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Aleurites moluccanus Candlenut Tree
Aleurites moluccanus Candlenut Tree
Published: 2014/05/31
Channel: Plantspotter69
Candle Nut Pohon Kemiri Aleurites Moluccana
Candle Nut Pohon Kemiri Aleurites Moluccana
Published: 2015/10/15
Channel: TheAzuMalt
Hojas y frutos del árbol candil: Aleurites moluccana (www.riomoros.com)
Hojas y frutos del árbol candil: Aleurites moluccana (www.riomoros.com)
Published: 2017/06/01
Channel: rioMoros
Aleurites moluccanus
Aleurites moluccanus
Published: 2017/02/02
Channel: Digital Speed Learning
Kukui (Candlenut) Aleurites moluccana
Kukui (Candlenut) Aleurites moluccana
Published: 2017/07/04
Channel: Lapaau.org
石栗 (Aleurites moluccana )手術做矮化(dwarf plant)切除子葉及種仁,再植入迷你盆
石栗 (Aleurites moluccana )手術做矮化(dwarf plant)切除子葉及種仁,再植入迷你盆
Published: 2016/04/29
Channel: 旺 Eden
ÁRBOL CANDIL: Aleurites moluccana (www.riomoros.com)
ÁRBOL CANDIL: Aleurites moluccana (www.riomoros.com)
Published: 2013/05/16
Channel: rioMoros
Renata y Camila nos cuentan sus experiencias: Los peligros de consumir  la "Nuez de la India"
Renata y Camila nos cuentan sus experiencias: Los peligros de consumir la "Nuez de la India"
Published: 2017/10/23
Channel: Hola Chile La Red
Adelgazem Nuez de la India
Adelgazem Nuez de la India
Published: 2015/04/01
Channel: ADELGAZEM nuez de la india
VIDEO DE LA NUEZ DE LA INDIA
VIDEO DE LA NUEZ DE LA INDIA
Published: 2016/11/07
Channel: sonia prolongo
NUEZ DE LA INDIA (como se consume)
NUEZ DE LA INDIA (como se consume)
Published: 2014/08/06
Channel: edgvideos
NUEZ DE LA INDIA
NUEZ DE LA INDIA
Published: 2012/10/19
Channel: NATURE PLANTS
LA VERDAD SOBRE LA NUEZ DE LA INDIA
LA VERDAD SOBRE LA NUEZ DE LA INDIA
Published: 2018/01/25
Channel: Felix Rafael
nuez de la india cipolletti
nuez de la india cipolletti
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: maria espinoza
Baje 51 kilos
Baje 51 kilos
Published: 2013/05/12
Channel: Nuez De la India
Murió la mujer que comió nuez de la India | #TPANoticias
Murió la mujer que comió nuez de la India | #TPANoticias
Published: 2017/08/22
Channel: Televisión Pública Noticias
como se usa la nuez de la india
como se usa la nuez de la india
Published: 2013/04/09
Channel: johanna diaz
Why Is The Kukui The State Tree Of Hawaii?
Why Is The Kukui The State Tree Of Hawaii?
Published: 2017/09/08
Channel: Question Bank
FROM ENGLISH TO FRENCH = Aleurites moluccana
FROM ENGLISH TO FRENCH = Aleurites moluccana
Published: 2011/10/12
Channel: YTenglish2french
Nuez de la india. O semilla de la india. La recomiendo!! Mis experiencias.
Nuez de la india. O semilla de la india. La recomiendo!! Mis experiencias.
Published: 2017/10/10
Channel: Alejandra Diaz
¿Ayuda la dieta de la nuez de la India?
¿Ayuda la dieta de la nuez de la India?
Published: 2013/01/28
Channel: Hola Chile La Red
nuez de la india - como dividir la semilla
nuez de la india - como dividir la semilla
Published: 2009/10/23
Channel: matacholos2
Baja de peso con la Nuez de la India
Baja de peso con la Nuez de la India
Published: 2014/05/16
Channel: Luis Castañeda
Josefina Torres comparte la nuez de la India, el milagro número uno de la naturaleza para adelgazar
Josefina Torres comparte la nuez de la India, el milagro número uno de la naturaleza para adelgazar
Published: 2012/07/25
Channel: MegaTV
Hazelnut Oil, Aleurites Moluccana, Kukui Oil, Candle Nut, Minyak Kemiri LITER
Hazelnut Oil, Aleurites Moluccana, Kukui Oil, Candle Nut, Minyak Kemiri LITER
Published: 2015/03/18
Channel: Minyak Kemiri LITER
NUNCA ES TARDE INFORME NUEZ DE LA INDIA 08 03 17
