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Lungsod ng Calapan
|— Component City —|
|City of Calapan|
|Region||MIMAROPA (Region IV-B)|
|District||1st district of Oriental Mindoro|
|Founded||January 2, 1917|
|Cityhood||March 21, 1998|
|• Mayor||Doy C. Leachon (LP)|
|• Total||250.06 km2 (96.55 sq mi)|
|• Density||500/km2 ( 1,300/sq mi)|
|Time zone||PHT (UTC+8)|
|Income class||2nd class city|
Calapan City is a third class component city in the First Congressional District in the province of Oriental Mindoro, Philippines, and serves as the provincial capital. It is known as the "Gateway to the Golden Isle" but is also referred to with other different titles such as "The Discipline City", "The City of the Golden Grains", "The Agropolis of the South", and "The Provincial Capitol" . According to the 2010 Census, it has a population of 124,173 people. Its citizens are called Calapeños.
The city's economy is dependent on agriculture and fishing. However, a growing industry in machinery and tourism has contributed well to the city's annual income making it one of the fastest growing new cities in the country for the last 10 years. Calapan City also serves as the gateway to the Oriental Mindoro province with the implementation of the Strong Republic Nautical Highway, an integrated roll-on/roll-off ferry project of former President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo that extends further to the southern part of the Philippines. The Calapan City Seaport is the largest and busiest seaport on the Mindoro island with ships that travels to and from the Batangas City International Seaport. Calapan City is 45 minutes away from Batangas City and is accessible by ferry boat and RORO ships.
Calapan City is currently one of the only two cities (the other being Puerto Princesa City) in the MIMAROPA region of the Philippines. It is the center of commerce and industry, the center of transport and communication, and the center of education in the entire province of Oriental Mindoro. It also serves as the administrative center in the entire Region of MIMAROPA.
Calapan is bounded on the north and northeast by the Calapan Bay. South and southeast of it is the Municipality of Naujan and on the west is the Municipality of Baco. The city lies in the quadrangle bounded by 13°12.6 and 13°27’ north latitudes and 121°17’ east longitudes. It is approximately 28 nautical miles from the nearest point of Batangas Province and 45 kilometers south of Batangas City and 130 kilometers south of Manila.
It has an area of 250.06 sq. km. It has also jurisdiction over the three Baco Islets on the Calapan Bay and the two Silonay Islets and is composed of 62 Barangays (22 urban, 40 rural).
The overall land characteristic is a wide plain with rivers, interspersed with wetlands at the seacoast periphery. The highest elevation of 187 meters above sea level is Bulusan Hill, interrupts the flat terrain at the northeast towards the coast and the rise at the southwest which is part of the Halcon-Baco Mountain Range.
Calapan City is best described as mild. It is relatively dry from November to April and wet during the rest of the year. February and March have the least rainfall while October and November are the months of greatest rainfall. Average yearly rainfall is 2,500 to 4,500 millimetres (98 to 180 in) at the City’s southwest portion. The average daily temperature is 22.9 to 28.3 °C (73 to 83 °F).
Wind direction throughout the year is variable; Northeast monsoons prevail from August, November, December and January to March; East to Northeast on April; Southeast to South on May and June; Northeast to South on July and September, and Easterly on October.
Climate is favorable for vegetation throughout the year under the type abcD climate characterization of PAGASA with relative humidity at 81%.
San Vicente Central is one of Calapan City's barangays and serves as the commercial and financial center of the city. Some of the big establishments in San Vicente Central are the Hotel Mayi, the tallest building in Oriental Mindoro; Citimart Island Mall and Cinema; the Calapan City Public Market; GE Mart (Golden Eagle Mart); Jollibee; Chowking; Mang Inasal; Mcdonald's; Lotsa Pizza; Globe Telecom; Smart Communications Wireless Center; Caballero Marketing; People's Arcade; Good Morning Enterprises and Juanita Mart.
San Vicente Central is divided by J.P. Rizal Avenue, the major thoroughfare in the city lined by several commercial establishments.
The City of Calapan is politically subdivided into 62 barangays.
Calapan was formerly a small village before the establishment of the first Religious District in Baco. The District convent was transferred to Calapan in 1733 and began its jurisdiction over the Northern Mindoro Ecclesiastical Area.
In the early 18th century, the town only occupied a strip of land stretching from Ibaba to Ilaya in a cross-shape facing the present church and cut-off by the river. Later on, succeeding barrios were founded
In 1837, the capital of the province was moved from Puerto Galera to Calapan. When Mindoro became a part of Marinduque on June 13, 1902, the provincial capital was once again moved to Puerto Galera. On November 10, 1902, Mindoro was detached from Marinduque. In 1903, Calapan once again became the provincial capital.
