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The Fight For The Right To Vote - Never Forget
The Fight For The Right To Vote - Never Forget
Published: 2012/09/11
Channel: InvolvedCitizen2012
C.T. Vivian: A Message of Hope to Today’s Young People
C.T. Vivian: A Message of Hope to Today’s Young People
Published: 2016/03/25
Channel: Children's Defense Fund
Dr C T Vivian
Dr C T Vivian
Published: 2014/03/10
Channel: HENRY COTTON
Civil Rights History Project: C. T. Vivian
Civil Rights History Project: C. T. Vivian
Published: 2014/06/23
Channel: LibraryOfCongress
President Obama presents Rev. Dr. CT Vivian and Oprah Winfrey with Medal of Freedom Award on NBTV
President Obama presents Rev. Dr. CT Vivian and Oprah Winfrey with Medal of Freedom Award on NBTV
Published: 2013/11/25
Channel: NBTV OFFICIAL CHANNEL
Martin Luther King Day Keynote- Rev. C.T. Vivian
Martin Luther King Day Keynote- Rev. C.T. Vivian
Published: 2010/01/29
Channel: Gustavus Adolphus College
C.T. Vivian, Free Man
C.T. Vivian, Free Man's Will
Published: 2011/09/26
Channel: Emory University
C.T. Vivian: Growing Up on a Farm
C.T. Vivian: Growing Up on a Farm
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
C.T. Vivian: Love of the Church
C.T. Vivian: Love of the Church
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
Dr. Joseph E. Lowery, Rev. C. T. Vivian, Ambassador Young and Other Civil Rights Leaders Join Forces
Dr. Joseph E. Lowery, Rev. C. T. Vivian, Ambassador Young and Other Civil Rights Leaders Join Forces
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: Martin Pratt Top Social Media Strategist
Conversation with the Rev. Dr. C.T. Vivian
Conversation with the Rev. Dr. C.T. Vivian
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Living Legacy Pilgrimage
C.T. Vivian : Freedom Rides
C.T. Vivian : Freedom Rides
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
Civil Rights leader Rev. Dr. C.T. Vivian speaks on his legacy & shares his feelings on President #45
Civil Rights leader Rev. Dr. C.T. Vivian speaks on his legacy & shares his feelings on President #45
Published: 2017/03/28
Channel: IAMTALLBOY
Rev. C. T. Vivian: The Good Fight - God is in Movement Building for Righteousness
Rev. C. T. Vivian: The Good Fight - God is in Movement Building for Righteousness
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: SDPConference
C.T. Vivian: Racism in School
C.T. Vivian: Racism in School
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
Civil Rights Icon C. T. Vivian on Nonviolence & Hypocrisy of U.S. Promoting Democracy Abroad
Civil Rights Icon C. T. Vivian on Nonviolence & Hypocrisy of U.S. Promoting Democracy Abroad
Published: 2015/03/10
Channel: Democracy Now!
Reverend C.T. Vivian
Reverend C.T. Vivian
Published: 2013/06/26
Channel: Federation of Southern Cooperatives
THE END OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY - Rev.Dr.C.T.Vivian
THE END OF AMERICAN DEMOCRACY - Rev.Dr.C.T.Vivian
Published: 2014/04/21
Channel: Paul Gibson
C.T. Vivian: Civil Rights Involvement in Peoria
C.T. Vivian: Civil Rights Involvement in Peoria
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
C.T. Vivian: Test of Nonviolence in Prison
C.T. Vivian: Test of Nonviolence in Prison
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
Interview with C.T. Vivian
Interview with C.T. Vivian
Published: 2013/03/27
Channel: Western Illinois University
C.T. Vivian and Dorothy Cotton
C.T. Vivian and Dorothy Cotton
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: MLKFreedom
REv. CT Vivian On RUNnINg WITh Dick GREgory & Muhammad Ali, AndREw YoUNg & Joel Osteen
REv. CT Vivian On RUNnINg WITh Dick GREgory & Muhammad Ali, AndREw YoUNg & Joel Osteen
Published: 2017/09/01
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient - Cordy Tindell "C.T." Vivian
Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipient - Cordy Tindell "C.T." Vivian
Published: 2013/11/22
Channel: The Obama White House
Rev. C. T. Vivian: "What Is A Man Worth?" #Ferguson
Rev. C. T. Vivian: "What Is A Man Worth?" #Ferguson
