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Captive Penetrating Bolt Gun Cattle Stunner
Captive Penetrating Bolt Gun Cattle Stunner
Published: 2008/08/03
Channel: plapurdue
CARCASS - Captive Bolt Pistol (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO)
CARCASS - Captive Bolt Pistol (OFFICIAL LYRIC VIDEO)
Published: 2013/08/12
Channel: Nuclear Blast Records
Raising Meat Rabbits: Methods To Slaughter Rabbits
Raising Meat Rabbits: Methods To Slaughter Rabbits
Published: 2016/09/04
Channel: Food For Thought
Anton Chigurh - cattle gun
Anton Chigurh - cattle gun
Published: 2009/02/14
Channel: radiac
How Cattle Are Slaughtered
How Cattle Are Slaughtered
Published: 2016/08/05
Channel: Eleanor's Vegan Life
Kentmaster - Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Kentmaster - Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Published: 2016/02/19
Channel: Kentmaster
Day 1 HORSE 58 Horse thrown backwards from captive bolt pistol impact
Day 1 HORSE 58 Horse thrown backwards from captive bolt pistol impact
Published: 2012/06/05
Channel: defendhorsescanada
A Pig
A Pig's Life... (Warning Graphic)
Published: 2016/01/27
Channel: Vegans In Canada
Kentmaster - Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Kentmaster - Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Published: 2017/02/21
Channel: Kentmaster
Penetrating bolt
Penetrating bolt
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Valerio Viano
No Country for Old Men - Hitman in Disguise Scene
No Country for Old Men - Hitman in Disguise Scene
Published: 2013/01/29
Channel: Odin Reaver
Slaughtering pigs in a humane way
Slaughtering pigs in a humane way
Published: 2016/09/05
Channel: TheDMRI
Penetrating head injury
Penetrating head injury
Published: 2014/06/13
Channel: Richard Jones
Penetrating bolt gun
Penetrating bolt gun
Published: 2015/05/13
Channel: Valerio Viano
Must Watch Video! There is no such thing as happy, humane organic meat - Kosher/Halal Slaughter myth
Must Watch Video! There is no such thing as happy, humane organic meat - Kosher/Halal Slaughter myth
Published: 2012/12/17
Channel: Michael Lanfield Raw Vegan Fruitarian
Using the Ballista Penetrating Bolt Gun on Poultry
Using the Ballista Penetrating Bolt Gun on Poultry
Published: 2015/12/30
Channel: Bunny Rancher
The Ballista - Penetrating Bolt Gun for Rabbits and Poultry
The Ballista - Penetrating Bolt Gun for Rabbits and Poultry
Published: 2015/08/27
Channel: Bunny Rancher
Australian Livestock Export Industry - Slaughter with Stunning Training Video
Australian Livestock Export Industry - Slaughter with Stunning Training Video
Published: 2015/03/12
Channel: Australian Livestock Exports
TED Captive Bolt Dispatch Tool
TED Captive Bolt Dispatch Tool
Published: 2012/06/29
Channel: ted stunner
Zombie Mercy Killings: Homemade Captive Bolt Gun
Zombie Mercy Killings: Homemade Captive Bolt Gun
Published: 2014/09/21
Channel: JoergSprave
Captive Non-Penetrating Bolt Gun Cattle Stunner
Captive Non-Penetrating Bolt Gun Cattle Stunner
Published: 2008/08/03
Channel: plapurdue
CARCASS - Captive Bolt Pistol (OFFICIAL TRACK)
CARCASS - Captive Bolt Pistol (OFFICIAL TRACK)
Published: 2013/07/17
Channel: Nuclear Blast Records
Using a "Cash Special" .25 Caliber Captive Bolt Stunner Gun as a Potato Pistol
Using a "Cash Special" .25 Caliber Captive Bolt Stunner Gun as a Potato Pistol
Published: 2013/01/19
Channel: JJ Dasher
Blitz
Blitz
Published: 2009/02/18
Channel: Luke
How to clean, maintain and troubleshoot a Blitz-Kerner captive bolt.
How to clean, maintain and troubleshoot a Blitz-Kerner captive bolt.
Published: 2015/12/08
Channel: KarlDawson1
Captive Bolt Pistol
Captive Bolt Pistol