When Mindoro was detached from Marinduque on November 10, 1902, Baco, Puerto Galera and San Teodoro were annexed to Calapan in 1905 under Act. 1280, adding a total area of 843 square kilometres (325 sq mi). of land. In 1902, under Act 2824, the three (3) municipalities gained their independence.
In 1919, the boundary dispute between Calapan and Naujan was adjudicated by Presidentes Agustin Quijano of Calapan and Agustin Garong of Naujan over a portion of the territory of what is now known as the present boundary. The portion of agricultural area was awarded to Naujan, thus, making the area of Calapan much smaller as compared to that of Naujan which is now considered as the biggest municipality of the province.
At present, Calapan has an area of only 250.06 square kilometres (96.55 sq mi) (according to LMB). It has also jurisdiction over the three Baco Islets on the Calapan Bay and the two Silonay Islets.
The year 1998 was a landmark event for Calapan when it was converted from a municipality into a component city by virtue of Republic Act No. 8475. The law was authored in Congress by Rep. Renato V. Leviste, signed by President Fidel Ramos on February 2, 1998. On March 21, 1998, the people of Calapan ratified the creation of the City of Calapan in a plebiscite marking the same day as the city’s foundation day. Incumbent Mayor Arnan C. Panaligan became the last Municipal Mayor and the First City Mayor of the City of Calapan. To date, it is the first and only city in the whole province Mindoro.
Since its creation as a city, Calapan has witnessed significant strides in commerce and industry, infrastructure and social services. New commercial establishments were opened providing employment and income opportunities for the residents. An expanded program on social services delivery, particularly in health care and education, were undertaken. The city’s physical infrastructure was upgraded which includes the construction of new roads and drainage facilities, as well as a new City Government Center. Tourism was boosted with the opening of inland resorts and new hotels. Malls had also started rising in the city to cater more to the shopping needs of its people. Sports and events tourism were also strengthened as was seen with the large influx of tourists in the city during the MIMAROPARAA, ALCULYMPICS and Ms. Earth Long Gown Competition all in 2011, proofs that indeed the city is capable of handling regional and national activities.
In the One Town-One Product (OTOP) of the National Government, Calapan is touted as the "Golden Grains City of the South" possessing picturesque natural attractions, culture-rich historical sites, eco and agri-tourism sites, beach and farm resorts, fully developed hotels, inns and pension houses. Enhancement of already breath-taking sceneries through the tasteful addition of classic resort facilities, quality and high standards of accommodation facilities and services create an environment conducive to the development of tourism as OTOP of the city. Long beach front in Calapan Bay, the vast potentials of the city as a major agricultural producer, its tropical rainforest and other environmental conservation area lead to a more vibrant and diversified agri-eco tourism investment and development. Through OTOP, the local administration is determined to put Calapan in the map as one of the country's premiere tourist destination.
Calapan boasts of many notable achievements and awards that it had garnered under its belt in the past years ever since becoming a city, such as when it was recognized as one of the "Most Competitive Cities in the Philippines" and being awarded with an ISO certification both in 2008, the Calapan City Accounting office being awarded with "Most Outstanding Accounting Office in the Philippines" in 2009, the new city public market being adjudged as the "Most Outstanding Infrastructure Project in Asia" by the Association of Development Financing Institution in Asia and the Pacific, the city being "One of the Top 12 Most Business-Friendly Cities of the Philippines" out of 60 city-applicants in the country, the Calapan City PESO being "No. 2 Best PESO in the Philippines", being awarded with the "Seal of Good Housekeeping" by the Department of the Interior and Local Government, being chosen as one of the only four City Governments in the country which was able to maintain its ISO certification, and being awarded with the "The Trailblazer Award" by the Institute for Solidarity in Asia to name a few.
In a breath-taking sweep, Calapan was promoted from a 4th Class City in 2007 to a 2nd Class City in 2010, on account of its innovations in public service, modernization programs, increased revenue collection, and overall economic improvement.
The derivation of the name of Calapan cannot be traced with certainty. Some opined that it came from the word “Kalap” which means to gather logs. Thus “Kalapan” was supposed to be a place where logs were gathered. In the old records, however, there was never a mention of Calapan as a place where logs were produced or exported. Furthermore, huge forest trees where logs were produced certainly did not grow near the town, which was swampy. Another theory holds that Calapan was originally pronounced as “Kalapang” which, according to an old Tagalog dictionary, was a synonym for “sanga” or branch. It could then refer to the settlement of Kalapang as a branch of its mother town of Baco, an adjoining town. The name was later hispanized as Calapan.
Calapan City was hit by tropical depression Quedan and heavy moonson rains on December 11, 2005 resulting in massive flooding all over the city and nearby municipalities. It was reported that 60 out of the 62 barangays were affected by floods due to the swelling of the Bucayao River, a river located at the southern part of the city that spans seven barangays, and a landslide occurrence in the Bucayao dike.
