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1
Lahave River Cable Ferry docking
Lahave River Cable Ferry docking
::2013/07/06::
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2
Lytton Cable Ferry across the Fraser River
Lytton Cable Ferry across the Fraser River
::2011/08/19::
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3
Needles cable ferry
Needles cable ferry
::2013/09/23::
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4
Adams Lake cable ferry
Adams Lake cable ferry
::2013/09/16::
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5
BC Ferries sailing ahead with plans for Denman cable ferry
BC Ferries sailing ahead with plans for Denman cable ferry
::2012/11/24::
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6
Cable Ferry In Ice
Cable Ferry In Ice
::2012/04/17::
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7
Cable Ferry 101
Cable Ferry 101
::2013/09/23::
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8
Camargue Cable Ferry Ride
Camargue Cable Ferry Ride
::2008/11/12::
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9
Denman Island Residents Outraged About Cable Ferry Plan
Denman Island Residents Outraged About Cable Ferry Plan
::2011/10/22::
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10
Ironton Cable Ferry - Lake Charlevoix, Michigan
Ironton Cable Ferry - Lake Charlevoix, Michigan
::2012/06/05::
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11
LaHave Cable Ferry
LaHave Cable Ferry
::2012/06/18::
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12
Country Harbor Cable Ferry
Country Harbor Cable Ferry
::2011/09/11::
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13
DENMAN CABLE FERRY NIXED : BC FERRIES TO DEBUT RE-BORN
DENMAN CABLE FERRY NIXED : BC FERRIES TO DEBUT RE-BORN 'COAL FIRED' FERRY on ROUTE # 21
::2012/09/22::
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14
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
::2014/02/07::
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15
Denman Cable Ferry Protest 1
Denman Cable Ferry Protest 1
::2013/08/29::
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16
Cable Ferry Mtg Part 1
Cable Ferry Mtg Part 1
::2013/09/10::
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17
Cable Ferry Across the Harbor
Cable Ferry Across the Harbor
::2011/09/11::
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18
Windermere Ferry
Windermere Ferry
::2008/12/31::
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19
Skåldön lossi Tammisaaressa. Cable ferry at Tammisaari Finland 2011
Skåldön lossi Tammisaaressa. Cable ferry at Tammisaari Finland 2011
::2011/08/20::
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20
Skåldön lossi Tammisaaressa. Cable ferry at Tammisaari Finland 2011
Skåldön lossi Tammisaaressa. Cable ferry at Tammisaari Finland 2011
::2011/08/20::
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21
Cable Ferry accross Moselle River at Beilstein, Germany
Cable Ferry accross Moselle River at Beilstein, Germany
::2012/05/20::
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22
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
::2009/08/21::
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23
BCF Cable Ferry meeting 6 Sept
BCF Cable Ferry meeting 6 Sept
::2013/09/07::
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24
Nova Scotia Ferries "LaHave Cable Ferry"
Nova Scotia Ferries "LaHave Cable Ferry"
::2011/08/06::
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25
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
Skåldön lossi - Skåldö färja - Skåldö Cable Ferry
::2014/02/28::
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26
Arrow Park cable ferry
Arrow Park cable ferry
::2013/09/17::
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27
Cable Ferry Overview
Cable Ferry Overview
::2011/09/11::
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28
Cable Ferry crossing the Little Scarcies River - Sierra Leone
Cable Ferry crossing the Little Scarcies River - Sierra Leone
::2010/02/12::
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29
Cape Breton cable Ferry...Englishtown, NS
Cape Breton cable Ferry...Englishtown, NS
::2011/07/27::
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30
Ragna - Kabelfærgen på Randers Fjord (The Cable Ferry, Ragna,  on Randers Fjord)
Ragna - Kabelfærgen på Randers Fjord (The Cable Ferry, Ragna, on Randers Fjord)
::2011/11/16::
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31
Cable ferry from Fauquier to Needles, BC
Cable ferry from Fauquier to Needles, BC
::2011/11/21::
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32
Point Richmond Old Cable Ferry
Point Richmond Old Cable Ferry
::2009/11/17::
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33
Harrop cable ferry
Harrop cable ferry
::2012/10/30::
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34
CABLE FERRY
CABLE FERRY
::2013/08/28::
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35
MF Nissen, Cable Ferry, Fjone
MF Nissen, Cable Ferry, Fjone
::2012/06/08::
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36
Cable Ferry Mtg Part 3
Cable Ferry Mtg Part 3
::2013/09/10::
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37
Cable ferry
Cable ferry
::2011/03/30::
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38
Woodland Ferry - Cable Operated Ferry in DE
Woodland Ferry - Cable Operated Ferry in DE
::2013/09/23::
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39
Cable ferry
Cable ferry
::2011/11/19::
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40
Point Richmond Railroad Cable Ferry
Point Richmond Railroad Cable Ferry
::2009/11/17::
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41
BANKS OF THE RIVER DART (PART 11) CABLES FERRY TO DARTHAVEN MARINA, DARTMOUTH UK.
BANKS OF THE RIVER DART (PART 11) CABLES FERRY TO DARTHAVEN MARINA, DARTMOUTH UK.
::2011/06/18::
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42
Greenvale Creek & Merry Point Ferry, Virginia
Greenvale Creek & Merry Point Ferry, Virginia
::2010/05/02::
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43
BANKS OF THE RIVER DART (PART 10) NOSS MARINA TO CABLE CAR FERRY, DARTMOUTH UK.
BANKS OF THE RIVER DART (PART 10) NOSS MARINA TO CABLE CAR FERRY, DARTMOUTH UK.
::2011/06/18::
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44
DENMAN CABLE FERRY turnaround time, savings, group funding
DENMAN CABLE FERRY turnaround time, savings, group funding
::2013/04/14::
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45
cable ferry 1940s
cable ferry 1940s
::2013/11/03::
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46
The road to Cape Tribulation Cable ferry, Australia Cairns
The road to Cape Tribulation Cable ferry, Australia Cairns
::2011/01/22::
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47
Sandbanks Cable Ferry
Sandbanks Cable Ferry
::2013/09/22::
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48
Udbyhoej ferry port (Denmark)
Udbyhoej ferry port (Denmark)
::2010/07/11::
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49
Chain ferry.
Chain ferry.
::2012/12/23::
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50
Gentle Bike Ride to Egypt Point via East Cowes & the Chain Ferry
Gentle Bike Ride to Egypt Point via East Cowes & the Chain Ferry
::2014/02/24::
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From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Coin operated cable ferry at Espevær in Bømlo, Norway

