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Box Spread

Published: 2014/10/30

Channel: Ronald Moy

The Three Legged Box Spread

Published: 2016/08/01

Channel: Owen Trimball

Nadex Bull & Bear Box Spread Strategy Examples

Published: 2012/07/02

Channel: Nadex

How To Make Your Own Box Spread: The Straddle-Hedge Strategy

Published: 2012/09/04

Channel: Nadex

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Published: 2014/06/03

Channel: munzir zulkifli

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Published: 2013/05/24

Channel: Ronald Moy

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Published: 2014/06/27

Channel: Muhammad Izzat

Investopedia Video: Butterfly Spread

Published: 2013/08/20

Channel: Investopedia

Option Strategy using TOS Spread Hacker 10/10/2013

Published: 2013/10/10

Channel: BeanzTrader Mapleleafnj

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Published: 2012/07/02

Channel: Nadex

Box Spread

Published: 2014/06/03

Channel: munzir zulkifli

Nadex Bull & Bear Box Spread Strategy Examples

Published: 2015/06/24

Channel: ApexInvesting

Option Strategy - Bull Spread

Published: 2013/05/04

Channel: Ronald Moy

Double Calendar Spread Option Trading Strategy

Published: 2016/04/04

Channel: Owen Trimball

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Published: 2009/10/01

Channel: ThePrincipletrader

Option Strategy - Bear Spread

Published: 2013/05/24

Channel: Ronald Moy

What is a Bear Spread?

Published: 2015/11/21

Channel: Option Trader

A Great Options Strategy" Diagonal Put Spread With Eric "The Wolfman" Wilkinson

Published: 2016/06/04

Channel: Pro Trader Strategies

What is a Bull Spread?

Published: 2015/11/21

Channel: Option Trader

The Call Calendar Spread Option Strategy

Published: 2016/09/26

Channel: Owen Trimball

Bull Call Spread Option Strategy

Published: 2016/07/20

Channel: TradersCircle

Matching The Right Spread To The Right Trading Strategy

Published: 2012/08/06

Channel: Nadex

NADEX At The Money Spread Training

Published: 2015/07/14

Channel: BinaryTradeGroup

Iron Butterfly Option Spread

Published: 2015/09/23

Channel: Owen Trimball

Butterfly Spread Strategy using Call Options Part 1

Published: 2015/08/05

Channel: Brian Byrne

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Published: 2016/01/03

Channel: TheoTrade, LLC

12.3.2013 Trading Bull Call Spread in Binary Options with Nadex

Published: 2013/12/03

Channel: Andrew Keene

Binary Options and Spread Strategies with Nadex

Published: 2013/05/11

Channel: TradingPub

Ratio Spread

Published: 2014/08/13

Channel: Finideas Sol

Bull and Bear Spread (Call Option)

Published: 2014/06/04

Channel: Syafeera Ghafar

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Published: 2010/09/16

Channel: AccountingED

How a bear spread strategy works

Published: 2013/04/12

Channel: Gary DeVries

Successful Option Trader reveals his Trading Strategies with Tom Sosnoff on tastytrade

Published: 2013/04/30

Channel: tastytrade

Nadex 3 pm Bull Spread Trading Strategy

Published: 2015/06/22

Channel: Forex Binary2015

Nadex Spread Explained Easy Way

Published: 2015/06/22

Channel: Forex Binary2015

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Published: 2015/06/22

Channel: Forex Binary2015

NCAA 14 Offensive Scheme Spread Flex Shotgun

Published: 2013/07/31

Channel: maddenmoments365

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Published: 2014/07/24

Channel: LinkedIn Learning Solutions

Diagonal Calendar Spread (KO)

Published: 2013/09/14

Channel: Jim Poeschl

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Published: 2016/08/17

Channel: Liv's Healthy Life

Binary Option Trading Strategy Using Cedar Finance Traders Choice 60 Seconds Strategy