Published: 2017/01/25
Channel: Carcass - Topic
Project 86 - Captive bolt pistol HQ
Project 86 - Captive bolt pistol HQ
Published: 2014/11/21
Channel: MichaelChiklisCares
Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Cartridge Driven Bolt Stunner with Cartridges
Published: 2014/11/06
Channel: Find The Needle
7 Days to Die Mod - Captive Bolt Pistol - No Country for Old Zombies!
7 Days to Die Mod - Captive Bolt Pistol - No Country for Old Zombies!
Published: 2015/09/21
Channel: Andys Mods
Captive Bolt Pistol CARCASS - J Razek
Captive Bolt Pistol CARCASS - J Razek
Published: 2013/09/16
Channel: Julio Cezar
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol, The Academy, Dublin Ireland, 20 Sept 2014
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol, The Academy, Dublin Ireland, 20 Sept 2014
Published: 2014/09/24
Channel: Chromeboy2003
Pettigoat Hobby Farm: Captive Bolt Stunner
Pettigoat Hobby Farm: Captive Bolt Stunner
Published: 2016/09/20
Channel: Pettigoat Hobby Farm
The Arbalest - Penetrating Bolt Gun For Rabbits and Poultry
The Arbalest - Penetrating Bolt Gun For Rabbits and Poultry
Published: 2016/04/11
Channel: Bunny Rancher
Daniel Wilding - (NEW) Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol - 9/23/2013
Daniel Wilding - (NEW) Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol - 9/23/2013
Published: 2013/09/25
Channel: sickdrummermagazine
How Does A Captive Bolt Pistol Work?
How Does A Captive Bolt Pistol Work?
Published: 2017/08/23
Channel: Fes Fes
USSS1 - Pneumatic Stunner
USSS1 - Pneumatic Stunner
Published: 2011/11/02
Channel: jarvisnz
Carcass Captive Bolt Pistol @Sonisphere 2014 Knebworth
Carcass Captive Bolt Pistol @Sonisphere 2014 Knebworth
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Donato Matute
Accles & Shelvoke CASH® Special - Usage and Maintenance Training Video
Accles & Shelvoke CASH® Special - Usage and Maintenance Training Video
Published: 2017/06/30
Channel: Accles Shelvoke
CARCASS CAPTIVE BOLT PISTOL  VIDEO HD
CARCASS CAPTIVE BOLT PISTOL VIDEO HD
Published: 2014/02/08
Channel: ROCKAZUL TV
Captive Bolt Pistol
Captive Bolt Pistol
Published: 2017/01/28
Channel: Project 86 - Topic
Captive bolt maintenance video
Captive bolt maintenance video
Published: 2015/06/02
Channel: DairyNZLtd
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol at The Academy, Manchester, England, 13th November 2013
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol at The Academy, Manchester, England, 13th November 2013
Published: 2013/11/14
Channel: thrashtildeathdvds
Cattle stunning in Argentina
Cattle stunning in Argentina
Published: 2008/10/06
Channel: VDZ trading B.V.
Captive bolt pistol bass spector euro LX5
Captive bolt pistol bass spector euro LX5
Published: 2016/02/14
Channel: ConstantineTritzzz
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol @ RED, Moscow 28.09.2017
Carcass - Captive Bolt Pistol @ RED, Moscow 28.09.2017
Published: 2017/09/29
Channel: Roman Incorner
Captive Bolt Pistol Cover V2
Captive Bolt Pistol Cover V2
Published: 2015/09/20
Channel: James Jin
Captive Bolt Pistol - Carcass [Sheet Music]
Captive Bolt Pistol - Carcass [Sheet Music]
Published: 2014/10/17
Channel: Jellynote Six
Carcass   Captive bolt pistol live @ Stockholm Arenan 131207
Carcass Captive bolt pistol live @ Stockholm Arenan 131207
Published: 2013/12/11
Channel: Stefano Pani
CARCASS Live in Miami 1-25-2014  Captive Bolt Pistol
CARCASS Live in Miami 1-25-2014 Captive Bolt Pistol
Published: 2016/10/06
Channel: Theapparition69
Captive Bolt - Cogs
Captive Bolt - Cogs
Published: 2011/12/16
Channel: oddburrito
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