A cable ferry (also called chain ferry, swing ferry, floating bridge, or punt) is a ferry that is guided (and in many cases propelled) across a river or large body of water by cables connected to both shores. Early cable ferries often used either rope or steel chains, with the latter resulting in the alternate name of chain ferry. Both of these were largely replaced by stronger and more durable wire cable by the late 19th century.

Types[edit]

winding mechanism on the Sackville Ferry

There are three types of cable ferry: the reaction ferry, which uses the power of the river to tack across the current; the powered cable ferry, which uses an engine or electric motors (e.g., the Canby Ferry) to wind itself across; and fast disappearing is the hand-operated type, such as the Stratford-upon-Avon Chain Ferry in the UK and the Saugatuck Chain Ferry in Michigan, USA.

Powered cable ferries use powered cogs or drums on board the vessel to pull itself along by the cables. The cables or chains have a considerable amount of slack built into them, in order that they sink below the surface as the ferry moves away, allowing other vessels to pass without becoming grounded, snared or trapped. Where a ferry carries both passengers and vehicles the car deck occupies the centre (helping to balance the vessel) and two passenger areas are at the sides, over the tunnels for the chains and the engines. As the ferry cannot steer a ramp is built at both ends, and there is usually a set of controls facing in either direction.

Cable ferries are common where there is little other water-borne traffic that could get snagged in the cable or chains, where the water may be too shallow for other options, or where the river current is too strong to permit the safe crossing of a ferry not attached to the shore. Alignment of the platform at each end of the journey is automatic and, especially for vehicle ferries, safer than a free-moving ferry might be in bad conditions.

A special type are electrically powered overhead-wire ferries like Straussee Ferry, which have an onboard propulsion unit and can float free, but are connected to the overhead wire for power supply, using an electrical cable that slides along the wire as the ferry moves.

History[edit]

Simple cable ferry, Gee's Bend, Alabama, 1939

Cable ferries have probably been used to cross rivers and similar bodies of water since before recorded history. Examples of ferry routes using this technology date back to the 13th century (Hampton Ferry in England).