On December 18, 2005, PAGASA issued the final bulletin of TD Quedan. However, as it moved farther away from the country, eastern and southern Luzon still experienced continuous rains which resulted in renewed breaching of the temporary dike in Calapan City.
President Gloria Macapagal Arroyo (now convicted of plunder)visited Calapan City on December 7, 2005 to personally assess the situation and presided over the Provincial Disaster Coordinating Council (PDCC) emergency meeting with concerned local government officials in Oriental Mindoro and turned over 200 sacks of rice to PDCC Oriental Mindoro and City Dbh n rt jyt uk isaster Coordinating Council (CDCC) Calapan City.
On December 8, 2005, Ms. Arroyo presided the National Disaster Coordinating Council (NDCC) emergency meeting at the National Disaster Management Center and gave instructions to fast track the restoration of electricity in the affected city and municipalities of Oriental Mindoro and issued a memorandum to all implementing agencies to maintain 24-hour operations in their respective operation centers in view of PAGASA's forecast of long period of rains induced by northeasterly wind.
In compliance with the above instructions, the NDCC wrote a letter of request addressed to the General Manager of the Oriental Mindoro Electric Cooperative (ORMECO) to fast track the full restoration of electric power supply of the affected areas particularly in Calapan City. In addition, Memorandum Circular No. 08 was issued to NDCC member agencies for the maintenance of round the clock manning of respective agency operations center for quick response in case flooding and other similar disaster situations.
The NDCC Operations Center coordinated with the Armed Forces of the Philippines for the availability of all aircraft for the conduct of visual inspection, damage assessment, search, rescue and relief operations in the flood-stricken areas in Mindoro and Palawan. With the cooperation of the Department of Transportation and Communications (Philippines) and the Philippine Coast Guard (PCG), trips from Calapan City to southern Mindoro were suspended.
On the other hand, the National Food Authority (Philippines) (NFA) released 1,000 sacks of rice (300 to PDCC Oriental Mindoro, 200 to Calapan City and 500 to PDCC Palawan) while the Department of Health (Philippines) (DOH) provided assorted medicines worth of P1,788,287.00 that were divided to Mindoro and Palawan provinces. The Department of Social Welfare and Development and the Philippine National Red Cross provided assorted relief goods (food and non-food items) to familied affected by flood.
Senator Manny Villar also donated 1000 boxes of repacked rice and 1000 boxes of used clothing on December 11, 2005.
The City Government established a community kitchen at Jose J. Leido Jr. Memorial National High School evacuation and provided assorted relief goods to more than 100 affected families.
The city is host to numerous higher education institutions. The Divine Word College of Calapan, a Catholic college run by the Divine Word Missionaries is currently the largest institution of higher learning in the city and the province of Oriental Mindoro. Other private institutions of higher learning include the St. Anthony College Calapan City (Information Technology, Nursing and Tourism), Luna Goco Colleges (Nursing), Southwestern Luzon Maritime Institute Foundation and Filipino Academy of Scientific Trades (Maritime Studies), AMA Computer Learning Center (Information Technology), and CLCC Institute of Computer Arts and Technology (Information Technology).
There are currently two public higher educational institutions in the city. One is the Mindoro State College of Agriculture and Technology while the other is the City College of Calapan which was opened last June 2008 through the initiative of City Mayor Salvador Leachon.
Calapan City has seven national high schools (NHS), one of which is the Jose J. Leido Jr. Memorial National High School (LEMNAHIS) the flagship campus and the largest Public High School in Oriental Mindoro. Other public high schools include the Mamerta Gargullo Tolentino Memorial National High School (former Parang NHS), Ceriaco A. Abes Memorial MNHS, Canubing NHS, Managpi NHS, Pedro V. Panaligan MNHS, the Community Vocational High School, and the LEMNAHIS Bucayao Annex.
The Catholic Church also runs the Holy Infant Academy, while DWCC also maintains a Basic Education Department.
Public elementary schools meanwhile are organized into three districts. They are the Calapan West, Calapan South and Calapan East Districts.
The city is served primarily by the Oriental Mindoro Medical Center which is also the largest hospital in the province. There are also numerous private hospitals in the city such as the Medical Mission Group Hospital and Health Services Cooperative which is the only tertiary level hospital in the region, Maria Estrella General Hospital, Sta. Maria Village Hospital, Hospital of the Holy Cross and the Luna-Goco Medical Center.
In addition, the city has well-equipped public health centers providing free health check-ups and basic medicine supplies to all residents. These public centers are being funded and supported by the City Health and Sanitation Department.
Since 1998, the city has experienced rapid development. The establishment of a special development area, particularly an eco-zone for light industries located at the Urban Development Area (Lumangbayan and Guinobatan), has been promoted and now serves as growth area which generates employment and spurs economic opportunities. Such industries focus on agro-industrial based activities such as food processing, handicraft making, furniture making and other related activities.
