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Connectsafe Wireless Vehicle Communication System - University of South Australia
Connectsafe Wireless Vehicle Communication System - University of South Australia
Published: 2011/05/22
Channel: University of South Australia
Vehicle-To-Vehicle Communication
Vehicle-To-Vehicle Communication
Published: 2015/04/16
Channel: USDOTNHTSA
V2V Communication
V2V Communication
Published: 2016/04/04
Channel: SaferCarTV
How Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) Will Save Your Life / Self Driving Car Car2X CarToCar ADAS CARJAM TV HD
How Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) Will Save Your Life / Self Driving Car Car2X CarToCar ADAS CARJAM TV HD
Published: 2015/04/26
Channel: CARJAM TV
Inter vehicular Communication | Communication System
Inter vehicular Communication | Communication System
Published: 2015/01/25
Channel: Cube Gyan
Vehicular Communication Basics
Vehicular Communication Basics
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: TheSecurityTube
Vehicular Communication Basics (3)
Vehicular Communication Basics (3)
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: TheSecurityTube
"Talking" cars could lead to safer roads
"Talking" cars could lead to safer roads
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: CBS This Morning
Vehicular Communication Basics (2)
Vehicular Communication Basics (2)
Published: 2012/03/10
Channel: TheSecurityTube
On the Security of Millimeter Wave Vehicular Communication Systems using Random Antenna Subsets
On the Security of Millimeter Wave Vehicular Communication Systems using Random Antenna Subsets
Published: 2017/03/24
Channel: Robert Heath
V2V 101 - Introduction to Vehicle to Vehicle Communications
V2V 101 - Introduction to Vehicle to Vehicle Communications
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: Security Innovation
Vehicular Communication Systems
Vehicular Communication Systems
Published: 2015/06/30
Channel: TIA NOW
Vehicular communication systems
Vehicular communication systems
Published: 2016/01/22
Channel: WikiAudio
Introduction In-Vehicle-Networking
Introduction In-Vehicle-Networking
Published: 2011/08/30
Channel: NXP Semiconductors
Vehicle to Vehicle communication (V2V Communication)
Vehicle to Vehicle communication (V2V Communication)
Published: 2016/05/22
Channel: Magicman Arup Ghosh
Wireless Vehicle Communication System - University of South Australia
Wireless Vehicle Communication System - University of South Australia
Published: 2011/07/08
Channel: University of South Australia
U.S.DOT - Vehicle To Vehicle Communication
U.S.DOT - Vehicle To Vehicle Communication
Published: 2013/02/01
Channel: itsjpo
Li-Fi/VLC Applied in Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication (Tests)
Li-Fi/VLC Applied in Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication (Tests)
Published: 2016/08/10
Channel: DarkBen Luther
23C3: Vehicular Communication and VANETs
23C3: Vehicular Communication and VANETs
Published: 2011/03/08
Channel: Christiaan008
Vehicle To Vehicle Communication system ppt
Vehicle To Vehicle Communication system ppt
Published: 2013/03/12
Channel: kasarla shashank
Threats in Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) Communication, Bsides Detroit 2014
Threats in Vehicle-to-vehicle (V2V) Communication, Bsides Detroit 2014
Published: 2014/07/12
Channel: George Corser
Volvo Cars Innovations: Car 2 Car Communication
Volvo Cars Innovations: Car 2 Car Communication
Published: 2013/07/09
Channel: Volvo Cars
The Possible Problems with Vehicle to Vehicle Communication
The Possible Problems with Vehicle to Vehicle Communication
Published: 2014/08/20
Channel: 4 Wheel Online
Ford
Ford's vehicle to vehicle V2V communication demo at CES
Published: 2014/02/12
Channel: Tech Axe
Smarter, safer cars with vehicle-to-vehicle communication | Consumer Reports
Smarter, safer cars with vehicle-to-vehicle communication | Consumer Reports
Published: 2012/02/21
Channel: Consumer Reports
Vehicle-to-vehicle communication proposal may mean your car transmits its speed and position
Vehicle-to-vehicle communication proposal may mean your car transmits its speed and position
Published: 2014/09/02
Channel: Denver7 – The Denver Channel
Ford Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication
Ford Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Communication
Published: 2014/01/11
Channel: SlashGear
Government to Mandate Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Systems
Government to Mandate Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication Systems
Published: 2014/02/04
Channel: Cyborg News Channel
Introduction to WAVE System - 5 exapmles of excercising good in-vehicle communication!
Introduction to WAVE System - 5 exapmles of excercising good in-vehicle communication!
Published: 2014/06/06
Channel: AcrosserMarketing
Car-to-X Communication - Mercedes-Benz original
Car-to-X Communication - Mercedes-Benz original
Published: 2016/03/10
Channel: Mercedes-Benz
V2V DSRC Messaging Presentation
V2V DSRC Messaging Presentation
Published: 2016/11/29
Channel: puneet chhabra
Autotalks - world
Autotalks - world's first vehicle-to-vehicle communication VLSI
Published: 2012/08/19
Channel: Autotalks
Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication at #FordComputex
Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication at #FordComputex
Published: 2014/05/22
Channel: Ford Asia Pacific
In-vehicle communication
In-vehicle communication
Published: 2016/08/25
Channel: Novotech Technologies
Vehicle to vehicle and intra vehicle communication
Vehicle to vehicle and intra vehicle communication
Published: 2007/02/08
Channel: claireraynal
Ford Demonstrates Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication for Increased Safety
Ford Demonstrates Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication for Increased Safety
Published: 2011/06/06
Channel: HighTechDad
CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium: Approaching Emergency Vehicle Warning
CAR 2 CAR Communication Consortium: Approaching Emergency Vehicle Warning
Published: 2011/04/14
Channel: ITSNDS
Seminar@SystemX - Papadimitratos Panagiotis - Security and privacy for vehicular communications
Seminar@SystemX - Papadimitratos Panagiotis - Security and privacy for vehicular communications
Published: 2016/10/25
Channel: IRT SystemX
Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication: A New Generation of Driver Assistance and Safety
Vehicle-to-Vehicle Communication: A New Generation of Driver Assistance and Safety
Published: 2011/08/19
Channel: itsjpo
Ford Vehicle to Vehicle Communication Demo V2V
Ford Vehicle to Vehicle Communication Demo V2V
Published: 2014/06/03
Channel: FoneArena
Inter Vehicle Communication System Using Cognitive Radio A Novel Approach to Safe Driving
Inter Vehicle Communication System Using Cognitive Radio A Novel Approach to Safe Driving
Published: 2016/12/08
Channel: stig
Technical and Commercial challenges of V2V and V2I networks
Technical and Commercial challenges of V2V and V2I networks
Published: 2012/10/09
Channel: Mentor Embedded
Volvo`s Car 2 Car Communication system
Volvo`s Car 2 Car Communication system
Published: 2014/05/27
Channel: Motorlu TV
Continental Demo of Car-to-Infrastructure Communication: Skidding Vehicle
Continental Demo of Car-to-Infrastructure Communication: Skidding Vehicle
Published: 2012/10/16
Channel: Doug Newcomb
Volvo Car 2 Car Communication Animation
Volvo Car 2 Car Communication Animation
Published: 2014/03/07
Channel: Automotive Zone
Seminar Report on Intervehicle Communication
Seminar Report on Intervehicle Communication
Published: 2014/01/01
Channel: seminarsonly
Visteon Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Product Demonstration
Visteon Vehicle-to-Vehicle (V2V) Product Demonstration
Published: 2014/10/15
Channel: Visteon Corporation
Volvo Car 2 Car Communication
Volvo Car 2 Car Communication
Published: 2013/07/05
Channel: TestDriven
Multi-Vehicle Motion Coordination using V2V Communication
Multi-Vehicle Motion Coordination using V2V Communication
Published: 2015/01/23
Channel: FMAutonomy
Project Fast Response Wireless Communications System for Vehicular Communications (MM-SA)
Project Fast Response Wireless Communications System for Vehicular Communications (MM-SA)
Published: 2014/02/25
Channel: Oyunaa Shagdar
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WIKIPEDIA ARTICLE