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Captive bolt pistol
Modern captive bolt device

A captive bolt pistol or gun (also variously known as a cattle gun, stunbolt gun, bolt gun, or stunner) is a device used for stunning animals prior to slaughter.

The goal of captive bolt stunning is to inflict a forceful strike on the forehead with the bolt in order to induce unconsciousness. The bolt may or may not destroy part of the brain.

The bolt consists of a heavy rod made of non-rusting alloys, such as stainless steel. It is held in position inside the barrel of the stunner by means of rubber washers. The bolt is usually not visible in a stunner in good condition. The bolt is actuated by a trigger pull and is propelled forward by compressed air or by the discharge of a blank round ignited by a firing pin. After striking a shallow but forceful blow on the forehead of the animal, spring tension causes the bolt to recoil back into the barrel.

The captive bolt pistol was invented in 1903 by Dr. Hugo Heiss, former director of a slaughterhouse in Straubing, Germany.[1]

Variations[edit]

Captive bolt pistols are of three types: penetrating, non-penetrating, and free bolt. The use of penetrating captive bolts has largely been discontinued in commercial situations in order to minimize the risk of transmission of disease.

In the penetrating type, the stunner uses a pointed bolt which is propelled by pressurized air or a blank cartridge. The bolt penetrates the skull of the animal, enters the cranium, and catastrophically damages the cerebrum and part of the cerebellum. Due to concussion, destruction of vital centers of the brain, and an increase in intracranial pressure, the animal loses consciousness. This method is currently the most effective type of stunning, since it physically destroys brain matter (increasing the probability of a successful stun), while also leaving the brain stem intact and thus ensuring the heart continues to pump during the exsanguination. One disadvantage of this method is that brain matter is allowed to enter the blood stream, possibly contaminating other tissue with bovine spongiform encephalopathy (BSE, colloquially known as mad cow disease).[citation needed]

A captive bolt pistol

The action of a non-penetrating stunner is similar, but the bolt is blunt with a mushroom-shaped tip. The bolt strikes the forehead with great force and immediately retracts. This concussion is responsible for the unconsciousness of the animal. This type of stunner is less reliable at causing immediate and permanent unconsciousness than penetrating types; however, it has undergone a resurgence of popularity due to concerns about mad cow disease. In the European Union, this captive bolt design is required for slaughter of animals that will be used for pharmaceutical manufacture.[2]

The free bolt stunner is used for the emergency, in-the-field euthanasia of large farm-animals that cannot be restrained. It differs from a true captive bolt gun in that the projectile is not retractable; it is similar in operation to a powder-actuated nail gun or conventional firearm. Capable of firing only when pressed firmly against a surface (typically the animal's forehead), the device fires a small projectile through the animal's skull. The veterinarian can then either leave the animal to die from the projectile wound, or administer lethal drugs.

Use[edit]

With cattle, goats, sheep, and horses,[3] a penetrating stunner is typically used since it destroys the cerebrum while leaving the brain stem intact; this results in a more consistently reliable stun, and ensures the animal's heart continues to beat during the bleeding process. Captive bolts allow for meat trimmings from the head to be salvaged. In some veal operations, a non-penetrating concussive stunner is used in order to preserve the brains for further processing.

Captive bolt stunners are safer to use in most red meat slaughter situations. There is no danger of ricochet or over-penetration as there is with regular firearms.

The cartridges typically use 2 to 3 grains (130 to 190 mg) of smokeless powder, but can use up to 7 grains (450 mg) in the case of large animals such as bulls. The velocity of the bolt is usually 55 metres per second (180 ft/s) in the case of small animals and 75 metres per second (250 ft/s) in the case of large animals.

Use for homicide[edit]

There have been a number of cases where a captive bolt pistol has been used for homicide, including:

  • A 46-year-old German man with a history of alcohol abuse and aggressive behaviour who killed his wife[4]
  • An English slaughterman who killed a woman with two shots to the chest[5]

In popular culture[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Animal revolution. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  2. ^ "Note for guidance on minimising the risk of transmitting animal spongiform encephalopathy agents via human and veterinary medicinal products" (PDF). Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  3. ^ Beam, Christopher (2009-02-25). "They Shoot Horses, Don't They?". Slate.com. Retrieved 2010-09-13. 
  4. ^ Betz, Peter; et al. (1993). "Homicide with a Captive Bolt Pistol" (PDF). Raven Press. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 
  5. ^ Reporter, Daily Mail (2009-11-14). "Slaughterman executed mother with bolt gun in front of her daughters after she snubbed him on Facebook". Daily Mail. Retrieved 2012-10-27. 

External links[edit]

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