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1
Brazil
Brazil's Socialists name Silva as candidate
::2014/08/21::
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2
Marina Silva secures Socialist party nomination for Brazil presidency
Marina Silva secures Socialist party nomination for Brazil presidency
::2014/08/21::
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3
Brazil: Silva confirmed as socialist presidential candidate
Brazil: Silva confirmed as socialist presidential candidate
::2014/08/21::
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4
Brazilian Socialist candidate, confirmed dead
Brazilian Socialist candidate, confirmed dead
::2014/08/13::
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5
Brazil
Brazil's Socialists To Decide On Silva Candidacy Next Week
::2014/08/15::
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6
Brazil
Brazil's Socialists To Decide On Silva Candidacy Next Week
::2014/08/15::
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7
Brazil
Brazil's Socialists name Silva as candidate.
::2014/08/21::
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8
Brazil
Brazil's Socialists To Decide On Silva Candidacy Next Week
::2014/08/15::
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9
Brazil
Brazil's PSB Party To Back Neves In Oct. 26 Runoff: Spokeswoman
::2014/10/08::
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Three female candidates run for Brazil
Three female candidates run for Brazil's presidency
::2014/09/24::
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11
The Changing Course of the Brazilian Elections
The Changing Course of the Brazilian Elections
::2014/09/16::
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12
In Memoriam Eduardo Campos | Brazilian Presidential Candidate
In Memoriam Eduardo Campos | Brazilian Presidential Candidate
::2014/08/14::
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13
Brazil
Brazil's Eduardo Campos killed in plane crash - BBC News
::2014/08/13::
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14
Brazil: Family affair! Presidential hopeful Marina Silva joined by DAD at polls
Brazil: Family affair! Presidential hopeful Marina Silva joined by DAD at polls
::2014/10/05::
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15
Brazil Elections Off Kilter - 14.08.2014 - Dukascopy Press Review
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::2014/08/14::
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Brazil
Brazil's Silva Launches Bid, Threatens Rousseff Re-election
::2014/08/20::
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17
Voting underway in Brazil
Voting underway in Brazil
::2014/10/05::
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18
Brazil holds TV presidential election debate
Brazil holds TV presidential election debate
::2014/08/27::
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19
Brazil In Mourning Of Presidential Candidate Campos.
Brazil In Mourning Of Presidential Candidate Campos.
::2014/08/14::
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20
Two Women, One Vote: What You Need To Know About Brazil
Two Women, One Vote: What You Need To Know About Brazil's Elections
::2014/10/03::
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21
Marina Silva popular candidate for president of Brazil
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::2014/08/20::
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22
Eduardo Campos Brazilian Presidential Candidate Died
Eduardo Campos Brazilian Presidential Candidate Died
::2014/08/14::
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23
Brazil Presidential Candidate Campos Killed in Plane Crash | BREAKING NEWS - 13 AUGUST 2014
Brazil Presidential Candidate Campos Killed in Plane Crash | BREAKING NEWS - 13 AUGUST 2014
::2014/08/13::
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24
Brazil
Brazil's Silva 'likely to run for president'.
::2014/08/16::
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25
Brazil
Brazil's Marina Silva Likely To Run For President: Reports
::2014/08/16::
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26
Brazil Presidential Candidate Campos Dies in Plane Crash
Brazil Presidential Candidate Campos Dies in Plane Crash
::2014/08/13::
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27
Brazil
Brazil's Marina Silva Likely To Run For President: Reports
::2014/08/16::
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28
Brazil  strikers Romario and Bebeto elected to parliament
Brazil strikers Romario and Bebeto elected to parliament
::2014/10/06::
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29
Marina Silva chosen to run for president in Brazil.
Marina Silva chosen to run for president in Brazil.
::2014/08/21::
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30
Brazil: Family affair! Presidential hopeful Marina Silva joined by DAD at polls
Brazil: Family affair! Presidential hopeful Marina Silva joined by DAD at polls
::2014/10/09::
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31
Eduardo Campos morreu após avião cair na cidade de Santos - 13/08/2014
Eduardo Campos morreu após avião cair na cidade de Santos - 13/08/2014
::2014/08/14::
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32
Brazilian NGOs accuse Silva of being financed by agro-business
Brazilian NGOs accuse Silva of being financed by agro-business
::2014/09/01::
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33
Brazil: PSB mismanagement affects Silva
Brazil: PSB mismanagement affects Silva's chances
::2014/09/08::
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34
Rousseff and Silva face off during second presidential debate
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::2014/09/02::
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35
Brazil Elections Update - Who will take 2nd place?
Brazil Elections Update - Who will take 2nd place?
::2014/10/05::
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36
Brazil Presidential Candidate Eduardo Campos Dies In Plane Crash
Brazil Presidential Candidate Eduardo Campos Dies In Plane Crash
::2014/08/13::
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37
Brazil
Brazil's Eduardo Campos killed in plane crash || Video
::2014/08/13::
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38
Marina Silva set to join Brazil
Marina Silva set to join Brazil's presidential race
::2014/08/21::
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39
Brasil Decides - Today
Brasil Decides - Today's the day
::2014/10/05::
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40
Brazil
Brazil's next President looks sure to be a woman
::2014/10/05::
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41
Top Brazilian Presidential Candidate Campos Dies
Top Brazilian Presidential Candidate Campos Dies
::2014/08/18::
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42
muere candidato presidencial brasil Eduardo Campos en avioneta morre em queda de avião
muere candidato presidencial brasil Eduardo Campos en avioneta morre em queda de avião
::2014/08/13::
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43
130,000 in Recife mourn death of Brazilian candidate
130,000 in Recife mourn death of Brazilian candidate
::2014/08/18::
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44
Brazil: Rival Marina Silva gains on Dilma Rousseff after presidential TV debate
Brazil: Rival Marina Silva gains on Dilma Rousseff after presidential TV debate
::2014/08/28::
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45
Brazil air crash kills presidential hopeful.
Brazil air crash kills presidential hopeful.
::2014/08/13::
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46
Brazilian Presidential Candidate Killed In Aircraft Crash
Brazilian Presidential Candidate Killed In Aircraft Crash
::2014/08/13::
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47
Brazilian President Rousseff facing Neves in election run-off
Brazilian President Rousseff facing Neves in election run-off
::2014/10/05::
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48
Brazil: Silva greets supporters on eve of presidential election
Brazil: Silva greets supporters on eve of presidential election
::2014/10/04::
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49
Brazil presidential candidate killed in plane crash
Brazil presidential candidate killed in plane crash
::2014/09/12::
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50
Brazilian Presidential Candidate Dies In Plane Crash
Brazilian Presidential Candidate Dies In Plane Crash
::2014/08/13::
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RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Brazilian Socialist Party
President Carlos Siqueira
Founded 6 August 1947
Headquarters SCLN 304, bloco "A", Entrada 63, sobreloja
Brasília, Brazil
Newspaper Folha Socialista
Ideology Social democracy
Democratic socialism
Political position Centre-left
Colours          Red, yellow
Seats in the Chamber of Deputies
34 / 513
Seats in the Senate
3 / 81
Governors
6 / 27
Seats in State Assemblies
71 / 1,059
Local Government
327 / 5,566
City councillors
3,484 / 51,748
Website
http://www.psbnacional.org.br/
Politics of Brazil
Political parties
Elections