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: SDPConference
CLIP - C.T. Vivian
CLIP - C.T. Vivian's interview for Voices Across the Color Line
Published: 2009/10/12
Channel: Atlanta History Center
It
It's a Lifestyle with Gina (Reverend C. T. Vivian)
Published: 2013/09/06
Channel: itsalifestyletv
Reverend Dr. C.T. Vivian and Dr. Dorothy Cotton.mov
Reverend Dr. C.T. Vivian and Dr. Dorothy Cotton.mov
Published: 2011/10/10
Channel: MLKFreedom
C.T. Vivian: Fighting as a Boy
C.T. Vivian: Fighting as a Boy
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
C.T. Vivian on the Nonviolent Method of the Movement
C.T. Vivian on the Nonviolent Method of the Movement
Published: 2017/04/30
Channel: Voices of the Civil Rights Movement
Rev. C.T. Vivian.mov
Rev. C.T. Vivian.mov
Published: 2011/10/25
Channel: FunkBehindTheScenes
Civil Rights Legend Rev. C.T. Vivian On Marion Barry~1/21/2015 & 1/23/2015
Civil Rights Legend Rev. C.T. Vivian On Marion Barry~1/21/2015 & 1/23/2015
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Fulton County Honors C.T. Vivian
Fulton County Honors C.T. Vivian
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: FultonCountyGovernment
C.T. Vivian
C.T. Vivian
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Interfaith Center of New York
Rev. Dr. C. T. Vivian:  A D King:Brother To The Dreamer
Rev. Dr. C. T. Vivian: A D King:Brother To The Dreamer
Published: 2010/06/29
Channel: Babsonabanjo
Reverend C.T. Vivian at Gustavus
Reverend C.T. Vivian at Gustavus
Published: 2010/01/19
Channel: Gustavus News
Reverend C.T. Vivian speaking on Rev Dr Gerald L. Durley
Reverend C.T. Vivian speaking on Rev Dr Gerald L. Durley
Published: 2016/07/18
Channel: ooziebrown
Reverend C.T. Vivian Receives Award from the Federation/LAF
Reverend C.T. Vivian Receives Award from the Federation/LAF
Published: 2013/08/21
Channel: Federation of Southern Cooperatives
Rev. C.T. Vivian: "We Struggle for the Rights of All" #Ferguson
Rev. C.T. Vivian: "We Struggle for the Rights of All" #Ferguson
Published: 2014/09/25
Channel: SDPConference
CT Vivian in Selma, Alabama UNCUT - 5OTH ANNIVERSARY EVENT - MARCH 7, 2015
CT Vivian in Selma, Alabama UNCUT - 5OTH ANNIVERSARY EVENT - MARCH 7, 2015
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: CIVILRIGHTSAGENDA-COM
Rev. C. T. Vivian, Michigan State University Slavery to Freedom lecture series
Rev. C. T. Vivian, Michigan State University Slavery to Freedom lecture series
Published: 2014/05/07
Channel: MSUCOM0
Dr.C.T. Vivian 2014 Chairman
Dr.C.T. Vivian 2014 Chairman's Award 2014 NBCAHOF Weekend
Published: 2014/11/05
Channel: NBCAHOF
CT Vivian Hope Keeper
CT Vivian Hope Keeper
Published: 2012/01/10
Channel: Chris Lett
HAPPY BIRTHDAY DR. C. T. VIVIAN
HAPPY BIRTHDAY DR. C. T. VIVIAN
Published: 2017/07/31
Channel: Leon E Frazier
C.T, Vivian Recounts Meeting With MLK Jr & President Johnson: The RCMS w/ Wanda Smith
C.T, Vivian Recounts Meeting With MLK Jr & President Johnson: The RCMS w/ Wanda Smith
Published: 2016/01/18
Channel: V-103 Atlanta
ITC VISION QUEST WITH DR. C. T. VIVIAN
ITC VISION QUEST WITH DR. C. T. VIVIAN
Published: 2012/07/31
Channel: Michael Fleming
Selma Movie Hero Rev. C.T. Vivian REmembers
Selma Movie Hero Rev. C.T. Vivian REmembers 'The Silent March' 50 Years Later
Published: 2015/01/08
Channel: WeAllBeTV
Dorothy Cotton and C.T. Vivian
Dorothy Cotton and C.T. Vivian
Published: 2012/07/30
Channel: MLKFreedom
C.T. Vivian: Grandmother
C.T. Vivian: Grandmother's and Mother's Reaction to Lifestyle
Published: 2010/03/22
Channel: visionaryproject
Reverend C.T. Vivian regarding persons in jail
Reverend C.T. Vivian regarding persons in jail
Published: 2014/01/08
Channel: Fulton County Sheriff's Office
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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C. T. Vivian
CTVivian.png
C. T. Vivian addressing the annual convention of the Association for the Study of African American Life and History in Atlanta, September 27, 2015.
Born Cordy Tindell Vivian
(1924-07-30) July 30, 1924 (age 93)
Howard, Missouri
Occupation Minister and author

