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|British America and the British West Indies|
|Colonies of England (1607–1707)
Colonies of Great Britain (1707–1783)
Flag of Great Britain
British colonies in North America which were part of British America (red) at its peak, and other dependencies held by the British Crown at the time (pink)
|Capital||Administered from London, England|
|Religion||Anglicanism, Protestantism, Judaism, Roman Catholicism, Native American religion|
|•||1607–1625||James I & VI (first)|
|•||1760–1783||George III (last)|
|•||King Charles II charter for Rhode Island and Providence Plantations||1663|
|•||Treaty of Utrecht||1713|
|•||Treaty of Paris||1763|
|•||Treaty of Paris||1783|
|Currency||Pound sterling, Spanish dollar, colonial money, bills of credit, commodity money and many local currencies|
|Today part of|| Anguilla
Antigua and Barbuda
British Virgin Islands
Saint Kitts and Nevis
Saint Vincent and the Grenadines
Trinidad and Tobago
Turks and Caicos
English America (later British America) refers to the English territories in North America (including Bermuda), Central America, the Caribbean, and Guyana from 1607 to 1783. Formally, the British colonies in North America were known as British America and the British West Indies until 1776, when the Thirteen Colonies located along the Atlantic seaboard declared their independence and formed the United States of America. After that, the term British North America was used to describe the remainder of Britain's continental North American possessions. That term was first used informally in 1783, but it was uncommon before the Report on the Affairs of British North America (1839), called the Durham Report.
British America gained large amounts of new territory following the Treaty of Paris (1763) which ended British involvement in the Seven Years' War. At the start of the American War of Independence in 1775, the British Empire included twenty colonies north and east of New Spain (present-day areas of Mexico and the Western United States). East and West Florida were ceded to Spain in the Treaty of Paris (1783) which ended the American Revolution, and then ceded by Spain to the United States in 1819. The remaining continental colonies of British North America formed the Dominion of Canada by uniting between 1867 and 1873. The Dominion of Newfoundland joined Canada in 1949.
A number of English colonies were established in North America between 1606 and 1670 by individuals and companies whose investors expected to reap rewards from their speculation. They were granted commercial charters by King James I, King Charles I, Parliament, and King Charles II. The first permanent settlement was founded at Jamestown, Virginia by the London Company.
The Thirteen Colonies formed the original states of the United States of America:
Other British colonies and territories ruled by Britain from 1763 were later ceded by Britain to Spain (the Floridas) or the United States (the Indian Reserve and Southwestern Quebec). All this territory eventually became part of the United States of America:
The remaining British colonies and territories eventually became part of modern Canada:
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