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Buddleia - Buddleja - Butterfly Bush - How to grow Buddleja davidii
Buddleia - Buddleja - Butterfly Bush - How to grow Buddleja davidii
Published: 2015/08/14
Channel: GardenClips
Antony
Antony's Gardening Tips - Buddleja
Published: 2016/07/25
Channel: Garden on a Roll
Hoe snoei je de vlinderstruik?  Artiestennaam: buddleja.
Hoe snoei je de vlinderstruik? Artiestennaam: buddleja.
Published: 2016/03/04
Channel: Tuinmanieren
Über invasive Neophyten und Buddleja - Schmetterlingsflieder
Über invasive Neophyten und Buddleja - Schmetterlingsflieder
Published: 2012/09/17
Channel: Gartenvideo.com
dead head buddleja
dead head buddleja
Published: 2013/10/01
Channel: Amateur Gardening
How to prune and maintain a Buddleja?
How to prune and maintain a Buddleja?
Published: 2016/11/02
Channel: Best Select
Buddleja sp. aka Butterfly Bush/Buddleia with Suburban Stone Age
Buddleja sp. aka Butterfly Bush/Buddleia with Suburban Stone Age
Published: 2013/02/27
Channel: Suburban Stone Age
VOL.AT-Gartentipp: Der Buddleja
VOL.AT-Gartentipp: Der Buddleja
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: VOL.AT - Vorarlberg Online
Hoe plant je een Buddleja of vlinderstruik?
Hoe plant je een Buddleja of vlinderstruik?
Published: 2015/10/01
Channel: Best Select
How to prune Buddleja Buzz™ video with Thompson & Morgan.
How to prune Buddleja Buzz™ video with Thompson & Morgan.
Published: 2011/03/15
Channel: Thompson & Morgan TV
flores de buddleja davidi
flores de buddleja davidi
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: majaillaflor
How To  Prune a  Buddleja Butterfly Bush
How To Prune a Buddleja Butterfly Bush
Published: 2013/02/09
Channel: John Phelps
Buddleja Buzz | Glebe Garden Centre Leicester
Buddleja Buzz | Glebe Garden Centre Leicester
Published: 2013/07/08
Channel: Cherry Lane Garden Centre (Glebe)
How to Cut back a Buddleja
How to Cut back a Buddleja
Published: 2011/11/13
Channel: Ben Lannoy
De Vlinderstruik in de zomer, de buddleja
De Vlinderstruik in de zomer, de buddleja
Published: 2016/08/31
Channel: Tuinmanieren
Butterfly Bush Buddleja
Butterfly Bush Buddleja
Published: 2013/09/01
Channel: Watters Garden Center
Time-lapse Buddleja
Time-lapse Buddleja
Published: 2009/09/17
Channel: Neil Bromhall
Buddleja alternifolia (Weeping Butterfly Bush)
Buddleja alternifolia (Weeping Butterfly Bush)
Published: 2011/06/20
Channel: Bluebell Nursery
How to prune buddleja
How to prune buddleja
Published: 2017/02/18
Channel: The potting shed
Schmetterlingsstrauch Sommerflieder Buddleja davidii 2013
Schmetterlingsstrauch Sommerflieder Buddleja davidii 2013
Published: 2013/08/04
Channel: duenensand
Buddleia de David (Buddleja davidii) with butterfly
Buddleia de David (Buddleja davidii) with butterfly
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: fredytray77139
Tagpfauenauge Schmetterlingsstrauch Buddleja Davidii 2011
Tagpfauenauge Schmetterlingsstrauch Buddleja Davidii 2011
Published: 2011/07/26
Channel: duenensand
Vlinderstruik (Buddleja davidii) snoeien
Vlinderstruik (Buddleja davidii) snoeien
Published: 2014/03/31
Channel: Emmy Wolst
Inachis io on Buddleja
Inachis io on Buddleja
Published: 2009/09/02
Channel: MerleundMerlin
Schmetterlingsflieder Buddleja Sungold
Schmetterlingsflieder Buddleja Sungold
Published: 2010/09/20
Channel: Gartenvideo.com
Buddleja Buzz Lavender Indigo and Magenta
Buddleja Buzz Lavender Indigo and Magenta
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Lead The Good Life
ÁRBOL DE LAS  MARIPOSAS (Buddleja davidii) ARBOLES Y ARBUSTOS
ÁRBOL DE LAS MARIPOSAS (Buddleja davidii) ARBOLES Y ARBUSTOS
Published: 2016/07/26
Channel: A PROA
planta de buddleja davidi
planta de buddleja davidi
Published: 2016/06/08
Channel: majaillaflor