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
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Vehicular communication systems are networks in which vehicles and roadside units are the communicating nodes, providing each other with information, such as safety warnings and traffic information. They can be effective in avoiding accidents and traffic congestion. Both types of nodes are dedicated short-range communications (DSRC) devices. DSRC works in 5.9 GHz band with bandwidth of 75 MHz and approximate range of 1000 m.[1] Vehicular communications is usually developed as a part of intelligent transportation systems (ITS).

Safety benefits[edit]

The main motivation for vehicular communication systems is safety and eliminating the excessive cost of traffic collisions. According to World Health Organizations (WHO), road accidents annually cause approximately 1.2 million deaths worldwide; one fourth of all deaths caused by injury. Also about 50 million persons are injured in traffic accidents. If preventive measures are not taken road death is likely to become the third-leading cause of death in 2020 from ninth place in 1990.[2] A study from the American Automobile Association (AAA) concluded that car crashes cost the United States $300 billion per year.[3] It can be used for automated traffic intersection control.[1]

However the deaths caused by car crashes are in principle avoidable. The U.S. Department of Transportation states that 21,000 of the annual 43,000 road accident deaths in the US are caused by roadway departures and intersection-related incidents.[4] This number can be significantly lowered by deploying local warning systems through vehicular communications. Departing vehicles can inform other vehicles that they intend to depart the highway and arriving cars at intersections can send warning messages to other cars traversing that intersection. Studies show that in Western Europe a mere 5 km/h decrease in average vehicle speeds could result in 25% decrease in deaths.[5]

Vehicle-to-vehicle[edit]