In the early 1900s a cable ferry designed by Canadian engineer William Pitt was installed on the Kennebecasis River near Saint John, New Brunswick in Canada.[1] There are now eight cable ferries along the St John River system in southern New Brunswick. In Canada a cable ferry is proposed to transport automobiles across the Ottawa River in Ontario. There are several in British Columbia: two on the Fraser, one at Lytton, one at Big Bar, three on Arrow Lakes. A suspended cable ferry worked until the 1980s in Boston Bar. A small seasonal reaction ferry carries cars across the Rivière des Prairies from Laval, Quebec (Sainte-Dorothée neighbourhood) to Île Bizard (part of Montreal).

Cable ferries were particularly prominent in early transportation in the Sacramento Delta of California. Dozens of cable ferries operated on the Columbia River in the US northwest, and most have been rendered obsolete by bridges. A suspended cable ferry for railway cars crossed the American River in Northern California.

Most of the road crossings of the Murray River in South Australia are cable ferries operated by the state government using diesel engines. The platforms at the ends can be moved up or down according to the water level. At one time, cable ferries were a primary means of automobile transportation in New South Wales in Australia. In Tasmania, for a century before 1934, the Risdon Punt at Hobart was the only fixed method of crossing the Derwent River within Hobart city limits.

In the fishing village of Tai O on Lantau Island, Hong Kong, the Tai O Ferry (橫水渡) crossed the Tai O River before a bascule bridge was built.

Ownership[edit]

The earliest punts were privately owned by local landowners, and charged a toll. As governments started to build roads, they started to build and operate punts as required. Private punts might be bought out, or made to impose more standard tolls.[2]

Hazards and Incidents[edit]

Duplicated punts can be provided if capacity of one is not enough. Twin ferries allow one to operate while the other is being maintained.[5]

List of cable ferries[edit]

Current cable ferries include:

Albania[edit]

Australia[edit]

The Mannum Ferry.
The Moggill Ferry
Wisemans Ferry

Austria[edit]

Belize[edit]

Canada[edit]

Lytton Ferry (Fraser River)
Needles Cable Ferry (Arrow Lakes)
Riverhurst Ferry

Czech Republic[edit]

Denmark[edit]

Estonia[edit]

Finland[edit]

Alassalmi cable ferry
Karhun cable ferry
Pikkarala ferry wintering on the shore of Oulujoki.

Åland[edit]

France[edit]

Germany[edit]

The Pritzerbe Ferry
The Rathen Ferry

Hong Kong[edit]

Italy[edit]

Mozambique[edit]

Chain ferry being handcranked in Mozambique
  • Ferry across Shire River, 37 km south of Malawi's southernmost border

Netherlands[edit]

There are more than 100 cable ferries in the Netherlands,[17] 11 of which use a floating cable with a single anchorage. The larger ones are usually powered by a diesel-powered screw propellor, the smaller ones often use the cable for propulsion. Most of the larger cable ferries angle themselves in the stream to gain part of their propulsion from the current, as a reaction ferry.

Some examples:

  • Cuijk ferry, across the Meuse at Cuijk
  • Genemuiden ferry, across the Zwarte Water at Genemuiden
  • Jonen ferry, across the Walengracht at Jonen, only taking foot passengers and cyclists, winched to the other bank by an electric motor on one of the banks.
  • Lexkesveer, across the Nederrijn near Wageningen, first mentioned in 1426
  • Oijen Ferry, across the Meuse at Oijen
  • Wijhe Ferry, across the IJssel at Wijhe
  • Wijk bij Duurstede ferry, across the Lek. This one uses a floating cable.

Norway[edit]

New Zealand[edit]

Poland[edit]

Ferry in Kazimierz Dolny-Janowiec (Poland - Vistula river)
Ferry in Gniew (Poland, Vistula river)

South Africa[edit]

Malgas Ferry on the Breede River, Western Cape, South Africa

Spain[edit]

Sweden[edit]

The Swedish ferry Carolina af Arnö in lake Mälaren. The yellow colour is typical for car ferries in Sweden.