Return of the Buddleja
Return of the Buddleja
Published: 2013/09/11
Channel: henry laughs
Butterfly Bush - Buddleja davidii - Fiðrildarunni - Skrautrunni  - Garðskálaplanta
Butterfly Bush - Buddleja davidii - Fiðrildarunni - Skrautrunni - Garðskálaplanta
Published: 2012/08/15
Channel: Hellen Linda Drake
Matico (Buddleja Globosa)
Matico (Buddleja Globosa)
Published: 2014/11/03
Channel: Grafitel TV
Buddleja davidii
Buddleja davidii 'White Profusion'
Published: 2015/08/15
Channel: wander van laar
BUDDELIA: Buddleja davidii (www.riomoros.com)
BUDDELIA: Buddleja davidii (www.riomoros.com)
Published: 2012/08/20
Channel: rioMoros
buddleja pink delight
buddleja pink delight
Published: 2009/09/01
Channel: gewooneerlijk
Dwarf Buddleja
Dwarf Buddleja
Published: 2012/12/07
Channel: Bransford Webbs
Буддлея Давида, размножение зелёными черенками. Buddleja Davidi
Буддлея Давида, размножение зелёными черенками. Buddleja Davidi
Published: 2016/08/19
Channel: Poha TV
Buddleia Davidii - butterfly bush - Buddleja davidii HD 01
Buddleia Davidii - butterfly bush - Buddleja davidii HD 01
Published: 2013/12/23
Channel: LaboratorTEBA
Migrating Monarchs find Buddleja Buzz Bliss
Migrating Monarchs find Buddleja Buzz Bliss
Published: 2014/09/29
Channel: Monarch Butterfly Garden
Le stagioni in casa - La Buddleja davidii, l
Le stagioni in casa - La Buddleja davidii, l'Echinacea purpurea major
Published: 2014/06/12
Channel: Giardinaggio in città
BUDDLEJA SUNGOLD ( Schmetterlings Flieder- Gelb) MAH08832
BUDDLEJA SUNGOLD ( Schmetterlings Flieder- Gelb) MAH08832
Published: 2015/07/21
Channel: Kharmencita B.
1000 Plants for Bumble Bees Challenge (Plant/Part 2) Buddleja Globosa AKA Golden Ball Buddleja
1000 Plants for Bumble Bees Challenge (Plant/Part 2) Buddleja Globosa AKA Golden Ball Buddleja
Published: 2017/06/16
Channel: 1stBumbleBeeMaster
Buddaleija  - Buddleja globosa - Fiðrildarunni - Garðagróður - Blómstrandi runni
Buddaleija - Buddleja globosa - Fiðrildarunni - Garðagróður - Blómstrandi runni
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Hellen Linda Drake
Buddleja globosa pruned mid-summer-06jun2014 as experiment to see if it regrows by autumn DSCF5117
Buddleja globosa pruned mid-summer-06jun2014 as experiment to see if it regrows by autumn DSCF5117
Published: 2014/06/11
Channel: ecologygarden
Butterfly garden plants Buddleja davidii video hd Poze cu arbustul fluturilor
Butterfly garden plants Buddleja davidii video hd Poze cu arbustul fluturilor
Published: 2015/03/03
Channel: Adrian Ciobanu
See our wildlife attracting Buddleja
See our wildlife attracting Buddleja 'Butterfly Bush' at Mr Fothergill's
Published: 2013/03/13
Channel: MrFothergillsSeedLtd
Buddleja davidii. Garden Center online Costa Brava - Girona.
Buddleja davidii. Garden Center online Costa Brava - Girona.
Published: 2014/06/25
Channel: Garden Center online (Costa Brava - Girona)
hommel op buddleja
hommel op buddleja
Published: 2016/07/24
Channel: MrWim1964
BUGDELIA DE INVIERNO: Buddleja madagascariensis (www.riomoros.com)
BUGDELIA DE INVIERNO: Buddleja madagascariensis (www.riomoros.com)
Published: 2014/08/23
Channel: rioMoros
Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush - Butterfly Tree
Buddleja davidii - Butterfly Bush - Butterfly Tree
Published: 2017/05/12
Channel: O Mundo da Marcinha
Buddleja | Glebe Garden Centre Leicester
Buddleja | Glebe Garden Centre Leicester
Published: 2014/07/28
Channel: Cherry Lane Garden Centre (Glebe)
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Buddleja
Butterfly bush
White buddleia closeup.jpg
Buddleja davidii (white flowered form)
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Asterids
Order: Lamiales
Family: Buddlejaceae[1]
Tribe: Buddlejeae[2]
Genus: Buddleja
L.
Type species
Buddleja americana
L.[3]
Species

