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Step 1: Introduction to Sighted Guide – CNIB
Step 1: Introduction to Sighted Guide – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
CNIB EmployAbility - Developer PSA
CNIB EmployAbility - Developer PSA
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Emergency Intervenor Service - For the Police
CNIB Emergency Intervenor Service - For the Police
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: CNIB
Guiding and supporting someone with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Guiding and supporting someone with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: CNIB
A comparison of screen readers – NVDA – CNIB
A comparison of screen readers – NVDA – CNIB
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: CNIB
Step-by-Step: Other Useful Guiding Tips – CNIB
Step-by-Step: Other Useful Guiding Tips – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Kids Camp, British Columbia, Canada
CNIB Kids Camp, British Columbia, Canada
Published: 2013/01/25
Channel: CNIB
Step-by-Step: Safety – CNIB
Step-by-Step: Safety – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
What is a CCTV? - CNIB
What is a CCTV? - CNIB
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Volunteer Week Video 2017
CNIB Volunteer Week Video 2017
Published: 2017/04/24
Channel: CNIB
Step-by-Step: Additional Guiding Tips – CNIB
Step-by-Step: Additional Guiding Tips – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
New Gadgets – New Tech Devices for Low Vision – CNIB
New Gadgets – New Tech Devices for Low Vision – CNIB
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: CNIB
Introduction to deafblindness - CNIB EnAbling Change
Introduction to deafblindness - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2013/04/23
Channel: CNIB
CNIB’s Lake Joseph Centre
CNIB’s Lake Joseph Centre
Published: 2015/09/30
Channel: CNIB
Join the CNIB Family...
Join the CNIB Family...
Published: 2015/12/01
Channel: CNIB
Independent travel for people with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Independent travel for people with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: CNIB
What is a low vision assessment? - CNIB
What is a low vision assessment? - CNIB
Published: 2014/05/12
Channel: CNIB
Introduction to using a talking watch -- CNIB
Introduction to using a talking watch -- CNIB
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: CNIB
Vital People: CNIB Vision Mates
Vital People: CNIB Vision Mates
Published: 2014/08/26
Channel: The Victoria Foundation
CNIB Emergency Intervenor Service - For EMS
CNIB Emergency Intervenor Service - For EMS
Published: 2014/09/15
Channel: CNIB
Step 2: Basic Sighted Guide Techniques – CNIB
Step 2: Basic Sighted Guide Techniques – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
Step 4: Seating – CNIB
Step 4: Seating – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
Assistive technology for people with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Assistive technology for people with vision loss - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: CNIB
Step 3: Going Through Doors – CNIB
Step 3: Going Through Doors – CNIB
Published: 2014/11/28
Channel: CNIB
Helping someone with vision loss in an emergency - CNIB EnAbling Change
Helping someone with vision loss in an emergency - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: CNIB
Keynote speaker Molly Burke shares her story with CNIB Champions
Keynote speaker Molly Burke shares her story with CNIB Champions
Published: 2015/03/27
Channel: CNIB Alberta and Northwest Territories
CNIB Night Steps With Described Audio
CNIB Night Steps With Described Audio
Published: 2016/05/20
Channel: CNIB
Welcome to CNIB
