Brahin (also Bragin; Belarusian: Брагін, Russian: Брагин) is an urban-type settlement in Belarus and an administrative center of Brahin Raion. It stands on the banks of Braginka river, 28 km from the nearest railway (Khoiniki station), and has a population of 3,700.
The settlement is first mentioned in the Hypatian Codex in 1147 as the important town of the Kiyv princedom. A significant part of Brahin's population traditionally was of Jewish descent. By the end of 19th century, 2254 of 4311 inhabitants were Jewish. Many Jews in the area were killed by the German forces during World War II:
"On September 13, 1941, the Jews of Bragin were ordered to gather in a school for the purposes of selecting a monitor and his deputy, but when 300 Jews came at the indicated time the school they were surrounded by Germans and closed. After that, Jews were led out in groups to the edge of the village and shot."
- ^ Въ лЂто 6654 (1146) — въ лЂто 6655 (1147), ПСРЛ. — Т. 2. Ипатьевская летопись. — СПб., 1908. — Стлб. 327-360.
- ^ "Raspredelenie naseleniya mest Rossiyskoy Imperii po chislennosti naseleniya. Vseobshchaya perepis’. Materialy ob economicheskom polozhenii evreev v Rossii.(1898) (ed. Evr.Kol.O-va), as cited on JewishGen website.
- ^ "Ghettos in the Gomel Region: Commonalities and Unique Features, 1941-42" by Leonid Smilovitsky, Ph.D., Diaspora Research Center Lester and Sally Entin Faculty of the Humanities Tel Aviv University (fulltext); citing Yad Vashem Archives, collection M-33/1120, p. 5.
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