About 100 species, see text.

Synonyms

Adenoplea Radlk.
Adenoplusia Radlk.
Buddleia L., orth. var.
Chilianthus Burch.[4]

Buddleja, or Buddleia /ˈbʌdlə/ (also historically given as Buddlea), commonly known as the butterfly bush,[5] is a genus comprising over 140[6] species of flowering plants endemic to Asia, Africa, and the Americas. The generic name bestowed by Linnaeus posthumously honoured the Reverend Adam Buddle (1662–1715), an English botanist and rector, at the suggestion of Dr. William Houstoun. Houstoun sent the first plants to become known to science as buddleja (B. americana) to England from the Caribbean about 15 years after Buddle's death.

Nomenclature[edit]

The botanic name has been the source of some confusion. By modern practice of botanical Latin, the spelling of a generic name made from 'Buddle' would be Buddleia, but Linnaeus in his Species Plantarum of 1753 and 1754 spelled it Buddleja, with the long i between two vowels, common in early modern orthography.[7] The pronunciation of the long i in Buddleja as j is a common modern error. The International Code of Botanical Nomenclature has gradually changed to incorporate stricter rules about orthographic variants, and as of the 2006 edition requires (article 60, particularly 60.5) that Linnaeus' spelling should be followed in this case.[8]

Classification[edit]

The genus Buddleja is now included again in the Buddlejaceae family, synonym: Oftiaceae, having earlier been classified under Scrophulariaceae, Loganiaceae and, originally, Buddlejaceae.[9]

Description[edit]

Of the approximately 100 species nearly all are shrubs <5 m (16 ft) tall, but a few qualify as trees, the largest reaching 30 m (98 ft). Both evergreen and deciduous species occur, in tropical and temperate regions resp. The leaves are lanceolate in most species, and arranged in opposite pairs on the stems (alternate in one species, B. alternifolia); they range from 1–30 cm (0.39–11.81 in) long. The flowers of the Asiatic species are mostly produced in terminal panicles 10–50 cm (3.9–19.7 in) long; the American species more commonly as cymes forming small, globose heads. Each individual flower is tubular and divided into four spreading lobes (petals) about 3–4 mm (0.12–0.16 in) across, the corolla length ranging from around 10 mm in the Asiatics to 3–30 mm in the American species, the wider variation in the latter because some South American species have evolved long red flowers to attract hummingbirds, rather than insects, as exclusive pollinators.

The colour of the flowers varies widely, from mostly pastel pinks and blues in Asia, to vibrant yellows and reds in the New World, while many cultivars have deeper tones. The flowers are generally rich in nectar and often strongly honey-scented. The fruit is a small capsule about 1 cm (0.39 in) long and 1–2 mm (0.039–0.079 in) diameter, containing numerous small seeds; in a few species (previously classified in the separate genus Nicodemia) the capsule is soft and fleshy, forming a berry.

Distribution[edit]

The genus is found in four continents. Over 60 species are native through the New World from the southern United States south to Chile, while many other species are found in the Old World, in Africa, and parts of Asia, but all are absent as natives from Europe and Australasia. The species are divided into three groups based on their floral type: those in the New World are mostly dioecious (occasionally hermaphrodite or trioecious), while those in the Old World are exclusively hermaphrodite with perfect flowers.

Cultivation and uses[edit]

As garden shrubs Buddlejas are essentially 20th-century plants, with the exception of B. globosa which was introduced to Britain from southern Chile in 1774 and disseminated from the nursery of Lee and Kennedy, Hammersmith.[10] Several species are popular garden plants, the species are commonly known as 'butterfly bushes' owing to their attractiveness to butterflies, and have become staples of the modern butterfly garden; they are also attractive to bees and moths.