Calapan City plays a major role in the Philippine economy as one of the major food suppliers in the country. The city is also a major exporter of rice supplying to Metro Manila and major parts of Luzon making it both an agriculturally-progressive and urbanized city. The five major crops are rice, citrus, banana, rambutan and lanzones. The top five industries in Calapan City are trading, tourism, services, marine and aquatic, and food processing.
It is no secret that Calapan City is blessed with unspoiled beautiful sceneries and spots like beaches, mountain trails, forests, leisure farms, resorts and hosts a number of rare flora and fauna. The high priority given by the national government to support OTOP and the fact that the port of the city of Calapan is a vital cog of the Strong Republic Nautical Highway (SRNH)are distinct advantages for which the local government capitalize on to promote and develop the tourism industry. The 919 kilometer SRNH links 17 provinces by land and sea routes via roll-on roll-off cargo and passenger vessels. The city has competitive advantage in terms of accessibility noting that Calapan Sea Port is the main gateway to Oriental Mindoro, facilitating the movement of people from mainland Luzon. This makes the city as viable destination for recreation and business. Calapan City is ready to welcome its visitors and cater to their needs, be it accommodation, food, souvenirs, shopping and leisure and recreation.
To further boost tourism in the city and to effectively place Calapan in the country's festival map, the local government established many colorful festivities and glamorous santacruzan celebrations.
Celebrated every 21st of March is the city's official festival, the Kalap Fest. Launched only in 2009, the Kalap Festival is a celebration of culture and history. Participated by various sectors of Calapan's broad citizenry, the people walk the city streets moving as one. It is intended to be a yearly celebration packed with performances, colorful floats, and most significant of all, history. Along the main streets, floats detail the defining moments of the city's past, an insight into the Calapan of today.
For religious tourism, the city holds the Sto. Nino de Calapan Festival at the start of every year, January 1. It is a month-long celebration starting as early as December until it reaches its pinnacle through a series of different religious activities to honor the city's patron, the young child Sto. Nino and to reflect the people's religiosity. The celebration extends towards the Christmas season laced with nightly cultural presentation, yuletide activities topped by the lighting of the giant Christmas tree and fireworks, as well as agro-industrial and tourism fairs.
The Harvest Festival, was conceptualized by the city government council in recognition of Calapan City's achievement as one of the major exporter of rice in the Philippines. The city was once an importer of rice but now rice is the most important export of Calapan. According to city statistics, the increase in palay production is attributed to the improvement of the city’s agricultural programs. Thus Calapan is also dubbed as "The City of the Golden Grains".
The Sinkaw Festival derives its name from “sining kalabaw" or carabao arts, a creative artistic painting competition with no less than the carabaos as “canvasses.” This festival honors the city's native “beasts of the burden” as an eternally indispensable partner in farming and, essentially, a special tribute to the farmers’ industry.
Mardigras are held on many different occasions (fiesta, summer, Foundation Day, Halloween) that add more color to the already vibrant city. It is the ultimate street party that takes place along the entire stretch of J. P. Rizal Street. The hypnotic lights and upbeat music, together with various fun-filled activities, will bring together a bevy of party-goers to party the night away.
The city and provincial governments also maintain separate libraries and museums. Moreover, the Calapan City Plaza which is located in front of the old city hall in San Vicente East is one of the city's famed attractions because of its unique features that includes a statue of a Mangyan man standing beside a tamaraw. The statue has now become the most famous landmark of the city.
When in Calapan eat like the Calapeños. A visit to Calapan City would not be complete without buying souvenir items and pasalubong for your folks and friends back home. After an enjoyable tour around the city, try Calapan’s treats such as suman sa lihiya, cassava cake, banana chips, sweet dried pusit, dried fish, puto, kalamay, bibingka, nilupak, hyrid rice, ginger tea, kamote pastillas, yema, toasted siopao and coco jam.
In a place that is abundant with rice, it is not surprising that the city's main local delicacy is the suman. The city's official entry to the One Town-One Product (OTOP) is the Merl's Native Delicacy Products most famous of which is the Suman Sa Lihiya with coco jam which had been claimed many times as delicious like no other.
Unique to the city and popular to many Calapeño is the famous local snack, the toasted siopao. It is a new twist to the classic Chinese hot bun. The toasted siopao craze in Calapan is noteworthy.
Already part of the city's history is the Mabuhay Pancit. It has been a long-standing panciteria that serves the best tasting and most sumptuous pancit in the city from lomi, to miki to bihon.
For wine drinkers, bring home some tuba. Selected by hand, the nectar of the coconut is fermented to make this classic Filipino liquor. Keep in mind, when well-prepared tuba packs a punch.
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