Play Video
1
FALLOUT Lore: Ch.6 - New California Republic ( NCR )
FALLOUT Lore: Ch.6 - New California Republic ( NCR )
::2014/02/21::
Play Video
2
Alternate History: "The California Republic"
Alternate History: "The California Republic"
::2010/12/16::
Play Video
3
California Republic Sweatshirt, Graphic Design Hoodie
California Republic Sweatshirt, Graphic Design Hoodie
::2012/07/12::
Play Video
4
The Game Feat. Pharrel - It Must Be Tough ( California Republic )
The Game Feat. Pharrel - It Must Be Tough ( California Republic )
::2012/04/04::
Play Video
5
Dane Reynolds _ California Republic the movie _ Sick Tubes
Dane Reynolds _ California Republic the movie _ Sick Tubes
::2013/07/06::
Play Video
6
New Vegas Battlegrounds: Brotherhood of Steel vs. New California Republic
New Vegas Battlegrounds: Brotherhood of Steel vs. New California Republic
::2013/05/11::
Play Video
7
Bodies - California Republic
Bodies - California Republic
::2011/08/31::
Play Video
8
"The California Republic" drawing by Daisuke Okamoto
"The California Republic" drawing by Daisuke Okamoto
::2012/09/17::
Play Video
9
California Republic Hoodie and Snapbacks from CaliforniaRepublicClothes.com
California Republic Hoodie and Snapbacks from CaliforniaRepublicClothes.com
::2014/02/25::
Play Video
10
California Republic Hoodie unboxing
California Republic Hoodie unboxing
::2014/01/31::
Play Video
11
The Game - Tonight (feat. Mele) - California Republic Mixtape
The Game - Tonight (feat. Mele) - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
12
Replica California Republic snapback
Replica California Republic snapback
::2013/01/28::
Play Video
13
Big California Republic unboxing
Big California Republic unboxing
::2013/07/29::
Play Video
14
DRIFT, BABY, DRIFT: A California Republic dRIFT Exploration (Documentary) Directed by Omari Jett
DRIFT, BABY, DRIFT: A California Republic dRIFT Exploration (Documentary) Directed by Omari Jett
::2012/06/08::
Play Video
15
DJ Che! / Pinta el Mundo from the CD titled RANDOM / California Republic Audio Label
DJ Che! / Pinta el Mundo from the CD titled RANDOM / California Republic Audio Label
::2013/10/23::
Play Video
16
The Kookashells / Funk You (Surf DUB) / CD: Random / California Republic Audio
The Kookashells / Funk You (Surf DUB) / CD: Random / California Republic Audio
::2013/09/10::
Play Video
17
DJ Skee Presents: Game "California Republic" Mixtape Trailer
DJ Skee Presents: Game "California Republic" Mixtape Trailer
::2012/04/05::
Play Video
18
The KOOKASHELLS / Puppy Love On / California Republic Audio
The KOOKASHELLS / Puppy Love On / California Republic Audio
::2013/08/28::
Play Video
19
The Game - Hit The J (feat. Lifestyle) - California Republic Mixtape
The Game - Hit The J (feat. Lifestyle) - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
20
Would I Ever Wear California Republic Clothing? *Requested By Viewer* (My Thoughts)
Would I Ever Wear California Republic Clothing? *Requested By Viewer* (My Thoughts)
::2013/07/27::
Play Video
21
Let
Let's Play Fallout 2 [Blind] 110 New California Republic
::2011/09/16::
Play Video
22
California Republic
California Republic
::2013/09/23::
Play Video
23
California Republic Snapback Hats Whang Decky
California Republic Snapback Hats Whang Decky
::2014/03/06::
Play Video
24
Killapej- California Republic hat review
Killapej- California Republic hat review
::2012/02/24::
Play Video
25
Fallout New Vegas FULL OST - New California Republic
Fallout New Vegas FULL OST - New California Republic
::2012/07/16::
Play Video
26
The Game - God Speed (feat. Mele) - California Republic
The Game - God Speed (feat. Mele) - California Republic
::2012/04/09::
Play Video
27