Switzerland[edit]

United Kingdom[edit]

The Cowes Floating Bridge loading at East Cowes

United States[edit]

Canby Ferry
White's Ferry on the Potomac River
Wheatland Ferry
Princeton Ferry (Undergoing Renovation)

Zambia[edit]

Zimbabwe[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Saint John, New Brunswick First". Retrieved November 20, 2006. 
  2. ^ "ORIGINAL CORRESPONDENCE.". The Argus (Melbourne, Vic. : 1848 - 1956) (Melbourne, Vic.: National Library of Australia). 7 April 1856. p. 5. Retrieved 7 June 2012. 
  3. ^ "PUNT ADRIFT.". The Register (Adelaide, SA : 1901 - 1929) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 19 November 1913. p. 13. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  4. ^ "PUNT WORKING.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 5 March 1953. p. 11. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  5. ^ "Blanchetown Punt.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 13 April 1953. p. 4. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  6. ^ "Vivar-Kanal". Wikipedia Deutsch. Retrieved 2009-01-16. 
  7. ^ "Blanchetown Punt.". The Advertiser (Adelaide, SA : 1931 - 1954) (Adelaide, SA: National Library of Australia). 25 November 1954. p. 4. Retrieved 4 June 2012. 
  8. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k "Ferry Locations and Operational Status". Government of South Australia. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  9. ^ a b "Council rejects call to change ferry service management". ABC. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  10. ^ a b "New Settlement Point Ferry". Port Macquarie - Hastings Council. Retrieved 2008-12-24. 
  11. ^ "Speewa Ferry - Murray River". New South Wales Roads and Traffic Authority. Retrieved 2008-11-18. 
  12. ^ Dickinson, Alex; Earley, David (2008-09-25). "Moggill Ferry master saves man after Brisbane River mishap". Courier Mail. Retrieved 2008-12-09. 
  13. ^ "Walkabout - Meningie". Fairfax Digital. Retrieved 2008-11-27. 
  14. ^ "Noosa North Shore Car Ferries". Noosa North Shore Car Ferries. Retrieved 2008-11-11. 
  15. ^ a b c d e f "Inland Ferry Schedules". Province of British Columbia. Retrieved 2008-11-25. 
  16. ^ a b c d e "Government of Alberta Transportation Ferries". Government of Alberta. Retrieved 2009-07-03. 
  17. ^ "List of ferry types in the Netherlands" (in Dutch). Vrienden van de voetveren. Retrieved 2014-03-09. 
  18. ^ "Prom rzeczny (52.215265,18.434951)" [River ferry (52.215265,18.434951)]. Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  19. ^ "Prom rzeczny (50.290066,20.801754)" [River ferry (50.290066,20.801754)]. Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  20. ^ "Prom rzeczny (52.055176,15.42901)" [River ferry (52.055176,15.42901)]. Google Maps. Google. Retrieved 2012-01-29. 
  21. ^ "File:Adelson farja 2008.JPG". Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  22. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Jamtlands-lan/Ammeroleden/
  23. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Sodermanlands/Arnoleden/
  24. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Norrbottens-lan/Avanleden/
  25. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Norrbottens-lan/Bohedenleden/
  26. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Vastra-Gotaland1/BohusMalmonleden/
  27. ^ http://www.stromstad.se/omkommunen/forvaltningar/tekniska/hamnar/linfarjor/linfarjabojarkilen.500.html
  28. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Smaland1/Bolmsoleden/
  29. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Vastra-Gotaland1/Hamburgsundsleden/
  30. ^ http://www.hogmarsofarja.se/
  31. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Varmlands214/Hogsaterleden/
  32. ^ http://www.trafikverket.se/Farja/Farjeleder/Farjeleder-i-ditt-lan/Farjeleder-i-Jamtlands-lan/Isoleden/
  33. ^ "File:Linfärjan Karna, Ivösjön.jpg". Wikimedia Commons. Retrieved 2009-01-19. 
  34. ^ http://www.stromstad.se/omkommunen/forvaltningar/tekniska/hamnar/linfarjor/linfarjakostersundet.501.html
  35. ^ http://www.torponsfarjelage.se/index.php?option=com_content&view=category&id=41&layout=blog&Itemid=93&lang=sv
  36. ^ http://www.ytterofarjan.se/index.html
  37. ^ Hamill, Sean D. (2009-05-17). "Getting There From Here, Is It Better by the Ferry?". The New York Times. Retrieved 2010-04-28. 
  38. ^ "The Cable Guy - Piloting the Delta's J-Mack ferry beats working for a living". Prosper Media, LLC. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  39. ^ a b "Ferries". California Delta Chambers and Visitor's Bureau. Retrieved 2008-12-01. 
  40. ^ a b c Shellenberger, William H (2001). Cruising the Chesapeake. McGraw-Hill Professional. pp. 236–237. ISBN 0-07-136371-8. 

External links[edit]


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