The Brazilian Socialist Party (Portuguese: Partido Socialista Brasileiro, PSB), is a political party in Brazil. It was founded in 1947, before being abolished by the military regime in 1965 and re-organized in 1985 with the re-democratization of Brazil. It elected six Governors in 2010, becoming the second largest party in number of state governments, behind only PSDB. In addition to that, it won 34 seats in the Chamber of Deputies[1] and three seats in the Senate,[2] besides having been a member of the For Brazil to keep on changing coalition, which elected Dilma Rousseff as President of Brazil. In 2014 the party goes into opposition, advocating greater economic stability, low inflation, high economic growth, sustainable development, and social welfare programs.[3]

History[edit]

The first PSB (1947–1965)[edit]

The name Brazilian Socialist Party or variants had been used by several small socialist parties of brief existence prior to the foundation of PSB on 1947.

PSB has its origins at the end of the Getúlio Vargas' Estado Novo regime, when the Democratic Left (Esquerda Democrática – ED) emerged as a faction of the National Democratic Union (União Democrática Nacional – UDN) in 1945.[4] Its goals were to combine the social changes of the period with broad civil and political liberties.[4] ED's ideology was based on a broad left-wing concept: it advocated that socialism had to be built gradually and legally, through the defense of democracy and a national identity.[4] In this sense, it differed greatly from other opposition parties, such as UDN, which advocated free market policies, and the Communist Party (PCB), which advocated the authoritarian socialism of the Soviet Union.[4]

As UDN became increasingly a right-leaning party, binding itself with the Brazilian Army[5] and the aspirations of urban middle classes,[6] ED's Socialist proposals were extremely at odds with the party, which led to a split and the subsequent foundation of PSB. On 6 August 1947, the Brazilian Socialist Party was founded, maintaining the same program and proposals it had as a faction of the UDN.[4] In its 1947 manifesto, the PSB sought to represent an alternative to the main left-wing parties of that period: Vargas' Brazilian Labor Party (PTB) and the Brazilian Communist Party (PCB). PSB opposed the centralism and authoritarianism of Vargas, as well as the rigid labour union structure supported by PTB. They opposed PCB's cult of personality and radical Marxism, which placed the PSB in the center-left spectrum, between radical Marxism and social democracy.