NUNCA ES TARDE INFORME NUEZ DE LA INDIA 08 03 17
Published: 2017/03/09
Channel: cristianbelloweb
Nues de la India en Colombia
Nues de la India en Colombia
Published: 2013/04/06
Channel: MTX Musclet
liga pokemon 3 contricante (despues de kukui) como conseguir al inicial del juego mas de 1 vez
liga pokemon 3 contricante (despues de kukui) como conseguir al inicial del juego mas de 1 vez
Published: 2017/01/15
Channel: TheJaimefire588 MV
FINISCO DI BATTERE LA LEGA E SFIDO KUKUI IN LIVE
FINISCO DI BATTERE LA LEGA E SFIDO KUKUI IN LIVE
Published: 2017/06/21
Channel: Simone Pavone
Nuez de la India.avi
Nuez de la India.avi
Published: 2011/02/21
Channel: elarboldelosdeseos
El Profe Kukui
El Profe Kukui
Published: 2016/12/26
Channel: Solo Gameplay
Nuez de la India en Capsulas Testimonio Real
Nuez de la India en Capsulas Testimonio Real
Published: 2015/02/17
Channel: Todorganic Natural Products
SFIDO KUKUI IN LIVE
SFIDO KUKUI IN LIVE
Published: 2017/06/22
Channel: Simone Pavone
Nuez de la India: Por lo ocurrido en Mendoza, intensificarán controles en herborister
Nuez de la India: Por lo ocurrido en Mendoza, intensificarán controles en herborister
Published: 2017/07/15
Channel: CANAL 13 SAN JUAN TV
NUEZ DE LA INDIA BUENA O MALA?
NUEZ DE LA INDIA BUENA O MALA?
Published: 2018/01/25
Channel: Felix Rafael
Lo siento mucho vean la descripción
Lo siento mucho vean la descripción
Published: 2018/01/14
Channel: Kukui Ops
No me hago 4feed xqe el 4 mira donde esta-.-
No me hago 4feed xqe el 4 mira donde esta-.-
Published: 2013/10/27
Channel: Lion Edits | JvK sniper
wtf? 01 - el fin del kukui
wtf? 01 - el fin del kukui
Published: 2010/02/22
Channel: alex v
Pokemon ultra luna ep 3. La casa del profesor kukui
Pokemon ultra luna ep 3. La casa del profesor kukui
Published: 2017/12/08
Channel: Poke 05
Mantequilla de Nueces Organico
Mantequilla de Nueces Organico
Published: 2017/09/17
Channel: Libertalya
Nuez de la India
Nuez de la India
Published: 2010/12/09
Channel: bajardepesoesfacil
División de la nuez de la india para tomarla
División de la nuez de la india para tomarla
Published: 2009/09/15
Channel: Carlitos Limpias
Kukui decide afrontar el reto de la liga pokemon ultra sol/luna
Kukui decide afrontar el reto de la liga pokemon ultra sol/luna
Published: 2018/01/25
Channel: El Axel
Nueces de la India, Con sazón a la mexicana
Nueces de la India, Con sazón a la mexicana
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: Radio Mujer
Nuez de la india Adelgazante Natural
Nuez de la india Adelgazante Natural
Published: 2011/09/07
Channel: nuezdelaindiacl2011
La DNM alerta sobre el consumo de "nuez" quema grasa.
La DNM alerta sobre el consumo de "nuez" quema grasa.
Published: 2016/04/13
Channel: meganoticias19 Megavision
Nutricion en mega.flv
Nutricion en mega.flv
Published: 2010/08/26
Channel: redclinica
Regalame nueces de la india
Regalame nueces de la india
Published: 2012/09/08
Channel: PakoAca10
Nuez de la India
Nuez de la India
Published: 2014/01/03
Channel: Claudia Berciotti
NUEZ DE LA INDIA PARTIR SEMILLA.wmv
NUEZ DE LA INDIA PARTIR SEMILLA.wmv
Published: 2012/04/02
Channel: Nuez De la India
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
  (Redirected from Candlenut)
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Candlenut
Starr 020803-0119 Aleurites moluccana.jpg
Candlenut foliage, flowers, and nut
Scientific classification e
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Euphorbiaceae
Genus: Aleurites
Species: A. moluccanus
Binomial name
Aleurites moluccanus
(L.) Willd.
Synonyms