Cordy Tindell Vivian, usually known as C. T. Vivian (born July 30, 1924[1]), is a minister, author, and was a close friend and lieutenant of Martin Luther King Jr. during the Civil Rights Movement. Vivian continues to reside in Atlanta, Georgia and most recently founded the C. T. Vivian Leadership Institute, Inc. He is a member of the Alpha Phi Alpha fraternity.[2]

President Barack Obama, speaking at the occasion of the anniversary of Selma to Montgomery marches in March 2007 at Selma's Brown Chapel A.M.E., recognized Vivian in his opening remarks in the words of Martin L. King Jr. as "the greatest preacher to ever live.”[3]

On August 8, 2013, President Barack Obama named Vivian as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom. The citation in the press release reads as follows:

C. T. Vivian is a distinguished minister, author, and organizer. A leader in the Civil Rights Movement and friend to Martin Luther King, Jr., he participated in Freedom Rides and sit-ins across our country. Vivian also helped found numerous civil rights organizations, including Vision, the National Anti-Klan Network, and the Center for Democratic Renewal. In 2012, he returned to serve as interim President of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference.[4]

Background[edit]

Vivian was born in Howard, Missouri.[1] As a small boy he migrated with his mother to Macomb, Illinois, where he attended Lincoln Grade School and Edison Junior High School. Vivian graduated from Macomb High School in 1942 and went on to attend Western Illinois University in Macomb, where he worked as the sports editor for the school newspaper. His first professional job was recreation director for the Carver Community Center in Peoria, Illinois. There, Vivian participated in his first sit-in demonstrations, which successfully integrated Barton's Cafeteria in 1947.

Studying for the ministry at American Baptist College in Nashville, Tennessee in 1959, Vivian met James Lawson, who was teaching Mohandas Gandhi's nonviolent direct action strategy to the Nashville Student Movement. Soon Lawson's students, including Diane Nash, Bernard Lafayette, James Bevel, John Lewis and others from American Baptist, Fisk University and Tennessee State University, organized a systematic nonviolent sit-in campaign. On April 19, 1960, 4,000 demonstrators marched on City Hall where Vivian and Diane Nash challenged Nashville Mayor Ben West. As a result, Mayor West publicly agreed that racial discrimination was morally wrong. Many of the students who participated in the Nashville Student Movement soon took on major leadership roles in both the Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee (SNCC) and the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC).

Author[edit]

Vivian wrote Black Power and the American Myth in 1970, a book about the failings of the Civil Rights Movement. The book was published by Fortress Press of Philadelphia, Pennsylvania.

The telling prophetic citing of an ongoing challenge between Christians and Muslims judges the previous generation's negligence on working toward peace. "Christians and Muslims can find common ground in the necessity to create new alternatives. Anyone who starts to struggle at any place can go all the way to achieve the changes all desire." (p. 125.)

Work with Martin Luther King and SCLC[edit]

In 1961, Vivian, now a member of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC) participated in Freedom Rides replacing injured members of the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE).