PSB proposed to be a party of "everyone who relies on their own work".[4] It advocated immediate reforms, such as the nationalization of economically strategic areas, the expansion of workers' rights, the ensuring of public health and education, and the development of democracy through means of popular participation.[4] Its structure brought a new experience which characterized PSB's democratic profile: the Base Centers (núcleos de base).[4] Through them, Socialist militants could get involved in the party project, discuss national issues and form the orientation and the target of partisan action.[4]

In the 1950 election, PSB's candidate, João Mangabeira won only 0.12% of the vote and the PSB elected only one deputy from Sergipe. At the same time, the PSB approached the PCB, banned in 1947 and operating underground. A number of communists ran for office under the PSB's endorsement.

In the 1955 election, the PSB endorsed the UDN candidate, Juarez Távora. In São Paulo, the PSB supported the electoral endeavors of Jânio Quadros: first in the São Paulo mayoral election in 1953 and Quadros' successful bid for Governor in 1954. However, the PSB's support for Quadros, a rather middle-class reformer, split the party, a split which ended with the expulsion of Quadros supporters from the party. In the 1960 election, won by Quadros, the PSB supported the candidacy of Teixeira Lott.

The PSB had limited legislative representation between 1947 and 1964, but in 1962 it elected one Senator, Aurélio Viana defeated the UDN's candidate, Juracy Magalhães in Guanabara State.

The party supported left-wing President João Goulart, who was overthrown by the military in 1964, which later abolished all parties, including the PSB, in 1965. Most Socialists joined the Brazilian Democratic Movement (MDB), the only opposition party recognized by the military regime.[4] Following the fall of the military in 1985, a number of former PSB members joined the Democratic Labour Party or the Workers' Party (PT).

The second PSB[edit]

Following re-democratization, a Brazilian Socialist Party was re-organized on the 1947 manifesto. It achieved limited electoral success at the outset, though it elected some legislators and mayors. In the 1989 presidential election, it supported the PT candidate, Luís Inácio Lula da Silva.

In 1990, Pernambuco Governor Miguel Arraes joined the party, giving the PSB a minor electoral boost in subsequent elections. In the 1994 election, the party again endorsed Lula. In the same election, Arraes was re-elected Governor with 54% by the first round, and the PSB elected another governor, João Capiberibe, in Amapá and a Senator in Pará. The party continued to grow with the adhesion of several officeholders in 1995 and 1996, but it did not endorse the left-wing candidacy of Ciro Gomes in the 1998 election, preferring to endorse Lula. The same year, Arraes was defeated in Pernambuco but the party gained the governorship of Alagoas.

In 2000, the Governor of Rio de Janeiro, Anthony Garotinho joined the PSB following a feud with Leonel Brizola, the leader of the Democratic Labour Party. The adhesion of Garotinho caused several members of the PSB to leave the party to join Lula's PT. The PSB supported Garotinho's candidacy in the 2002 election, winning 17.9% in the first round.

However, Garotinho's membership proved a source of controversy and division, notably with President Lula's government. The split was resolved when Garotinho left the party in 2003. The party unofficially supported Lula's re-election in 2006 and won 27 deputies in the 2006 election. After that election, the PSB had three Governors: Cid Gomes (Ceará), Eduardo Campos (Pernambuco) and Wilma de Faria (Rio Grande do Norte).

Ciro Gomes joined the PSB in 2003, and was expected to be the PSB's candidate in the 2010 election; however, the PSB decided not to run a presidential candidate.

The PSB did well overall in the 2010 elections; it gained 7 seats in the Chamber of Deputies for a total of 34 seats, and regained representation in the Senate, now having 3 Senate seats. It lost the governorship of Rio Grande do Norte, but easily kept the governorships of Ceará and Pernambuco, and gained the governorship of Espírito Santo in an overwhelming victory. It also won the governorships of Amapá, Paraíba and Piauí following runoffs; for a total of 6 state governorships.

References[edit]

  1. ^ (Portuguese) "Saiba a nova composição da Câmara". G1. 4 October 2010.
  2. ^ (Portuguese) "Partidos aliados de Dilma elegem mais senadores que a oposição". R7. 4 October 2010.
  3. ^ (Portuguese) "Chapa Unidos pelo Brasil oficializa apoio a Eduardo Campos"
  4. ^ a b c d e f g h i j (Portuguese) História do PSB[dead link]. Brazilian Socialist Party official website.
  5. ^ (Portuguese) Gaio, André Moysés. "Affinities Between the National Democratic Union (UDN) and the Brazilian Army". Diálogos. Maringá State University. Department of History.
  6. ^ (Portuguese) "Dicionário Político – União Democrática Nacional (UDN)". Marxists Internet Archive. Reproduced from CPDOC/Fundação Getulio Vargas.

External links[edit]

Preceded by
36 – CLP (PTC)
Numbers of Brazilian Official Political Parties
40 – BSP (PSB)
Succeeded by
43 – GP (PV)
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