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VW Golf, best selling C-segment European model

C-segment (or medium cars) is a Euro Car Segment; a car classification loosely defined[1] by the European Commission as the third-smallest segment (above the A-segment and B-segment) in the European market[2]—in a system that comprises nine overall classes. In 2011, the C-segment had an EU market share of 23%.[3]

As the "segment" terminology became more common in the United States, in 2012 The New York Times described the differences, saying "today's small cars actually span three main segments in the global vehicle market. The tiny A-segment cars include the Chevy Spark and Smart Fortwo. They're extremely short and very light. Slightly larger are B-segment cars like the Ford Fiesta and Chevy Sonic. The A- and B-cars are known as subcompacts. In the C-segment—typically called compacts—are the largest of the small cars."[4]

European sales figures[edit]

[5]

Standard C-segment[edit]

2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Volkswagen Golf 462,527 523,729 534,535 491,681 482,177 Decrease –1.9%
2 Škoda Octavia 165,027 205,071 215,797 226,737 227,313 Increase +0.3%
3 Opel/Vauxhall Astra 198,449 179,547 192,973 250,410 216,515 Decrease –13.5%
4 Ford Focus 225,102 222,297 232,160 212,083 212,353 Increase +0.1%
5 Renault Mégane 149,435 135,206 123,114 148,213 167,836 Increase +13.2%
6 Peugeot 308 99,697 161,515 213,764 194,650 157,422 Decrease –19.1%
7 SEAT Leon 85,954 136,896 141,777 143,938 144,951 Increase +0.7%
8 Fiat Tipo 60,286 123,762 Increase +105.3%
9 Toyota Auris 114,328 128,905 129,648 128,906 114,105 Decrease –11.5%
10 Hyundai i30 97,865 81,686 89,957 77,011 75,802 Decrease –1.6%
11 Kia Ceed 86,743 75,692 73,412 76,530 68,443 Decrease –10.6%
12 Škoda Rapid 38,447 76,925 67,974 67,423 66,512 Decrease –1.4%
13 Mazda Mazda3 24,796 48,096 49,766 45,889 43,794 Decrease –4.6%
14 Honda Civic 43,009 42,035 43,652 45,299 41,285 Decrease –8.9%
15 Citroën C4 79,476 61,533 50,202 46,939 32,673 Decrease –30.4%
16 Nissan Pulsar 8,021 43,267 31,699 25,183 Decrease –20.6%
17 Volkswagen Beetle 36,432 29,371 25,562 25,127 22,360 Decrease –11.0%
18 Hyundai Ioniq 4,066 22,007 Increase +441.2%
19 Nissan Leaf 11,097 15,158 15,303 18,210 16,832 Decrease –7.6%
20 Citroën C-Elysée 7,091 5,933 6,727 14,138 15,620 Increase +10.5%
21 Toyota Corolla 4,714 12,432 12,713 14,030 14,382 Increase +2.5%
22 Toyota Prius 16,098 8,162 7,638 16,348 13,630 Decrease –16.6%
23 Volkswagen Scirocco 11,828 10,093 12,035 10,752 8,657 Decrease –19.5%
24 Volkswagen Jetta 14,693 9,675 10,414 8,947 6,906 Decrease –22.8%
25 SEAT Toledo 13,597 11,037 10,286 9,071 6,726 Decrease –25.9%
26 Hyundai Elantra 1,460 1,375 1,507 2,173 2,485 Increase +14.4%
27 Peugeot 301 3,943 2,837 2,448 2,164 2,397 Increase +10.8%
28 Mitsubishi Lancer 2,954 3,761 3,791 2,665 1,806 Decrease –32.2%
29 Subaru Impreza 1,996 2,240 912 865 1,010 Increase +16.8%
30 Lada Vesta 829 Steady New model
31 Renault Fluence 6,681 5,465 5,081 3,862 202 Decrease –94.8%
32 Chevrolet Cruze 34,361 7,406 149 21 16 Decrease –23.8%
33 Fiat Bravo 9,433 3,850 320 20 3 Decrease –85.0%
Total 2,380,153 2,335,894 Decrease –1.9%

Premium C-segment[edit]

2017
rank
Manufacturer Model 2013 sales 2014 sales 2015 sales 2016 sales 2017 sales % change
(2016–2017)
1 Audi A3 / S3 / RS3 167,804 199,815 198,663 189,956 163,928 Decrease –13.7%
2 Mercedes-Benz A-Class 131,258 121,231 119,475 141,800 143,550 Increase +1.2%
3 BMW 1 Series 152,808 131,847 130,494 132,287 137,959 Increase +4.3%
4 BMW 2 Series Active Tourer/Gran Tourer 12,172 85,734 100,502 85,255 Decrease –15.2%
5 Volvo V40 74,079 80,765 80,843 75,178 70,427 Decrease –6.3%
6 Mercedes-Benz B-Class 100,533 83,597 79,721 73,768 64,683 Decrease –12.3%
7 Mercedes-Benz CLA-Class 27,598 38,374 62,100 65,810 64,086 Decrease –2.6%
8 Alfa Romeo Giulietta 45,920 40,941 41,767 41,528 32,700 Decrease –21.3%
9 Mini Clubman 34,958 32,469 Decrease –7.1%
10 BMW 2 Series Coupé/Convertible 258 13,981 27,443 33,461 29,922 Decrease –10.6%
11 BMW i3 1,447 9,048 11,851 14,999 21,010 Increase +40.1%
12 DS DS 4 25,883 19,450 17,610 17,636 11,746 Decrease –33.4%
13 Lexus CT 200h 9,336 10,148 9,794 8,001 8,419 Increase +5.2%
14 Infiniti Q30 8,453 7,617 Decrease –9.9%
15 Chrysler/Lancia Ypsilon/Delta 8,739 4,203 282 11 3 Decrease –72.7%
Total 939,261 873,774 Decrease –7.0%

Current C-segment cars[edit]

2/3-door models[edit]

Sedans[edit]

Station wagons[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "EU: Vehicle Definitions". Retrieved 25 August 2016. 
  2. ^ "Regulation (EEC) No 4064/89 - Merger Procedure" (PDF). Office for Official Publications of the European Communities L-2985 Luxembourg. exact market definition was left open .. boundaries between segments are blurred by factors other than the size or length of cars 
  3. ^ Christian Thiel; Johannes Schmidt; Arnold Van Zyl; Erwin Schmid (16 February 2014). "Cost and well-to-wheel implications of the vehicle fleet CO2 emission regulation in the European Union". ResearchGate. Transportation Research Part A 63 (2014) 25–42. p. 27+28. doi:10.1016/j.tra.2014.02.018. Retrieved 25 August 2016. There is no or very little overlap between the traditional segments A to F  PDF EU headliner
  4. ^ "Taking the 'Cheap' Out of the Small Car". The New York Times, September 9, 2012, Phil Patton. 
  5. ^ "European car sales data by segment - Left-Lane.com". carsalesbase.com. Retrieved 2018-02-25. 

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