Welcome to CNIB's Youtube Channel!
Published: 2014/09/19
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Self Defence Workshop
CNIB Self Defence Workshop
Published: 2017/05/11
Channel: AccessibleMedia
CNIB EmployAbility - Interview PSA
CNIB EmployAbility - Interview PSA
Published: 2016/10/13
Channel: CNIB
Stand magnifiers for low vision - CNIB
Stand magnifiers for low vision - CNIB
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: CNIB
Using a sports-style talking watch -- CNIB
Using a sports-style talking watch -- CNIB
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: CNIB
How to assist someone who is blind or partially sighted - CNIB EnAbling Change
How to assist someone who is blind or partially sighted - CNIB EnAbling Change
Published: 2012/12/18
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Guide Dog Awareness. The Dangers of Distraction.
CNIB Guide Dog Awareness. The Dangers of Distraction.
Published: 2015/05/11
Channel: CNIB
CNIB asking for public
CNIB asking for public's help to train guide dogs
Published: 2017/04/28
Channel: CityNews Toronto
Meet Julia Janzen, CNIB client
Meet Julia Janzen, CNIB client
Published: 2013/09/05
Channel: CNIB
NVDA – Finding information on the Internet – CNIB
NVDA – Finding information on the Internet – CNIB
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: CNIB
Compass CNIB Training: In the Classroom
Compass CNIB Training: In the Classroom
Published: 2014/02/26
Channel: TransLink
Tamara
Tamara's story (short) - CNIB TV spot
Published: 2010/05/10
Channel: CNIB
Tour of CNIB
Tour of CNIB's Library in Toronto by CNIB President & CEO John Rafferty - January 2010
Published: 2010/01/20
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Night Steps: Join us under the stars
CNIB Night Steps: Join us under the stars
Published: 2014/12/05
Channel: CNIB
Meet Kim Marsden, CNIB client
Meet Kim Marsden, CNIB client
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: CNIB
Handheld magnifiers for low vision - CNIB
Handheld magnifiers for low vision - CNIB
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: CNIB
Rolling Stones  "PRODIGAL SON" (Keith Richards CNIB Benefit Concert)
Rolling Stones "PRODIGAL SON" (Keith Richards CNIB Benefit Concert)
Published: 2016/07/17
Channel: RollingStones50yrs
CNIB’s pilot program launched in BC: Transition Peer Support Group
CNIB’s pilot program launched in BC: Transition Peer Support Group
Published: 2015/12/22
Channel: CNIB
Parenting with Vision Loss – Introduction – CNIB
Parenting with Vision Loss – Introduction – CNIB
Published: 2015/01/26
Channel: CNIB
CNIB Right To Read - Ray Smith
CNIB Right To Read - Ray Smith
Published: 2017/06/06
Channel: CNIB
CNIB launches a new guide dog program
CNIB launches a new guide dog program
Published: 2017/04/26
Channel: Breakfast Television Toronto
NVDA – Voice options – CNIB
NVDA – Voice options – CNIB
Published: 2015/06/03
Channel: CNIB
New Gadgets – Smart Phones – CNIB
New Gadgets – Smart Phones – CNIB
Published: 2015/04/02
Channel: CNIB
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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CNIB
INCA
Canadian National Institute for the Blind (CNIB) - Toronto, Canada.jpg
CNIB headquarters in Toronto
Logo of CNIB
Motto Seeing beyond vision loss
Formation March 30, 1918; 99 years ago (1918-03-30)
Type Charitable organization
Registration no. 119219459RR0003
Headquarters 1929 Bayview Avenue,
Toronto, Ontario, Canada
Coordinates 43°43′4.55″N 79°22′39.67″W / 43.7179306°N 79.3776861°W / 43.7179306; -79.3776861Coordinates: 43°43′4.55″N 79°22′39.67″W / 43.7179306°N 79.3776861°W / 43.7179306; -79.3776861
Staff
1,100
Volunteers
10,000
Website cnib.ca
Formerly called
Canadian National Institute for the Blind