Aleurites javanicus Gand.
Aleurites moluccana[1]
Aleurites pentaphyllus Wall. ex Langeron
Aleurites remyi Sherff
Aleurites trilobus J.R.Forst. & G.Forst.
Jatropha moluccana L.[2]

Aleurites moluccanus (or moluccana[1]), the candlenut, is a flowering tree in the spurge family, Euphorbiaceae, also known as candleberry, Indian walnut, kemiri, varnish tree, nuez de la India, buah keras, or kukui nut tree, and Kekuna tree.

Its native range is impossible to establish precisely because of early spread by humans, and the tree is now distributed throughout the New and Old World tropics. It grows to a height of 15–25 m (49–82 ft), with wide spreading or pendulous branches. The leaves are pale green, simple, and ovate, or trilobed or rarely five-lobed, with an acute apex, 10–20 cm (3.9–7.9 in) long. The nut is round, 4–6 cm (1.6–2.4 in) in diameter; the seed inside has a very hard seed coat and a high oil content, which allows its use as a candle (see below), hence its name.

Uses[edit]

Women in East Timor are preparing candlenut sticks to illuminate a local festival

The nut is often used cooked in Indonesian and Malaysian cuisine, where it is called kemiri in Indonesian or buah keras in Malay. On the island of Java in Indonesia, it is used to make a thick sauce that is eaten with vegetables and rice.

In the Philippines, the fruit and tree are traditionally known as lumbang[3] after which Lumban, a lakeshore town in Laguna is named. Before the intrusion of non-native species, it was frequently used as a property-line manager, because its silvery underleaf made the tree easy to distinguish from a distance.[4]

Outside of Southeast Asia, macadamia seeds are sometimes substituted for candlenuts when they are not available, as they have a similarly high oil content and texture when pounded. The flavor, however, is quite different, as the candlenut is much more bitter. At least one cultivar in Costa Rica has no bitterness, and an improvement program could likely produce an important food crop if nontoxic varieties can be selected and propagated. A Hawaiian condiment known as ʻinamona is made from roasted kukui (candlenuts) mixed into a paste with salt. ʻInamona is a key ingredient in traditional Hawaiian poke.

In ancient Hawaiʻi, kukui nuts were burned to provide light. The nuts were strung in a row on a palm leaf midrib, lit on one end, and burned one by one every 15 minutes or so. This led to their use as a measure of time. Hawaiians also extracted the oil from the nut and burned it in a stone oil lamp called a kukui hele po (light, darkness goes) with a wick made of kapa cloth.

Hawaiians also had many other uses for the tree, including: leis from the shells, leaves, and flowers; ink for tattoos from charred nuts; a varnish with the oil; and fishermen would chew the nuts and spit them on the water to break the surface tension and remove reflections, giving them greater underwater visibility. A red-brown dye made from the inner bark was used on kapa and aho (Touchardia latifolia cordage). A coating of kukui oil helped preserve ʻupena (fishing nets).[5] The nohona waʻa (seats), pale (gunwales) of waʻa (outrigger canoes) were made from the wood.[6] The trunk was sometimes used to make smaller canoes used for fishing.[7] Kukui was named the state tree of Hawaii on 1 May 1959[8] due to its multitude of uses.[9] It also represents the island of Molokaʻi, whose symbolic color is the silvery green of the kukui leaf.[5]

In Tonga, even today, ripe nuts, named tuitui, are pounded into a paste, tukilamulamu, and used as soap or shampoo.[citation needed] As recently as 1993, candlenuts were chewed into sweet-scented emollient used during a traditional funerary ritual in the outlying islands of the Kingdom of Tonga. Their scent was also used for making various sweet-smelling oils for the skin.[10]

In Australia, aborigines also used them for a variety of similar purposes.[11][12][13]

Dead wood of candlenut is eaten by a larva of a coleopteran called Agrianome fairmairei.[14] This larva is eaten by some people.[15]

Modern cultivation is mostly for the oil. In plantations, each tree produces 30–80 kg (66–176 lb) of nuts, and the nuts yield 15 to 20% of their weight in oil. Most of the oil is used locally rather than figuring in international trade.

