpha
Section: Schizophora
Subsection: Calyptratae
Superfamily: Oestroidea
Family: Oestridae
Subfamilies

The Oestridae are a family of flies variously known as bot flies, warble flies, heel flies, gadflies, and similar names. Their larvae are internal parasites of mammals, some species growing in the host's flesh and others within the gut. The human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, is the only species of bot fly known to parasitize humans routinely, though other species of flies do cause myiasis in humans.

General[edit]

Deer bot fly (Cephenemyia stimulator)

A botfly,[1] also written bot fly,[2] bott fly[3] or bot-fly[4] in various combinations, is any fly in the family Oestridae. Their lifecycles vary greatly according to species, but the larvae of all species are internal parasites of mammals. Largely according to species, they also are known variously as warble flies, heel flies, and gadflies. The larvae of some species grow in the flesh of their hosts, while others grow within the hosts' alimentary tracts.

The word "bot" in this sense means a maggot.[4] A warble is a skin lump or callus such as might be caused by an ill-fitting harness, or by the presence of a warble fly maggot under the skin. The human botfly, Dermatobia hominis, is the only species of bot flies whose larvae ordinarily parasitise humans, though flies in some other families episodically cause human myiasis, and are sometimes more harmful.

The "bot" fly will hijack a mosquito to inject the host with the eggs.

Family Oestridae[edit]

The Oestridae now are generally defined as including the former families Oestridae, Cuterebridae, Gasterophilidae, and Hypodermatidae as subfamilies.

The Oestridae, in turn, are a family within the superfamily Oestroidea, together with the families Calliphoridae, Rhinophoridae, Sarcophagidae, and Tachinidae.

Of families of flies causing myiasis, the Oestridae include the highest proportion of species whose larvae live as obligate parasites within the bodies of mammals. Roughly 150 species are known worldwide.[5] Most other species of flies implicated in myiasis are members of related families, such as blowflies and screwworm flies in the Calliphoridae.

Infestation[edit]

Larval stage of Gasterophilus intestinalis

Botflies deposit eggs on a host, or sometimes use an intermediate vector such as the common housefly, mosquitoes, and, in the case of Dermatobia hominis, a species of tick. They are common in Belize. The smaller fly is firmly held by the botfly female and rotated to a position where the botfly attaches some 30 eggs to the body under the wings. Larvae from these eggs, stimulated by the warmth and proximity of a large mammal host, drop onto its skin and burrow underneath.[6] Intermediate vectors are often used since a number of animal hosts recognise the approach of a botfly and flee.[7]

Eggs are deposited on animal skin directly, or the larvae hatch and drop from the eggs attached to the intermediate vector: the body heat of the host animal induces hatching upon contact or immediate proximity. Some forms of botfly also occur in the digestive tract after ingestion by licking.

Ox warble fly (Hypoderma bovis)

Myiasis can be caused by larvae burrowing into the skin (or tissue lining) of the host animal. Mature larvae drop from the host and complete the pupal stage in soil. They don't kill the host animal, thus are true parasites.

The equine botfly presents seasonal difficulties to equestrian caretakers, as it lays eggs on the insides of horses' front legs, on the cannon bone and knees, and sometimes on the throat or nose, depending on the species. These eggs, which look like small, yellow drops of paint, must be carefully removed during the laying season (late summer and early fall) to prevent infestation in the horse. When a horse rubs its nose on its legs, the eggs are transferred to the mouth, and from there to the intestines, where the larvae grow and attach themselves to the stomach lining or the small intestine. The attachment of the larvae to the tissue produces a mild irritation which results in erosions and ulcerations at this site.[8] Removal of the eggs (which adhere to the host's hair) is difficult, since the bone and tendons are directly under the skin on the cannon bones: eggs must be removed with a sharp knife (often a razor blade) or rough sand paper, and caught before they reach the ground. The larvae remain attached and develop for 10–12 months before they are passed out in the feces. Occasionally, horse owners report seeing the botfly larvae in horse manure. These larvae are cylindrical in shape and are reddish orange in color. In one to two months, adult botflies emerge from the developing larvae and the cycle repeats.[8] Bots can be controlled with several types of dewormers, including dichlorvos, ivermectin, and trichlorfon.

In cattle, the lesions caused by these flies can become infected by Mannheimia granulomatis, a bacterium that causes lechiguana, characterized by rapid-growing, hard lumps beneath the skin of the animal. Without antibiotics, an affected animal will die within three to 11 months.[9][10]

The human botfly occasionally uses humans to host its larvae. The larva, because of its spines, can pose an extremely painful subepidermal condition. The fastest way to remove a botfly is by putting a generous amount of iodine in the hole. The botfly will react instantly by poking out of the hole[citation needed]. Another removal method is to use the tree sap of the matatorsalo, found in Costa Rica, which is reputed to kill the larva, yet leave its body in the skin.[11] Additionally, one can attempt to seal the breathing hole of the larva with nail polish or petroleum jelly; after a day, with a clinical professional, the breathing hole is enlarged and the larva is removed with forceps. Squeezing the larvae out is not recommended, as it can cause the larvae to rupture; their bodily fluids have been known to cause severe anaphylactic shock.[12] Use of adhesive tape can work, but carries additional risk of infection because portions of the larva's breathing tube can be broken off by the tape and make the remainder of the body difficult to remove.