The most popular cultivated species is Buddleja davidii from central China, named for the French Basque missionary and naturalist Père Armand David. Other common garden species include the aforementioned B. globosa, grown for its strongly honey-scented orange globular inflorescences, and the weeping Buddleja alternifolia. Several interspecific hybrids have been made, notably B. 'Lochinch' (B. davidii × B. fallowiana) and B. × weyeriana (B. globosa × B. davidii), the latter a cross between a South American and an Asiatic species.[citation needed]

Some species commonly escape from the garden. B. davidii in particular is a great coloniser of dry open ground; in urban areas in the United Kingdom, it often self-sows on waste ground or old masonry, where it grows into a dense thicket, and is listed as an invasive species in many areas. It is frequently seen beside railway lines, on derelict factory sites and, in the aftermath of World War II, on urban bomb sites. This earned it the popular nickname of 'the bombsite plant' among the war-time generation.[citation needed]

Popular garden cultivars include 'Royal Red' (reddish-purple flowers), 'Black Knight' (very dark purple), 'Sungold' (golden yellow), and 'Pink Delight' (pure pink). In recent years, much breeding work has been undertaken to create small, more compact buddlejas, such as 'Blue Chip' which reach no more than 2–3 ft (0.61–0.91 m) tall, and which are also seed sterile, an important consideration in the USA where B. davidii and its cultivars are banned from many states owing to their invasiveness.

Buddleja collections[edit]

In the UK, there are four NCCPG national collections held by:

  • The Lavender Garden, Ashcroft Nurseries, Kingscote, Tetbury, Glos. GL8 8YF. Tel. 01453 860356 www.thelavenderg.co.uk
  • Longstock Park Nursery, Longstock, Stockbridge, Hants. SO20 6EH. Tel. 01264 810894 www.longstocknursery.co.uk
  • Paignton Zoo, Totnes Road, Paignton, Devon TQ4 7EU. Tel. 01803 697529 www.paigntonzoo.org.uk
  • The Shapcott Barton Estate, East Knowstone, South Molton, Devon EX36 4EE. Tel. 01398 341664

List of Buddleja species and naturally occurring hybrids[edit]

The many species of Buddleja have been the subject of much taxonomic contention. The listing below includes the names, still prevalent in horticulture, of many former Asiatic species sunk by the late Toon Leeuwenberg as Buddleja crispa and adopted as such in the definitive Flora of China.[11][12][13]

Formerly placed here[edit]

Gallery[edit]

List of Buddleja cultivars and artificial hybrids[edit]

A large number of hybrids and cultivars, predominantly of B. davidii, has been raised in nurseries on both sides of the Atlantic:

RHS Award of Garden Merit[edit]

The following Buddleja species and cultivars are (2017) holders of the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit:

See also[edit]

Monographs[edit]

Asiatic and African species[edit]

  • Leeuwenberg, A. J. M. (1979) The Loganiaceae of Africa XVIII Buddleja L. II, Revision of the African & Asiatic species. H. Veenman & Zonen, Wageningen, Nederland.

North and South American species[edit]

  • Norman, E. (2000). Buddlejaceae. Flora Neotropica, Vol. 81. New York Botanical Garden, USA. ISSN 0071-5794

Cultivated species and cultivars[edit]

  • Stuart, D. (2006). Buddlejas. RHS Plant Collector Guide. Timber Press, Oregon, USA. ISBN 978-0-88192-688-0

References[edit]

  1. ^ The International Plant Names Index, retrieved 17 May 2016 
  2. ^ "Genus Buddleja". Taxonomy. UniProt. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  3. ^ "Buddleja L.". TROPICOS. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 21 October 2009. 
  4. ^ "Genus Buddleja L.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 20 April 2006. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  5. ^ Sunset Western Garden Book, 1995:606–607; OED: "Buddleia"
  6. ^ "Buddleja". The Plant List. Version 1.1. 2013. Retrieved 2016-09-19. 
  7. ^ Linnaei, C. (1753). Species plantarum. Impensis Laurentii Salvii, Stockholm.
  8. ^ McNeill, J.; Barrie, F. R.; Buck, W. R.; Demoulin, V.; Greuter, W.; Hawksworth, D. L.; Herendeen, P. S.; Knapp, S.; Marhold, K.; Prado, J.; Prud'homme van Reine, W. F.; Smith, G. F.; Wiersma, J. H. & Turland, N. J., eds. (2012), International Code of Nomenclature for algae, fungi, and plants (Melbourne Code), Adopted by the Eighteenth International Botanical Congress Melbourne, Australia, July 2011 (electronic ed.), Bratislava: International Association for Plant Taxonomy, retrieved 20 December 2012 .
  9. ^ Stevens, P.F. (2001–2012), "Scrophulariaceae", Angiosperm Phylogeny Website 
  10. ^ Alice M. Coats, Garden Shrubs and Their Histories (1964) 1992, s.v. "Buddleia".
  11. ^ "Buddleja". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved 10 April 2010. 
  12. ^ "GRIN Species Records of Buddleja". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 29 November 2010. 
  13. ^ Norman, E. (2000). Buddlejaceae. Flora Neotropica, Vol. 81. New York Botanical Garden, USA.

External links[edit]

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