In Uganda, the seed is referred to as kabakanjagala meaning "the king loves me"[16] and is traditionally used as an improvised toy to play a marbles game fondly called dool(oo).

In Fiji this nut is called 'sikeci' and its oil is used in cosmetic products.

Toxicity[edit]

Because the seeds contain saponin and phorbol, they are mildly toxic when raw.[17] However, the kukui seed oil has no known toxicity and is not an irritant, even to the eyes.[18]

Mythology[edit]

In Maui, the kukui is a symbol of enlightenment, protection, and peace.[5] It was said that Kamapuaʻa, the hog-man fertility demigod, could transform into a kukui tree.[19] One of the legends told of Kamapuaʻa: one day, a man beat his wife to death and buried her beneath Kamapuaʻa while he was in tree form. Because he saw that the woman had been a good person, he raised her to new life, but damned her husband to death.[citation needed]

Gallery[edit]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b C. Linnaeus (1805), Species Plantarum Edn. 4, 4(1): 590
  2. ^ "Aleurites moluccanus". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 2009-11-15. 
  3. ^ metscaper (Patrick Gozon) (12 November 2008). "Learning the Trees that Places were Named after". Our Philippine Trees. Retrieved August 16, 2012. 
  4. ^ Philippine Native Trees 101: Up Close and Personal. Green Convergence for Safe Food, Healthy Environment and Sustainable Economy. 2012-01-01. p. 337. ISBN 9789719546900. 
  5. ^ a b c "Kukui". Canoe Plants of Ancient Hawaii. Retrieved 2009-11-15. [self-published source?]
  6. ^ Krauss, Beatrice H. (1993). "Chapter 4: Canoes". Plants in Hawaiian Culture. University of Hawaii Press. pp. 50–51. 
  7. ^ Dunford, Betty; Lilinoe Andrews; Mikiala Ayau; Liana I. Honda; Julie Stewart Williams (2002). Hawaiians of Old (3 ed.). Bess Press. p. 122. ISBN 978-1-57306-137-7. 
  8. ^ Kepler, Angela Kay (1998). Hawaiian Heritage Plants. University of Hawaii Press. p. 113. ISBN 978-0-8248-1994-1. 
  9. ^ Elevitch, Craig R.; Harley I. Manner (April 2006). "Aleurites moluccana (kukui)" (PDF). The Traditional Tree Initiative: 10. 
  10. ^ Morrison, R. Bruce and C. Roderick Wilson, eds. (2002) Ethnographic Essays in Cultural Anthropology. Bellmont, CA: Wadsworth. p. 18. ISBN 0-87581-445-X
  11. ^ "Candlenut tree: Aboriginal Use of Native Plants". science.uniserve.edu.au. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  12. ^ "Candle Nut". www.sgapqld.org.au. Retrieved 27 July 2016. 
  13. ^ J. H. Maiden (1889). The useful native plants of Australia : Including Tasmania. Turner and Henderson, Sydney. 
  14. ^ A. fairmairei at Catalogue of Life
  15. ^ Fete du Ver de Bancoule a Farino
  16. ^ Cultural Impressions Archived 2014-10-06 at the Wayback Machine.
  17. ^ Scott, Susan; Craig Thomas (2000). Poisonous Plants of Paradise: First Aid and Medical Treatment of Injuries from Hawaii's Plants. University of Hawaii Press. p. 26. ISBN 978-0-8248-2251-4. 
  18. ^ Price, Len. Carrier Oils For Aromatherapy And Massage, 4th edition 2008 p 119. ISBN 1-874353-02-6
  19. ^ Mower, Nancy Alpert (2001). "Kamapuaʻa: A Hawaiian Trickster". In Jeanne Campbell Reesman. Trickster Lives: Culture and Myth in American Fiction. University of Georgia Press. p. 16. ISBN 978-0-8203-2277-3. 

External links[edit]

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