Published: 2013/04/24

Channel: hedgefund traderx

How To Trade In Options - Trading Options Video 27 part 9

Published: 2013/09/17

Channel: howtotradeoptions

How To Day Trade (Part 2) "Setting up your trading business"

Published: 2013/03/20

Channel: Chris Dunn

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Published: 2015/09/29

Channel: Kevin Nguyen

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Published: 2012/03/08

Channel: Bhavna's Kitchen

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Published: 2016/04/08

Channel: Warrior Way Ministries

Why Trade Options - Trading Options Video 27 part 5

Published: 2013/09/17

Channel: howtotradeoptions

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Published: 2012/06/04

Channel: Ralph Phillips

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Published: 2014/03/01

Channel: Earn With Forex

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Published: 2015/03/01

Channel: David A. Cox

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia

(Redirected from Box spread)

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In options trading, a **box spread** is a combination of positions that has a certain (*i.e.* riskless) payoff, considered to be simply "delta neutral interest rate position". For example, a bull spread constructed from calls (*e.g.* long a 50 call, short a 60 call) combined with a bear spread constructed from puts (*e.g.* long a 60 put, short a 50 put) has a constant payoff of the difference in exercise prices (e.g. 10) assuming that the underlying stock does not go ex-dividend before the expiration of the options. If the underlying asset has a dividend of x, then the settled value of the box will be 10+x.^{[1]} Under the no-arbitrage assumption, the net premium paid out to acquire this position should be equal to the present value of the payoff.

They are often called "alligator spreads" because the commissions eat up all your profit due to the large number of trades required for most box spreads.

The box-spread usually combines two pairs of options; its name derives from the fact that the prices for these options form a rectangular box in two columns of a quotation.

A similar trading strategy specific to futures trading is also known as a box or double butterfly spread.

An arbitrage operation may be represented as a sequence which begins with zero balance in an account, initiates transactions at time t = 0, and unwinds transactions at time t = T so that all that remains at the end is a balance whose value B will be known for certain at the beginning of the sequence. If there were no transaction costs then a non-zero value for B would allow an arbitrageur to profit by following the sequence either as it stands if the present value of B is positive, or with all transactions reversed if the present value of B is negative. However, market forces tend to close any arbitrage windows which might open; hence the present value of B is usually insufficiently different from zero for transaction costs to be covered. This is considered typically to be a "Market Maker/ Floor trader" strategy only, due to extreme commission costs of the multiple-leg spread. If the box is for example 20 dollars as per lower example getting short the box anything under 20 is profit and long anything over, has hedged all risk .

A present value of zero for B leads to a parity relation. Two well-known parity relations are:-

*Spot futures parity*. The current price of a stock equals the current price of a futures contract discounted by the time remaining until settlement:

. A long European call c together with a short European put p at the same strike price K is equivalent to borrowing and buying the stock at price S. In other words, we can combine options with cash to construct a synthetic stock:**Put call parity**

Note that directly exploiting deviations from either of these two parity relations involves purchasing or selling the underlying stock.

Now consider the put/call parity equation at two different strike prices and . The stock price S will disappear if we subtract one equation from the other, thus enabling one to exploit a violation of put/call parity without the need to invest in the underlying stock. The subtraction done one way corresponds to a long-box spread; done the other way it yields a short box-spread. The pay-off for the long box-spread will be the difference between the two strike prices, and the profit will be the amount by which the discounted payoff exceeds the net premium. For parity, the profit should be zero. Otherwise, there is a certain profit to be had by creating either a long box-spread if the profit is positive or a short box-spread if the profit is negative. [Normally, the discounted payoff would differ little from the net premium, and any nominal profit would be consumed by transaction costs.]

The long box-spread comprises four options, on the same underlying asset with the same terminal date. They can be paired in two ways as shown in the following table (assume strike-prices < ):

Long bull call-spread | Long bear put-spread | |
---|---|---|

Long synthetic stock | Buy call at | Sell put at |

Short synthetic stock | Sell call at | Buy put at |

Reading the table horizontally and vertically, we obtain two views of a long box-spread.