V2V (short for vehicle to vehicle) is an automobile technology designed to allow automobiles to "talk" to each other. The systems will use a region of the 5.9 GHz band set aside by the United States Congress in 1999, the unlicensed frequency also used by WiFi. V2V is currently in active development by General Motors, which demonstrated the system in 2006 using Cadillac vehicles. Other automakers working on V2V include BMW, Daimler, Honda, Audi, Toyota,[6] Volvo and the Car-to-Car communication consortium.[7] V2V is also known as VANETs (vehicular ad hoc networks). It is a variation of MANETs (mobile ad hoc networks), with the emphasis being now the node is the vehicular. In 2001, it was mentioned in a publication[8] that ad hoc networks can be formed by cars and such networks can help overcome blind spots, avoid accidents, etc.

Over the years, there have been considerable research and projects in this area, applying VANETs for a variety of applications, ranging from safety to navigation and law enforcement. In December 2016, the US Department of Transportation proposed draft rules that would gradually make V2V communication capabilities to be mandatory for light-duty vehicles.[9] The technology is not completely specified, so critics have argued that manufacturers "could not take what’s in this document and know what their responsibility will be under the Federal Motor Vehicle Safety Standards".[9] PKI (public key infrastructure) is the current security system being used in V2V communications.[10]

Conflict over spectrum[edit]

V2V is under threat from cable television and other tech firms that want to take away a big chunk of the radio spectrum currently reserved for it and use those frequencies for high-speed internet service. In the USA, V2V's current share of the radio spectrum was set aside by the government in 1999, but has gone unused. The automotive industry is trying to retain all it can, saying that it desperately needs the spectrum for V2V. The Federal Communications Commission (FCC) has taken the side of the tech companies, with the National Transportation Safety Board supporting the position of the automotive industry. Internet service providers (who want to use the spectrum) claim that autonomous cars will render V2V communication unnecessary. The US automotive industry has said that it is willing to share the spectrum if V2V service is not slowed or disrupted; and the FCC plans to test several sharing schemes.[11]

With governments in different locales supporting incompatible spectra for V2V communication, vehicle manufacturers may be discouraged from adopting the technology for some markets. In Australia for instance, there is no spectrum reserved for V2V communication, so vehicles would suffer interference from non-vehicle communications.[12] The spectra reserved for V2V communications in some locales are as follows:

Locale Spectra
USA 5.855-5.905 GHz[12]
Europe 5.855-5.925 GHz[12]
Japan 5.770-5.850 GHz; 715-725 MHz[12]
Australia None [12]

Key players[edit]

Intelligent Transportation Society of America (ITSA) aims to improve cooperation among public and private sector organizations. ITSA summarizes its mission statement as "vision zero" meaning its goal is to reduce the fatal accidents and delays as much as possible.

Many universities are pursuing research and development of vehicular ad hoc networks. For example, University of California, Berkeley is participating in California Partners for Advanced Transit and Highways (PATH).[13]


See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Dedicated Short Range Communications (DSRC) Home". leearmstrong.com. Archived from the original on Nov 19, 2012. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  2. ^ M. Peden; Richard Scurfield; D. Sleet; D. Mohan; et al. "World report on road traffic injury prevention" (PDF). World Health Organization. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  3. ^ "Crashes Vs. Congestion -- What's the Cost to Society?" (PDF). American Automobile Association. Retrieved 2011-11-30. 
  4. ^ "Vehicle Infrastructure Integration (VII)". its.dot.gov. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  5. ^ "The world health report 2002 - Reducing Risks, Promoting Healthy Life". World Health Organization. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 
  6. ^ "First Toyota cars to include V2V and V2I communication by the end of 2015". IEEE. Retrieved 13 April 2017. 
  7. ^ "Technical Approach". Car 2 Car. Retrieved August 13, 2016. 
  8. ^ US, van Oldenborgh, et al., "SYSTEM AND METHOD FOR DISTRIBUTED DATA NETWORK HAVING A DYNAMIC TOPOLOGY OF COMMUNICATING A PLURALITY OF PRODUCTION NODES WITH A PLURALITY OF CONSUMER NODES WITHOUT INTERMEDIATE NODE LOGICALLY", issued June 20, 2006 
  9. ^ a b Bigelow, Pete. "Feds Want V2V Communication in New Cars Starting in 2021". Car and Driver. Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  10. ^ Harding, J (2014). "Vehicle-to-vehicle communications: Readiness of V2V technology for application" (PDF). nhtsa.gov. 
  11. ^ [1]
  12. ^ a b c d e Austroads. "Austroads’ Submission to the ‘2014 Review of the Motor Vehicle Standards Act 1989" (PDF). Department of Infrastructure and Development (Australia). Retrieved 29 January 2017. 
  13. ^ "UC Berkeley-Audi Pact Places Smart-Engine Research on Bay Area Roads". berkeley.edu. Retrieved 2008-02-29. 

External links[edit]

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