He helped found the Nashville Christian Leadership Conference, and helped organize the first sit-ins in Nashville in 1960 and the first civil rights march in 1961. Vivian rode the first "Freedom Bus" into Jackson, Mississippi, and went on to work alongside Martin Luther King Jr., James Bevel, Diane Nash, and others on SCLC's Executive Staff in Birmingham, Selma, Chicago, Nashville, the March on Washington; Danville, Virginia, and St. Augustine, Florida. Some claim that the St. Augustine campaign helped lead to the passage of the landmark Civil Rights Act of 1964, and Vivian's role in it was honored when he returned to the city in 2008 to dedicate a Freedom Trail of historic sites of the Civil Rights Movement.

During the summer following the Selma Voting Rights Movement, Vivian conceived and directed an educational program, Vision, and put 702 Alabama students in college with scholarships (this program later became Upward Bound). His 1970 Black Power and the American Myth was the first book on the Civil Rights Movement by a member of Martin Luther King's staff.

Later life[edit]

In the 1970s Vivian moved to Atlanta, and in 1977 founded the Black Action Strategies and Information Center (BASICS), a consultancy on multiculturalism and race relations in the workplace and other contexts. In 1979 he co-founded, with Anne Braden, the Center for Democratic Renewal (initially as the National Anti-Klan Network), an organization where blacks and whites worked together in response to white supremacist activity.[5] In 1984 he served in Jesse Jackson's presidential campaign, as the national deputy director for clergy. In 1994 he helped to establish, and served on the board of Capitol City Bank and Trust Co., a black-owned Atlanta bank.[6] He serves currently on the board of Every Church a Peace Church.[7]

Vivian continues to speak publicly and offer workshops, and has done so at many conferences around the country and the world, including with the United Nations.[8] He was featured as an activist and an analyst in the civil rights documentary, Eyes on the Prize, and has been featured in a PBS special, The Healing Ministry of Dr. C. T. Vivian. He has made numerous appearances on Oprah as well as the Montel Williams Show and Donahue. He is the focus of the biography, Challenge and Change by Lydia Walker.

In 2008, Vivian founded and incorporated the C. T. Vivian Leadership Institute, Inc. (CTVLI) to "Create a Model Leadership Culture in Atlanta" Georgia. The C. T. Vivian Leadership Institute conceived, developed and implemented the "Yes, We Care" campaign on December 18, 2008 (four days after the City of Atlanta turned the water off at Morris Brown College [MBC]) and, over a period of two and a half months, mobilized the Atlanta community to donate in excess of $500,000 directly to Morris Brown as "bridge funding." This effort literally saved this Historically Black College University (HBCU) which was founded in 1881 and allowed the college to negotiate with the City which ultimately restored the water services to the college. Additionally, this strategic campaign gave impetus to MBC to expand and renew its donor base.

Subsequent to the Morris Brown campaign, Vivian began discussions with Mosaica Educational Systems which ultimately lead to a partnership with the Atlanta Preparatory Academy (APA) an innovative charter school based in Atlanta at the historic Jordan Hall facility.

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Etheridge, Eric (2008). Breach of Peace. New York: Atlas and Company. p. 40. 
  2. ^ "Civil rights veterans join Martin Luther King Jr.'s fraternity; Alpha Phi Alpha holds initiation ceremony in Atlanta". Alpha Phi Alpha. 10 December 2010. Archived from the original on 3 February 2015. Retrieved 2013-11-21. 
  3. ^ DuBois, Joshua. (5 January 2014) "Keeping Tabs on Obama’s Church Attendance Is No Way to Gauge His Faith". Politics section. The Daily Beast. retrieved 10 August 2014. http://www.thedailybeast.com/articles/2014/01/05/keeping-tabs-on-obama-s-church-attendance-is-no-way-to-gauge-his-faith.html
  4. ^ "President Obama Names Presidential Medal of Freedom Recipients". Office of the Press Secretary, The White House. August 8, 2013. Retrieved August 8, 2013. 
  5. ^ Leonard Zeskind, "The Center for Democratic Renewal Closes its Doors"
  6. ^ "Timeline". Archived from the original on February 8, 2004. Retrieved 2017-04-20. , Peoria Journal Star, October 24, 1999
  7. ^ Board of Directors, Every Church a Peace Church
  8. ^ Reverend C. T. Vivian, Providence Missionary Baptist Church, Atlanta, Georgia

Further reading[edit]

External links[edit]

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