- A long box-spread can be viewed as a long synthetic stock at a price plus a short synthetic stock at a higher price .
- A long box-spread can be viewed as a long bull call spread at one pair of strike prices, and , plus a long bear put spread at the same pair of strike prices.

We can obtain a third view of the long box-option by reading the table diagonally. In order to interpret the diagonals, we need to introduce the straddle, which is a combination of a long call and a long put both at a strike price equal to the current stock price (at-the-money). This combination is direction neutral, its terminal payoff being dependent not on the direction of movement of the stock price but only on the magnitude of the movement. The band between the break-even points can be extended by separating the strike prices of the two options symmetrically with respect to the current stock price:

- If both options are in-the-money, the combination is called a long gut.
- If both options out-of-the-money, the combination is called a long strangle.

Returning to the long box-spread, we see that the leading diagonal is a long gut combination, and the other diagonal is a short strangle combination. Hence a long box-spread may be created as a coupling of a long gut with a short strangle.

The short box-spread can be treated similarly.

As an example, consider a three-month option on a stock whose current price is $100. If the interest rate is 8% pa and the volatility is 30% pa then the prices for the options might be:

Call | Put | |
---|---|---|

$13.10 | $ 1.65 | |

$3.05 | $10.90 |

The initial investment for a long box-spread would be $19.30. The following table displays the payoffs of the 4 options for the three ranges of values for the terminal stock price :

The terminal payoff has a value of $20 independent of the terminal value of the share price. The discounted value of the payoff is $19.60. Hence there is a nominal profit of 30 cents to be had by investing in the long box-spread.

To what extent are the various instruments introduced above traded on exchanges? Chaput and Ederington, surveyed Chicago Mercantile Exchange's market for options on Eurodollar futures. For the year 1999-2000 they found that some 25% of the trading volume was in outright options, 25% in straddles and vertical spreads (call-spreads and put-spreads), and about 5% in strangles. Guts constituted only about 0.1%, and box-spreads even less (about 0.01%). [Ratio spreads took more than 15%, and about a dozen other instruments took the remaining 30%.This is considered typically to be a "Market Maker/Floor trader" strategy only, due to extreme commission costs of the multiple leg spread. If the box is for example 20 dollars as per lower example getting short the box anything under 20 is profit and long anything over, has hedged all risk.]

- Ben-Zion Uri., Danan Shmuel and Yagil Joseph, “Box Spread Strategies and Arbitrage Opportunities”, The Journal of Derivatives, Spring 2005, 47-62.
- Bharadwaj, Anu and James B. Wiggins, Box spread and put-call parity tests for the S&P 500 index LEAPS market,
*Journal of Derivatives*, 8(4) (2001): 62-71. The box-spread reveals an arbitrage profit insufficient to cover transaction costs. - Billingsley, R.S. and Don M. Chance, Options market efficiency and the box spread strategy,
*Financial Review*, 20 (1987): 287-301. - Chance, Don M,
*An Introduction to Derivatives*, 5th edition, Thomson, 2001. - Chaput, J. Scott and Louis H. Ederington, Option spread and combination trading, [1]
^{[permanent dead link]}, 2002. - Hemler, Michael L.and Thomas W. Miller, Jr. Box spread arbitrage profits following the 1987 market crash: real or illusory?,
*Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis*, 32(1)(1997): 71-90. Post-market simulations with box-spreads on the S&P 500 Index show that market ineffiency increased after the 1987 crash. - Hull, John C.,
*Fundamentals of Futures and Options Markets*, 4th edition, Prentice-Hall, 2002. - Ronn, Edud and Aimee Gerbarg Ronn, The Box spread arbitrage conditions: theory, tests, and investment strategies,
*Review of Financial Studies*, 2(1) (1989): 91-108. The box-spread is used to test for arbitrage opportunities on Chicago Board Options Exchange data.

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