The Game - God Speed (feat. Mele) - California Republic Mixtape
The Game - God Speed (feat. Mele) - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
28
Let
Let's Play - Fallout New Vegas - Very Hard - 054 - The New California Republic
::2014/03/30::
Play Video
29
2014 New cheap,buy,Discount California Republic Collection Snapbacks hats | hats4a.net
2014 New cheap,buy,Discount California Republic Collection Snapbacks hats | hats4a.net
::2014/03/19::
Play Video
30
California Republic
California Republic
::2013/06/17::
Play Video
31
California Republic - Teaser
California Republic - Teaser
::2013/10/24::
Play Video
32
california republic hats for sale,cheap snapback hats,california republic wholesale,snapbacks
california republic hats for sale,cheap snapback hats,california republic wholesale,snapbacks
::2014/03/04::
Play Video
33
Dominic Bozanic Wrestling at the Jan. 11, 2014 SCWAY California Republic Tournament
Dominic Bozanic Wrestling at the Jan. 11, 2014 SCWAY California Republic Tournament
::2014/02/14::
Play Video
34
SFO # California Republic
SFO # California Republic
::2013/05/05::
Play Video
35
California State Flag w/ Bear & CA Republic Picture Waving on Flag Pole | HD Stock Video Footage
California State Flag w/ Bear & CA Republic Picture Waving on Flag Pole | HD Stock Video Footage
::2013/05/17::
Play Video
36
The Game - Mean Muggin (feat. 2 Chainz & French Montana) - California Republic Mixtape
The Game - Mean Muggin (feat. 2 Chainz & French Montana) - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
37
The Game Ft. Kobe - Cats And Dogs - California Republic Mixtape
The Game Ft. Kobe - Cats And Dogs - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/06::
Play Video
38
California Republic Snapback Review *hiphopiop.com*
California Republic Snapback Review *hiphopiop.com*
::2012/05/31::
Play Video
39
Making Of THE GAME - California Republic T-Shirt collection by Andrew Art
Making Of THE GAME - California Republic T-Shirt collection by Andrew Art
::2012/05/07::
Play Video
40
Rap Beats | California Republic | ExpertBeats
Rap Beats | California Republic | ExpertBeats
::2014/03/05::
Play Video
41
California Republic
California Republic
::2012/04/02::
Play Video
42
The Game - Bottles And Rockin J
The Game - Bottles And Rockin J's (Remix) feat. Busta Rhymes - California Republic Mixtape
::2012/04/07::
Play Video
43
16 - Game - It Must Be Tough ft. Pharrel & Mysonne [California Republic]
16 - Game - It Must Be Tough ft. Pharrel & Mysonne [California Republic]
::2012/04/12::
Play Video
44
The Edge California Republic Audio Presents HotA Music from the CD SPEAK
The Edge California Republic Audio Presents HotA Music from the CD SPEAK
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
45
Game & DJ Skee Sign "California Republic" Mixtape Covers!
Game & DJ Skee Sign "California Republic" Mixtape Covers!
::2012/05/30::
Play Video
46
California Republic
California Republic
::2009/09/07::
Play Video
47
Trance Fusion / California Republic Audio Presents / Various Artists in DUB
Trance Fusion / California Republic Audio Presents / Various Artists in DUB
::2013/01/20::
Play Video
48
DJ Skee Presents: Game "California Republic" Mixtape Trailer
DJ Skee Presents: Game "California Republic" Mixtape Trailer
::2012/04/06::
Play Video
49
CALIFORNIA REPUBLIC SNAPBACK (SNAPBACKS EN MEXICALI)
CALIFORNIA REPUBLIC SNAPBACK (SNAPBACKS EN MEXICALI)
::2013/02/05::
Play Video
50
American Flag, Bear Flag of the California Republic
American Flag, Bear Flag of the California Republic
::2011/12/16::
NEXT >>
RESULTS [51 .. 101]
From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
California Republic
República de California
Unrecognized state