CNIB[1] (French: INCA) is a volunteer agency and charitable organization dedicated to assisting Canadians who are blind or living with vision loss, and to provide information about vision health for all Canadians. Founded in 1918 as the Canadian National Institute for the Blind (French: Institut national canadien pour les aveugles) to assist soldiers who had been blinded in the First World War, CNIB originally offered sheltered care and specialized employment to people with vision loss. It has since expanded to include other programs and services, including research, public education, rehabilitation counselling and training, advocacy and an alternative-format library for people living with a print disability. It is a member of the Braille Authority of North America.

History[edit]

CNIB was incorporated on March 30, 1918[2] to provide food, clothing and sheltered residences for blind veterans returning from World War I. It began with 27 employees serving 1,521 people who were blind, primarily in Toronto, with two "home teachers" providing rehabilitation training in other parts of Canada.[3]

During the 1920s, CNIB operated a job placement program with limited success, also creating jobs through its own factories, broom shops and concession stands. The organization also appointed a special nurse responsible for vision health and sight preservation.

In 1923, a Dominion Charter was obtained to establish a Home Nursery Hospital and Kindergarten for the Blind under 6 years of age in Ottawa.[4] Mothers of blind babies from any Province in the Dominion, were encouraged to place their charges in the Canadian Blind Babies Home Association for proper care and education c. 1918 - 1939. It was to be similar to "Sunshine Home," at Chorley Wood, England, which was then the only home in the Empire for Blind babies." [5] After the founder, Mrs. Margaret Dean, died it went out of existence and the subscription funds were reallocated to the CNIB.[6]

By the 1950s, CNIB was serving more than 17,000 clients, with offices, vocational centres and residences in major Canadian cities. A formalized research program into prevention was also prioritized.[3] Steps were taken towards advocacy with the 1930 Blind Voters Act, allowing a person who is blind to vote with the assistance of a sighted person, and legislation around mandatory eye drops to prevent disease in newborns. In 1956, the organization helped sponsor a course for blind computer programmers.[3]

In 2010, the organisation officially changed its name to simply "CNIB" after a national consultation with its membership, branding support from Pilot PMR and creative by Cossette, Inc.[1]

In the 21st century, CNIB has approximately 1,100 staff and over 10,000 volunteers conducting research, personalized rehabilitation support and advocacy for Canadians who are blind or partially sighted. It also provides public education on the importance of vision health and preventing eye disease, with the goal of eliminating avoidable sight loss in Canada.[3]

Services[edit]

CNIB operates community-based services for Canadians who are blind or partially sighted. This includes assistance in returning to school, advice on travelling, and emotional support. These services are delivered either at a local CNIB office, within the community, over the phone, online or in an individual’s home.[7] It also offers advocacy support for resources focusing on social issues, such as concessions, housing, finances and leisure pursuits. Self-help groups are facilitated by staff and volunteers who may be blind or partially sighted.[8]

CNIB provides functional assessments of visual abilities, instruction on how to maximize residual vision, and, as required, information and training in the use of low vision devices.[8] Life-skills training emphasizes managing the essentials of daily living, including safe and effective methods of cooking, alternate communication methods such as braille and large print, and household tasks such as laundry, banking, writing and personal care.[8] Orientation and mobility instructors provide instruction on how to move safely around the house, and/or skills to travel safely within the community.[8]

The organization operates a library that includes more than 80,000 accessible materials in formats such as Braille, audio, DAISY and e-text.[9] Assistive technology services include accessible audio book players, video magnifiers, computer screen readers and other tools to make life with vision loss easier. Specialists provide instruction through demonstration, assessment, training and technical support about the availability, selection, use and purchase of devices for individual needs.[8]

Organization[edit]

CNIB employs approximately 1,100 professionals, working in the fields of life-skills training, library services, research, advocacy, public education, accessible design consulting, fundraising and administration. CNIB also receives support from over 10,000 volunteers working in all regions of the country.

The organization consists of a national office at the CNIB Centre in Toronto and eight provincial and territorial divisions. They are governed by a volunteer board of directors, selected from across Canada, including representatives from the corporate, medical and government sectors, as well as individuals affected by vision loss. There are eight operating divisions, plus the Lake Joseph Centre and the CNIB Library, each with a volunteer board. The chair of each division board sits on a Council of Chairs in order to provide input and advice to CNIB’s President and CEO.[10]

Discounts[edit]

A number of businesses and government services offer discounted rates for those who are blind or visually impaired upon presentation of a CNIB identification card. The card is offered exclusively to Canadians who are legally blind and registered at CNIB, with 20/200 vision in the best eye with correction or a visual field of 20 degrees or less.

Air travel[edit]

The One Person, One Fare Policy has been in effect since January 10, 2009. The policy accommodates at no extra cost people meeting certain requirements who require an extra seat due to a disability for domestic flights on WestJet and Air Canada only.

Trains[edit]

Via Rail offers free travel to one escort accompanying a person with vision loss. The escort or attendant travels free in the same class of service. Passengers wishing to travel with an escort must be eligible for a CNIB ID Card and have the card in hand when purchasing a train ticket.

Buses[edit]

Greyhound offers two-for-one fares, wherein a guide can travel free when accompanying a blind or visually impaired person. The discount also applies to travel with Société de transport de la Rive-Sud (STRSM), Corporation métropolitaine des transports de Sherbrooke (CMTS), RÉgie de transport en commum de Shawinigan (RTCS), Corporation inter-municipale de transport des Forges (CITF) and Société de transport du Saguenay (STS)People with vision loss should contact the bus carrier about discounted fares as it varies from province to province.

Cultural events[edit]

Discounts are available on the cost of admission for select cultural events upon presentation of a CNIB ID card. Most major movie theatres take part in a program run by Easter Seals in Canada called Access2Entertainment.[11] The program requires CNIB members to pay an administration fee of $20, which goes to Easter Seals, in order to receive a card good for 5 years. Regardless of their participation in the program, some theaters will still accept the CNIB ID card.

References[edit]

External links[edit]

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