Dissected head of a deer showing botfly larvae

Consumption of maggots by humans[edit]

In cold climates supporting reindeer or caribou-reliant populations, large quantities of Hypoderma tarandi (caribou warble fly) maggots are available to human populations during the butchery of animals.[13]

The sixth episode of season one of the television series Beyond Survival entitled "The Inuit - Survivors of the Future" features survival expert Les Stroud and two Inuit guides hunting caribou on the northern coast of Baffin Island near Pond Inlet, Nunavut, Canada. Upon skinning and butchering of one of the animals, numerous larvae (presumably Hypoderma tarandi, although not explicitly stated) are apparent on the inside of the caribou pelt. Stroud and his two Inuit guides eat (albeit somewhat reluctantly) one larva each, with Stroud commenting that the larva "tastes like milk" and was historically commonly consumed by the Inuit people.[14]

Copious art dating back to the Pleistocene in Europe confirms their consumption in premodern times, as well.[15]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Inc. Merriam-Webster (2011). Webster's American English dictionary. Springfield, MA: Federal Street Press. ISBN 978-1-59695-114-3. 
  2. ^ Mullen, Gary; Durden, Lance, eds. (2009). Medical and veterinary entomology. Amsterdam, NL: Academic. ISBN 978-0-12-372500-4. 
  3. ^ Journal of the Department of Agriculture of Western Australia, Volume 9, Pub: Western Australia. Dept. of Agriculture, 1904, p 17
  4. ^ a b Brown, Lesley (1993). The New shorter Oxford English dictionary on historical principles. Oxford [Eng.]: Clarendon. ISBN 0-19-861271-0. 
  5. ^ Pape, Thomas (April 2001). "Phylogeny of Oestridae (Insecta: Diptera)". Systematic Entomology. 26 (2): 133–171. doi:10.1046/j.1365-3113.2001.00143.x. 
  6. ^ Dunleavy, Stephen (producer) (2005-10-20). Life In The Undergrowth: Intimate Relations (Programme synopses). BBC. Retrieved 2008-12-17. 
  7. ^ Drees, B.M.; Jackman, John (1999). "Horse Bot Fly". Field Guide to Texas Insects. Houston, Texas: Gulf Publishing Company. Retrieved 12 June 2013. 
  8. ^ a b Ondrak, Julie. "Ask The Vet: Treating Bot Infestations In Horses". lambriarvet.com. Retrieved 2009-09-10. 
  9. ^ Piper, Ross (2007). "Human Botfly". Extraordinary Animals: An Encyclopedia of Curious and Unusual Animals. Westport, Connecticut: Greenwood Publishing Group. pp. 192–194. ISBN 0-313-33922-8. OCLC 191846476. Retrieved 2009-02-13. 
  10. ^ Riet-Correa, F.; S. L. Ladeira; G. B. Andrade; G. R. Carter (December 2000). "Lechiguana (focal proliferative fibrogranulomatous panniculitis) in cattle". Veterinary Research Communications. 24 (8): 557–572. PMID 11305747. doi:10.1023/A:1006444019819. 
  11. ^ Pariser, Harry S (2006). Explore Costa Rica. Manatee Press. ISBN 1-893643-55-7. 
  12. ^ [1] Archived July 28, 2013, at the Wayback Machine.
  13. ^ Felt, E.P. (1918). "Caribou warble grubs edible". Journal of Economic Entomology. 11: 482. 
  14. ^ "Les Stroud Beyond Survival: The Inuit - Survivors of the Future". Lesstroud.ca. Archived from the original on 2016-03-02. Retrieved 2015-11-10. 
  15. ^ Guthrie, Russell Dale (2005). The Nature of Paleolithic Art. University of Chicago Press. pp. 6–. ISBN 978-0-226-31126-5. Retrieved 7 May 2013. 

External links[edit]

On the UF / IFAS Featured Creatures Web site

Disclaimer

None of the audio/visual content is hosted on this site. All media is embedded from other sites such as GoogleVideo, Wikipedia, YouTube etc. Therefore, this site has no control over the copyright issues of the streaming media.

All issues concerning copyright violations should be aimed at the sites hosting the material. This site does not host any of the streaming media and the owner has not uploaded any of the material to the video hosting servers. Anyone can find the same content on Google Video or YouTube by themselves.

The owner of this site cannot know which documentaries are in public domain, which has been uploaded to e.g. YouTube by the owner and which has been uploaded without permission. The copyright owner must contact the source if he wants his material off the Internet completely.

Powered by YouTube
Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL and (CC) license