June – July 1846
 


The Bear Flag

Capital Sonoma, California
Languages Spanish, Indigenous languages, and English.
Government Republic
Commander
 -  1846 William B. Ide
History
 -  Independence from Mexico declared June 14, 1846
 -  Occupation of Sonoma by the U.S. military July 9, 1846

The California Republic (in Spanish "República de California"), also Bear Flag Republic or Bear Republic, refers to a period of revolt by American settlers in the Mexican territory of Alta California against Mexico. Revolt was initially proclaimed in Sonoma on June 14, 1846, before news of the outbreak of the Mexican–American War had reached the area. Although participants declared independence from Mexico, they failed to form a functional provisional government. Thus, the "republic" never exercised any real authority, and it was never recognized by any nation. In fact, most of Alta California knew nothing about it. The revolt lasted 26 days, at the end of which the U.S. Army arrived to occupy the area. Once the leaders of the revolt knew the United States was claiming the area, they disbanded their "republic" and supported the U.S. annexation of Alta California.

The California Republic is notable for creation of the "(Grizzly) Bear Flag", whose symbols were later incorporated into the California state flag — including the words "California Republic."

Bear Flag Revolt[edit]

U.S. Army Major John C. Frémont arrived in California claiming to be on a mission to find a route to the Pacific (his mission officially was to find the source of the Arkansas River). He began encouraging a parallel rebellion among the Anglo-American settlers. As a result, thirty-three settlers in Sonoma, assisted by volunteers from among the American settlers and Vacqueros from the many haciendas in the Sacramento River valley, captured the Mexican garrison of Sonoma and raised a homemade flag with a bear and star (the "Bear Flag") to symbolize their taking control. The words "California Republic" appeared on the flag but were never officially adopted by the insurgents. Their actions were later called the "Bear Flag Revolt."[1]

John Sutter joined the rebellion by opening the doors of Sutter's Fort

As part of the Sonoma garrison, the rebels captured the Commandant of Northern California, General Vallejo, who openly endorsed the inevitability of the annexation of California by the United States. Vallejo was sent to Sutter's Fort in the Sacramento River valley, where he was kept a prisoner until August 1, 1846.[2] The Republic's first and only president was William B. Ide,[3] whose administration lasted twenty-five days. On June 23, 1846, Frémont arrived with sixty soldiers and took command in the name of the United States. The Bear Flag was replaced by the Stars and Stripes. The "republic" disbanded and Ide enlisted in the U.S. forces as a private.


In an attempt to put down the rebellion, Mexican military commander General José Castro sent a detachment of troops north from the Presidio of Monterey, but they were stopped at the Battle of Olompali on June 24 - one day after Fremont's arrival at Sonoma.

Unknown to Frémont and the Bear Flag supporters, war had already been formally declared on May 13, 1846, but the news did not reach California until early July, when the frigate USS Savannah and the two sloops, USS Cyane and USS Levant, of the United States Navy captured Monterey, California.[4] U.S. forces controlled northern California by the end of the month.

Bear Flag[edit]

The original Bear Flag, photographed in 1890
Digital reproduction based on the original Bear Flag
Modern flag of the State of California, for comparison
Bear Flag monument in Sonoma

The most notable legacy of the "California Republic" was the adoption of its flag as the basis of the modern state Flag of California. The flag has a star, a grizzly bear, and a colored stripe with the words "California Republic". The Sonoma Plaza, site of the raising of the original Bear Flag, is marked by a California Historical Landmark.[citation needed]

The original Bear Flag was designed and made by William L. Todd, who was the cousin of Mary Todd Lincoln,[5] wife of future American president Abraham Lincoln. Todd painted the flag on domestic cotton cloth, roughly a yard and a half in length. It featured a red star based on the California Lone Star Flag that was flown during California's 1836 revolt led by Juan Alvarado and Isaac Graham.[6] The flag also featured an image of a grizzly bear statant[1] (standing, see right). The modern flag shows the bear passant[2] (walking).

