for the House of Commons
Boundary of Brighton, Pavilion in East Sussex.
Location of East Sussex within England.
|Population||103,593 (2011 census)|
|Electorate||77,430 (December 2010)|
|Member of parliament||Caroline Lucas (Green)|
|Number of members||One|
|European Parliament constituency||South East England|
Brighton Pavilion is a constituency[n 1] represented in the House of Commons of the UK Parliament[n 2] since 2010 by Caroline Lucas of the Green Party who on election became the first MP for that party in the United Kingdom.
1950-1983: The County Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Montpelier, Patcham, Pavilion, Preston, Preston Park, Regency, St Nicholas, St Peter's, and West.
1983-1997: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
1997-2010: The Borough of Brighton wards of Hanover, Hollingbury, Patcham, Preston, Regency, St Peter's, Seven Dials, Stanmer, and Westdene.
2010-present: The City of Brighton and Hove wards of Hanover and Elm Grove, Hollingbury and Stanmer, Patcham, Preston Park, Regency, St Peter's and North Laine, and Withdean.
The constituency was created in 1950 from the former two-seat constituency of Brighton (one of the last remaining multi-member constituencies), for which Brighton Pavilion's first Member of Parliament, Sir William Teeling, had previously been the joint representative.
The present name is derived from the Royal Pavilion.[n 3] On current boundaries, the pavilion itself is right on the South-Eastern border of the seat – the opposite side of the road is Brighton Kemptown. It encompasses the heart of the city, including the Georgian and Regency alleyway properties of The Lanes and the bohemian North Laine shopping area. The developed centre of the promenade above the pebbled beach has Brighton Pier, major entertainment venues and the city's largest hotels including the Grand Hotel and Hilton Brighton Metropole. It is a relatively affluent seat, since average income is higher than the UK average (based upon 2001 statistics) and unemployment is lower.
From 1950 until 1997 the seat had Conservative Party representatives. In 1997, David Lepper of the Labour Party[n 4] began service as MP for 13 years by winning the two subsequent elections. The Conservatives' share of the vote has declined at every election since 1983.
In July 2007, the Green Party selected Caroline Lucas to contest the seat, at which point she was neither Leader nor Principal Speaker for the party. In November 2009 Charlotte Vere was selected as the Conservative Party candidate at an open primary attended by local Party members and residents. In January 2010 the Liberal Democrats also selected a female candidate, Bernadette Millam. Labour had selected Nancy Platts, local campaigner and former union worker, as their candidate in June 2007. This meant that, distinctively, all of the four leading parties in the constituency had female candidates. In 2010 Labour's share of the vote fell by 6.5%, and Lucas, by then leading the Green Party, won the seat. In contrast to national results, the Conservative and Liberal Democrat share of the vote fell.
Lucas held the seat for the Green Party in the 2015 General Election with an increased majority. Purna Sen, who held senior roles at the Commonwealth, LSE and Amnesty International, was selected to contest the seat for Labour. Clarence Mitchell, a former BBC News reporter and spokesman for the family of Madeleine McCann, was selected as the Conservative Party candidate.
|1950||Sir William Teeling||Conservative|
|1969 by-election||Julian Amery||Conservative|
|1992||Sir Derek Spencer||Conservative|
|1997||David Lepper||Labour Co-op|
|Liberal Democrat||Chris Bowers||1,525||2.8||−11.0|
|Socialist (GB)||Howard Pilott||88||0.2||N/A|
|Liberal Democrat||Berni Millam||7,159||13.8||−2.7|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Christopher Fyvie||148||0.3||−0.0|
|Citizens for Undead Rights and Equality||Soraya Anne Kara||61||0.1||N/A|
|Green gain from Labour Co-op||Swing||+8.4|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||15,427||35.4||−13.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Hazel Thorpe||7,171||16.5||+3.4|
|Alliance for Green Socialism||Tony Greenstein||188||0.4||+0.4|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||152||0.3||−1.1|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing||−6.0|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||19,846||48.7||−5.9|
|Liberal Democrat||Ruth Berry||5,348||13.1||+3.6|
|Socialist Labour||Ian Fyvie||573||1.4||+1.4|
|Free Party||Bob Dobbs||409||1.0||+1.0|
|ProLife Alliance||Marie Paragallo||177||0.4||+0.4|
|Labour Co-op hold||Swing|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||26,737||54.6||+16.3|
|Liberal Democrat||Kenneth Blanshard||4,644||9.5||−3.2|
|Independent Conservative||Richard Huggett||1,098||2.2||+2.2|
|Rainbow Dream Ticket||Alan Card||59||0.1||+0.1|
|Labour Co-op gain from Conservative||Swing||15.4|
|Labour Co-op||David Lepper||16,955||38.3||+8.6|
|Liberal Democrat||Tom Pearce||5,606||12.7||+12.7|
|Natural Law||Eileen Turner||103||0.2||+0.2|
|Labour||David Stanley Hill||12,914||29.7||+5.8|
|Social Democratic||Kevin Francis Carey||8,459||19.5||−5.1|
|Social Democratic||Michael William John Neves||10,191||24.6||+24.6|
|Labour||Dave S. Hill||12,099||29.3||−0.3|
|National Front||H Jones||436||1.1||+1.1|
|Labour||G W Humphrey||11,624||29.6||+3.6|
|Independent||G E Thomas||1,205||3.1||+3.1|
|Conservative||Harold Julian Amery||17,636||70.5||+12.5|
|Liberal||Nesta Wyn Ellis||2,711||10.8||+10.8|
|Conservative||Sir William Teeling||22,687||58.1||+4.9|
|Conservative||Sir William Teeling||20,998||53.2||-16.8|
|Liberal||D R Sinnatt||7,362||18.6||+18.6|
|Labour||R G White||11,998||30.0||-2.0|
|Labour||E. R. Littlejohn||13,410||31.5||+3.5|
|Liberal||John Stewart Choate||4,555||10.5||+10.5|