The original Bear Flag was destroyed in the fires following the 1906 San Francisco earthquake. A replica, created in 1896 for the 50th Anniversary celebrations, is on display at the Presidio of Sonoma.

Proclamation of the Bear Flag Revolt[edit]

William B. Ide wrote a proclamation of independence on the night of June 14–15, 1846, and read it on the fifteenth:[7]

To all persons, citizens of Sonoma, requesting them to remain at peace, and to follow their rightful occupations without fear of molestation.


The Commander in Chief of the Troops assembled at the Fortress of Sonoma gives his inviolable pledge to all persons in California not found under arms that they shall not be disturbed in their persons, their property or social relations one to another by men under his command.
He also solemnly declares his object to be First, to defend himself and companions in arms who were invited to this country by a promise of Lands on which to settle themselves and families who were also promised a "republican government," who, when having arrived in California were denied even the privilege of buying or renting Lands of their friends, who instead of being allowed to participate in or being protected by a "Republican Government" were oppressed by a "Military Despotism," who were even threatened, by "Proclamation" from the Chief Officer of the aforesaid Despotism, with extermination if they would not depart out of the Country, leaving all of their property, their arms and beasts of burden, and thus deprived of the means of flight or defense. We were to be driven through deserts, inhabited by hostile Indians to certain destruction. To overthrow a Government which has seized upon the property of the Missions for its individual aggrandizement; which has ruined and shamefully oppressed the laboring people of California, by their enormous exactions on goods imported into this country; is the determined purpose of the brave men who are associated under his command.
He also solemnly declares his object in the Second place to be to invite all peaceable and good Citizens of California who are friendly to the maintenance of good order and equal rights (and I do hereby invite them to repair to my camp at Sonoma without delay) to assist us in establishing and perpetuating a "Republican Government" which shall secure to all: civil and religious liberty; which shall detect and punish crime; which shall encourage industry, virtue and literature; which shall leave unshackled by Fetters, Commerce, Agriculture, and Mechanism.
He further declares that he relies upon the rectitude of our intentions; the favor of Heaven and the bravery of those who are bound to and associated with him, by the principle of self preservation; by the love of truth; and by the hatred of tyranny for his hopes of success.
He further declares that he believes that a Government to be prosperous and happyfying in its tendency must originate with its people who are friendly to its existence. That its Citizens are its Guardians, its officers are its Servants, and its Glory their reward.


— William B. Ide, Head Quarters Sonoma, June 15, 1846

See also[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ Sonoma Valley Historical Society (1996). The men of the California Bear Flag Revolt and their heritage. Arthur H. Clark Pub. Co. ISBN 978-0-87062-261-8. 
  2. ^ Heidenreich, Linda (2007). "This Land Was Mexican Once": Histories of Resistance From Northern California. Austin: University of Texas Press, 77-87. ISBN 978-0-292-71634-6
  3. ^ William B. Ide Adobe State Historic Park, California State Parks.
  4. ^ "Commodore John Sloat". US-Mexican War, Public Broadcasting Service.
  5. ^ Bear Flag Museum retrieved 13/6/2008
  6. ^ Flags over California, A History and Guide. Sacramento: State of California, Military Department. 2002. 
  7. ^ Several versions were created of the Proclamation. Fred Blackburn Rogers William Brown Ide, Bear Flagger, Appendix A, Ide Proclamations

References[edit]

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 38°17′37″N 122°27′12″W / 38.29361°N 122.45333°W / 38.29361; -122.45333

Wikipedia content is licensed under the GFDL License
Powered by YouTube
LEGAL
  • Mashpedia © 2014